Other ADB Members
Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)
|Measure||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Details||Update||Source|
|01 - Liquidity Support info_outline||JPY99,500,000,000,000||USD927,368,350,975|
|01A - Short-term lending info_outline||JPY99,500,000,000,000||USD927,368,350,975||
(i) No amount/estimate: Targeted liquidity provision through special funds-supplying operation to provide loans to financial institutions to facilitate financing of corporates. On May 22, the BOJ stated it is providing ample yen and foreign currency funds without setting upper limits including the conduct of the U.S. dollar funds-supplying operations. As of June 16, JPY60 trillion has been provided under special funds-supplying operations. (ii) March 16, An increase in the annual pace of the Bank of Japan’s (BOJ) targeted purchases of commercial paper with an upper limit of JPY2 trillion. On April 27, the maximum amount of additional purchases of commercial paper was increased to JPY7.5 trillion. (iii) May 22, JPY30 trillion for a new fund-provisioning measure to support financing of SMEs.
|01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline||
No amount/estimate: (i) Banks have been allowed to draw down the stock of high-quality liquid assets below the minimum liquidity coverage ratio requirement. (ii) April 27, The Bank of Japan (BOJ) strengthened its special funds-supplying operations by (a) expanding the range of eligible collateral to private debt in general, including household debt, and (b) increasing the number of eligible counterparties (to mainly include member financial institutions of central organizations of financial cooperatives). (iii) May 8, Decreased the Benchmark Ratio used to calculate the Macro Add-on Balance in financial institutions' current account balances at the BOJ (to which 0% interest rate is applied) for the May 2020 reserve maintenance period from 32.5% to 30%. On June 9, Decreased the Benchmark Ratio to 28.5% for the June 2020 reserve maintenance period. On July 9, the Benchmark Ratio increased to 31.5% for the July 2020 reserve maintenance period. On August 7, the benchmark ratio decreased to 29.0% for the August 2020 reserve maintenance period. On September 9, the benchmark ratio decreased further to 24.0% for the September 2020 reserve maintenance period. [update]
|01C - Forex operations info_outline||
No amount/estimate: (i) The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly. (ii) See (i) May 22 in Measure 1A.
|02 - Credit creation info_outline||JPY10,500,000,000,000||USD97,862,991,811|
|02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline||JPY10,500,000,000,000||USD97,862,991,811||
March 16, An increase in the annual pace of the Bank of Japan’s (BOJ) targeted purchases of corporate bonds with an upper limit of JPY3 trillion, respectively. On April 27, the maximum amount of additional purchases of corporate bonds was increased to JPY7.5 trillion.
|02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline||
No amount/estimate: (i) The government expanded the volume of concessional loan facilities (interest free without collateral) primarily for micro, small, and medium enterprises affected by COVID-19 through the Japan Finance Corporation and other institutions; (ii) The government will also enhance access to loans with the same conditions from local financial institutions, such as local banks; (iii) To support borrowers during this period of stress, the Financial Services Agency has reassured that banks can assign zero risk weights to loans guaranteed with public guarantee schemes, use their regulatory capital as needed to support funding of affected businesses, and draw down their capital conservation and systemically important bank buffers to support credit supply; (iv) April 27, In relation to Measure 1B, the BOJ applied a positive interest rate of 0.1 percent to the outstanding balances of current accounts held by financial institutions at the Bank that correspond to the amounts outstanding of loans provided through special funds-supplying operation.
|02C - Loan guarantees||
No amount/estimate: As of July 2020, loan guarantees from the Japan Finance Corp. for JPY130 billion in emergency response loans extended by the Development Bank of Japan to Nissan Motor between March and July. [update]
|03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline|
|03A - Long-term lending info_outline||
Concessional loans from public and private financial institutions (included in the amount of the Emergency Economic Package Against COVID-19; see Measure 5).
|03B - Forbearance|
|04 - Equity support info_outline||JPY12,180,000,000,000||USD113,521,070,501||
An increase in the annual pace of the Bank of Japan’s purchases of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and Japan-Real Estate Investment Trusts (J-REITs) up to about JPY12 trillion (2.2% of GDP) and JPY180 billion (0.03% of GDP), respectively.
|05 - Government support to income/revenue||JPY243,400,000,000,000||USD2,268,557,353,039||
(i) April 7, The Government of Japan adopted the Emergency Economic Package Against COVID-19 of JPY117.1 trillion (21.1% of gross domestic product [GDP]) and subsumed the remaining part of the previously announced packages (the December 2019 stimulus package (passed in January 2020) and the two COVID-19-response packages announced on February 13 and March 10, respectively). The April package aims at five objectives: (a) Develop preventive measures against the spread of infection and strengthen treatment capacity (expenditure of 0.5% of GDP); (b) Protect employment and businesses (15.1% of GDP); (c) Regain economic activities after containment (1.6% of GDP); (d) Rebuild a resilient economic structure (3% of GDP); and (e) Enhance readiness for the future (0.3% of GDP; the key measures under the package comprise cash handouts to affected households and firms, and deferral of tax payments and social security contributions). (ii) As of April 17, cash payment of JPY100,000 per person will be given to all citizens nationwide, from previously planned JPY300,000 to each household in need whose income has declined significantly so that the total amount of cash payments will expand significantly, from the scale of JPY6 trillion to more than JPY14 trillion. (iii) May 14, The government announced another set of new measures to be included in the formulation of the second supplementary budget: (a) enhance the Employment Adjustment Subsidies by raising the maximum payment to 15,000 yen per day as a special measure and establish a new scheme that allows employees themselves to directly apply for and receive the money; (b) establish a new assistance scheme to further reduce rents, a fixed cost that is posing a major burden on micro-, small- and medium-sized business operators (SMEs); (c) establish a new mechanism for supporting students, including university students; (d) with government outlays, cover the total expenditure of the comprehensive support subsidy for medical systems and increase the amount significantly; and (e) provide adequate liquidity support for large companies and those relatively smaller ones, in addition to small- and medium-sizes enterprises. We will also implement measures to strengthen financial functions such as increasing the allocation of special lending by the Japan Finance Corporation and crisis response lending by the Development Bank of Japan, as well as strengthen the financial base with capital funds including subordinated loans. (iv) May 19, Exemption of customs duty and (domestic) consumption tax for imported goods which are proved to be provided free of charge. (v) June 12, Parliament enacted the second supplementary budget worth JPY31.91 trillion which includes financial assistance to medical staff, and small firms and single proprietors. These direct spending measures are part of the JPY117 trillion stimulus package approved by the Cabinet on May 27 which brings the total amount of stimulus from all economic packages to JPY234 trillion (over 40% of GDP). (vi) JPY1.3 trillion in domestic tourism subsidies aimed at helping coronavirus-battered local economies.
