Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Netherlands 01 01 - Liquidity Support EUR 270,000,000 298,672,566
Netherlands 01A 01A - Short-term lending EUR 270,000,000 298,672,566 Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-economic-affairs-and-climate-policy/news/2021/01/21/support-and-recovery-package-substantially-expanded (accessed 28 January 2021)

21 January 2021, (i) A total of EUR70 million has been set aside for coronavirus bridging loans to startups. Each startup can obtain a bridging loan of up to EUR35,000. [update], (ii) EUR200 million set aside for a credit facility for business owners restart their operations when the situation improves, so that jobs are retained. [update]

Netherlands 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending EUR
Netherlands 01C 01C - Forex operations EUR
Netherlands 02 02 - Credit creation EUR 27,269,000,000 30,164,823,009
Netherlands 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EUR
Netherlands 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending EUR 6,000,000 6,637,168
Netherlands 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments EUR 6,000,000 6,637,168 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020). DNB. https://www.dnb.nl/nieuws/nieuwsoverzicht-en-archief/persberichten-2020/dnb390158.jsp (accessed 24 September 2020)

No amount/estimate: March 2020, EUR6 million credit created by reducting interest rates from Qredits.

Netherlands 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020). DNB. https://www.dnb.nl/nieuws/nieuwsoverzicht-en-archief/persberichten-2020/dnb390158.jsp (accessed 24 September 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: March 2020, De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) reduced systemic buffers from the current 3% of global risk-weighted exposures to 2.5% for ING, 2% for Rabobank and 1.5% for ABN Amro; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 2020, Planned introduction of a risk weight floor for mortgage loans has been postponed. It is expressly intended that this released capital is used to support lending, as opposed to paying dividends or buying back own shares; (iii) No amount/estimate: 17 September 2020, The DNB is following the ECB and providing temporary relief for banks' leverage ratio based on exceptional circumstances in the corona pandemic. The ECB expects the temporary measure to improve the aggregate leverage ratio by 0.3%.

Netherlands 02C 02C - Loan guarantees EUR 27,263,000,000 30,158,185,841 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 14 May 2020). Finnvera. https://www.finnvera.fi/finnvera/uutishuone/uutiset/finnveran-takausosuus-jopa-90-prosenttia-jos-rahoituksen-jarjestyminen-sita-edellyttaa (accessed 24 May 2020). NL Government. https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2020/06/26/government-offers-financial-support-to-klm-as-a-result-of-the-corona-crisis (accessed 29 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/02/03/herverzekering-leverancierskredieten-verlengd (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) No amount/estimate: 30 March 2020, The government increased export credit insurance for firms through the credit insurer Atradius. The share of the working capital that companies need for their export production was raised from 80% to 95%; (ii) 9 April 2020, Budget for guarantee facility for SME loans via BMKB was raised to EUR1.5 billion, while the premium for SME loans has been reduced from 3.9% to 2%; (iii) Increase to EUR10 billion (from EUR400 million) in the ceiling of the GO business loan guarantee scheme; (iv) The government provides EUR12 billion guarantees for the credit insurance market to ease lending to small firms. As of 3 February 2021, this measure has been extended for 6 months. [update]; (v) 17 April 2020, EUR650 million (increased from EUR400 million) additional temporary guarantee for working capital and other type of support for agricultural and horticultural companies; (vi) 14 May 2020, EUR713 million in guarantees for bridging loans for small companies under the Small Credits Corona Guarantee Scheme. The guarantee covers 95% of bank loans, and funding is provided for a maximum of five years at an interest rate of 4% for company with positive profits over the last three years; (vii) No amount/estimate: 7 May 2020, Finnvera (official export credit agency) increased its guarantee share for SME loans from 80% to 90%; (viii) 26 June 2020, EUR2.4 billion in guarantees for bank loans made by KLM Airlines.

Netherlands 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752
Netherlands 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/05/28/uitbreiding-op-ondernemersregelingen-noodpakket-banen-en-economie (accessed 29 May 2020). NL Government. https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2020/06/26/government-offers-financial-support-to-klm-as-a-result-of-the-corona-crisis (accessed 29 June 2020) European Commission. https://nltimes.nl/2020/05/29/government-backs-travel-vouchers-refunds-another-eu150-million (accessed 31 July 2020

(i) EUR200 million available for bridging loans to start-ups, scale-ups and innovative small and medium enterprises. These loans will be provided through regional development companies in the Netherlands; (ii) Loans at reduced interest rates are available under the scheme in (ii) of Non-health, Measure 5; (iii) June 26, EUR1 billion in direct loans to KLM Airlines, to be given in tranches through to 2025; (iv) EUR165 million in subsidized loans to the five Dutch Travel Guarantee Funds that operate package travel guarantee schemes, subject to the following conditions: (a) the reduced interest rates will be above the minimum levels set in the Temporary Framework; (b) the loan contracts will be signed by 31 December 2020 at the latest; and (c) the maturity of the loans will not exceed six years.

