East Asia

Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)

Total Package in USD Million: 235,386.34
% of GDP (2019): 15.01%
% of Regional Total Package: 8.04%
Package Per Capita in USD: 4,558.64
Note: Measures 9 and 10 are added to the sum of Measures 1-5.
Measure Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Details Update Source
01 - Liquidity Support info_outline KRW21,650,000,000,000 USD17,744,645,498
01A - Short-term lending info_outline KRW21,650,000,000,000 USD17,744,645,498

(i) No amount/estimate: The Bank of Korea (BOK) is making unlimited amounts available through open market operations (OMOs). (ii) February 27, To augment available funding for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the BOK increased the ceiling of the Bank Intermediated Lending Support Facility by a total of KRW5 trillion (about 0.26% of gross domestic product [GDP]). On May 13, the BOK increased the financial support by an additional KRW5 trillion to bring the ceiling to a total of KRW10 trillion. (iii) April 16, The BOK launched the Corporate Bond-Backed Lending Facility as a lending scheme providing KRW10 trillion in loans to businesses, banks and non-bank financial institutions for up to 6 months. (iv) June 19, KRW1.65 trillion in loans by policy banks as part of a financial aid package for the auto industry consisting of KRW175 billion in loans, KRW300 billion private debt fund to support first-tier subcontractors based on their accounts receivable, and KRW1 trillion in working capital loans with preferential interest rates for subcontractors with previous records of supplying parts to automakers.

01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: The BOK has taken several measures to ensure continued accommodative monetary conditions and facilitate financial system liquidity. These include (i) Expanding the list of eligible OMO participants to include select nonbank financial institutions; (ii) Expanding eligible OMO collateral to include bank bonds and certain bonds from public enterprises and agencies; and (iii) temporarily reducing the minimum foreign exchange liquidity coverage ratio for banks to 70% (was 80%).

01C - Forex operations info_outline

No amount/estimate: Other measures taken to facilitate funding in foreign exchange include (i) raising the cap on foreign exchange forward positions to 50% of capital for domestic banks (previously 40%) and 250% for foreign-owned banks (was 200%), (ii) temporarily suspending the 0.1% tax on short-term nondeposit foreign exchange liabilities of financial institutions, and (iii) see (iii) in Measure 1B.

02 - Credit creation info_outline KRW300,000,000,000 USD245,884,233
02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline
02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: (i) March 17, The BOK lowered the interest rate on the Bank Intermediated Lending Support Facility to 0.25% (from 0.5%-0.75%) and lowered the Base Rate by 50 basis points (bps), from 1.25% to 0.75%. On May 28, the Base Rate was further reduced by 25 bps to a record low 0.5%. (ii) May 6, The Korea Financial Services Commission (FSC) postponed the implementation of margin requirements for non-centrally cleared OTC derivative transactions to help ease compliance burdens on financial institutions amid the COVID 19 crisis. (iii) August 5, The FSC lifted administrative sanctions and granted a 30-day extension on the reporting deadline to companies that applied for sanctions exemptions due to pandemic-related disruptions.

02C - Loan guarantees KRW300,000,000,000 USD245,884,233

(i) March 17: The National Assembly approved loans and guarantees for small businesses (Note that the amount is included in (ii.a) of Non-health under Measure 5). (ii) June 19, KRW300 billion in guarantees by the Korea Credit Guaranteee Fund as part of a financial aid package for the auto industry.

03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline KRW129,300,000,000,000 USD105,976,104,523
03A - Long-term lending info_outline KRW129,300,000,000,000 USD105,976,104,523

(i) March 24, The government announced an additional financial support package of KRW100 trillion (USD80 billion) to boost local business and ease the financial burden on households and businesses: (a) expansion of financial loans and guarantees for SMEs and affected households and businesses (KRW58 trillion), (b) creation of a bond market stabilisation fund to purchase corporate bonds and commercial paper (KRW20 trillion). (ii) April 22, Further augmentation of KRW35 trillion mainly through creation of a special purpose vehicle (SPV) to purchase corporate bonds and commercial paper (KRW 20 trillion) and additional funds for SME lending (KRW 10 trillion). (iii) KRW5 trillion working capital support program for SME subcontractors in key industries to be financed by injecting equity into an SPV which will create a pool of underlying assets by purchasing loans and will issue primary collateralized loan obligations while management of loans will be carried out by creditor banks.

03B - Forbearance
04 - Equity support info_outline KRW10,700,000,000,000 USD8,769,870,985

(i) March 24, The government announced the creation of a stock market stabilisation fund (KRW10.7 trillion).

05 - Government support to income/revenue KRW75,100,000,000,000 USD61,553,019,719
05A - Health KRW2,100,000,000,000 USD1,721,189,633

(i) March 17, The National Assembly approved the budget of KRW2.1 trillion for disease control, i.e., epidemic prevention and treatment, support for medical institution and quarantined people; (ii) April 14, No amount/estimate: Temporary elimination of import tariffs on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters until June 30, 2020.

