Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Malaysia 01 01 - Liquidity Support MYR 44,600,000,000 10,382,233,810
Malaysia 01A 01A - Short-term lending MYR 28,600,000,000 6,657,665,627 Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5045&lang=en (accessed 17 May 2020).

(i) Since March 2020, Bank Negara Malaysia has provided additional liquidity of approximately MYR42 billion (as of May 5) into the domestic financial markets, via various tools including outright purchase of government securities, reverse repos and the reduction in Statutory Reserve Requirement [MYR16 billion in Measure 1B is subtracted from MYR42 billion]; (ii) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) To aid the tourism sector, a MYR1 billion PENJANA Tourism Financing (PTF) facility will be made available to finance transformation initiatives by SMEs in the tourism sector to enable them to remain viable and competitive in the new normal; (b) SME Go-Scheme for Liquidity Support amounting to MYR1.6 billion: SME Bank will provide financing support to contractors and vendors who were awarded with small government projects under the Pakej Rangsangan Ekonomi (PRE) 2020 and the PRIHATIN stimulus package; (c) No amount/estimate: To provide relief to SMEs’ cash flows, the Government is encouraging government-linked companies (GLCs) and large corporations to accelerate their vendors’ payment terms.

Malaysia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending MYR 16,000,000,000 3,724,568,183 Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM). https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5014 (accessed 19 April 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5046&lang=en (accessed 17 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) lowered the Statutory Reserve Requirement (SRR) Ratio by 100 basis points to 2%. May 5, SRR remains at 2%; (ii) May 5, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) announced that Malaysian Government Securities (MGS) and Malaysian Government Investment Issues (MGII) can be used by banking institutions to fully meet the Statutory Reserve Requirement (SRR) compliance effective May 16. This flexibility is available until May 31, 2021. This measure will release approximately MYR16 billion worth of liquidity into the banking system.

Malaysia 01C 01C - Forex operations MYR
Malaysia 02 02 - Credit creation MYR 50,000,000,000 11,639,275,571
Malaysia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding MYR
Malaysia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending MYR Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5022&lang=en (accessed 19 April 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5007&lang=en (accessed 19 April 2020); Bank Negara Malaysia . https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5018 (accessed 19 April 2020); Securities Commission Malaysia (SC). https://www.sc.com.my/resources/media-releases-and-announcements/sc-announces-further-relief-measures-for-capital-market-licensed-entities (accessed 19 April 2020). International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020); SC. https://www.sc.com.my/resources/media-releases-and-announcements/sc-announces-series-of-capital-market-measures-to-support-businesses (accessed 16 April 2020).; BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5045&lang=en (17 May 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5078&lang=en (9 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 3, BNM lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 25 basis points to 2.5%. May 5, OPR dropped by 50 basis points to 2%. The ceiling and floor rates of the corridor of the OPR are correspondingly reduced to 2.25% and 1.75%, respectively. July 7, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of Bank Negara Malaysia decided to reduce the OPR by 25 basis points to 1.75%. The ceiling and floor rates of the corridor of the OPR are correspondingly reduced to 2.00% and 1.50%, respectively; (ii) March 24, The Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) waived annual licensing fees for capital market licensed entities; (iii) March 25, BNM announced measures temporarily easing regulatory and supervisory compliance on banks to enable them to support loan deferment and restructuring; (iv) March 27, in PRIHATIN, Special Relief Facility (SRF) interest rate is reduced from 3.75% to 3.5%; (v) April 10, The Companies Commission of Malaysia announced measures to enhance protection of distressed companies against liquidation; (vi) April 16, SC announced regulatory relief measures for public listed companies.

Malaysia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees MYR 50,000,000,000 11,639,275,571 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020).

March 27 in PRIHATIN, The Government will also provide a MYR50 billion guarantee scheme up to 80% of the loan amount for financing working capital requirements. The minimum guaranteed loan size is MYR20 million per company.

