Other ADB Members

Sum of Measures 1—5 (Total Package)

Total Package in USD Million: 35,975.62
% of GDP (2019): 8.86%
% of Regional Total Package: N/A
Package Per Capita in USD: 7,280.39
Note: Measures 9 and 10 are added to the sum of Measures 1-5.
Measure Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Details Update Source
01 - Liquidity Support info_outline
01A - Short-term lending info_outline
01B - Support policies for short-term lending info_outline
01C - Forex operations info_outline
02 - Credit creation info_outline EUR2,000,000,000 USD2,212,389,381
02A - Financial sector lending/funding info_outline
02B - Support policies for long-term lending info_outline
02B1 - Interest rate adjustments
02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending

No amount/estimate: The Central Bank has cut the Counter Cyclical Capital Buffer from 1% to 0%. This decision will free up bank capital that can be used to provide credit, and to restructure and extend the loans of bank customers, both individuals and SMEs.

02C - Loan guarantees EUR2,000,000,000 USD2,212,389,381

2 May 2020, EUR2 billion COVID-19 Credit Guarantee Scheme (CGS) to support lending to SMEs for terms ranging from 3 months to 6 years, which will be below market interest rates. 21 July 2020, the Government introduced the Credit Guarantee (Amendment) Bill to the Dáil at second stage, an important step in bringing into effect the EUR2 billion COVID-19 CGS. This will ensure the availability of loans of up to six years at a discounted rate with the State acting as guarantor for 80% of each individual loan. 28 November 2020, government agrees to extend CGS until the 30th of June 2021 and redundancy provisions until 31st March 2021. 26 March 2021, The CGS is extended and will remain open for applications until the end of the year.

03 - Direct long-term lending info_outline EUR1,611,600,000 USD1,782,743,363
03A - Long-term lending info_outline EUR1,611,600,000 USD1,782,743,363

(i) 9 March 2020, EUR200 million for the Rescue and Restructuring Scheme available through Enterprise Ireland for vulnerable but viable firms. The scheme would offer loans repayable over a period of 18 months; 8 April 2020, (ii) EUR650 million for the SBCI's working capital and longer-term loan schemes; (iii) EUR180 million Sustaining Enterprise Fund for firms in the manufacturing and international services sectors; (iv) EUR7.6 million funding support for online trading; (v) EUR20 million for Microfinance Ireland for COVID-19 loans with interest rates dropped from 7.8% to 4.5%. 31 August 2020, The Tánaiste and Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Employment, announced that EUR15 million is being made available to re-open the COVID-19 Loan Fund which assists businesses with fewer than ten employees, which have been impacted negatively by COVID-19. It provides much-needed funding to help microenterprises meet payments for stock, working capital requirements and other overhead expenses through the provision of low-cost lending facilities, which include a six-month repayment free moratorium and the equivalent of one-year interest free (subject to terms and conditions) with rates as low as 4.5% for the remaining period of the loan. The COVID-19 Loan scheme has seen a very strong uptake in recent months, with EUR18.6 million sanctioned to 683 businesses up to 31 July 2020; (vi) 30 July 2020, EUR500 million expansion to the Future Growth Loan Scheme, the government’s scheme to support SMEs, farmers and fishing. The additional funding will be provided by the European Investment Bank Group; (vii) 13 October 2020, Government presented 2021 budget including additional measures for COVID response: EUR39 million in continued access to low cost loans for business.

03B - Forbearance
04 - Equity support info_outline EUR2,012,000,000 USD2,225,663,717

(i) 2 May 2020, EUR2 billion Pandemic Stabilisation and Recovery Fund within the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF), which will make capital available to medium and large enterprises on commercial terms; (ii) 7 July 2020, Enterprise Ireland EUR2 million Competitive Start Fund will open to applications for two competitions which will approve up to forty investments - the 'All Sectors' competition and a 'Women Entrepreneurs' Competition. Each of the two EUR1,000,000 funds being launched will provide up to EUR50,000 in equity funding to successful projects; (iii) EUR10 million in funding for the Seed and Venture Capital sector through Enterprise Ireland as a top-up to existing funds and leveraging a combined additional pool of investment of EUR55 million, as part of commitment to innovation driven enterprises.

