Southeast Asia

Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)

Total Package in USD Million: 98.64
% of GDP (2020): 0.12%
% of Regional Total Package: 0.02%
Package Per Capita in USD: 1.83
Note: Measures 9 and 10 are added to the sum of Measures 1-5.
Measure Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Details Update Source
01 - Liquidity Support info_outline
01A - Short-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: 24 June 2020, The government announced a COVID-19 Special Credit Loan to provide loan to farmers to relieve the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the agricultural sector. Both paddy and crop farmers are eligible to apply for the special relief loan until September 2020 with an interest rate of 5% per annum.

01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: (i) April 2020, Deposit auctions have been halted to maintain adequate liquidity in the interbank market; (ii) 9 April 2020, the Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) announced a temporary reduction in banks’ required reserve requirement ratio from 5% to 3.5% of deposits till September 30; (iii) April 2020, It also announced a temporary revision to the formula for calculating the liquidity ratio, increasing the weight of government treasury bonds with a remaining maturity of more than one year from 50% to 90%, until September.

01C - Forex operations info_outline

No amount/estimate: April 2020, The kyat has been allowed to adjust flexibly, with limited rules-based intervention to manage excessive exchange rate volatility.

02 - Credit creation info_outline
02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline
02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline
02B1 - Interest rate adjustments

No amount/estimate: The CBM (i) cut the policy interest rate by 0.5 percentage points on 12 March 2020 and by 1 percentage point on 24 March 2020, and has announced a further 1.5 percentage points reduction to be effective 1 May 2020; (ii) May 2020, Deposit rates will be subject to a lower minimum rate of 6.5%, secured lending rates will be subject to a lower maximum of 11.5%, and unsecured lending will have a lower maximum rate of 14.5%.

02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending

No amount/estimate: 23 April 2020, The CBM announced the extension of the deadline for compliance to certain prudential regulations (enacted in July 2017) by three years from end-August 2020 to end-August 2023 to enable banks to support the economy cope with the impact of COVID-19.

02C - Loan guarantees
03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline MMK100,000,000,000 USD71,326,676
03A - Long-term lending info_outline MMK100,000,000,000 USD71,326,676

April 2020, A COVID 19 Fund worth MMK100 billion (USD70 million, 0.1% of GDP) has been established at the Myanmar Economic Bank to provide soft loans to affected business (particularly the priority garment and tourism sectors and small and medium enterprises [SMEs]) at reduced interest rates.

03B - Forbearance
04 - Equity support info_outline
05 - Health and income support MMK38,300,000,000 USD27,318,117
05A - Health support MMK300,000,000 USD213,980

(i) April 2020, The allotment of MMK300 million (USD0.2 million) to the Ministry of Health and Sports for additional health-related expenditures; (ii) No amount/estimate: April 2020, Waiver of the “specific goods tax,” customs duties, and commercial tax on “critical” medical supplies and products related to the prevention, control, and treatment of COVID-19.

05B - Income support MMK38,000,000,000 USD27,104,137
05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes

No amount/estimate: April 2020, Income and commercial tax payments due in the second and third quarters of the fiscal year have been made extendable to the end of the fiscal year.

05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction

No amount/estimate: (i) April 2020, Starting 20 April 2020, the customs department has reduced duties for businesses operating with the Myanmar Automated Cargo Clearance System; (ii) April 2020, Exemption for the 2% advance income tax on exports to the end of the fiscal year has been announced; (iii) April 2020, The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism announced that fee for renewal license of hotels and tourism businesses will be exempted for one year up to the end of March 2021.

05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households

No amount/estimate: April 2020, Households without a regular income will be provided for with food during the upcoming long holidays; and electric bills, for up to 150 units, are exempt for most until the end of April 2020; (ii) April 2020, The Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population will provide 40% of the social security fees for about 1.3 million insured workers from factories and workshops that are temporarily suspended for health inspections.

05B4 - Subsidies to businesses
05B5 - Indirect income support MMK38,000,000,000 USD27,104,137

April 2020, The National Food Reserve has been allocated MMK38 billion.

05B6 - No breakdown (income support)
05C - No breakdown (health and income support)
06 - Budget reallocation info_outline

No amount/estimate: May 2020, Up to 10% of FY 2019/20 initial budget expenditure (excluding those implemented by foreign loans and grants) of each ministry will be re-allocated to fight against COVID-19.

