Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Indonesia 01 01 - Liquidity Support IDR 222,422,636,190,480 14,638,293,840
Indonesia 01A 01A - Short-term lending IDR 56,000,000,000,000 3,685,526,208 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 16 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

Bank Indonesia (BI) has injected liquidity to the money market and banking industry through various policy measures including (i) more than IDR56 trillion through a term-repo mechanism with underlying SBN transactions held by the banking industry; No amount/estimate: (ii) increasing the maximum duration for repo and reverse repo operations (up to 12 months); (iii) increasing the size of of the main weekly refinancing operations as needed; and (iv) A Presidential decree has expanded BI’s authority to maintain the stability of the financial system including by facilitating BI liquidity assistance to banks.

Indonesia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IDR 117,800,000,000,000 7,752,767,631 International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020); Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 15 April 2020); https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Indikator-Stabilitas-Nilai-Rupiah-8-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020).

BI announced increasing monetary easing through quantitative easing as follows: (i) No amount/estimate: Expand monetary operations by providing banks and the corporates a term-repo mechanism with government bonds (SUN) or sharia bonds (SBSN) underlying transactions of tenors up to 1 year; (ii) Lower the reserve requirement ratios effective April 1 to generate IDR22 trillion in additional liquidity and further reductions that took effect on May 1, 2020; (iii) As of May 8, IDR95.8 trillion from the relaxation of the additional demand deposit obligations to meet the Macroprudential Intermediation Ratio (MIR) for conventional commercial banks as well as Islamic banks/Islamic business units for a period of 1 year, effective from May 1, 2020 (Note that SBSN refers to government Islamic securities); and (iv) BI raised the the liquidity buffer ratio by 200 basis points for conventional banks and 50 basis points for islamic banks to be fulfilled only via government bonds purchased in the primary market.

Indonesia 01C 01C - Forex operations IDR 48,622,636,190,476 3,200,000,000 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 16 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) BI lowered the foreign currency reserve requirement by 4% to increase foreign currency liquidity in the banking industry by around USD3.2 billion; No amount/estimate: (ii) BI announced increasing the frequency of foreign exchange swap auctions for 1, 3, 6, and 12 month tenors from three times per week to daily auctions; and (iii) BI has intervened in the spot and domestic non-deliverable foreign exchange markets, and in the domestic government bond market to maintain orderly market conditions.

Indonesia 02 02 - Credit creation IDR 250,000,000,000,000 16,453,242,002
Indonesia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding IDR
Indonesia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending IDR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_224620.aspx (accessed 18 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_225220.aspx (accessed 16 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) BI reduced the policy rate by 100 bps cumulatively in February, March, June, and July 2020, to 4.0%; (ii) Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) has relaxed loan classification and loan restructuring procedures for banks to encourage loan restructuring and extended the deadline, by 2 months, for publicly listed companies to release their annual financial reports and hold annual shareholders meetings.

Indonesia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees IDR 250,000,000,000,000 16,453,242,002 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pemerintah-jamin-kredit-modal-kerja-yang-diberikan-perbankan-untuk-umkm/ (accessed 22 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/lpei-bersinergi-dengan-bank-mandiri-untuk-penjaminan-kredit-pembiayaan-ekspor/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/penjaminan-kredit-modal-kerja-umkm-resmi-diluncurkan/ (accessed 9 July 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-loans/indonesia-launches-7-billion-loan-guarantee-scheme-for-priority-companies-idUSKCN24U0EP?il=0 (accessed 29 July 2020).

(i) The third stimulus package (see Measure 5) includes IDR150 trillion (0.9% of GDP) additional financing for a national economic program, including to support credit guarantees for the private sector. As of June 26, the Indonesian Exports Financing Agency (LPEI) announced it will provide credit guarantees for PT Bank Mandiri Tbk to increase export financing to support the National Economic Recovery program. On July 7, IRD123.46 trillion UMKM credit guarantee program for working capital loans under the National Economic Recovery plan. (ii) May 19, Guarantees for working capital loans provided by banks for debtors, especially MSMEs. (iii) July 29, INR100 trillion loan guarantee scheme for targeted businesses in priority sectors such as tourism, automotive, textile and garment, and electronics.