05B - Non-health KRW73,000,000,000,000 USD59,831,830,087

(i) February, The government announced emergency support of KRW20 trillion for households and damaged industries, such as tourism and export industries; (ii) March 2, Reduced taxes on new car purchases for 3 months. On June 5, the measure was extended by another 6 months until end-December 2020. (iii) In March 17: The National Assembly approved (a) loans and guarantees for small businesses, indirect support of wage and rent for small merchants (KRW4.1 trillion), (b) consumption coupons for the poor, emergency family care and employment retention support (KRW3.5 trillion), and (c) support for issuing local gift certificate, local government grants for infection prevention (KRW1.2 trillion); (iv) March 31, The government announced an emergency relief payment plan of KRW9.1 trillion (USD7.4 billion) to address the virus outbreak. The government plans to pay relief checks to households in the bottom 70% income bracket (around 14 million households), of up to KRW1 million (USD820) per household. For this, a second supplementary budget was submitted to the National Assembly and passed on April 30; and (v) No amount/estimate: Some local governments have announced cash support for people (a) Gyeonggi province announced KRW100,000 (USD82) to all residents, and (b) Seoul and Daejeon have a similar plan without specific criteria. (vi) July 3, the National Assembly approved the third supplementary budget worth KRW35.1 trillion with KRW23.7 trillion in new spending and KRW11.4 trillion revenue adjustment and support tax reductions. (vii) September 11, The government drafted a fourth supplementary budget worth KRW7.8 trillion, including cash payments to small businesses and self-employed workers, which will be subject to parliamentary approval. [update]

06 - Budget reallocation info_outline
07 - Central bank financing government KRW3,000,000,000,000 USD2,458,842,332
07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown
07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KRW3,000,000,000,000 USD2,458,842,332

The BOK is purchasing Korean Treasury Bonds (KRW3 trillion).

08 - International Assistance Received KRW73,205,181,818,182 USD60,000,000,000
08A - Swaps info_outline KRW73,205,181,818,182 USD60,000,000,000

The BOK opened a USD60 billion bilateral swap line with the United States Federal Reserve (US Fed) with a peak outstanding amount of USD18.787 billion on June 24. On July 29, The US Fed announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to March 31, 2021.

08B - International loans/grants
08B1 - Asian Development Bank
08B2 - Other
09 - International Assistance Provided KRW9,721,648,145,455 USD7,968,000,000
09A - Swaps info_outline KRW9,233,613,600,000 USD7,568,000,000

April 7, USD7.568 billion bilateral currency swap arrrangement with Bank Indonesia.

09B - International loans/grants KRW488,034,545,455 USD400,000,000

Finance Minister Hong Nam-ki said the government will offer more than USD400 million to emerging nations this year for health projects against the novel coronavirus through the Economic Development Cooperation Fund, along with postponing debt payments worth USD110 million for 26 countries.

10 - No breakdown KRW40,420,000,000,000 USD33,128,802,358

(i) April 22, President Moon announced a key industry stabilization fund would be established for KRW40 trillion (2.1 percent of GDP) and operated by Korea Development Bank to support seven key industries (airlines, shipping, shipbuilding, autos, general machinery, electric power, and communications) through loans, payment guarantees, and investments. (ii) June 11, KRW420 billion "Win-Win Guarantee Program" for SMEs through the Technology Guarantee Fund including support of up to 3 billion won in working capital and up to 10 billion won in facility funds. (iii) September 8, The FSC announced the government will further develop measures under the KRW170 billion "New Deal" Initiative to be implemented in 2021-2025 and consisting of a mix of public and private sector funding, and low interest loans and special guarantees. [update]

11 - Other Economic Measures

(i) April 14, Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters. (ii) May 18, The FSC announced various measures to improve the exchange-traded fund and exchange-traded note markets to contain overheated investment demand and mitigate excessive concentration in particular investment products. (iii) May 19, the FSC announced implementation plans on measures to improve supervision of financial conglomerates: (a) introduce a group-wide risk assessment system which combines the currently distinct risk concentration and risk transfer categories into a single comprehensive framework for assessing capital adequacy requirements; (b) begin integrated group-wide disclosure in September through which the six financial conglomerates will gather required information from their subsidiaries and provide group-wide disclosure of information on 8 sections and 25 categories, including ownership & governance structure, internal risk management procedures, financial soundness, etc.; (c) introduce a group-wide internal control system in the second half of this year by having the six financial conglomerates establish and operate their own internal control council operate their own internal control councils and standards by the end of the third quarter this year. (iv) July 10, the Finance Minister announced the government will raise real estate taxes on properties valued over KRW600 million for multiple home owners and encourage renters to unload homes; capital gains tax rates will also be increased. As of July 22, The government clarified its planned revisions to the tax code pertaining to capital gains: (a) up to 25% tax on capital gains exceeding KRW50 million a year for retail stock market investors starting 2023; (b) starting October 2021, annual gains of more than KRW2.5 million from trading of cryptocurrencies will be subject to a 20% capital gains tax for local residents; and (c) a hike in income tax on earnings exceeding KRW1 billion a year from 42% to 45%. (v) August 27, The FSC announced an extended temporary ban on short-selling of stocks to March 15, 2021.

12 - Non-Economic Measures

(i) The authorities have implemented comprehensive testing and tracking, which has enabled early isolation and treatment while minimizing widespread mobility restrictions; (ii) April 22, The government unveiled a set of guidelines that communities and individuals to balance their daily lives and quarantine activities; (iii) May 6, The government ended the 2-month social distancing campaign and shifted to the so-called everyday life quarantine scheme; (iv) June 2, Authorities started testing a new quick response (QR) code system to log visitors at high-risk entertainment facilities, restaurants and churches in a bid to track coronavirus cases and prevent further spread of the disease.