05 - Health and income support EUR26,891,364,178 USD29,747,084,268
05A - Health support EUR3,635,000,000 USD4,021,017,699

(i) 9 March 2020, The government has so far announced a stimulus package of EUR6.3 billion (3.2% of GDP) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic which includes EUR2.4 billion for illness benefit payments. 3 March 2021, The support has been extended until 30 June 2021, for which the cost will depend on the incidence of the disease in the period ahead; (ii) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (iii) 29 April 2020, EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects; (iv) 4 June 2020, EUR200 million for the COVID Products Scheme, a grant aid for companies developing or producing medicinal products used in the fight against COVID-19; (iv) 13 October 2020, Government presented 2021 budget including additional measures for COVID response: EUR30 million for applied research in the pharmaceutical and healthcare industry; No amount/estimate: (v) 19 March 2021, The COVID-19 Diagnosis Special Leave with Pay has been extended from 14 days to 28 days for staff other than persons employed as teachers and special needs assistants employed in education and training boards whose post is wholly funded by monies provided by the Oireachtas; (vi) 30 April 2021, The VAT relief for the domestic supply of personal protective equipment (PPE), thermometers, hand sanitizer, oxygen, medical ventilators and specialist respiratory equipment including respirators has been extended until 31 December 2021; (vii) 1 September 2021, Pregnant women will be mRNA vaccine at any stage of pregnancy. Immunocompromised adolescents aged 12 years and older will be given additional mRNA vaccine, regardless of whether the initial COVID-19 vaccine they received was an mRNA or an adenoviral vector vaccine [update]; (viii) 9 September 2021, The National Immunisation Advisory Committee (NIAC) have recommended a booster dose of an mRNA vaccine (irrespective of whether primary vaccination course was of an mRNA or adeno-viral vector) for residents aged 65 years and older living in Long Term Residential Care Facilities and for those aged 80 years and older living in the community. The booster dose can be given after a minimal interval of six months following completion of the primary vaccination schedule [update].

05B - Income support EUR23,256,364,178 USD25,726,066,569
05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes

No amount/estimate: Local Enterprise Offices in every county will be providing vouchers from EUR2,500 up to EUR10,000; a Finance in Focus grant of EUR7,200 will be available to Enterprise Ireland and Údarás na Gaeltachta clients; the government agreed with local authorities that they should defer business rates payments due from the most immediately affected businesses until the end of May 2020; variety of taxation measures to alleviate short-term difficulties. For example, interest on late payments and all debt enforcement activity have been suspended and current tax clearance status will remain in place for all businesses; moratoriums on evictions and rent increases for duration of Covid emergency. The Commission for Regulation of Utilities has issued a moratorium on disconnections of domestic customers for non-payment to the gas and electricity suppliers.

05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR2,000,000,000 USD2,212,389,381

2 May 2020, EUR2 billion (estimate) for a three month commercial rates waiver for impacted businesses and the ‘warehousing’ of tax liabilities for a period of twelve months after recommencement of trading during which time there will be no debt enforcement action taken by Revenue and no interest charge accruing in respect of the warehoused debt.

05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR7,502,938,000 USD8,299,710,177

(i) 16 March 2020, The government has established the Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP) as an emergency support for workers, including the self-employed, who have lost their jobs as a result of the pandemic. This has cost approximately EUR5.9 billion so far. 3 March 2021, The support has been extended until 30 June 2021, with an estimated cost of EUR1.6 billion; (ii) 6 August 2020, The Minister for Children, Disability, Equality and Integration announced over EUR2.32 million in capital grant funding for 147 targeted staff-led youth projects/services and 25 national youth organizations across the country; (iii) 7 August 2020, Minister for Children, Disability, Equality and Integration, announced funding of over EUR618,000 which is being allocated by Tusla to Family Resource Centers (FRCs) across the country; (iv) No amount/estimate: 21 September 2021, A special payment of up to EUR1,860 from the Social Insurance Fund will be given to workers made redundant who have lost reckonable service while in receipt of the PUP or other jobseekers payment over the pandemic [update].

