Other ADB Members

Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)

Total Package in USD Million: 145,861.57
% of GDP (2019): 55.07%
% of Regional Total Package: N/A
Package Per Capita in USD: 26,422.70
Note: Measures 9 and 10 are added to the sum of Measures 1-5.
Measure Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Details Update Source
01 - Liquidity Support info_outline EUR2,000,000,000 USD2,212,389,381
01A - Short-term lending info_outline EUR2,000,000,000 USD2,212,389,381

March 2020, (i) EUR1 billion of the Bank of Finland's liquidity support by investing in short-term Finnish corporate commercial paper; (ii) EUR1 billion for the State Pension Fund investments in commercial paper.

01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline
01C - Forex operations info_outline
02 - Credit creation info_outline EUR86,080,000,000 USD95,221,238,938
02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline
02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline EUR82,000,000,000 USD90,707,964,602
02B1 - Interest rate adjustments
02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending EUR82,000,000,000 USD90,707,964,602

(i) EUR52 billion in lending capacity due to the 1 ppt reduction in the structural buffer requirements of all credit institutions by removing the systemic risk buffer and adjusting institution-specific requirements; (ii) EUR30 billion in lending capacity due to the decisions of the macroprudential supervisors of other countries.

02C - Loan guarantees EUR4,080,000,000 USD4,513,274,336

(i) 20 March 2020, EUR600 million of state guarantee for Finnair. On 20 May 2020, the fund was finally established for a maximum loan guarantee fund of EUR540 million (the EU Commission authorized only a 90% guarantee on loan, nevertheless, added in the amounts column is the EUR600 million, the total loans available under this fund); (ii) EUR600 million of state guarantee for shipping companies; (iii) No amount/estimate: 7 May 2020, Finnvera (official export credit agency) increased its guarantee share for SME loans from 80% to 90%; (iv) 11 June 2020, EUR880 million, state guarantee for loans and interest from the Employment Fund; (v) 14 July 2020, The new COVID-19 Credit Guarantee Scheme (CGS) amounting to EUR2 billion will make low cost loans available to businesses impacted by the pandemic. It will ensure that SMEs, primary producers and small Mid-Caps can access liquidity to keep their businesses operating, as the economy continues to reopen and more and more people get back to work. It will be available for a wide range of products including overdrafts, term loans and working capital.

03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline EUR14,584,380,000 USD16,133,163,717
03A - Long-term lending info_outline EUR14,584,380,000 USD16,133,163,717

(i) EUR 14.2 billion (increased from EUR10 billion) to expand Finland’s Export Credit Agency's lending and guarantee capacity to small and medium enterprises; (ii) No amount/estimate: 20 March 2020, Easier reborrowing of pension contributions allowed; (iii) 12 March 2021, The EC has State of EUR351.38 million hybrid loan for Finnair, a major airport operator for damages suffered between 16 March 2020 and 31 December 2020 due to the travel restrictions necessary to limit the spread of the virus [update]; (iv) 17 March 2021, The EC has approved the State aid of EUR33 million subordinated loan for Finavia, a major airport operator [update]

03B - Forbearance
04 - Equity support info_outline EUR710,500,000 USD785,951,327

(i) 6 June 2020, Further capital funding of EUR250 million is proposed for Tesi (Finnish Industry Investment Ltd), to increase equity financing for companies ; (ii) 6 June 2020, Capital funding of EUR 150 million is proposed for strengthening the balance sheet of Finnish Minerals Group; (iii) 10 June 2020, The EU Commission approved Finland's plans to contribute to the recapitalisation of Finnair, amounting to EUR286 million through the subscription of new shares by the State in the rights issue launched by Finnair on 10 June 2020 in the context of the coronavirus outbreak; (iv) 15 June 2020, EUR24.5 million of investment support for NordFuel Oy's Haapevesi biorefinery project for large renewable energy demo projects.

05 - Health and income support EUR28,478,500,000 USD31,502,765,487
05A - Health support EUR1,075,000,000 USD1,189,159,292

20 March 2020, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine; (iii) No amount/estimate: 27 January 2021, The government decided to amend the Health Insurance Act to allow vaccinations received through occupational healthcare to be reimbursed by Kela, Finland’s Social Insurance Institution. The costs of reimbursement would be paid from state funds. Travel costs related to vaccinations provided by both public and private healthcare services would also be reimbursed; (iv) 25 February 2021, Additional EUR70 million for the procurement of vaccines and advance payments needed to procure them.

05B - Income support EUR27,403,500,000 USD30,313,606,195
05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR4,500,000,000 USD4,977,876,106

20 March 2020, EUR4.5 billion in tax and pension payment deferrals.

05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR1,050,000,000 USD1,161,504,425

20 March 2020, EUR1.05 billion (increased from EUR900 million) in lower pension contributions through the remainder of 2020.