Malaysia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending MYR 109,149,200,000 25,408,352,344
Malaysia 03A 03A - Long-term lending MYR 8,250,000,000 1,920,480,469 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/covid19/bnmfunds.php (accessed 26 June 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020). Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/07/teks-ucapan-perkembangan-terkini-perintah-kawalan-pergerakan-pemulihan-pkpp/ (accessed 22 July 2020). 16th Laksana Report. https://www.treasury.gov.my/pdf/Speech-16th-Laksana-Report-Implementation-Of-PRIHATIN.pdf (accessed 14 August 2020).

(i) March 27 in PRIHATIN: (a) Increasing the size of the All Economic Sector Facility Fund by MYR1 billion to MYR6.8 billion to enhance access to financing for SMEs. The maximum tenure is 5 years; (b) Increasing the size of the Special Relief Facility (SRF) fund by MYR3 billion to MYR5 billion for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The maximum tenure is 5.5 years including 6 months moratorium; and (c) Providing additional funds of MYR500 million under the Micro Credit Scheme to a total of MYR700 million for soft loans at 2% interest rate without collateral. Loan eligibility requirements are also relaxed to a minimum of 6 months of operation compared to 1 year of operation. The maximum tenure is 5 years. As of July 20, 7,000 people received BSN micro credit facility with a total value of MYR247 million and more than 23,000 people received TEKUN micro credit facility with a total value of MYR177 million. As of July 31, approved applications by local banks and accepted by SMEs amounted to MYR9.63, and this will benefit 21,410 SMEs. This total includes the Special Relief Facility, Automation & Digitalisation Facility, All-Economic Sector Facility, and Agrofood Facility funds.; (ii) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The Government will continue to provide loans to eligible enterprises for adoption or subscription of digitalization services under the SME Technology Transformation Fund totalling MYR500 million loan; (b) Under PENJANA SME Financing Facility, the banking sector will offer an additional MYR2 billion of funding to assist SMEs adversely impacted by COVID-19 sustain business operations at a concession rate of 3.5%; (c) PENJANA microfinancing, amounting to MYR400 million is a new funding program for SMEs and microenterprises at an interest rate of 3.5%. Aggregated approved financing will be capped at MYR50,000 per enterprise, and MYR50 million is earmarked for women entrepreneurs; (d) Bumiputera Relief Financing amounting to MYR500 million: (1) Perbadanan Usahawan Nasional Berhad (PUNB) will provide MYR200 million dedicated financial assistance for Bumiputera-owned businesses in the form of working capital, operational expenditure, system automation, equipment and expenditure to implement social distancing practices (eg. on PPEs), and financing of MYR100,000 – MYR1 million for up to 5 years at 3.5% per annum interest rate with moratorium of up to 6 months from disbursement; and (2) Through Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA) the Government will also allocate MYR300 million working capital loans to assist affected Bumiputera entrepreneurs including training colleges. Maximum loan amount of MYR1 million with 3.5% per annum interest rate; (e) Part of the Agriculture and Food Sector Support amounting to MYR350 million is allocated to microcredit financing under Agrobank for agropreneurs (including commodity players) with interest rate of 3.5%. Maximum loan size is MYR50,000, and tenure of loan is 5 years.

Malaysia 03B 03B - Forbearance MYR 100,899,200,000 23,487,871,875 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/covid19/indiv.php (26 June 2020). Malay Mail. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/07/29/pm-govt-agrees-to-three-month-loan-moratorium-extension-but-only-for-the-jo/1889194 (accessed 31 July 2020). 16th Laksana Report. https://www.treasury.gov.my/pdf/Speech-16th-Laksana-Report-Implementation-Of-PRIHATIN.pdf (accessed 14 August 2020).