05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR11,564,500,000 USD12,792,588,496

(i) 9 March 2020, The government has so far announced a stimulus package of EUR6.3 billion (3.2% of GDP) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic which includes EUR3.7 billion announced on 24 March 2020 to cover the cost of a new Wage Subsidy Scheme. 23 June 2020, Changes to the Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme (TWSS) to accommodate apprentices on off-the-job training. 1 September 2020, Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme (EWSS) replaces TWSS. Employers and new firms in sectors impacted by COVID-19 whose turnover has fallen 30% will get a flat-rate subsidy per week based on the number of qualifying employees on the payroll, including seasonal staff and new employees. 3 March 2021, EWSS is extended until 30 June 2021 with an estimated cost EUR1.3 billion; (ii) 2 May 2020, EUR250 million "Restart Grant" for micro and small businesses based on a rates/waiver rebate from 2019. 15 May 2020, Approved details of the "Restart Grant" for small businesses (for costs associated with reopening and reemploying workers). Grants will be available to businesses with turnover of less than EUR5 million and employing 50 people or less, with at least 25% reduction in turnover by 30 June 2020. The grants will be equivalent to the rates bill of the business in 2019, with a minimum payment of EUR 2,000 and maximum of EUR 10,000. Applications open on Friday, 22 May 2020. 10 August 2020, Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Employment announced key changes to the "Restart Grant" scheme including EUR300 million additional funding in addition to EUR250 million previously committed (For details, see: https://bit.ly/30Rf5e1); (iii) 7 May 2020, EUR180 million for the Sustaining Enterprise Fund, which offers funding of up to EUR800,000, with EUR200,000 or 50% in non-repayable grants to eligible manufacturing and internationally traded services companies [update]. 9 February 2021, a further EUR90 million has been allocated to the fund. 5 August 2021, a further EUR20 million is being provided for the fund [update]; (iv) 23 July 2020, EUR5.4 billion Jobs Stimulus to help businesses re-open, get people back to work and promote confidence. 12 August 2020, Enterprise, Trade and Employment, launched a new EUR12 million Enterprise Center Fund (which is part of the July Stimulus package) to help enterprise centers impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Fund is open to both not-for-profit and for-profit enterprise centers which have seen their income significantly impacted as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Grant funding of between EUR10,000 and EUR150,000 is available. The grants will help them implement a recovery plan to reboot their centers over the next six to twelve months. 20 August 2020, Minister of State for Business, Employment and Retail, launched a new EUR5.5 million COVID-19 Online Retail Scheme as announced in the Government’s July Jobs Stimulus package; (v) 14 August 2020, Announced a package of measures for businesses in Kildare, Laois and Offaly, which have been adversely impacted by renewed COVID-19 restrictions. Eligible businesses will now be entitled to a 20% top-up, bringing the new minimum for affected counties to EUR4,800 and the new maximum to EUR30,000. Those that applied and received a grant previously, can re-apply and receive a second grant, with 20% additional on the new rate. EUR1 million is being ring-fenced for the Local Enterprise Offices (LEOs) in the three counties to increase engagement with local businesses to ensure they are aware of the loans, grants and vouchers they are entitled to. Applications from affected counties will be prioritized for all existing schemes, including the Sustaining Enterprise Fund. Fáilte Ireland is being allocated EUR1 million to undertake a promotional campaign focused on increasing the appeal of these counties to visitors and drive bookings; (vi) 28 August 2020, EUR16 million package for pubs, bars, and nightclubs. This includes waiver of court fees and associated excise and stamp duties relating to the renewal of pub and other liquor licenses in 2020 and of excise duty on on-trade liquor licenses on renewal in 2020; (vii) 13 October 2020, Government presented 2021 budget including additional measures for COVID response: EUR10 million to help businesses move online with the Online Retail Scheme; (viii) No amount/estimate: 6 November 2020, The government launched the Covid Restrictions Support Scheme (CRSS) to assist those businesses whose trade has been significantly impacted or temporarily closed as a result of the restrictions as set out in the government’s ‘Living with COVID-19’ Plan. Businesses can apply for a cash payment in respect of an advance credit for trading expenses for the period of the restrictions; (ix) 10 November 2020, A revised EUR80 million operational and capital support for Irish aviation. 24 February 2021, EUR26 million of the (EUR80 million) State aid support for airports has been approved by the EC. 19 April 2021, EUR11 million has been allocated to 4 regional airports; 9 February 2021, (x) EUR10 million will be allocated to the COVID-19 Products Scheme. Firms researching or manufacturing PPE, sanitizers, tests, equipment or other medicinal products are eligible for funding of up to 50% of their capital costs; (xi) EUR60 million for the COVID-19 Business Aid Scheme (CBAS) to provide grants to businesses ineligible for the government’s other existing schemes designed to help with fixed costs. Wholesalers, suppliers, caterers and events companies down 75% or more in turnover will benefit. 11 March 2021. CBAS was changed to SBASC (Small Business Assistance Scheme for COVID). 18 May 2021, Eligibility for the SBASC has been extended to businesses operating from non-rateable premises such as a home office or hot-desk. Self-employed working from home, wedding planners, on-course bookmakers, travel counsellors and photographers among those expected to benefit; (xii) 9 March 2021, EUR14 million for the Music Entertainment Business Assistance Scheme (MEBAS) to contribute to the overheads of businesses live music entertainment industry that have been significantly negatively affected by COVID-19 and that do not qualify for other business supports; (xiii) 4 May 2021, EUR5 million for the new round of the COVID-19 Online Retail Scheme to help Irish businesses to upgrade their websites and improve their competitiveness in online retail; (xiv) No amount/estimate: 18 May 2021, The Micro Enterprise Assistance Scheme has been reopened to help smallest businesses. It will provide a grant of up to EUR1,000 to businesses with previous turnover of less than EUR50,000 that meet the other criteria for SBASC; (xv) 15 July 2021, EUR11.5 million for the new Events Sector Covid Support Scheme (ESCSS), which is a once-off scheme to support SMEs who provide services to the events industry [update]; (xvi) 16 July 2021, EUR85 million from the Recovery and Resilience Facility will be spent on the digitalization of companies [update]; (xvii) 5 August 2021, EUR31 million for the new Accelerated Recovery Fund which provides liquidity to companies to support significant necessary investment in capital and digital capability for productivity improvements [update]; (xviii) No amount/estimate: 6 September 2021, Launch of the Business Resumption Support Scheme (BRSS), a single payment for companies with turnover reduced by 75% in the period (1 September 2020 to 31 August 2021) compared with 2019 [update].

