Other ADB Members

Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)

Total Package in USD Million: 383,427.90
% of GDP (2020): 31.32%
% of Regional Total Package: N/A
Package Per Capita in USD: 15,116.80
Note: Measures 9 and 10 are added to the sum of Measures 1-5.
Measure Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Details Update Source
01 - Liquidity Support info_outline
01A - Short-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: April 2020, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.

01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: May 2020, To assist with the smooth functioning of Australian capital markets, the RBA has broadened the range of eligible collateral for open market operations to include securities issued by non-bank corporations with an investment grade.

01C - Forex operations info_outline

No amount/estimate: April 2020, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.

02 - Credit creation info_outline AUD255,000,000,000 USD158,558,999,891
02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline AUD215,000,000,000 USD133,686,999,908

(i) April 2020, The government is allocating up to AUD15 billion to invest in residential mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities to help funding for small banks and non-bank financial institutions; (ii) April 2020, To allow banks to lend more to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) during the period of disruption caused by COVID-19, RBA has established a Term Funding Facility (TFF) of at least AUD90 billion for SMEs lending (TFF will offer three-year funding to authorized deposit-taking institutions [ADIs]). On 1 September 2020, RBA announced an expansion to the TFF. ADIs will have access to additional funding, equivalent to 2% of their outstanding credit, at a fixed rate of 25 basis points for three years. ADIs will be able to draw on this extra funding up until the end of June 2021. As of June 2021, a total of AUD188 billion has been drawn down under the TFF. The current expansion brings the total amount available under this facility to around AUD200 billion. On 2 February, 2 March, 6 April, 4 May, and 6 July 2021, the RBA announced that it will maintain the parameters of the TFF. Given the facility provides funding for 3 years, it will continue to support low funding costs in Australia until mid 2024.

02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline
02B1 - Interest rate adjustments

No amount/estimate: (i) 3 March 2020 and 19 March 2020, The policy rate was cut by 25 basis points twice to 0.25%. 5 May 2020, 2 June 2020, 7 July 2020, 4 August 2020, 1 September 2020, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current rates. 30 June 2020, While the cash rate target has remained at 25 basis points, the actual cash rate traded in the market has declined to around 13–14 basis points. 3 November 2020, The RBA announced a reduction in the cash rate to 10 basis points. On 2 February, 2 March, 6 April, 4 May, 1 June, 6 July, 3 August, 7 September, 5 October, and 2 November 2021 [update], the RBA announced that it will maintain the targets of 10 basis points for the cash rate; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA reduced the interest rate on new drawings under the TFF to 10 basis points, from the current 25 basis points.

02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending

No amount/estimate: (i) April 2020, The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has provided temporary relief from its capital requirement, allowing banks to utilize some of their current large buffers to facilitate ongoing lending to the economy as long as minimum capital requirements are met. 9 July 2020, APRA has issued a letter to ADIs, advising that this measure will be extended to cover a maximum period of 10 months from the start of a repayment deferral, or until 31 March 2021, whichever comes first. 29 July 2020, APRA has updated its capital management guidance for ADIs, i.e. (a) retain at least 50% of earnings when making decisions on capital distributions and raise more capital through dividend reinvestment plans; (b) conduct regular stress testing to inform decision-making and demonstrate ongoing lending capacity; and (c) make use of capital buffers to absorb the impacts of stress, and continue to lend to support households and businesses; (ii) 30 March 2020, APRA announced that it is deferring its scheduled implementation of the Basel III reforms in Australia by one year to January 2023.

02C - Loan guarantees AUD40,000,000,000 USD24,871,999,983

April 2020, Under a new Coronavirus SME Guarantee Scheme, the Government will guarantee 50% of new loans issued by eligible lenders to SMEs with total lending capacity of AUD40 billion. 20 July 2020, The government announced that it plans to expand the SME Guarantee Scheme to help small businesses to adapt, grow and create jobs. The changes include widening the range of investments that can be funded, increasing maximum loan size, and increasing the maximum long term to five years, among others. The second phase of the Scheme will start on October 2020 and will be available until June 2021.

03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline
03A - Long-term lending info_outline

No amount/estimate: 2 September 2020, Government announced interest-free loans to Australians who are stranded overseas and in financial distress.