27 March 2020 in PRIHATIN: (i) To assist SMEs and individuals, the Government welcomes the willingness of banking institutions to offer a 6-month moratorium, convert credit card balance to term loans and restructure corporate loans. This measure, amounting to MYR100 billion, is vital to enabling companies to retain employment and immediately resume their business activities. In return, the Government agrees that the bank’s income from interest or profit from loans or financing during the moratorium will only be taxable when the income is received after the moratorium period. 29 July 2020, The government has agreed to further extend the bank loan moratorium for the public. The targeted moratorium extension will run for three months but only for those who lost their jobs this year and are yet to find employment, after that period banks can further extend the help based on individual situation. As for those who are still employed but seen their wages reduced or affected owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, the amount of their monthly loan commitments would be reduced, in line with the quantum of their salary deduction; (ii) The Government has previously agreed to defer the Perbadanan Tabung Pendidikan Tinggi Nasional (PTPTN) loan repayment for all borrowers for six months, amounting to MYR750 million; (iii) The Government agrees to postpone loan repayment to borrowers of the Skills Development Fund Corporation (PTPK) for the same period beginning April 1 to September 30. With an estimated collection of MYR149.2 million, this initiative will benefit 174,500 borrowers.

Malaysia 04 04 - Equity support MYR 1,200,000,000 279,342,614 Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA, An investment fund, amounting to MYR1.2 billion, will be established, which will match institutional private capital investment with selected venture capital and early stage tech fund managers.

Malaysia 05 05 - Health and income support MYR 94,003,100,000 21,882,559,709
Malaysia 05A 05A - Health support MYR 2,150,000,000 500,488,850 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 23, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on face masks; (ii) March 27, in PRIHATIN: (a) To curb the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, the Government announced an allocation of MYR500 million to the Ministry of Health (MOH). This allocation is to purchase medical apparatus such as ventilators and ICU equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE) for public medical personnel as well as laboratory requirements for testing COVID-19; and (b) The Government is also allocating an additional MYR1 billion to purchase equipment and services, which include obtaining medical expertise from private healthcare service providers to contain the outbreak; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 30, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on raw materials, undenatured ethyl alcohol and denatured ethyl alcohol used for the production of hand sanitizers. Imports also exempted from sales taxes and excise duties; (iv) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The government will double the existing allocation for the PEKA B40 Programme to a total of MYR100 million (amount is MYR50 million only) in order to fund health screening, medical device assistance, cancer treatment incentives, and subsidy for transportation for health for the B40 group; and (b) Tax relief for COVID-19 related expenses, amounting to MYR600 million, to encourage businesses to adapt to new norms and adhere to SOPs: extend the period and expand the scope of expenses allowed as tax deduction or capital allowance for COVID-19’s prevention, including COVID-19 testing and purchase of PPE and thermal scanners.

Malaysia 05B 05B - Income support MYR 91,853,100,000 21,382,070,860 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/03/speech-text-prihatin-esp/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/04/langkah-tambahan-bagi-pakej-rangsangan-ekonomi-prihatin-rakyat-prihatin/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); ASEAN Briefing. https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/malaysia-provides-funding-smes/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Zico Law. https://www.zicolaw.com/resources/alerts/covid-19-update-extension-of-mco-and-economic-stimulus-packages/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020). Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/07/teks-ucapan-perkembangan-terkini-perintah-kawalan-pergerakan-pemulihan-pkpp/ (accessed 22 July 2020). 16th Laksana Report. https://www.treasury.gov.my/pdf/Speech-16th-Laksana-Report-Implementation-Of-PRIHATIN.pdf (accessed 14 August 2020).