Netherlands 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/16/kabinet-treft-maatregelen-om-toename-mensen-met-schulden-op-te-vangen (accessed 18 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: The banking sector has responded by giving an automatic 6-month payment holiday (interest and amortization) for all business loans of less than EUR2.5 million; (ii) No amount/estimate: 7-8 April 2020, Ban on forced home sales of homeowners who are temporarily unable to meet their mortgage obligations due to the corona crisis until 1 July 2020 and automatic extension of temporary rent contracts until the end of June; (iii) No amount/estimate: 17 June 2020, Proposed the temporary deferral of debt payments by four months.

Netherlands 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Netherlands 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 74,151,000,000 82,025,442,478
Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/02/02/ondersteuning-voor-werkgevers-bij-inrichten-eigen-testfaciliteit (accessed 5 February 2021)

No amount/estimate: 2 February 2021, The Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport has set up a financial scheme to support employers who want to have employees tested for corona by the occupational health service or company doctor on location. This scheme is initially only aimed at companies and organizations where working from home is not possible. [update]

Netherlands 05B 05B - Income support EUR 74,151,000,000 82,025,442,478
Netherlands 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR 36,000,000,000 39,823,008,850 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020);

EUR36 billion for deferral of tax collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage and turnover taxes from companies, repayable on 1 July 2021.

Netherlands 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020);

No amount/estimate: Default penalties for taxes will not need to be paid in cases where extensions are approved, while interest on overdue taxes will be reduced to 0.01% until 31 December 2021.

Netherlands 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR 2,368,500,000 2,620,022,124 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/15/%E2%82%AC500-miljoen-extra-voor-studenten-en-zomerscholen (accessed 22 May 2020). Global Tax News. https://www.tax-news.com/news/Netherlands_Clarifies_COVID19_VAT_Concessions____97711.html (accessed 29 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/20/kabinet-investeert-in-doorbouwen (accessed 1 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/07/03/77-miljoen-extra-voor-structurele-inzet-van-digitale-zorg-thuis (accessed 8 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/08/28/kabinet-verlengt-coronasteun-banen-en-economie-tot-en-met-2021 (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/31/aanvullende-compensatie-corona-voor-gemeenten (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/09/02/vergoeding-voor-ouders-die-buiten-de-noodregeling-kinderopvang-vallen (accessed 5 September 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-economic-affairs-and-climate-policy/news/2021/01/21/support-and-recovery-package-substantially-expanded (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) EUR2 billion for compensation of self-employed and independent entrepreneurs without staff; (ii) 8 April 2020, EUR175 million for Childcare Compensation for parents who continue paying for childcare during the lockdown; (iii) No amount/estimate: 30 March 2020, self-employed (without employees) hit by the corona crisis are to receive monthly EUR1,050 over the next three months, irrespective of their savings. For married couples or couples with children, a maximum of EUR1,500 a month will apply; (iv) 20 May 2020, Increased subsidies for citizens to make their homes more environmentally sustainable (the “SEEH scheme"), (v) 20 May 2020, EUR50 million in housing incentives for prospective homeowners belonging to vulnerable groups; (vi) 2 September 2020, EUR8.5 million as compensation for parents who fall outside the emergency childcare scheme; (vii) 21 January 2021, EUR135 million in grants to students whose studies are delayed due to coronavirus measures and who graduate between February 2021 and the end of August 2021. This scheme will be effective up to and including August 2021. [update]