05B5 - Indirect income support EUR1,899,926,178 USD2,101,688,250

(i) 4 June 2020, EUR6 million Enterprise Ireland funding for access to cutting edge R&D equipment in Technology Gateways and centers to increase R&D collaboration and competitiveness for companies; (ii) 9 June 2020, EUR30 million for the Rural Development Investment Programme under Project Ireland 2040 to support the social and economic recovery of rural communities over the coming months; (iii) 2 July 2020, EUR6.5 million funding to digitalize sales for retailers; (iv) 22 July 2020, Minister for Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science announced a EUR168 million package of support to costs incurred by third level institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic and enable further and higher education students to return to college this September. 27 August 2020, Minister for Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science, announced an additional allocation of EUR25 million for capital works and equipment in higher education institutions; (v) 27 July 2020, Government approves over EUR375 million support package and publishes Roadmap to enable safe return of schools. See details in this link: https://bit.ly/3iE7oO6; (vi) 5 August, 2020, EUR2.8 million package to assist libraries to adapt to COVID-19 has been announced by the Minister for Rural and Community Development; (vii) 9 September 2020, EUR5 million for the Live Performance Support Scheme (LPSS) to provide employment opportunities in the ticketed performance sector and allow commercial organizers of live performances to commence preparations immediately and productions to go ahead in the near future while also complying with public health protection measures; and EUR1 million for the Music Stimulus Package to ensure that Irish musicians, engineers, PR, media, agents, labels and publishers can continue to develop and share their work in the context of COVID restrictions. 9 March 2021, EUR36 million support to the to live performance sector including: EUR25 million for the LPSS to provide significant job opportunities for musicians, performers, crew and support staff; EUR5 million to local authorities to facilitate programming of outdoor live performances in summer 2021 animating town centers for local communities, should public health considerations permit; EUR5 million as capital support (i.e. support the installation of high quality recording and streaming facilities in venues) for the commercial live entertainment sector; EUR1 million for the St. Patrick’s Festival 2021 to support the employment of performers, producers, artists, technicians, creatives and support staff; (viii) 11 December 2020, Total available funding for the COVID-19 Stability Fund for Community and Voluntary Organizations, Charities and Social Enterprises reaches EUR45 million with an additional EUR10 million; (viii) As of 23 December 2020, EUR189.7 million has been allocated to Ireland for the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) under NexGenerationEU. Areas supported by the fund include assistance in the setting up of young farmers, agri-environmental and climate measures, assistance for areas facing natural constraints, support for organic farming, protection of biodiversity, investment in the agri-food and forestry sectors, etc. [update]; (ix) 1 March 2021, EUR300 thousand to support students from Traveller communities progressing to higher education and providing them with support during their studies, such as by developing study spaces, health, social or technology supports, and help with caring responsibilities; (x) 31 March 2021, EUR17 million for the Outdoor Dining Enhancement Scheme which will provide funding for individual tourism and hospitality businesses to develop and increase their own outdoor seating capacity, and enable local authorities to develop permanent outdoor public dining spaces in towns and urban centers, similar to those that exist in various European cities; (xi) 6 April 2021, EUR126,780 further funding to promote Irish arts globally in 2021. The funding is to support 23 projects presenting Irish film, literature, music, theatre and the visual