03B - Forbearance
04 - Equity support info_outline
05 - Health and income support AUD361,040,150,000 USD224,494,765,116
05A - Health support AUD141,443,150,000 USD87,949,350,609

(i) 11 March 2020, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) 21 March 2020, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. 5 May 2020, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding. 31 August 2020, an additional AUD563.3 million has been allocated to the aged care sector. On 11 June 2021, the Australian Government announced that it will invest AUD60 million to extend support for COVID 19 response measures for Australia’s impacted aged care facilities until 30 June 2022; (iii) 29 March 2020, (a) AUD669 million will be provided to expand Medicare-subsidised telehealth services for all Australians, with extra incentives to GPs and other health practitioners also delivered; and (b) AUD74 million will be provided to support the mental health and wellbeing of all Australians; (iv) 15 April 2020, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) 15 May 2020, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) 25 May 2020, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) 29 May 2020, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21; (viii) July 8, AUD325.7 million investment in new home care packages by the government for older Australians; (ix) 7 September 2020, The Australian government will invest AUD3.2 billion in a supply and production agreement with pharmaceutical companies to provide free vaccines by 2021, if trials prove successful; (x) 18 September 2020, The government announced to extend a range of COVID-19 health measures, including mental health interventions until 31 March 2021 amounting to more than AUD2 billion; (xi) No amount/estimate: 13 November 2020, National Cabinet endorsed the Australian COVID-19 Vaccination Policy, which sets out the roles and responsibilities of the Commonwealth, states and territories in rolling out COVID-19 vaccination. National Cabinet welcomed the Commonwealth Government’s announcement that Australia had secured access to 134.8 million doses of four leading vaccine candidates; (xii) 3 January 2021, AUD10.1 million from the government's Medical Research Future Fund’s Clinical Trials Activity Initiative is allocated for high potential COVID-19 related clinical trials; No amount/estimate: (xiii) 25 January 2021, Australia's Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has provisionally approved the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for use in Australia. On 15 February 2021, more than 142,000 doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine have arrived. This is the first shipment of 20 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine the Government has secured as part of Australia’s COVID-19 Vaccine and Treatment Strategy; (xiv) 8 February 2021, The Australian Government announced free training modules for the COVID-19 vaccination workforce, including for immunisation providers and non-clinical and administration staff; (xv) 16 February 2021, The AstraZeneca vaccine has been provisionally approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) for people 18 years and older; (xvi) 24 March 2021, 87,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 55 or older are eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in phase 1B of the national rollout strategy; (xvii) 19 April 2021, Australia’s COVID-19 vaccine rollout continues to expand. To date 1,586,252 doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been administered in Australia. As of 7 May 2021, 2,554,531 doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been administered in Australia ; (xviii) No amount/estimate: 20 May 2021, Community pharmacies in selected rural and regional areas will be activated to support Australia's COVID-19 vaccine rollout out ; (xix) No amount/estimate: 26 May 2021, The Australian Government is releasing an additional 130,000 vaccines to support Victoria to accelerate vaccinations in the state, including in the Whittlesea Local Government Area ; (xx) No amount/estimate: 27 May 2021, The Australian Government is partnering with the Royal Flying Doctor Service to deliver COVID-19 vaccines to remote Australian communities ; (xxi) No amount/estimate: 27 May 2021, The role of General Practices in the COVID-19 vaccine rollout is set to expand, with up to 900 additional general practices to come on board to administer the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine as part of a targeted expansion to ensure more points of presence are available across the country; (xxii) No amount/estimate: 28 June 2021, National Cabinet agreed to mandate COVID-19 vaccines for residential aged care workers; (xxiii) No amount/estimate: 5 July 2021, More than 500 general practice clinics (GPs) around Australia are set to administer the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine to enable Australians to get vaccinated and help accelerate the pace of the rollout for younger populations; (xxiv) No amount/estimate: 9 July 2021, The National Cabinet agreed to the Australian Health Protection Principal Committee’s (AHPPC) advice encouraging residential disability support workers to have their COVID-19 vaccination as soon as possible, and in August 2021, consider mandating vaccination for disability workers by 31 October 2021; (xxv) 13 July 2021, The Australian government announced an AUD17.35 million package to boost mental health support and services; (xxvi) 19 July 2021, The Australian Government is providing AUD3 million to support young Australians in Victoria, ensuring they can access mental health support if and when they need it during this lockdown; (xxvii) No amount/estimate: 23 July 2021, The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) approves Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for 12 to 15-year-olds; (xxviii) No amount/estimate: 9 August 2021, The TGA granted provisional approval to Moderna Australia Pty Ltd for its COVID-19 vaccine - Spikevax (elasomeran) - making it the fourth COVID-19 vaccine to receive regulatory approval in the country; (xxix) No amount/estimate: 15 August 2021, One million additional Pfizer doses will begin arriving in Australia from 15 August 2021 after a significant agreement was reached with the Republic of Poland; (xxx) No amount/estimate: 4 September 2021, The Therapeutic Goods Administration has provisionally approved the use of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine for adolescents aged 12 to 17 years; (xxxi) No amount/estimate: Ten new Head to Health pop up clinics will open across Sydney, the Central Coast and Illawarra to provide additional mental health support for people who have been substantially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic ; (xxxii) No amount/estimate: 12 September 2021, An additional 1 million Moderna doses will arrive within the next week and go directly to local community pharmacies across the country. This will allow family members aged 12-59 to be vaccinated together at their community pharmacy; (xxxiii) No amount/estimate: 8 October 2021, Australians who are severely immunocompromised were offered the option to receive a third COVID-19 vaccine dose to boost their protection against COVID-19 to the highest level; (xxxiv) No amount/estimate: 27 October 2021, The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has approved a booster dose of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for individuals 18 years and older [update].