(i) March 27 in PRIHATIN: (a) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance, Bantuan Prihatin Nasional (BPN) with an allocation of MYR10 billion. Among the beneficiaries include employees in the private sector, FELDA settlers, farmers, fishermen and small traders; (b) The remaining cash transfers under the Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH) program totaling MYR3.2 billion will be paid out in July 2020; (c) The support totaling MYR270 million is targeted for students at various levels of tertiary education; (d) The Government will work together with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and relevant social entrepreneurs to provide food assistance, healthcare and shelters to the vulnerable groups such as senior citizens and children in shelters, the disabled, homeless and orang asal with a total allocation of MYR25 million; (e) The Government rental exemption for the Projek Perumahan Rakyat (PPR) with a cost of MYR3 million borne by the Government; (f) For the rent-to-own (RTO) units, a six-month moratorium is provided effective April until September 2020, involving 4,649 RTO units at MYR5.7 million; (g) No amount/estimate: As for Public Housing, the Kuala Lumpur City Hall will provide similar exemption which will benefit more than 40,000 tenants; (h) No amount/estimate: The Government has also approved a 6-month lease exemption on all premises owned by the Federal Government; (i) The Government with Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) will increase the allocation of discount on electricity bill to MYR530 million, with the introduction of a tiered-discount system for households; (j) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to more than 1.5 million civil servants of grade 56 and below, including contract workers [The estimated amount is MYR750 million]; (k) More than 850,000 Government pensioners will be given a one-off assistance of MYR500 in April 2020 [The estimated amount is MYR425 million]; (l) The Government will allocate MYR1 billion for Food Security Fund; (m) The Government provides MYR100 million for the development of infrastructure for food storage and distribution as well as crop integration program and also allocates MYR64.4 million to viable Pertubuhan Peladang Kawasan and Pertubuhan Nelayan Kawasan. This is to develop agro-food projects that are capable of generating income within three to six months; (n) The Government will introduce Wage Subsidy Program to assist employers in retaining their workers with an allocation of MYR5.9 billion; (o) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to 120,000 e-hailing drivers with a total allocation of MYR60 million; (p) The Government has agreed to pay salaries to the workers of service contractors despite their absence during the MCO amounting to MYR110 million; (q) The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) includes options for deferring payments, restructuring and rescheduling of employers' contributions. The measure is expected to provide cashflow to employers which is estimated at MYR10 billion; (r) Exempt payment for Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF) levy across all sectors for six months beginning April 2020. This measure is expected to assist companies’ cashflow with a total savings of MYR440 million; (s) No amount/estimate: The Government, allows the postponement of income tax instalment payments to all SMEs for three months beginning April 1; (t) The Government has identified several small projects such as improving roads, upgrading dilapidated schools in Sabah and Sarawak, cleaning houses of worship and police stations as well as upgrading tourism facilities with an allocation of MYR2 billion; (u) The Government will provide a direct fiscal injection of MYR25 billion to ease the burden of rakyat and businesses; (v) The Government in collaboration with telecommunication companies will provide free internet services to all customers during MCO period starting April, amounting to MYR600 million; (ii) April 6 in PRIHATIN PLUS, The Malaysian government issued extra funding worth MYR10 billion intended to help SMEs manage their cashflow and to retain employees: (a) The wage subsidy program announced on March 27 will be expanded from MYR5.9 billion to MYR13.8 billion, an increase of MYR7.9 billion; and (b) Special PRIHATIN Grant (GKP) amounting to MYR2.1 billion will be established for eligible micro enterprises. A grant of MYR3,000 will be provided to each company, benefitting almost 700,000 micro enterprises; (iii) June 5, in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The wage subsidy program, amounting to MYR5.3 billion, will be extended for a further 3 months with a subsidy of MYR600 per employee for all eligible employers; (b) No amount/estimate: The National Employment Services under PERKESO will be upgraded by enhancing the job portal and employment placement services and collaborating with the private job sites for employment matching; (c) The Government will introduce incentives, amounting to MYR1.5 billion, to encourage the hiring of the unemployed; (d) A MYR2 billion fund will be dedicated