05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR3,771,000,000 USD4,171,460,177

20 March 2020, (i) EUR650 million for grants to SMEs and self-employed; (ii) EUR3 billion for expanded parental allowance, social assistance and unemployment insurance; (iii) No amount/estimate: 11 June 2020, The exempt amount of the unemployment benefit will be temporarily raised. Eligibility for commuting and relocation allowance for full-time work will be temporarily amended by decreasing the distance required for daily commuting. The aim is to improve the financial security of unemployed persons when they take part-time work or other short-term work in a situation where full-time work is not yet available. Another aim is to help people find full-time work or seasonal work critical for agriculture; (iv) No amount/estimate: 5 June 2020, The Government proposes to continue the measures that have secured the livelihoods of jobseekers and entrepreneurs and helped businesses to overcome the worst of the crisis. The measures concern lay-offs and co-operation procedures; the right of laid-off employees and entrepreneurs to unemployment benefit; and start-up funding; (v) 3 September 2020, The government published a fifth supplementary budget proposal for 2020 which included EUR60 million basic income support for persons who have received basic social assistance during the period of restrictions, if they continue to continue to receive basic social assistance during the payment period in autumn 2020; (vi) No amount/estimate: The government decided to extend the right of entrepreneurs to claim labor market support until 30 June 2021; (vii) 25 February 2021, Additional EUR61 million for the central government’s share of the earnings-related component of the unemployment benefit and job alternation compensation, and for its share of the basic security component of the unemployment benefit.

05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR751,100,000 USD830,862,832

(i) 20 April 2020, EUR250 million grants for sole proprietors for the cost of running business; (ii) EUR40 million to support restaurants in employing workers and EUR83 million compensation for the imposed restrictions on activities; (iii) 1 July 2020, EUR4.5 million fund to develop tourism in regions (EUR4 million) and domestic campaign to promote domestic tourism (EUR0.5 million); (iv) EUR28.4 million compensation for maritime transport; (v) No amount/estimate: October 15, the Government has enabled the granting of business development aid in the form of so-called temporary state aid for a maximum of EUR 800,000 per company; (vi) 25 February 2021, (a) EUR23.2 million to support the operation of cargo and passenger vessel shipping companies [update]; (b) addtional EUR5 million for film production companies; (vii) 17 March 2021, The EC has approved the State Aid of EUR249 million capital injection and EUR68 million damage compensation measure for Finavia, a major airport operator [update]; (viii) 18 March 2021, EUR70 million of new compensation to companies for closure of customer premises.

05B5 - Indirect income support EUR71,400,000 USD78,982,301

25 February 2021, (i) additional EUR15 million for the operating costs of the Arts Promotion Centre; (ii) additional EUR17.6 million for the operating costs of courts, public legal aid and guardianship districts, the enforcement service and bankruptcy supervision, the Consumer Dispute Board, the National Prosecution Authority and the Criminal Sanctions Agency; (iii) additional EUR1.3 million to ensure that the municipal elections can be carried out safely; (iv) additional EUR2.5 million for increasing and developing young people’s recreational and summer activities and to support summer entrepreneurship and working life skills among young people; (v) additional EUR17.5 million for measures to support vocational education and training; (vi) additional EUR 17.5 million for the development of municipal healthcare and social service structures to better support children, young people and families.

05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR17,260,000,000 USD19,092,920,354

(i) 20 March 2020, EUR12 billion in increase in fiscal deficit from automatic stabilizers (4-5.0) percentage points of GDP; (ii) June 2020, EUR5.1 billion (which is part of the fourth supplementary budget of 6 June 2020 amounting to EUR 5.5 billion) focusing on aid to municipalities and measures supporting quick economic recovery. This stimulus package is aimed at boosting demand, improving Finland’s long-term growth prospects, combating climate change, promoting biodiversity, and reinforcing the entire country’s capabilities, resilience, self-sufficiency, and skills and competences. The package also includes measures supporting local government that are intended to secure basic services and alleviate the challenges for local government finances resulting from the virus crisis. The supplementary budget proposal also includes a set of measures to support the wellbeing of children and young people; (iii) 27 August 2020, the Government decided in its fourth supplementary budget for 2020 on the regional allocation of employment appropriations for the management of the coronavirus crisis. A total of EUR60 million was allocated to the Centers for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Ely Centers). The appropriations will be mainly used for employment services and training for young people as well as for the development of competencies through training and coaching in cooperation with businesses; (iv) 22 October 2020, Regions to receive over EUR100 million for coronavirus recovery efforts in projects related to: development of the operating environment, business development, RDI activities, preservation and creation of jobs, prevention of youth unemployment and labor market mismatch, and development of skills.

05C - No breakdown (health and income support)
06 - Budget reallocation info_outline
07 - Central bank financing government
07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown
07B - Secondary purchase: government securities
08 - International Assistance Received
08A - Swaps info_outline
08B - International loans/grants
08B1 - Asian Development Bank
08B2 - Other
09 - International Assistance Provided EUR5,500,000 USD6,084,071
09A - Swaps info_outline
09B - International loans/grants EUR5,500,000 USD6,084,071

The Finnish Government agreed to increase funding for the World Health Organization (WHO) to EUR5.5 million .