Indonesia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending IDR 695,200,000,000,000 45,753,175,358
Indonesia 03A 03A - Long-term lending IDR 695,200,000,000,000 45,753,175,358 Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy/indonesia-says-to-lend-more-to-regions-to-support-economy-idUSKCN24S0EO?il=0 (accessed 27 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pinjaman-ke-daerah-salah-satu-upaya-pemerintah-dukung-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional/; https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/ini-relaksasi-pinjaman-daerah-yang-meringankan-pemerintah-daerah/ (accessed 7 August 2020).

July 27, INR15 trillion loan scheme for the provincial governments of Jakarta and West Java and INR11.5 trillion lending for provincial governments to support economic recovery to be funded by proceeds from central bank purchases of government bonds. These are part of the new IDR695.2 trillion loan program announced by the government as part of the National Economic Recovery (PEN) program consisting of financing support to regional and local goverments, and fund placements in regional development banks.

Indonesia 03B 03B - Forbearance IDR
Indonesia 04 04 - Equity support IDR
Indonesia 05 05 - Health and income support IDR 591,533,200,000,000 38,930,555,566 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 May 2020). MOF (as of June 4).

In addition to the first two fiscal packages amounting to IDR33.2 trillion (0.2% of GDP), the government announced a major stimulus package of IDR405 trillion (2.6% of GDP) on March 31, 2020, including IDR255 trillion (1.6% of GDP) in additional spending and tax reliefs, which was further expanded to IDR641 trillion (3.9% of GDP) on May 19. As of June 4, the government's fiscal package amounted to IDR677.2 trillion according to the Ministry of Finance. The stimulus packages comprise (i) support to the health care sector to boost testing and treatment capability for COVID-19 cases, (ii) increased benefits and broader coverage of existing social assistance schemes to low-income households such as food aid, conditional cash transfers, and electricity subsidy, (iii) expanded unemployment benefits, including for workers in the informal sector, (iv) tax reliefs, including for the tourism sector and individuals (with an income ceiling), and (v) permanent reductions of the corporate income tax rate from 25% to 22% in 2020−21 and 20% starting in 2022.

Indonesia 05A 05A - Health support IDR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) March 13, The second fiscal package includes incentives for medical staff dealing with COVID-19 (IDR 15 million to medical specialists, IDR 10 million to physicians and dentists, IDR 7.5 million to nurses and IDR 5 million to other medical staff members; IDR 300 million in case of death of a medical worker) for a budget of IDR 6.1 trillion; (ii) March 31, Under the third fiscal package, authorities announced an additional IDR75 trillion for healthcare; (iii) May 13, See (ii) under Measure 5B.

Indonesia 05B 05B - Income support IDR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/bumn-juga-masuk-program-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional/ (accessed 22 May 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/ini-cara-agar-umkm-bisa-mengajukan-pembebasan-pph-final-0-5/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pmk-652020-harapan-bagi-umkm-bertahan-dengan-subsidi-bunga-pemerintah/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pemerintah-siapkan-subsidi-bunga-umkm-total-rp35-2-triliun/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-taxbreak/indonesia-gives-tax-break-to-makers-of-personal-protective-equipment-idUSKBN23Q1KN?il=0 (accessed 19 June 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/menkeu-tempatkan-rp30-triliun-di-bank-himbara-di-tahap-pertama/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pp-292020-memberi-5-fasilitas-pajak-penghasilan-di-masa-pandemi/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/dukung-pen-melalui-umi-pip-tandatangani-akad-pembiayaan-baru-dengan-pt-pegadaian-senilai-rp400-miliar/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pph-badan-untuk-perusahaan-publik-bisa-turun-19-jika-memenuhi-persyaratan-ini/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pmk-85pmk052020-mempermudah-umkm-mendapat-keringanan-subsidi-bunga/ (accessed 16 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/presiden-luncurkan-bantuan-subsidi-gaji-pekerja/ (accessed 28 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The government announced plans to reduce the number of restricted import goods by up to 50 percent on steel producers, and their derivatives, strategic food products (manufacturing industry inputs); horticultural commodities; animals & animal products; medicine, medicinal ingredients food. (ii) May 13, Postponing the payment of excise duties on imports of certain goods and temporary elimination of import tariffs, VAT and income taxes on certain medical and pharmaceutical products used in the treatment of COVID-19. (iii) May 19, The Ministry of Finance will provide subsidies, compensation, State Capital Inclusion, and bailout fund to maintain the sustainability of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) under the expanded fiscal package announced in May 19 in Measure 5. Total government support to SOEs is IDR104.38 trillion for Above The Line funds and IDR44.92 trillion for Below The Line funds. (iv) June 17, Final income tax exemption of 0.5% of the gross circulation borne by the government for April to September 2020 for MSMEs conditional on gross income not exceeding IDR4.6 billion a year. (v) June 18, IDR10 billion interest rate subsidy for MSMEs in as part of the National Economic Recovery Program. (vi) June 19, IDR35.2 trillion in interest rate subsidies for banks and non-bank financial institutions as part of the National Economic Recovery Program. (vii) June 19, Authorities announced a taxbreak for manufacturers of personal protective equipment and household antiseptic products by offsetting 30% of production costs between March and September 2020 against taxable income. (viii) June 24, IDR30 trillion allocated to HIMBARA (State-owned Banks Association) for lending and interest subsidies to MSMEs. (ix) No amount/estimate: June 25, A series of tax incentives and relief measures for producers of medical devices, taxpayer contributions to COVID-19 relief efforts, any income from government compensation, incentives and leases paid to those involved in handling COVID-19 efforts, and on the buyback of exchange-traded shares of WP Limited Companies. (x) June 25, IDR1.088 trillion in financing for ultra micro loans (UMi) through financial institutions UMi financing channels of which IDR400 billion is earmarked for PT Pegadian (state-owned pawnbroker). (xi) No amount/estimate: June 29, Corporate income tax discounts for publicly listed companies: 19% in the tax year 2020 and 2021, and 17% in the 2022 tax year; conditional on certain ownership criteria. (xii) July 14, Interest subsidy and loan principal payment relief scheme for MSMEs as part of the Nationa Economic Recovery (PEN) program involving a total amount of INR 35.28 trillion for 60.66 million accounts. (xiii) August 27, The President announced an expanded wage subsidy program targeting 15.7 million workers earning under IDR5 million and are compliant with mandated social security contributions. [update]