Netherlands 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR 21,527,000,000 23,813,053,097 Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/15/%E2%82%AC500-miljoen-extra-voor-studenten-en-zomerscholen (accessed 22 May 2020). Global Tax News. https://www.tax-news.com/news/Netherlands_Clarifies_COVID19_VAT_Concessions____97711.html (accessed 29 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/20/kabinet-investeert-in-doorbouwen (accessed 1 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/07/03/77-miljoen-extra-voor-structurele-inzet-van-digitale-zorg-thuis (accessed 8 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/08/28/kabinet-verlengt-coronasteun-banen-en-economie-tot-en-met-2021 (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/31/aanvullende-compensatie-corona-voor-gemeenten (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/09/02/vergoeding-voor-ouders-die-buiten-de-noodregeling-kinderopvang-vallen (accessed 5 September 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-economic-affairs-and-climate-policy/news/2021/01/21/support-and-recovery-package-substantially-expanded (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) 1 April 2020, EUR10 billion for temporary compensation of employers’ wage costs, up to 90% of wage bill, conditional on at least 20% fall in turnover in the months March to May compared to 2019 (NOW scheme). In addition, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (ii) EUR465 million in emergency support in the form of a lump sum of EUR4,000 for businesses that were forced to close due to government regulations (TOGS scheme); (iii) No amount/estimate: 1 April 2020, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (iv) No amount/estimate: 20 May 2020, The government will compensate public transport companies for the loss of income and extra costs they face due to the crisis; (v) EUR1.4 billion allocated for tax-free allowances to affected SMEs to pay their fixed material costs; (vi) EUR77 million to support remote care, aimed at frail elderly people living at home and people with chronic illnesses or disabilities. The intervention takes the form of a subsidy for healthcare providers who want to use digital applications, and applications are limited at EUR50,000 per request; (vii) 5 October 2020, EUR4 billion for a job-related investment discount to support SMEs. The investment discount will allow them to offset capital expenditures with the payroll tax; (viii) 4 November 2020, The EC approved EUR1.5 billion to compensate public transport companies for damages suffered due to the pandemic; 21 January 2021: (ix) EUR3.8 billion for the extension of the Fixed Costs Grant Scheme (TVL) to the first two quarters of 2021, while also allowing larger business (non-SMEs) to qualify for the support [update], (x) EUR160 million to compensate retailers for holding excess inventory. This will be on top of the fixed-cost allowance under item (ix) [update], (xi) EUR125 million in grants to startups for the first two quarters of 2021 [update], (xii) No amount/estimate, the NOW scheme in item (i) is extended to March 2021. [update]

Netherlands 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EUR 1,855,500,000 2,052,544,248 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/15/%E2%82%AC500-miljoen-extra-voor-studenten-en-zomerscholen (accessed 22 May 2020). Global Tax News. https://www.tax-news.com/news/Netherlands_Clarifies_COVID19_VAT_Concessions____97711.html (accessed 29 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/20/kabinet-investeert-in-doorbouwen (accessed 1 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/07/03/77-miljoen-extra-voor-structurele-inzet-van-digitale-zorg-thuis (accessed 8 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/08/28/kabinet-verlengt-coronasteun-banen-en-economie-tot-en-met-2021 (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/31/aanvullende-compensatie-corona-voor-gemeenten (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/09/02/vergoeding-voor-ouders-die-buiten-de-noodregeling-kinderopvang-vallen (accessed 5 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/12/08/kabinet-en-gemeenten-bieden-samen-met-jongeren-perspectief-in-coronatijd (accessed 17 December 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-economic-affairs-and-climate-policy/news/2021/01/21/support-and-recovery-package-substantially-expanded (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) 17 April 2020, EUR300 million grants for the culture sector, including museums and theatres; (ii) 1 May 2020, EUR110 million to support sports clubs; (iii) 20 May 2020, EUR50 million in construction projects; (iv) 20 May 2020, EUR20 million available for municipalities in the form of “flex pools” (civil servants with technical knowledge about planning and licensing; (v) 28 August 2020, EUR777 million to compensate municipalities, provinces, and water boards for lost income; (vi) 8 December 2020, The cabinet is making EUR58.5 million available to municipalities to offer young people and young adults more prospects during the pandemic. With this Youth Package, municipalities can offer young people more opportunities for activities and meetings, within the applicable restrictions; 21 January 2021: (vii) EUR300 million earmarked for a guarantee fund for events. This will enable event organisers to start planning and organising festivals, once it is responsible to do so [update], (viii) EUR240 million from the government to support amateur sports. This money will fund the Amateur Sport Organisation Grant Scheme, the Sports Facility Lessors Grant Scheme, and the Special-Purpose Grant for Ice Rinks and Swimming Pools. [update]