10 - No breakdown
11 - Other Economic Measures

(i) 9 July 2020, Amendments to pharmaceutical legislation to allow Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has the right to temporarily restrict or authorize the prescription and dispensing of medicines intended for treating infectious diseases.

12 - Non-Economic Measures
12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)

16 March 2020, The government invoked the Emergency Powers Act, which was used to close borders, restrict domestic movements, and expand service obligations of essential health-, social services-, and security personnel. Restrictions to and from the region of Helsinki were lifted on 14 April 2020. On 4 May 2020, the government announced a plan to lift broad restrictions in favor of more targeted containment measures, including: on 14 May 2020, resumption of primary and lower secondary school and cross-border movement of essential traffic; on 1 June 2020, reopening of restaurants and public facilities and limits on public gatherings increased from 10 to 50 people; on 31 July 2020, resumption of public events with more than 500 people. Effective 16 June 2020, the government repealed the use of powers under the Emergency Powers Act, declaring that the country is no longer in a state of emergency. Barring any significant setbacks, the restrictions on gatherings will be lifted altogether on 1 October 2020. On 23 June 2020, the government announced the lifting of internal border control and restrictions on traffic between Finland and countries with similar incidence of COVID-19 with a limit value of 8 new cases per 100,000 persons in the previous 14 days. As of 13 July 2020, travel between Finland and non-EU countries on the ‘green list’ approved by the Council of the European Union will be permitted subject to restrictions which depend on the incidence of COVID-19. On 18 August 2020, the government reinstated travel restrictions on traffic between Finland and several countries based on their 14-day incidence rates. This is in addition to entry restrictions for three countries introduced on 6 August 2020. The government adopted on 11 September 2020 a decision to continue internal border checks and restrictions on border traffic, which entered into force on 19 September 2020 and will continue through 18 October 2020. The government also adopted a resolution on a hybrid strategy for cross-border traffic and travel which requires a rapid increase in cross-border testing capacity and analysis by 10,000 tests/day. This would allow a more flexible approach to border restrictions. On 24 September 2020, the government reintroduced travel restrictions between Finland and several Schengen area countries. On 19 November 2020, the government decided to extend till 13 December 2020 the entry restrictions into Finland due to the acceleration of the COVID-19 epidemic elsewhere. The government continues to recommend that Finnish citizens and residents avoid unnecessary travel to high-risk countries. On 10 December 2020, the government prolonged the current entry restrictions to 12 January 2021, due to a surge in the number of Coronavirus cases in many countries worldwide. Finland continues to restrict entry for all internationals wishing to enter the country from the following select Schengen states. On 22 January 2021, The government decided to tighten internal and external border traffic and recommendations on testing and quarantine. On 11 February 2021, Entry from Iceland is no longer restricted, but entry restrictions will again apply to residents of Rwanda arriving from Rwanda. The opening hours of certain border crossing points on the western border in Lapland and the eastern border will be limited. The restrictions will take effect on 15 February 2021 and will remain in force until 25 February 2021. 19 February 2021, With the approval of the amendments to the Communicable Diseases Act, the number of passengers allowed on public transport could be reduced if regional authorities deem such changes necessary. 11 March 2021, the Government decided to extend the restrictions on entry into the country until 17 April 2021. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, and there are no adequate measures available yet to replace the restrictions. For this reason, and to curb the spread of COVID-19 variants, both internal border controls and restrictions on external border traffic will continue [update].

12B - Measures affecting business and workplace

On 13 August 2020, the government adopted resolutions on recommendations for wearing face coverings and face masks, and for remote work. The government has imposed new restrictions starting 22 October 2020 on the opening and licensing hours of food and beverage service businesses [update from 8 October 2020]. As of 20 November 2020, restrictions on the activities of food and beverage service businesses in five regions will continue due to their epidemiological conditions. 19 February 2021, The parliament has approved changes to the Communicable Diseases Act which come into force on 22 February 2021. The amendments provide municipalities and Regional State Administrative Agencies (Avi) with more powers to impose regional restrictions. Regions will then be able to close both publicly and privately-owned sports facilities, such as gyms and swimming pools. The number of customers allowed inside retail premises at any one time could be reduced, if regional authorities deem such changes necessary.

12C - Others

(i) 10 December 2020, The Government adopted a resolution on Finland's COVID-19 vaccine strategy: Vaccination will be offered based on medical risk assessments with priority given to healthcare and social welfare workers caring for COVID-19 patients, homecare workers, elderly persons, and persons at high risk for severe disease due to underlying health conditions.Finland is participating in the European Union's joint vaccine procurement; (ii) 1 March 2021, The goverment declares a state of emergency due to the very rapid rise in COVID-19 cases. At this stage, there is no immediate need to adopt the powers laid down in Part II of the Emergency Powers Act, which restrict the fundamental rights of citizens, but the need to introduce them will depend on how the epidemic progresses in the near future.