Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Argentina 09 09 - International Assistance Provided ARS
Argentina 09A 09A - Swaps ARS
Argentina 09B 09B - International loans/grants ARS
Argentina 10 10 - No breakdown ARS 135,620,000,000 2,161,274,900 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) June 12, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) June 16, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.

Argentina 11 11 - Other Economic Measures ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 9 May 2020, 26 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/232522/20200724 (accesed 31 July 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/230897/20200619 (accessed 2 October 2020).

(i) Capital Flow Management Measures (CFMs) that were already in place since August 2019 have largely protected Argentina so far from the impact of capital outflows; (ii) Adopted anti-price gouging policies, including price controls for food and medical supplies and ringfencing of essential supplies, including certain export restrictions on medical supplies and equipment and centralization of the sale of essential medical supplies.; (iii) April 28, Ordered that the Common Investment Funds (FCI) in pesos must invest at least 75% of their assets in financial instruments and negotiable securities issued in the Argentine Republic; (iv) Extended deadline of filing financial statements for small and medium-sized corporations; (v) May 16, extended validity of Maximum Prices until June 20; (vi) May 18, suspended price increases mobile and fixed telephony, Internet and pay TV services until August 31; June 18, extended until end of the year ; (v) May 19, set the domestic price of a barrel of oil at USD45 with the objective of reactivating the national hydrocarbon industry, guaranteeing the continuity of jobs and promoting self-sufficiency; (vi) June 18, extended the suspension of the closure and disabling of bank accounts until December 31, 2020, inclusive; (vii) July 23, extension of 15 days for presentation and payment of tax returns on earnings and personal and identity assets.

Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020). Republic World. https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/south-america/argentina-malls-back-in-business-as-lockdown-eases.html (accessed 16 October 2020).

(i) The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders; (iii) October 11, schools and other education activities can be resumed, if certain epidemiological criteria are fulfilled. (ii) October 15, almost 8 months after lockdown, reopening of large shopping centers and the return of regular internal flights and public transport.

Armenia 01 01 - Liquidity Support AMD
Armenia 01A 01A - Short-term lending AMD
Armenia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency.

Armenia 01C 01C - Forex operations AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency. The CBA has undertaken some foreign exchange sales to limit excessive dram volatility since; (ii) the exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly and has depreciated around 3% against the USD since the end of February. No balance of payment or capital control measures have been adopted.

Armenia 02 02 - Credit creation AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841
Armenia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841 JAM News. https://jam-news.net/armenian-govt-offers-stimulus-package-to-help-mitigate-corona-crisis/(accessed 16 April 2020).

Allocate a total of AMD25 billion (over USD50 million) to co-finance loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials. This amount includes subsidy for the interests of these of loans.

Armenia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 September 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The Central Bank of Armenia (CBA) reduced the policy rate by another 25 bps to 5% on April 28. The interbank market has been active, and the central bank has easily met liquidity needs so far; (ii) June 17, The CBA further reduced the policy rate by 50 bps to 4.5%. As of September 15, this rate was further reduced to 4.25%.

Armenia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AMD
Armenia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03A 03A - Long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03B 03B - Forbearance AMD
Armenia 04 04 - Equity support AMD
Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Armenia 06 06 - Budget reallocation AMD
Armenia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AMD
Armenia 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AMD
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Armenia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AMD 160,918,071,968 329,070,000
Armenia 08A 08A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AMD 160,918,071,968 329,070,000
Armenia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AMD 21,081,162,314 43,110,000 ADB Table A1.3: Nonsovereign Operations, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (both accessed 26 November 2020).

(i) March 22, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD0.5 million); (ii) Nonsovereign Operations: Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - guarantee (USD14.46 million OCR, USD29.37 million co-financed) [update]; (iii) Nonsovereign Operations: Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - loan (USD5.11 million, with USD5.44 million co-financed); (iv) May 28, USD45 million from the COVID-19 Working Capital Support Project (USD20 million OCR, USD25 million co-financed); (v) July 1, Promoting Digital Finance Solutions for Inclusive Finance among Partner Financial Institutions - USD0.05 million; (vii) July 13, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.13 million; (viii) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.11 million; (ix) August 3, COVID-19 Emergency Response - USD2 million; (x) August 6, Distance Education for Resilience Project in Armenia - USD0.75 million.

Armenia 08B2 08B2 - Other AMD 139,836,909,655 285,960,000 WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/03/world-bank-supports-armenia-to-combat-the-human-impact-of-the-covid19-pandemic (accessed 5 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/05/18/pr20219-armenia-imf-execboard-concludes-2ndrev-under-sba-augments-access-address-impact-covid19 (accessed 21 May 2020). Public Radio of Armenia. https://en.armradio.am/2020/08/27/canada-to-provide-260000-in-covid-19-relief-to-armenia/ (accessed 28 July 2020)

(i) April 3, The World Bank allocated USD3 million to address the country’s urgent needs for equipment and supplies needed for the intensive care of people with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis; (ii) May 18, USD280 million in total aid immediately available after an augmentation of its Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF; (iii) As of May 26, USD2.7 million to prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, support technical experts for response and preparedness, bolster risk-communications, and more; (iv) August 27, USD260,000 in COVID-19 relief from Canada.

Armenia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AMD
Armenia 09A 09A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AMD
Armenia 10 10 - No breakdown AMD 245,000,000,000 501,013,646 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020)

Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion (over USD300 million) to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (i) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (ii) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final.

Armenia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures AMD KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/armenia-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 14 May 2020)

May 14, Temporary restrictions on the export of medical masks, gloves and goggles, biohazard suits, medical robes, antiviral medicines, gauze and other medical products.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/196752/armenia-ends-covid-19-state-of-emergency-keeps-safety-measures-in-place/ (accessed 17 September 2020)

No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. As of September 11, this state of emergency has been lifted, with continuing regulations mandating the use of facial coverings in public places, strict enforcement of social distancing and hygiene protocols.

Australia 01 01 - Liquidity Support AUD
Australia 01A 01A - Short-term lending AUD Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.

Australia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending AUD RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: May, To assist with the smooth functioning of Australian capital markets, the RBA has broadened the range of eligible collateral for open market operations to include securities issued by non-bank corporations with an investment grade.

Australia 01C 01C - Forex operations AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 September 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.

Australia 02 02 - Credit creation AUD 255,000,000,000 158,558,999,891
Australia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AUD 215,000,000,000 133,686,999,908 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/mkt-operations/term-funding-facility/ (accessed 16 April 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/government-invest-15b-support-sme-lending (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).

(i) April, The government is allocating up to AUD15 billion to invest in residential mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities to help funding for small banks and non-bank financial institutions; (ii) April, To allow banks to lend more to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) during the period of disruption caused by COVID-19, RBA has established a Term Funding Facility (TFF) of at least AUD90 billion for SMEs lending (TFF will offer three-year funding to authorized deposit-taking institutions [ADIs]). On September 1, RBA announced an expansion to the TFF. ADIs will have access to additional funding, equivalent to 2% of their outstanding credit, at a fixed rate of 25 basis points for three years. ADIs will be able to draw on this extra funding up until the end of June 2021. As of September 1, ADIs have drawn AUD52 billion under the TFF. The current expansion brings the total amount available under this facility to around AUD200 billion.