05B - Income support AUD219,597,000,000 USD136,545,414,506
05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes AUD1,150,000,000 USD715,070,000

March 2020, Temporary early release of superannuation (AUD1,150 million).

05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction AUD19,400,000,000 USD12,062,919,992

(i) 6 October 2020, The Government is delivering an additional AUD17.8 billion (from 2020 to 2024) in personal income tax relief to support economic recovery; (ii) 2 April 2020, Childcare sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the next three months from taxpayer subsidies.

05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households AUD32,038,000,000 USD19,921,228,386

(i) March 2020, Support for individuals and households including (a) income support for individuals (AUD14,133 million), (b) payment to support households (AUD8,830 million), (c) lower the social security deeming rates (AUD876 million); (ii) 29 March 2020, AUD150 million will be provided to support Australians experiencing domestic, family and sexual violence due to the fallout from coronavirus; (iii) 20 May 2020, The Ministry of Education announced an additional AUD12.8 million in funding, i.e. (a) AUD12 million provided for child care services that have more than 30% of full-time equivalent staff ineligible for JobKeeper Payments, and (b) AUD800,000 to increase the level of funding for in-home care providers; (iii) 4 June 2020, The government announced a HomeBuilder program offering AUD25,000 grants to new home builders and renovators from June 4 to December 31, 2020. HomeBuilder will be implemented via a National Partnership Agreement, signed by the Commonwealth and State and Territory governments and is expected to cost AUD680 million; (iv) 8 June 2020, The government announced that it will resume the Child Care Subsidy (CCS) to support families to access affordable child care starting 13 July 2020 and will pay approximately AUD2 billion this quarter to eligible families; (v) 21 July 2020, The Government will extend the payment period of the temporary Coronavirus Supplement for those on income support from September to December 2020. The new arrangements for the Coronavirus Supplement are expected to cost an additional AUD3.8 billion; (vi) No amount/estimate: 22 July 2020, Mutual obligation requirements will continue to be gradually introduced starting August 4, 2020. Job seekers must be willing to accept any offer of suitable paid work or face penalties if a job seeker refuses a job without a reasonable excuse. Mutual obligation requirements are tasks and activities agreed upon while getting certain payments from the government; (vii) 5 August 2020, The Australian Government announced the Pandemic Leave Disaster Payment support for Victorians who can't earn an income because they must self-isolate or quarantine at home or they are caring for someone with COVID-19. The support runs until February 2021. 16 September 2020, The government has extended the payment arrangements to include Western Australia. More than AUD13.3 million in Pandemic Leave Disaster Payments has been paid for some 9,000 granted claims since 6 August 2020 ; (viii) 5 August 2020, The Australian government announced that it will invest AUD33 million to provide child care relief for Victorian families. Families in Stage 4 lockdown are also entitled to receive an additional 30 days, or six weeks, of allowable absences from childcare; (ix) 20 September 2020, The government will provide an additional AUD305.6 million for families and child care providers under the Child Care Recovery Package starting 28 September 2020 until 31 January 2021; (x) 10 November 2020, The Australian Government will extend temporary support through the social security system, for those Australians seeking work, from January to March 2021. The extension of temporary measures is estimated to cost an additional AUD3.2 billion; (xi) No amount/estimate: 3 June 2021, Australians who have had their hours of work and income significantly affected due to state lockdowns, will be eligible for a temporary COVID Disaster Payment. Eligible recipients will receive up to AUD500 per week for losing 20 hours or more of work, and AUD325 per week for losing under 20 hours. They must not have liquid assets of more than $10,000; (xii) No amount/estimate: 13 July 2021, The Australian government announced a lump sum payment (The COVID-19 Disaster Payment) to help workers who are unable to earn