arts worldwide; (xii) 23 April 2021, EUR14 million for outdoor recreation projects and investment that will support the adventure tourism sector in rural communities; (xiii) 26 April 2021, EUR15 million for the Additional Outdoor Infrastructure Fund to support local authorities in enhancing outdoor urban space and improving walking and cycling infrastructure; (xiv) 3 May 2021, EUR15 million for the Town and Village Renewal Scheme, which is designed to breathe new life into rural communities - making them more attractive places to live, work, socialize and raise a family; (xv) 10 May 2021, EUR4.5 million for the 2021 Community Enhancement Program (CEP) which will provide small grants designed to assist in the re-opening of facilities such as community centers, men’s and women’s sheds, parish halls and youth centers; (xvi) 11 May 2021, EUR40 million for the expanded summer program to include pupils with complex special educational needs and those at greatest risk of educational disadvantage; (xi) 16 July 2021, With the EC's endorsement, Ireland will be using the EUR989 million grant from the Recovery and Resilience Facility of NextGenerationEU for measures to support green transition and digital transition and economic and social resilience. Of the total allocation for reforms and investments in Ireland's recovery and resilience plan, 42% (about EUR327 million) supports climate objectives, while 32% (about EUR291 million) supports digital objectives. EUR40 million is allocation to support quality higher education, while EUR114 million for upskilling and reskilling [update].

05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR289,000,000 USD319,690,265

(i) 9 March 2020, The government has so far announced a stimulus package of EUR6.3 billion (3.2% of GDP) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic which includes EUR200 million direct financial support for businesses; (ii) As of 23 December 2020, EUR89 million has been allocated to Ireland under REACT_EU (Recovery Assistance for Cohesion and the Territories of Europe) of NextGenerationEU. REACT-EU funds are intended to support: job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed; job creation and youth employment measures; health care systems; and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy; (iii) No amount/estimate: 10 March 2021, Extension of the contracts of participants under the Community Employment (CE) and TÚS schemes until 21 July 2021. CE and TÚS schemes are employment support and activation measures for the long-term unemployed and others in receipt of long-term payments from the Department of Social Protection.

05C - No breakdown (health and income support)
06 - Budget reallocation info_outline
07 - Central bank financing government
07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown
07B - Secondary purchase: government securities
08 - International Assistance Received EUR5,971,700,000 USD6,605,862,832
08A - Swaps info_outline
08B - International loans/grants EUR5,971,700,000 USD6,605,862,832
08B1 - Asian Development Bank
08B2 - Other EUR5,971,700,000 USD6,605,862,832

(i) GBP3.2 billion (about EUR3.704) of UK's bilateral loan to Ireland as part of an international assistance package; (ii) 21 September 2020, EIB expects to provide more than EUR1 billion to support new COVID-19 and Brexit business financing programmes, climate action and education investment in Ireland in 2020 and work closely with Irish authorities to implement the National Recovery Plan; (iii) As of 23 December 2020, EUR189.7 million has been allocated to Ireland for the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) under NexGenerationEU; (iv) As of 23 December 2020, EUR89 million has been allocated to Ireland under REACT_EU (Recovery Assistance for Cohesion and the Territories of Europe) of NextGenerationEU [update]; (v) 16 July 2021, EU989 million in grants under the Recovery and Resilience Facility to support Ireland's recovery and resilience plan. Ireland’s plan will support energy efficiency, sustainable mobility, biodiversity and ecosystems, the digitalisation of public administration and businesses and contribute to up-skilling [update].

