Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 01 - Liquidity Support
Afghanistan 01A - Short-term lending
Afghanistan 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).

No estimate/amount: The Financial Stability Committee is meeting regularly to assess evolving risks to the financial and monetary stability. Da Afghanistan Bank or DAB (central bank) has intensified its monitoring of banks and indicated its readiness to provide liquidity as needed.

Afghanistan 01C - Forex operations IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) DAB is in discussions with money-service providers, who play a systemic role in financial transactions, to ensure uninterrupted services, including transactions in foreign currency, and to encourage enhancement of their remote services given closures; (ii) DAB remains focused on price stability and is committed to exchange rate flexibility, limiting its foreign interventions to preventing excessive volatility.

Afghanistan 02 - Credit creation
Afghanistan 02A - Financial sector lending/funding
Afghanistan 02B - Support policies for long-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No estimate/amount: (i) The authorities increased the frequency of Financial Stability Committee meetings, enhanced the monitoring of early signs of liquidity stress, and reviewed banks’ business continuity plans; (ii) DAB has suspended administrative penalties and fees, postponed the IFRS-9 implementation to June 2021, and froze loan classifications at the pre-pandemic cutoff of end-February.

Afghanistan 02C - Loan guarantees
Afghanistan 03 - Direct long-term lending
Afghanistan 03A - Long-term lending
Afghanistan 03B - Forbearance
Afghanistan 04 - Equity support
Afghanistan 05 - Government support to income/revenue 8,000,000,000 101,662,492
Afghanistan 05A - Health 8,000,000,000 101,662,492 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies; (ii) As of April 22, the government has already allocated a total of AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year, with about one-third directed to health;

Afghanistan 05B - Non-health IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.

Afghanistan 06 - Budget reallocation IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government is working to identify nonessential spending that can be curtailed to create space for pandemic-related spending, including social relief package for the affected households and measures to prevent permanent damage to the Afghan economy.

Afghanistan 07 - Central bank financing government
Afghanistan 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown
Afghanistan 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities
Afghanistan 08 - International Assistance Received 107,646,559,252 1,367,952,181
Afghanistan 08A - Swaps
Afghanistan 08B - International loans/grants 107,646,559,252 1,367,952,181
Afghanistan 08B1 - Asian Development Bank 3,435,682,067 43,660,000 ADB Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations, Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (all accessed 7 August 2020)

(i) USD3 million - Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases; (ii) May 11, USD40 million Emergency Assistance for COVID-19 Pandemic Response grant to support the construction of 15 hospitals and medical facilities; (iii) June 3, Developing a Disaster Risk Transfer Facility in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.07million; (iv) July 13, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.38 million; (v) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.21 million [update].

Afghanistan 08B2 - Other 104,210,877,185 1,324,292,181 IMF. https://bit.ly/2Vk0uFb (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/29/pr20193-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-the-covid-19; World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-support-for-afghanistan (both accessed 1 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/07/world-bank-approves-400-million-to-sustain-afghanistans-reform-momentum-mitigate-covid-19-crisis (accessed 14 May 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/09/world-bank-200-million-for-afghanistan-to-protect-people-support-businesses-amid-covid-19 (accessed 24 July 2020). Worl Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/08/04/afghanistan-new-grants-to-cushion-impact-of-covid-19-on-poor-households-and-protect-food-security (accessed 7 August 2020)

(i) April 14-Oct 13: IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.4 million (SDR0.729/USD); (ii) April 2, The World Bank approved a USD100.4 million grant for the Afghanistan COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Afghanistan take effective action to respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and strengthen its public health preparedness; (iii) The IMF approved Afghanistan’s request for emergency assistance in the amount of SDR161.9 million (approximately USD220 million) under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) With the support of the World Bank, other development partners, and humanitarian agencies, the authorities are developing a social relief package-through cash transfers and, if impractical, in kind-to support food security among socially vulnerable households. On April 29, the government started providing free bread to about 2.5 million needy and poor people in Kabul [update]; (v) May 7, USD400 million grant from the World Bank to support the country in managing risks and uncertainties compounded by the COVID-19 crisis; (vi) As of May 26, USD20.6 million from USAID, broken down into: (a) USD7.1 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance, (b) USD3.1 million in MRA humanitarian assistance for Afghan returnees, (c) USD10 million from redirecting existing resources to support Afghanistan's health response, (d) USD500,000 to procure COVID-19 prevention and control supplies for correctional facilities; (vii) July 9, USD200 million to help Afghanistan mitigate COVID-19 impacts and provide relief to vulnerable people and businesses. USD100 million comes from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group's fund for the poorest countries, and the balance from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors; (viii) August 4, USD280 million for the COVID-19 Relief Effort for Afghan Communities and Households (REACH) Project, with USD155 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF [update]; (ix) August 4, USD100 million for the Emergency Agriculture and Food Supply Project (EATS), with USD55 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF [update].

Afghanistan 09 - International Assistance Provided
Afghanistan 09A - Swaps
Afghanistan 09B - International loans/grants
Afghanistan 10 - No breakdown IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 22, The government has already allocated AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year (See Measure 5 under health).

Afghanistan 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 24 July 2020)

(i) The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia; (ii) On July 15, trade with India through Wagah border post in Pakistan resumed.

Afghanistan 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 9 July 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) Social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (x) Schools and universities will remain closed until September; (xi) By end-June, the authorities announced the resumption of domestic and international flights and exports to Europe via the air corridors.