Indonesia 06 06 - Budget reallocation IDR 182,460,000,000,000 12,008,234,142 The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/01/indonesias-covid-19-stimulus-playbook-explained.html (accessed 27 April 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/menkeu-laporkan-refocusing-tkdd-penanganan-covid-19-ke-dpd/; https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/menkeu-laporkan-refocusing-tkdd-penanganan-covid-19-ke-dpd/;https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/dau-dan-dbh-berpotensi-ditunda-bagi-pemda-yang-belum-lapor-dan-tidak-memenuhi-syarat-laporan-apbd-terkait-covid-19/ (accessed 12 May 2020).

(i) The 2020 state budget allocated IDR17.73 trillion worth of state capital injections (PMN) to several state-owned enterprises (SOEs); (ii) Reallocations of IDR62 trillion for state budget, IDR72 trillion for village funds, IDR17.2 trillion for healthcare; May 5: (iii) No amount/estimate: Postponed the distribution of part of the General Allocation Fund and/or Revenue Sharing Funds to local governments that do not meet the provisions of the 2020 Budget Year Budget; and May 8: (iv) further reallocations of IDR4.18 trillion from the Regional Incentive Fund to COVID-19 handling and IDR9.35 from the Special Allocation Fund to health activities.

Indonesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government IDR 783,770,000,000,000 51,582,229,935
Indonesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown IDR 617,560,000,000,000 40,643,456,522 The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/23/bank-indonesia-buys-108m-of-government-bonds-at-auction-first-time-since-rule-change.html (accessed 27 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-28-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 2 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy/indonesia-unveils-40-billion-bond-scheme-to-fund-recovery-from-pandemic-idUSKBN2471AZ?il=0 (accessed 6 July 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_225220.aspx (accessed 16 July 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_226420.aspx (accessed 19 August 2020).

(i) April 21, BI directly purchased IDR1.7 trillion (USD108 million) worth of sharia sovereign bonds during an auction held by the government for the first time. As of August 18, BI has purchased IDR42.96 trillion in the primary market through auction schemes, greenshoe options and private placements under the April 16 Joint Decree with the Ministry of Finance. ii) No amount/estimate: In line with BI's expanded financial stability mandate as mentioned in (v) of Measure 1A, BI is authorized to finance the deposit insurance agency (LPS) for bank solvency problems. (vi) July 6, BI agreed to directly purchase IDR397.6 trillion worth of government bonds at 0% interest and be a standby buyer for IDR177 trillion in auctions at 1 percentage point below the benchmark rate to help finance the central government's pandemic response efforts under the July 7 Joint Decree with the Ministry of Finance. As of August 18, BI has made IDR82.1 trillion in primary market purchases through private placements under this agreement.