income due to a COVID-19 lockdown, hotspot or period of restricted movement. The COVID-19 Disaster Payment will increase from AUD500 to AUD600 each week if a person has lost 20 hours or more of work a week or AUD325 to AUD375 each week if a person has lost between 8 and 20 hours of work. This level of support will apply nationally to any state or territory that experiences an extended lockdown beyond week three following the declaration of a Commonwealth hotspot. On 16 July 2021, the government announced changes to the COVID-19 Disaster Payment to standardise and streamline Commonwealth financial support when a public health lockdown occurs in a Commonwealth declared hotspot. The rate the COVID-19 Disaster Payment will be paid to individuals who live or work in a Commonwealth declared hotspot at the rate of AUD600 per week if a person in paid employment has lost over 20 hours; or AUD375 per week if they lost between 8 hours and less than 20 hours of work, or have lost a full day of work. Hours lost must have occurred within the lockdown period; (xiii) No amount/estimate: 15 July 2021, The Australian government announced that it will provide additional support for New South Wales by allowing childcare services to waive gap-fees for parents keeping their children at home due to current COVID-19 restrictions; (xiv) 4 August 2021, The Australian Government has provided the Older Persons Advocacy Network (OPAN) with AUD4.3 million to help deliver education, information and advocacy services for senior Australians and their families .

05B4 - Subsidies to businesses AUD149,881,000,000 USD93,196,005,736

(i) March 2020, Support for business including (a) JobKeeper payment (AUD70,000 million), (b) boosting cash flow for employers (AUD31,900 million), (c) No amount/estimate, temporary relief for financially distressed businesses, (d) increasing the instant asset write-off (AUD700 million), (e) backing business investment (AUD3,200 million), (f) supporting apprentices and trainees (AUD1,265 million), (g) support for Coronavirus affected regions and communities (AUD1,000 million), (h) support for Australian airlines and airports (AUD715 million); (ii) 25 June 2020, AUD250 million targeted package through the JobMaker plan to be implemented in the next 12 months to help restart the creative economy and get the entertainment, arts and screen sectors back to work; (iii) 21 July 2020, The Government is extending the JobKeeper Payment until March 2021 with a reduced payment rate. Support will be targeted to businesses (including the self-employed) and not-for-profits that continue to be significantly impacted by the coronavirus. The new arrangements for the JobKeeper Payment are expected to cost an additional AUD16.6 billion; (iv) 7 August 2020, The JobKeeper program was adjusted to expand employee eligibility to accommodate more firms needing the support. The adjustment is expected to cost around AUD15.6 billion in 2020-21; (v) 26 August 2020, The government has announced a AUD1 billion investment package to boost Australia’s defence industry and support jobs across the country. The package is estimated to support around 4,000 jobs across Australia and help many small and medium sized businesses in the defence-industry supply chain; (vi) 17 September 2020, The Australian Government announced a new total funding package of AUD1.62 billion for the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) to support Australia's clean energy transition as the country recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic; (vii) October 6, The Government announced the JobMaker Hiring Credit package worth AUD4 billion (from 2020 to 2023) to give businesses incentives to take on additional young job seekers; (vii) 28 June 2021, Residential aged care workers will be supported to be vaccinated under the mandatory vaccination program through an AUD11 million grant for Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to enable workers to attend off-site vaccination centres and GPs ; (viii) 9 August 2021, The new South Australian COVID-19 Additional Business Support Grant - will deliver about an extra AUD40 million in support to an estimated 19,000 local businesses in eligible industries – such as hospitality, performing art venues, artists and performers, tourism, gyms, and transport. The package will be split on a 50/50 basis between the Commonwealth and the South Australian Governments, with the state government to administer the program .