07 - Central bank financing government
07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown
07B - Secondary purchase: government securities
08 - International Assistance Received MMK2,847,209,640,000 USD2,030,820,000
08A - Swaps info_outline
08B - International loans/grants MMK2,847,209,640,000 USD2,030,820,000
08B1 - Asian Development Bank MMK406,650,100,000 USD290,050,000

(i) 29 January and 17 February 2020, Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (USD6.60 million); (ii) 7 February 2020, Strengthening Regional Health Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion-Additional Financing (USD0.33 million); (iii) 24 April 2020, Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia (USD0.15 million); (iv) April 2020, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD2.87 million); (v) 24 July 2020, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3) (USD0.21 million); (vi) 28 July 2020, Transport Sector Reform and Modernization (Additional Financing) (USD0.27 million); (vii) 10 August 2020, Sustaining the Gains of the Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Additional Financing) (USD0.05 million); (viii) 21 August 2020, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program (USD250 million); (ix) 1 September 2020, Supporting Microfinance and Lending Partner Financial Institutions in their COVID-19 and Post-pandemic Response (USD0.16 million); (x) 8 October 2020, Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (Additional Financing) (USD30 million); (xi) 02 December 2020, Promoting Transformative Gender Equality Agenda in Asia and the Pacific (Supplementary) (USD0.05 million); (xii) 5 February 2021, Climate Resilience Capacity Building for Women in Poultry and Fish Farming (USD0.10 million); (xiii) 7 September 2021, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 4) (USD0.16 million) [update].

08B2 - Other MMK2,440,559,540,000 USD1,740,770,000

(i) May 2020, The World Bank has approved a USD50 million credit for the Myanmar COVID-19 Emergency Response Project, as part of global emergency support operations through a dedicated fast-track COVID-19 facility (loan); (ii) 29 May 2020, The World Bank approved a (a) USD350 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA) to increase the output and efficiency of power generation and improve the resilience of Myanmar’s electricity system to climate change and disasters; and (b) USD110 million in additional financing for the Essential Health Services Access Project, implemented nationwide since 2015; (iii) 26 June 2020, USD200 million to boost agricultural productivity and support farmers in the wake of COVID-19; (iv) 26 June 2020, The IMF has approved USD356.5 million emergency assistance for Myanmar under the Rapid Credit Facility and the Rapid Financing Instrument to support the government’s COVID-19 Economic Relief Plan that aims at minimizing the pandemic’s impact by stimulating the economy and boosting expenditures especially on health and social safety nets; (v) 21 July 2020, The US Government is providing more than USD18.5 million to support Myanmar’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, i.e. (a) approximately USD10.3 million for health and (b) USD8.2 million in disaster and humanitarian assistance, including to support vulnerable people and host communities during the pandemic; (vi) 15 August 2020, The Government of Japan provided medical equipment to Myanmar under a grant aid worth JPY2 billion (USD18.1); (vii) 1 September 2020, The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is providing JPY30 billion (approx. USD280 million) concessional loan to the Myanmar Government to support resilient economic recovery through implementation of COVID- 19 Economic Relief Plan (CERP) and related policies for investment/trade promotion and financial sector strengthening; (viii) October 2020, Additional Financing to Myanmar COVID-19 Emergency Response Project USD7.67 million; (ix) 13 January 2021, The IMF has approved the second emergency financial assistance equivalent to about USD350 million under the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF) and the Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI).

09 - International Assistance Provided
09A - Swaps info_outline
09B - International loans/grants
10 - No breakdown
11 - Other Economic Measures
12 - Non-Economic Measures
12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)

(i) April 2020, Travel restrictions have been announced, i.e. suspension of visa issuances and international flights, and closure of several land borders; (ii) 7 July 2020, Myanmar government announced that it is opening for domestic travel, but incoming international travelers will not be allowed until the end of July 2020; (iii) July 2020, Restrictions on visa issuances and international passenger flights have been extended to 31 July 2020; (iv) 2 September 2020, The temporary ban on international commercial flights was extended to 30 September 2020.

12B - Measures affecting business and workplace
12C - Others

(i) April 2020, The government announced measures to limit the spread of the virus including quarantine requirements and ban of mass public gatherings; (ii) April 2020, Yangon and Mandalay will be under lockdown during the long holidays (10–19 April 2020); (iii) Government employees have been instructed not to travel home and will be compensated for this period; (iv) A National Central Committee on Prevention, Control and Treatment of 2019 Novel Coronavirus has been established to coordinate the authorities’ response. A second committee, the Control and Emergency Response Committee on COVID-19, was setup on March 30 to help with stricter administrative measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantine migrant workers coming from neighboring countries.