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) From January to April, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Indonesia 08 08 - International Assistance Received IDR 2,128,181,657,249,200 140,061,951,321
Indonesia 08A 08A - Swaps IDR 2,075,251,967,166,700 136,578,491,321 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-07042020.aspx (accessed 11 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). US Fed. https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200729b.htm (accessed 31 July 2020).

April 7, (i) Repurchase agreement line facilities with several institutions: USD60 billion repo line facility for Foreign and International Monetary Authorities (FIMA) with the United States Federal Reserve (On July 29, The Federal Reserve announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to March 31, 2021) ); USD2.5 billion with the Bank of International Settlements; USD3 billion with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS); and USD0.5-1 billion with other central banks in the region. (ii) Bilateral currency swap arrangements with several central banks: CNY200 billion (equivalent to USD30 billion) with the People's Bank of China; USD22.76 billion with the Bank of Japan; USD10 billion with the MAS; and KRW10.7 trillion (equivalent to INR115 trillion) with the Bank of Korea.

Indonesia 08B 08B - International loans/grants IDR 52,929,690,082,524 3,483,460,000
Indonesia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank IDR 23,102,741,694,429 1,520,460,000 ADB. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-approves-3-million-grant-support-indonesias-fight-against-covid-19 (accessed 24 April 2020); ADB. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-approves-1-5-billion-indonesias-covid-19-response (accessed 24 April 2020).

(i) March 30, The ADB approved a USD3 million grant under COVID-19 Emergency Response to finance procurement of testing kits, other goods and services for front line health workers and general population; (ii) April 23, The ADB approved a USD1.5 billion loan to support the Government of Indonesia’s efforts to alleviate the impact COVID-19 on public health, livelihoods, and the economy; (iii) April 24, USD750,000 grant under TA: Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia; and (iv) USD1.5 million under TA: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19. (v) June 23, USD40,000 grant under the TA on Enhancing Public-Private Partnerships Projects through Support for Law and Policy Development and Transaction Advisory Services. (vi) June 30, USD100,000 grant under the TA on Quality of Jobs and the Future of Work. (vii) July 2, USD15 million loan for the Dairy Farmer Support and Food Security Project. July 24, USD70,000 grant under the TA on Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3).

Indonesia 08B2 08B2 - Other IDR 29,826,948,388,095 1,963,000,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/15/world-bank-approves-financing-to-support-indonesias-social-assistance-system-and-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 21 May 2020). UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/project/00121443 (accessed 22 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/29/the-world-bank-approves-financing-for-indonesias-covid-19-coronavirus-emergency-response (accessed 28 May 2020). AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/projects/details/2020/approved/Indonesia-COVID-19-Active-Response-and-Expenditure-Support-Program.html (accessed 24 June 2020). AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/projects/details/2020/approved/Indonesia-Emergency-Response-to-COVID-19-Program.html (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) May 11, USD2 million grant from the UN COVID-19 Response & Recovery Fund supporting the Government of Indonesia and key stakeholders to scale-up inclusive social protection programs. (ii) May 15, USD700 million loan from World Bank to support Indonesia's Social Assistance Sytem and COVID-19 response. (iii) USD11 million worth of grants from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for health and humanitarian assistance. (iv) May 22, USD250 million World Bank loan for Indonesia's Emergency Response to COVID-19 Program. (v) May, USD750 million loan from the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as co-financing for the ADB loan in (ii) under Measure 8B1. (vi) June 22, USD250 million loan from the AIIB co-financed with the World Bank under a COVID-19 Crisis Recovery Facility for Indonesia.

Indonesia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided IDR
Indonesia 09A 09A - Swaps IDR
Indonesia 09B 09B - International loans/grants IDR
Indonesia 10 10 - No breakdown IDR
Indonesia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures IDR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 28 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/05/22/indonesia-may-lose-market-confidence-due-to-mounting-debts-world-bank.html (accessed 2 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-tax-digital/indonesia-imposes-10-vat-on-amazon-google-netflix-and-spotify-idUSKBN2481A5?il=0 (accessed 7 July 2020).