|05A - Health|
|05B - Non-health|
|06 - Budget reallocation info_outline|
|07 - Central bank financing government|
|07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown|
|07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||
No amount/estimate: The BOJ will purchase a necessary amount of JGBs without setting an upper limit so that 10-year JGB yields will remain at around 0%.
|08 - International Assistance Received||JPY24,230,911,564,286,000||USD225,839,000,000,000|
|08A - Swaps info_outline||JPY24,230,911,564,286,000||USD225,839,000,000,000||
(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, The BOJ in coordination with the Bank of Canada, the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, and the Swiss National Bank enhanced the provision of US dollar liquidity on March 15, by lowering the pricing on the standing US dollar liquidity swap arrangements by 25 basis points; and (ii) As of May 27, USD225.839 billion peak outstanding amount at the U.S. Fed's liquidity swap facility. On July 29, The U.S. Federal Reserve announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to March 31, 2021.
|08B - International loans/grants|
|08B1 - Asian Development Bank|
|08B2 - Other|
|09 - International Assistance Provided||JPY2,571,016,941,210||USD23,962,610,463|
|09A - Swaps info_outline||JPY2,441,985,428,571||USD22,760,000,000||
April 7, USD22.76 billion bilateral currency swap arrrangement with Bank Indonesia.
|09B - International loans/grants||JPY129,031,512,639||USD1,202,610,463||
Japan as donor: (i) Additional USD100 million contribution to the International Montary Fund’s Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust as immediately available resources supports the Fund’s capacity to provide grant-based debt service relief for the poorest and most vulnerable countries to combat COVID-19; (ii) April 16, Japan announced that it is aiming at doubling its contribution to the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) SDR 7.1 billion of which SDR 1.8 billion will be made available immediatrly while the additional SDR 1.8 billion will follow once other member countries make their contributions. (iii) May 18, USD150 million to the ADB to strengthen developing member countries' capacity to contain COVID-19 through the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) and the Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF). (iv) Assistance to Maldives: (a) May 2, USD541,400 emergency grant for COVID-19 response thru the United Nations Children's Fund and Maldives Red Crescent; and (b) May 21, USD1.4 million grant through the United Nations Development Programme to support Maldives' economic recovery. (v) July 1, JPY50 billion loan under the COVID-19 crisis response emergency support of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and JPY2 billion grant aid for medical equipment and laboratories for the Philippines. (vi) September 15, JICA provided another JPY50 billion loan to the Philippines under the second phase of the Post-Disaster Standby Loan. [update]
|10 - No breakdown|
|11 - Other Economic Measures||
May 27, The Cabinet approved a new stimulus package worth JPY117 trillion, mostly comprising financial aid for companies along with JPY33 trillion in direct spending, to be funded by a second supplementary budget; this brings the total amount of stimulus from all economic packages to JPY234 trillion (over 40% of GDP).
|12 - Non-Economic Measures||
April 7: (i) Prime Minister Abe declared a state of emergency f'or seven key prefectures in Japan (including Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, and Fukuoka) effective from April 8 to May 6 (which, as of May 4, has since been extended until May 31); the declaration will enable prefectural governors in the designated areas to request people to stay at home, order closures of schools and public facilities, build temporary medical facilities, and adopt actions to support medical and food supplies. (ii) The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games have been postponed to July 23–August 8, 2021. May 13: (iii) The Prime Minister has lifted the state of emergency ahead of schedule in 39 prefectures and kept it in place for 8 others including Tokyo (the lifting of which will be decided on May 21). May 21: (iv) The government lifted the state of emergency in Osaka, Kyoto, and Hyogo while keeping it in place for Tokyo and four other prefectures. (v) The government announced the lifting of the state of emergency for Tokyo and four remaining prefectures by June 1. May 25. (vi) June 2, Tokyo issued a stay-home alert after a jump in new virus infections. On June 11, the alert was lifted and authorities announced a lifting of all business restrictions on June 19. On June 19, all restrictions on domestic travel were also lifted and gatherings of up to 1,000 people in indoor/outdoor events were allowed; domestic travel was also encouraged to support the economy. (vii) June 18, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced that the country would ease travel restrictions for people coming from Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and Vietnam. On September 1, The government lifted the reentry ban for all foreign residents who left the country after travel bans were imposed.