to reskilling and upskilling programs for Youth and Unemployed Workers; (e) The Government will facilitate policies to support the growth of the gig economy and the welfare of gig economy workers. This amounts to MYR75 million; (f) The Government allotted MYR800 million to support employers and employees as work-from-home arrangement is encouraged; (g) To ease the transition to the new normal of working-from-home, the Government will support working parents through the subsidy of child care expenses. There will also be incentives to encourage child care centers to comply with the new normal and to incentivize certification of early education practitioners. These measures amount to MYR200 million; (h) Under Public Transport Subsidy amounting to MYR200 million, the Government will introduce an unlimited monthly travel pass costing MYR30 for use on all rail services (MRT, LRT, Monorail), BRT, RapidKL buses and MRT feeder buses; (i) Social assistance support, amounting to MYR108 million, will be provided to identified vulnerable groups: (1) Persons with disabilities (OKU): 185,713 recipients costing MYR55.7 million, (2) Home Help Services: 1,815 recipients costing MYR544,500, and (3) Registered single mothers: 1,350 recipients costing MYR405,000; (j) To enable the transition to the new normal of remote learning and work, MYR3 billion support will be provided to increase internet connectivity for education, productivity (video conference applications) and news; (k) Eligible microenterprises and SMEs will be onboarded to shift towards business digitalization through a co-funded program with MDEC and e-commerce platforms. This Micros and SMEs e-commerce campaign amounts to MYR70 million; (l) The Government will collaborate with e-commerce platforms to co-fund digital discount vouchers, amounting to MYR70 million. This is done to encourage spending on products from local retailers; (m) The Government will continue to provide grants to eligible enterprises for adoption or subscription of digitalization services under the SME Digitalization Matching Grant totaling MYR100 million, in partnership with telecommunication companies and the Smart Automation Grant totaling MYR100 million, capped at up to MYR1 million per company; (n) An online one-stop business advisory platform for the microenterprises and SMEs, amounting to MYR5 million, will be set up to enhance the outreach of the existing physical SME Hub; (o) MYR2.4 billion is allocated to ease financial stress on businesses through remissions of penalties related to late tax payments; (p) To encourage and sustain the role of social enterprise in promoting responsible business, the Government will provide a matching grant through Malaysian Global Innovation & Creativity Centre (MaGIC) totaling MYR10 million to social enterprises who are able to crowdsource contributions and donations to undertake social projects that will address the challenges faced by targeted communities through innovative ways; (q) To catalyze establishment of new businesses, financial relief, amounting to MYR300 million, will be provided in the form of income tax rebate for newly established SME and stamp duty exemption for SMEs on any instruments executed for Mergers and Acquisition; (r) National Technology and Innovation Sandbox, amounting to MYR100 million, will be developed to pilot new technology solutions and provide relaxation of regulations to text new technology solutions (e.g. drone delivery, autonomous vehicles); (s) Accelerate the digitalization of government services, amounting to MYR20 million, to reduce face-to-face transactions; (t) National “Buy Malaysia” Campaign, amounting to MYR20 million, to encourage the consumption of Malaysia-made products and services; (u) ePENJANA credits in e-wallet, amounting to MYR750 million, to encourage contact-free payment and to boost consumer spending; (v) Incentives for Property Sector, amounting to MYR1 billion, to stimulate the property market and provide financial relief to home buyers; (w) Tax incentives for purchase of passenger cars, amounting to MYR897 million; (x) An allocation of MYR20 million to encourage transition away from the traditional working hours concept of 9 AM to 5 PM towards extended working hours on shifts-basis; (y) An allocation of MYR50 million to attract foreign companies to relocate their business into Malaysia by addressing the risk of re-shoring; (z) Tax incentives for the tourism sector amounting to MYR1.8 billion; (aa) Dedicated funding and support for the arts, culture, entertainment, events and exhibitions sector amounting to MYR225 million; (ab) Part of the Agriculture and Food Sector Support amounting to MYR50 million is allocated to agro-food workforce mobility via incentives for pioneer companies to train and educate workforce to explore opportunities in agriculture and plantations and in-kind benefits for Urban Farming (e.g. Fertilizers, Seeds, Infrastructure, Equipment, Advisory and Training) worth MYR500 per person and MYR50,000 per community; (ac) Support the commodity sector through 100% export duty exemption from 1 July 2020 to 31 December 2020. This amounts to MYR200 million.