Netherlands 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR 12,400,000,000 13,716,814,159 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/15/%E2%82%AC500-miljoen-extra-voor-studenten-en-zomerscholen (accessed 22 May 2020). Global Tax News. https://www.tax-news.com/news/Netherlands_Clarifies_COVID19_VAT_Concessions____97711.html (accessed 29 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/20/kabinet-investeert-in-doorbouwen (accessed 1 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/07/03/77-miljoen-extra-voor-structurele-inzet-van-digitale-zorg-thuis (accessed 8 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/08/28/kabinet-verlengt-coronasteun-banen-en-economie-tot-en-met-2021 (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/31/aanvullende-compensatie-corona-voor-gemeenten (accessed 3 September 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/09/02/vergoeding-voor-ouders-die-buiten-de-noodregeling-kinderopvang-vallen (accessed 5 September 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-economic-affairs-and-climate-policy/news/2021/01/21/support-and-recovery-package-substantially-expanded (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) 20 May 2020, EUR500 million allocated to education spending, going to (a) students to mitigate the consequences of the coronavirus epidemic, and (b) primary, secondary, and vocational education to make up for educational gaps caused by the coronavirus; (ii) 28 August 2020, EUR11 billion in additional expenditures from extending the following initiatives through to 2021: (a) NOW scheme, an allowance for wage costs; (b) Tozo, income support for the self-employed; (c) TVL, fixed cost allowances for SMEs, and (d) tax deferment measures; (iii) 21 January 2021, EUR900 million from the implementation of various tax relief measures such as: (a) extending the deferral period from 1 July to 1 October 2021, (b) waiving tax payments where a payment arrangement is insufficient, (c) eliminating taxes on work-from-home allowances, (d) extending the 0% VAT on face masks until 30 June 2021. [update]

Netherlands 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EUR
Netherlands 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Netherlands 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Netherlands 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Netherlands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Netherlands 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Netherlands 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Netherlands 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Netherlands 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Netherlands 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
Netherlands 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR 46,235,955 51,145,967
Netherlands 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Netherlands 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 46,235,955 51,145,967 UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020). Relief Web. https://reliefweb.int/report/world/netherlands-pledges-additional-6-million-support-education-cannot-wait-s-covid-19 (accessed 17 September 2020). Dutch government. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2021/01/12/additional-dutch-support-for-vaccines-in-poor-countries (accessed 16 January 2021)

(i) As of 20 May 2020, contributed USD16,853,932 to the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund; (ii) 11 September 2020, Pledged a contribution of EUR6 million in support of Education Cannot Wait’s COVID-19 education in emergency response; (iii) 12 January 2021, EUR25 million for the purchase and distribution of vaccines in poor countries.

Netherlands 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 13,000,000,000 14,380,530,973 Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/05/20/coronavirus-verlenging-en-uitbreiding-noodpakket-banen-en-economie (accessed 22 May 2020)

20 May 2020, EUR13 billion for a new emergency package, which has five major components: (a) Companies will receive a tax-free allowance from the Ministry of Economic Affairs so that they can pay for their fixed costs, (b) Adjusted labor compensation ("NOW") program that does not reduce compensation for commercial dismissals, (c) Bridging ("TOZO") program that now applies to entrepreneurs and self-employed persons, (d) Prolonged tax relief, and (e) Lending and guarantees ("BMKB", "GO", "KKC", "COL") for entrepreneurs.

Netherlands 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Financien Belgium. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/overeenkomst-tussen-de-bevoegde-autoriteiten-van-nederland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van-de (accessed 5 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/19/bij-steun-overheid-moeten-bedrijven-onwenselijke-belastingconstructies-afbouwen (accessed 24 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/23/eerste-kamer-stemt-in-met-wijziging-wet-gemeentelijke-schuldhulpverlening (accessed 24 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/09/15/belastingplan-2021-beter-eerlijker-en-duurzamer-uit-de-crisis (accessed 24 September 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: June 2, Extended the agreement on tax treatment of cross-border workers until June 30, 2020; (ii) Approved an amendment to the Municipal Debt Assistance Act, allowing municipalities to exchange data from citizens with payment arrears at an early stage with housing corporations, energy, and drinking water companies and health insurers to identify people with debts in time and to offer debt counseling. The amendment will take effect on January 1, 2021; (iii) Imposed new conditions on companies that seek support (including corona-related support) from the Dutch government: (a) the company cannot be located in a country that already has a low tax rate, and (b) the Dutch branches of the company cannot have paid interest or royalties to branches of the group in countries with too low tax rates; (iv) Under the proposed budget for 2021, the lower bracket corporate tax rate is lowered from 16.5% to 15%. It would also expand the number of SMEs eligible for the lower bracket.