09 - International Assistance Provided EUR7,000,000 USD7,743,363
09A - Swaps info_outline
09B - International loans/grants EUR7,000,000 USD7,743,363

1 September 2021, Minister for International Development and Diaspora has announced a further EUR1 million in funding for COVAX, bringing Ireland’s funding for global COVID-19 vaccine distribution programs to EUR6 million [update]. No amount/estimate: 15 September 2021, Ireland will donate at least 1 million COVID-19 vaccines to COVAX. 15 September 2021, To ensure that the vaccination rollouts in recipient countries are well-managed and well-resourced, The Ministry of State for Overseas Aid and the Diaspora has allocated an additional EUR3 million to COVAX before the end of the year, bringing Ireland’s total contribution to COVAX to EUR7 million in 2021.

10 - No breakdown

No amount/estimate: A three month commercial rates waiver for impacted businesses.

11 - Other Economic Measures EUR1,000,000 USD1,106,195

28 July 2020, The Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, announced the 34 diverse projects that have successfully secured funding from this year’s call under the Public Service Innovation Fund (EUR1 million), an initiative of the Our Public Service 2020 reform strategy for development and innovation in the Public Service.

12 - Non-Economic Measures
12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)

(i) The government has implemented a wide range of health and containment measures. On 27 March 2020, the government has issued strict restrictions on business activity, social distancing and travel - everyone is to stay at home wherever possible with only few exceptions i) to travel to or from work for those providing an essential service; ii) shop for food and medicines; iii) to carry out vital services like caring; iv) brief individual exercise within 2km; v) farming. These measures were extended until 5 May 2020, additionally the government has announced that events with over 5,000 people will not be permitted until the end of August; (ii) On 5 October 2020, the level of restrictions was raised from 2 to 3 due to a surge in new cases (infection incidence rate has tripled from 31 to 109 per 100,000 in the last two weeks), implying traveling restrictions outside county/region, a ban on indoor gatherings and sport events, additional restrictions on restaurants and bars; (iii) On 19 October 2020, the government made a decision to move to the highest level 5 restrictions from the level 3 introduced on 5 October 2020 due to a surge in new cases. This implies traveling restrictions within 5 km, closure of non-essential retail and personal services, a ban on indoor/outdoor gatherings, restaurants and bars can only offer take-away, construction and manufacturing will be allowed to operate, schools and childcare centers will remain open; (vi) 20 December 2020, in response to the identification of a new strain of COVID-19 in the South-East of England, the government has announced a ban on all flights arriving into Ireland from Great Britain with effect from midnight of 20 December 2020; (vii) 22 December 2020, Ireland’s was put on Level 5 restrictions from midnight on 24 December until 12 January with specific adjustments – residents must remain within their county (as opposed to within 5km of their home) apart from travel for work, education or other essential purposes. The government has also agreed that the current restrictions on travel from Britain to Ireland should remain in place until at least 31 December 2020; (viii) 5 January 2021, from 8 January 2021, the “stay at home” advice will become legally enforceable. People must have a “reasonable excuse” to be away from their home; (ix) 7 January 2021, schools will remain closed from 11 January 2021 to reduce mobility in the community; (ix) 12 April 2021, Travel is allowed within 20km of home if crossing county boundaries; (x) 29 April 2021, Travel between counties will be allowed; and public transport will run at 50% capacity beginning 10 May 2021; (xi) 25 May 2021, EU COVID Travel Certificates will likely be issued to Irish citizens by mid-July which means that tourists who obtain such a certificate will be permitted to visit Ireland without following mandatory quarantine rules upon their arrival.