05B5 - Indirect income support AUD17,000,000,000 USD10,570,599,993

(i) 29 March 2020, An additional AUD200 million will be provided to support charities and other community organisations which provide emergency and food relief as demand surges as a result of coronavirus; (ii) 2 April 2020, The Commonwealth government has committed to provide free childcare to around one million families and announced targeted support to the education system. The sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the coming three months from taxpayer subsidies; (iii) The Government announced that it will invest almost AUD800 million in a digital infrastructure package that will provide training, develop systems and establish needed infrastructure to support adoption of new technologies for businesses and consumers as part of Australia's economic recovery plan; (iv) 16 July 2020, AUD2 billion support for the JobTrainer package to give Australians access to new skills by retraining and upskilling them into sectors with job opportunities, as the economy recovers from COVID-19; (v) 6 October 2020, The Government has committed to invest an additional AUD14 billion in new and accelerated infrastructure projects across Australia over the next four years.

05B6 - No breakdown (income support) AUD128,000,000 USD79,590,400

1 December 2020, The government announced a AUD128 million scheme to assist travel agents who have been impacted by COVID-19 through the COVID-19 Consumer Travel Support Program. Eligible travel agents and tour arranging service businesses will be able to apply for a one-off taxable payment based on the turnover of the business, with a minimum payment of $1,500 for a business with a turnover of $50,000 up to a maximum payment of $100,000 for a business with a turnover of $20 million.

05C - No breakdown (health and income support)
06 - Budget reallocation info_outline
07 - Central bank financing government AUD200,000,000,000 USD124,359,999,914
07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown
07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD200,000,000,000 USD124,359,999,914

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%. On 2 February, 2 March, 6 April, and 4 May, 1 June, 6 July, 3 August 2021, 7 September, and 5 October 2021, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting at 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories when the current bond purchase program is completed in mid April 2021; (iii) No amount/estimate: 2 November 2021, The RBA announced that it will continue to purchase government bonds at the rate of AUD4 billion per week until mid February 2022, with a further review to be undertaken then [update]; (iv) 2 November 2021, the RBA announced to discontinue the target for the yield on the April 2024 bond [update].

08 - International Assistance Received AUD96,494,049,600 USD60,000,000,000
08A - Swaps info_outline AUD96,494,049,600 USD60,000,000,000

20 March 2020, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.

08B - International loans/grants
08B1 - Asian Development Bank
08B2 - Other
09 - International Assistance Provided AUD601,700,000 USD374,137,060
09A - Swaps info_outline
09B - International loans/grants AUD601,700,000 USD374,137,060

(i) 29 May 2020, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia; (ii) 6 October 2020, The government is establishing a new, temporary AUD304.7 million COVID-19 Response Package over two years, as part of the Pacific Step-up, to help address the economic and social costs of the pandemic in the Pacific and Timor-Leste. The package will include budget support measures to enable Pacific partner governments to maintain essential services, including for the most vulnerable, as well as assistance for Pacific aviation to help maintain air connectivity ; (iii) 12 November 2020, The Australian Government will provide an AUD1.5 billion loan to Indonesia, repayable over 15 years. This loan supports the Asian Development Bank-led COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program; (iv) No amount/estimate: 27 April 2021, Australia will provide emergency medical supplies to India. The initial package of support includes rapid deployment of 500 non-invasive ventilators, with capacity to deploy up to a total of 3,000 ventilators; package of personal protective equipment (PPE), including one million surgical masks, 500,000 P2/N95 masks, 100,000 surgical gowns, 100,000 goggles, 100,000 pairs of gloves and 20,000 face shields. The Australian government has also agreed to commence procurement of 100 oxygen concentrators, along with tanks and consumables; (v) 7 May 2021, the Australian Government signed an agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to contribute an additional AUD4 million to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on Cambodia’s economy and people, starting immediately. The additional AUD4 million will fund further work to strengthen social assistance, support local businesses to adapt to pandemic-related difficulties, and other priorities identified through consultation with the Royal Government of Cambodia and civil society; (vi) 21 October 2021, The Australian government is increasing its pandemic aid to the Philippines by AUD11.5 million (approximately PHP433 million).