(i) Effective 18 March 2020 to 31 May 2020, Temporary elimination of import certification requirements on imports of onions and garlic; (ii) Effective 18 March 2020 to 30 June 2020, Temporary export ban on antiseptic, raw materials to fabricate masks, personal protective equipment (PPE), ethyl alcohol and masks; (iii) Effective 23 March 2020 to 30 June 2020, Temporary elimination of import certification requirements on imports of certain products, e.g. masks and personal protective equipment; (iv) To ease stock market volatility, the regulator OJK has introduced a new share buyback policy (allowing listed companies to repurchase their shares without a prior shareholders’ meeting) and introduced limits on stock price declines. (iv) May 22, The government announced it willl start start charging 10 percent value-added tax (VAT) on imported digital goods and services, including video and music streaming subscriptions, starting July 1 in an attempt to boost state revenue. On July 7, authorities confirmed that it is imposing 10% value-added tax on sales by non-resident foreign firms which sell digital products and services in Indonesia worth at least IDR600 million rupiah (USD41,667) a year or which generate yearly traffic from at least 12,000 users.

Indonesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IDR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-haj/indonesia-cancels-haj-pilgrimage-over-coronavirus-concerns-idUSKBN2390QO?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/covid-19-jakarta-eases-restrictions-in-transition-phase-strict-health-protocols-remain (accessed 4 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-flights/indonesia-resumes-domestic-air-travel-coronavirus-cases-jump-idUSKBN23G147?il=0 (accessed 9 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The government has adopted various containment measures, including temporary bans on domestic and international air and sea travel, screening at ports of entry, school closures, other restrictions on public events, and obligations on masks and reduced transportation. The government has also banned Indonesia’s traditional annual exodus for Muslim holidays in an effort to curb the spread of the virus from Jakarta and other high-risk regions. (ii)) June 2, The government canceled the haj pilgrimage to Mecca due to COVID-19. . (iii) June 4, The government an easing of restrictions in Jakarta by gradually allowing workplaces, places of worship, shopping centres and recreational venues with strict health guidelines such as a 50% capacity limit and ensuring physical distancing. (iv) June 9, Domestic flights resumed at 70% capacity with observance of strict health protocols.

Turkey 01 01 - Liquidity Support TRY 40,000,000,000 6,610,730,013
Turkey 01A 01A - Short-term lending TRY 40,000,000,000 6,610,730,013 Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT). https://bit.ly/312gPBA (accessed 1 April 2020); CBRT. https://bit.ly/2AWmZZf (Accessed 29 April 2020); CBRT. https://bit.ly/2NpFLLi (accessed 25 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 17, In addition to one-week repo auctions, the main policy instrument, the Central Bank of Turkey (CBRT) may inject liquidity to the market through repo auctions with maturities up to 91 days on the days needed; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 17, Turkish lira liquidity will be provided via repo auctions with maturities up to 91 days with an interest rate 150 basis points lower than the one-week repo rate, i.e. the CBRT’s policy rate, and with quantity auction method; (iii) No amount/estimate: To further support the Primary Dealership system considering its contributions to the deepening of financial markets and to the effectiveness of the monetary policy transmission mechanism, the facility offered to Primary Dealer (PD) banks to sell GDDS to the CBRT has been revised. Accordingly the CBRT has decided that: (a)The limits offered to PD banks for outright sales of GDDS to the CBRT will be applied independent of the repo transaction limits and that PD banks will be offered a GDDS selling limit that is equal to the repo transaction limits, (b)The related purchases will also be carried out within the total maximum limit of 10% set for the OMO portfolio, (c)The GDDS to be purchased and the amount of purchases will be determined by the CBRT, and (d) Purchases will be conducted via the quantity auction method; (iv) March 31, To facilitate goods and services exporting firms’ access to finance and support sustainability of employment, Turkish lira-denominated rediscount credits for export and foreign exchange earning services will be extended. A total limit of TRY60 billion has been defined for the credits. Of this limit, TRY20 billion has been allocated for credit utilization via Türk Eximbank, TRY30 billion for credit utilization via public banks, and TRY10 billion for credit utilization via other banks. The credits will have a maximum maturity of 360 days. June 5, CBRT decided to reallocate TRY20 billion out of the TRY60 billion as advanced loans against investment commitment (see Measure 3a).