Netherlands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
Netherlands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 January 2021). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/country-policy-tracker/ (accessed 20 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/12/nederland-stelt-inreisverbod-voor-marokko-weer-in (accessed 13 August 2020). AP. https://apnews.com/article/mark-rutte-netherlands-health-coronavirus-pandemic-europe-7bc4e5fa90751a4bd15bf9a5fb1af884 (accessed 19 November 2020). Netherlands government. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2021/01/22/night-time-curfew-as-of-saturday-23-january (accessed 28 January 2021). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/01/30/nederland-stelt-inreisverbod-voor-japan-weer-in (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) 15 June 2020, tourists from EU or Schengen countries can enter the Netherlands. However, tourists from Sweden and the United Kingdom should go into quarantine for 14 days. Tourists must reserve their holiday accommodation before they travel to the Netherlands; (ii) The Netherlands will reinstate the entry ban for Morocco from 13 August 2020; (iii) 15 December 2020, Citizens are strongly advised not to travel abroad. Furthermore, a negative PCR test is now required for travelers to the Netherlands from high-risk countries; (iv) 2 February 2021, Japan is added to the list of countries whose permanent residents are banned from entering the Netherlands. [update]

Netherlands 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 January 2021). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/country-policy-tracker/ (accessed 20 July 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/08/12/nederland-stelt-inreisverbod-voor-marokko-weer-in (accessed 13 August 2020). AP. https://apnews.com/article/mark-rutte-netherlands-health-coronavirus-pandemic-europe-7bc4e5fa90751a4bd15bf9a5fb1af884 (accessed 19 November 2020). I am Expat NL. https://www.iamexpat.nl/expat-info/dutch-expat-news/coronavirus-press-conference-lockdown-extended-some-relaxations-schools (accessed 4 February 2021)

(i) The authorities have taken measures to limit the spread of the virus, including ordering closure of businesses, and advising to avoid social contact and work from home to the extent possible; (ii) As the number of new infections and death continue to decline, the Dutch government is laying down a progressive easing of the lockdown measures; (iii) Starting on 11 May 2020, and under strict conditions, childcare services and primary schools will be allowed to reopen, as well as some businesses (including for example hairdressers and nail stylists). The authorities have stressed that further relaxation of the containment measures will follow only to the extent that the spread of virus remains contained; (iv) Starting on 1 June 2020, secondary schools and more businesses (e.g. restaurants and cafes, cultural institutions) will also reopen; (v) 6 August 2020, the Dutch government introduced new nationwide measures to curb the spread, including compulsory testing at Schiphol airport and mandatory temporary closing of entertainment businesses experiencing an outbreak; (vi) After initially loosening restrictions on 25 September 2020, the government reinstated a partial lockdown on 14 October (until mid-December), mandating the closure of most businesses, a ban on mass gatherings, and encouraging work-from-home setups; (vii) 18 November 2020, Public venues such as cinemas, museums, libraries, zoos, and swimming pools were allowed to reopen, but with limited numbers of visitors. The rest of the measures imposed on 14 October will remain until mid-December as originally announced; (viii) 15 December 2020, All non-essential businesses, schools (with few exceptions), daycares, and many public spaces such as parks and zoos were ordered to close until 19 January 2021. On 12 January 2021, this was extended to until 9 February; (ix) 2 February 2021, Most lockdowns currently in place are extended to 2 March, except for the reopening of primary schools and daycare centers, which will happen on 8 February as originally announced. [update]

Netherlands 12C 12C - Others EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 January 2021)

(i) Starting 1 July 2020, gatherings of more than 100 people in a closed space will be allowed, and no limit on occupancy will be imposed on cinemas, cafés and restaurants. Social distancing requirements will remain in place, however; (ii) 15 December 2020, It is required to work from home unless not possible, avoid public transportations, limit gatherings to two guests from a different household (three during Christmas celebrations), and maintain social distancing at least until mid-March 2021; (iii) 6 January 2021, With vaccines now available, a vaccination plan is being deployed. The first wave of vaccination targets wealth care workers dealing with COVID-19 infections and ambulance services, and employees of nursing homes; (iv) 23 January 2021, a night-time curfew is imposed, where people are not permitted to be outdoors between 9pm and 4:30am. The measure will apply until 10 February. [update]