12B - Measures affecting business and workplace

(i) The government has implemented a wide range of health and containment measures. On 27 March 2020, the government has issued strict restrictions on business activity, social distancing and travel - everyone is to stay at home wherever possible with only few exceptions i) to travel to or from work for those providing an essential service; ii) shop for food and medicines; iii) to carry out vital services like caring; iv) brief individual exercise within 2km; v) farming. These measures were extended until 5 May 2020, additionally the government has announced that events with over 5,000 people will not be permitted until the end of August; (ii) The authorities have started a five-phase reopening on 18 May 2020. Phase (1) included the return of outdoor workers, and small groups of family and friends were permitted to meet in the open; in phase (2) effective as of 8 June 2020, small retail outlets and marts where social distancing is possible reopened. With declining infections and increased testing, the authorities have accelerated the initial reopening plan: in phase (3), which took effect on 29 June 2020, most businesses have reopened with social distancing measures put in place; in phase (4) effective as of 20 July 2020, envisages a continued phased return to work across all sectors. The final phase was delayed due to the rebound in community transmission. In August, government adapted a medium-term national framework for living with COVID-19. It consists of five levels depending on the pandemic indicators, with lower level having less social restriction; (iii) On 5 October 2020, the level of restrictions was raised from 2 to 3 due to a surge in new cases (infection incidence rate has tripled from 31 to 109 per 100,000 in the last two weeks), implying traveling restrictions outside county/region, a ban on indoor gatherings and sport events, additional restrictions on restaurants and bars; (iv) On 19 October 2020, the government made a decision to move to the highest level 5 restrictions from the level 3 introduced on 5 October 2020 due to a surge in new cases. This implies traveling restrictions within 5 km, closure of non-essential retail and personal services, a ban on indoor/outdoor gatherings, restaurants and bars can only offer take-away, construction and manufacturing will be allowed to operate, schools and childcare centers will remain open; (v) After 6 weeks (in December), Ireland's second lockdown ended moving from Level 5 to Level 3 restrictions - non-essential retail outlets, churches, gyms, hairdressers and other businesses allowed to open. Social distancing measures remain in place and household visit are prohibited until 18 December 2020; (vi) 22 December 2020, Ireland was put on Level 5 restrictions from midnight on 24 December until 12 January with specific adjustments - non-essential retail may remain open but the retail sector will be requested to defer January sales events, gyms, leisure centers and swimming pools may remain open for individual training only, outdoor golf and tennis are permitted with a maximum of 2 household participants, hotels may only open for essential non-social and non-tourist purposes except for guests who already have a booking and are due to check in up to and including 26 December 2020. Transitional arrangements were also put in place for the Christmas period; (vii) 12 April 2021, Residential construction can resume, as well as early-learning and childcare projects; (viii) 29 April 2021, Click and collect, in-store by appointment only, and outdoor retail can recommence on 10 May 2021, while all remaining retail can reopen on 17 May 2021; personal services (hairdressers, barbers, beauticians) can reopen for customers with appointments only as well as on-appointment basis property viewing beginning 10 May 2021; (ix) 20 September 2021, Businesses including indoor dance, yoga, pilates studios, art classes and indoor sports and fitness classes are permitted to operate for up to 100 people provided all participants are immune. A requirement to maintain pods of six participants will be in place where those attending have mixed immunity status. All restrictions on outdoor group activities are removed i.e. no upper limit on numbers [update].

12C - Others

(i) 12 April 2021: (a) Return of in-school teaching, and (b) Meeting outside housing premises, including garden, has been allowed; (ii) 19 April 2021: (a) Training for National Governing Body sanctioned and organized adult inter-county National Gaelic Games Leagues, not including under 20 or minor competitions; and (b) Elite sport has been allowed to resume; (iii) 26 April 2021: (a) Reopening of outdoor sports facilities and outdoor visitor attractions, except amusement parks; (b) Underage non-contact outdoor training in pods of 15 or fewer has been allowed; and (c) maximum attendance at funerals has been increased to 25; (iv) 29 April 2021, Beginning 10 May 2021, (a) Visits to a household’s garden is allowed but with a limit to number of visitors; (b) A maximum of 15 people will be allowed for outdoor trainings and gatherings; (c) A maximum of 50 people will be allowed at funerals and fedding services; and (d) Galleries, museums, libraries and other cultural attractions can reopen.