Turkey 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending TRY International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020); CBRT. https://bit.ly/2AWmZZf (accessed 29 April 2020); CBRT. https://bit.ly/2Nuvpda (accessed 25 June 2020); Daily Sabah. https://bit.ly/2YX0344 (accessed 8 May 2020); CBRT. https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/en/tcmb+en/main+menu/announcements/press+releases/2020/ano2020-37 (accessed 20 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 31, Outright purchase operations under the Open Market Operations (OMO) portfolio, which are conducted within the limits identified at the Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy for 2020 text, can be carried out in a front-loaded manner and these limits may be revised depending on the market conditions; (ii) March 31, For a temporary period, the Primary Dealer banks, will be able to sell the Government Domestic Debt Securities (GDDS) that they have bought from the Unemployment Insurance Fund to the CBRT under the terms and limits set by the CBRT, or will be able to increase at certain ratios the liquidity facility offered under OMO in the scope of the Primary Dealership system; (iii) March 31, Under the Turkish lira and foreign exchange operations conducted at the CBRT, asset-backed securities and mortgage-backed securities have been included in the collateral pool; (iv) April, Liquidity facilities were augmented, including with longer-term instruments and at discounted rates. The reserve requirements on foreign currency deposits were reduced by 500 basis points for banks meeting lending growth targets. July 18, FX reserve requirement ratios have been increased by 300 basis points in all liability types and maturity brackets for all banks. The move was introduced as part of the normalization process, in order to support financial stability; (v) April 17, The maximum limit for the ratio of the OMO portfolio nominal size to the CBRT analytical balance sheet total assets, set at 5% for 2020 in the Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy for 2020 text, has been revised to 10%; (vi) June 20, the CBRT has decided to temporarily (until the year end) suspend the enforcement of the rule of having adjusted real loan growth rate below 15% for the banks with a real annual loan growth rate above 15% in order to be able to benefit from reserve requirement incentive.

Turkey 01C 01C - Forex operations TRY CBRT. https://bit.ly/312gPBA (accessed 1 April 2020).

March 17, Conventional (multi-price) swap auctions with maturities of one, three and six months, which are currently available against US dollars, may also be held against euros and gold.

Turkey 02 02 - Credit creation TRY 25,000,000,000 4,131,706,258
Turkey 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding TRY
Turkey 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending TRY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020); CBRT. https://bit.ly/3hETawS3 (accessed 29 April 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: March 31, The limits for the targeted additional liquidity facilities offered to secure uninterrupted credit flow to the corporate sector will be increased; (ii) April 1, Joint-stock companies' dividend distributions (decided in shareholders' meetings) are capped to 25% of their 2019 profits (iii) April, The Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey lowered the policy rate by 100 basis points to 9.75%; (iv) May 6, banks are required to maintain a new consolidated and individual asset ratio of at least 100% starting at the beginning of June; otherwise, they will have to pay an administration fee.

Turkey 02C 02C - Loan guarantees TRY 25,000,000,000 4,131,706,258 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020).

TRY25 billion for doubling the credit guarantee fund.

Turkey 03 03 - Direct long-term lending TRY 118,000,000,000 19,501,653,537
Turkey 03A 03A - Long-term lending TRY 20,000,000,000 3,305,365,006 CBRT. https://bit.ly/2NpFLLi (accessed 25 June 2020).

June 5, CBRT has decided to reallocate TRY20 billion out of the TRY60 billion limit of Turkish lira rediscount credit facility (see Measure 1A) as advance loans against investment commitment for more effective utilization in order to support investments in selected sectors that are critical to our country. Advance loans against investment commitment will be extended through development and investment banks to firms that hold Investment Incentive Certificates and that will make investment in selected sectors. Loans will have maximum maturity of 10 years.

Turkey 03B 03B - Forbearance TRY 98,000,000,000 16,196,288,531 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020); Anadolu Agency. https://bit.ly/2V3lDCR (accessed 20 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Local firms affected by the crisis were granted a 3-month moratorium on bank loan repayments (principal and interest); (ii) Exporters’ inventory financing is being supported by extending maturities for existing and new export rediscount credits; (iii) Debt enforcement and bankruptcy proceedings (except in alimony cases) have been suspended; (iv) May 20, TRY98 billion estimated deferred loans and interest payments.

Turkey 04 04 - Equity support TRY 21,000,000,000 3,470,633,257 Bloomberg.https://bit.ly/2YVP9eO (accessed 16 May)

May 10, Turkey’s sovereign wealth fund injected TRY21 billion into three state lenders (TC Ziraat Bankasi AS, Turkiye Halk Bankasi AS and Turkiye Vakiflar Bankasi TAO) to strengthen their capital positions and minimize the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.