Malaysia 06 06 - Budget reallocation MYR
Malaysia 07 07 - Central bank financing government MYR 8,885,332,075 2,068,376,571
Malaysia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MYR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 8,885,332,075 2,068,376,571 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/web/guest/bnmstatement/-/tag/bnmstats-2020 (accessed 4 September 2020).

28 August 2020, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR10.86 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR8.89 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion) [update].

Malaysia 08 08 - International Assistance Received MYR 46,050,976 10,720,000
Malaysia 08A 08A - Swaps MYR
Malaysia 08B 08B - International loans/grants MYR 46,050,976 10,720,000
Malaysia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank MYR 40,896,016 9,520,000 ADB

April, USD2.73 million as a guarantee under the Supply Chain Finance Program (Additional Financing). Another USD2.73 million is co-financed. As of August 14, the amount of the guarantee increased to USD9.52 million. The amount of co-financing also increased to USD9.52 million.

Malaysia 08B2 08B2 - Other MYR 5,154,960 1,200,000 US Agency for International Development (USAID). https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (26 May 2020).

May 20, The United States through the US Agency for International Development will provide (a) health assistance in response to COVID-19 amounting to USD1 million, and (b) Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA) humanitarian assistance to support COVID-19 response efforts for refugees and asylum seekers in Malaysia amounting to USD0.2 million.

Malaysia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided MYR
Malaysia 09A 09A - Swaps MYR
Malaysia 09B 09B - International loans/grants MYR
Malaysia 10 10 - No breakdown MYR 38,047,700,000 8,856,953,303 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/06/key-initiatives-of-pm-muhyiddin-in-100-days/ (accessed 9 June 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) March 27, Part of PRIHATIN, amounting to MYR250 billion, will provide immediate assistance to ease the burden of all segments of the rakyat and ensures that no one is left behind. The stimulus package outlines three objectives: (a) protecting rakyat, (b) supporting businesses, and (c) strengthening economy; (ii) June 5, Part of Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan, also referred to as PENJANA, worth MYR35 billion to empower the people, propel businesses and stimulate the economy.

Malaysia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MYR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 3 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 23, The SC and Bursa Malaysia suspended short-selling until April 30. April 28, the suspension was extended through June 30; (ii) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: COVID-19 Temporary Measures Act is proposed to minimize disruption to social and economic well-being activities caused by contractual breaches and enforcement of insolvency actions on groups affected by COVID-19 and Movement Control Order (MCO). This is designed to provide sufficient runway for businesses to recover their operations and relief from certain contractual obligations and financial distress for the revival of the economy.

Malaysia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MYR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 3 May 2020, 23 May 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/06/key-initiatives-of-pm-muhyiddin-in-100-days/ (accessed 9 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, Temporary export ban on face masks; (ii) A Movement Control Order (MCO) was put in place on March 18-31 and subsequently extended until April 14: borders are closed; schools, universities and non-essential businesses are closed; all public gatherings are banned; and May 10, MCO has become conditional movement control order (CMCO). It will be extended until June 9; (iii) May 4, The authorities started easing the MCO by allowing most businesses to reopen. However, 7 states out of 14 have opted for a more delayed approach; (iv) June 7, The implementation of the Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) from June 10 to Aug 31 was announced; (v) From June 24, schools will start gradually reopening; and (vi) Borders will remain closed and overseas travel restricted until at least August 31.

Netherlands 01 01 - Liquidity Support EUR
Netherlands 01A 01A - Short-term lending EUR
Netherlands 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending EUR
Netherlands 01C 01C - Forex operations EUR
Netherlands 02 02 - Credit creation EUR 27,269,000,000 30,164,823,009
Netherlands 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EUR
Netherlands 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending EUR 6,000,000 6,637,168 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020).