10 - No breakdown
11 - Other Economic Measures
12 - Non-Economic Measures
12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)

(i) March 2020, Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii) 14 July 2020, State and territory governments have imposed a range of interstate travel restrictions, including the closure of certain state borders and 14-day quarantine period upon arrival of travellers; (iii) 16 October 2020, The Australian Government is facilitating additional commercial flights from the United Kingdom, India, and South Africa to help more Australians return amid the unprecedented travel disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This arrangement will create the capacity for more than 5,000 Australians to return over the next six months; (iv) 8 January 2021, Returning Australians and other travellers to Australia must have a negative COVID-19 test prior to departure; (v) 8 January 2021, All passengers and air crew are required to wear masks on flights and in airports; (vi) 8 January 2021, International passenger caps in New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia will be temporarily halved from no later than 15 January 2021 to manage the flow of returning Australians and other travellers who have been potentially exposed to the new variants; (vii) 17 February 2021, All passengers on flights originating in New Zealand up until 12.01am (AEDT) on Sunday, 21 February, will need to go into 14 days of supervised hotel quarantine on arrival in Australia and adhere to the requirements of the State and Territory in which they enter; (viii) 6 April 2021, Quarantine-free travel between New Zealand and Australia will start on Monday, 19 April; (ix) 27 April 2021, Australia will implement a temporary pause on direct passenger flights between India and Australia for two weeks, with consideration of further flights to be made by 15 May 2021; (x) 2 July 2021, The government agreed to temporarily reduce the current international passenger arrival caps by 50% to manage the pressure on quarantine facilities due to the increased risks posed by the Delta strain of the virus from 14 July until 31 August 2021 and will be subject to a review before the end of August and on a regular basis throughout the remainder of 2021; (xi) 9 July 2021, The Australian authorities agreed that South Australia would be the first to commence a pilot program of home quarantine for fully vaccinated travellers who had been vaccinated in Australia, with an Australian approved vaccination, arriving from low and medium risk countries; (xii) 22 October 2021, The Australian Government has issued new guidance on foreign vaccination certificates for people who have had a COVID-19 vaccination overseas as it reopens on 1 November 2021 [update]; (xiii) 30 October 2021, From 1 November 2021, vaccinated Australians will be able to travel internationally without seeking exemptions, and vaccinated Australian citizens, residents and their families will be able to return quarantine-free to jurisdictions that are ready [update]; (xiv) 1 November 2021, The government announced that starting 21 November, quarantine-free travel arrangements will be available for fully vaccinated Singaporeans travelling from Singapore who present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure [update].

12B - Measures affecting business and workplace
12C - Others

(i) March 2020, Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (ii) March 2020, Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family, and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (iii) March 2020, Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them; (iv) 26 April 2020, The COVIDSafe app is available for voluntary download to speed up contacting people exposed to coronavirus; (v) 8 May 2020, The National Cabinet will consider the first phase of easing COVID-19 restrictions. Some states and territories have begun easing selected regional restrictions; (vi) 30 July 2020, The government published guidance on wearing face masks; (vii) 23 October 2020, National Cabinet agreed in-principle to the Framework for National Reopening, designed to reopen Australia to a state of ‘COVID Normal’, wherever it is safe to do so, by December 2020 while managing the health impacts and severity of COVID-19; (viii) 7 November 2020, The Australian and Tasmanian Governments have agreed to provide an additional 450 spaces in quarantine facilities to help more Australians return home from abroad; (ix) 13 November 2020, The Commonwealth, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory agreed to a new ‘Framework for National Reopening Australia by Christmas’ subject to local health advice; (x) 22 November 2020, The Emergency Management (Stay at Home No.3) Direction 2020 has been released by the government to update rules on public activities and management of places where these activities occur; (xi) 17 September 2021, New South Wales to run a 7-day home quarantine pilot program that require participants to have both doses of a TGA-accredited COVID-19 vaccine. Findings from the four-week trial will inform future quarantine programs.