March, (i) EUR6 million credit created by reducting interest rates from (Qredits); (ii) No amount/estimate: De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) reduced systemic buffers from the current 3% of global risk-weighted exposures to 2.5% for ING, 2% for Rabobank and 1.5% for ABN Amro; (iii) No amount/estimate: the planned introduction of a risk weight floor for mortgage loans has been postponed. It is expressly intended that this released capital is used to support lending, as opposed to paying dividends or buying back own shares.

Netherlands 02C 02C - Loan guarantees EUR 27,263,000,000 30,158,185,841 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 14 May 2020). Finnvera. https://www.finnvera.fi/finnvera/uutishuone/uutiset/finnveran-takausosuus-jopa-90-prosenttia-jos-rahoituksen-jarjestyminen-sita-edellyttaa (accessed 24 May 2020). NL Government. https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2020/06/26/government-offers-financial-support-to-klm-as-a-result-of-the-corona-crisis (accessed 29 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: March 30, The government increased export credit insurance for firms through the credit insurer Atradius. The share of the working capital that companies need for their export production was raised from 80% to 95%; (ii) April 9, Budget for guarantee facility for SME loans via BMKB was raised to EUR1.5 billion, while the premium for SME loans has been reduced from 3.9 to 2%; (iii) Increase to EUR10 billion (from EUR400 million) in the ceiling of the GO business loan guarantee scheme; (iv) The government provides EUR12 billion guarantees for the credit insurance market to ease lending to small firms; (v) April 17, EUR650 million (increased from EUR400 million) additional temporary guarantee for working capital and other type of support for agricultural and horticultural companies; (vi) May 14, EUR713 million in guarantees for bridging loans for small companies under the Small Credits Corona Guarantee Scheme. The guarantee covers 95% of bank loans, and funding is provided for a maximum of five years at an interest rate of 4% for company with positive profits over the last three years; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 7, Finnvera (official export credit agency) increased its guarantee share for SME loans from 80% to 90%; (viii) June 26, EUR2.4 billion in guarantees for bank loans made by KLM Airlines.

Netherlands 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752
Netherlands 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/05/28/uitbreiding-op-ondernemersregelingen-noodpakket-banen-en-economie (accessed 29 May 2020). NL Government. https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2020/06/26/government-offers-financial-support-to-klm-as-a-result-of-the-corona-crisis (accessed 29 June 2020) European Commission. https://nltimes.nl/2020/05/29/government-backs-travel-vouchers-refunds-another-eu150-million (accessed 31 July 2020

(i) EUR200 million available for bridging loans to start-ups, scale-ups and innovative small and medium enterprises. These loans will be provided through regional development companies in the Netherlands; (ii) Loans at reduced interest rates are available under the scheme in (ii) of Non-health, Measure 5; (iii) June 26, EUR1 billion in direct loans to KLM Airlines, to be given in tranches through to 2025; (iv) EUR165 million in subsidized loans to the five Dutch Travel Guarantee Funds that operate package travel guarantee schemes, subject to the following conditions: (a) the reduced interest rates will be above the minimum levels set in the Temporary Framework; (b) the loan contracts will be signed by 31 December 2020 at the latest; and (c) the maturity of the loans will not exceed six years.

Netherlands 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/16/kabinet-treft-maatregelen-om-toename-mensen-met-schulden-op-te-vangen (accessed 18 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: The banking sector has responded by giving an automatic 6-month payment holiday (interest and amortisation) for all business loans of less than EUR2.5 million; (ii) No amount/estimate: Ban on forced home sales of homeowners who are temporarily unable to meet their mortgage obligations due to the corona crisis until 1 July (7 April) and automatic extension of temporary rent contracts until the end of June (8 April); (iii) No amount/estimate: June 17, Proposed the temporary deferral of debt payments by four months.

Netherlands 04 04 - Equity support EUR