Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Republic of Korea 01 01 - Liquidity Support KRW 21,650,000,000,000 17,744,645,498
Republic of Korea 01A 01A - Short-term lending KRW 21,650,000,000,000 17,744,645,498 International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020); BOK. https://www.bok.or.kr/eng/bbs/E0000634/view.do?nttId=10057756&menuNo=400069&pageIndex=1 (accessed 1 May 2020). BOK. https://www.bok.or.kr/viewer/skin/doc.html?fn=202004220906279090.doc&rs=/webview/result/E0000634/202004 (accessed 23 June 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 25 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The Bank of Korea (BOK) is making unlimited amounts available through open market operations (OMOs). (ii) 27 February 2020, To augment available funding for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the BOK increased the ceiling of the Bank Intermediated Lending Support Facility by a total of KRW5 trillion (about 0.26% of gross domestic product [GDP]). On 13 May 2020, the BOK increased the financial support by an additional KRW5 trillion to bring the ceiling to a total of KRW10 trillion. (iii) 16 April 2020, The BOK launched the Corporate Bond-Backed Lending Facility as a lending scheme providing KRW10 trillion in loans to businesses, banks and non-bank financial institutions for up to 6 months. (iv) 19 June 2020, KRW1.65 trillion in loans by policy banks as part of a financial aid package for the auto industry consisting of KRW175 billion in loans, KRW300 billion private debt fund to support first-tier subcontractors based on their accounts receivable, and KRW1 trillion in working capital loans with preferential interest rates for subcontractors with previous records of supplying parts to automakers.

Republic of Korea 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending KRW IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The BOK has taken several measures to ensure continued accommodative monetary conditions and facilitate financial system liquidity. These include (i) Expanding the list of eligible OMO participants to include select nonbank financial institutions; (ii) Expanding eligible OMO collateral to include bank bonds and certain bonds from public enterprises and agencies; and (iii) temporarily reducing the minimum foreign exchange liquidity coverage ratio for banks to 70% (was 80%).

Republic of Korea 01C 01C - Forex operations KRW IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Other measures taken to facilitate funding in foreign exchange include (i) raising the cap on foreign exchange forward positions to 50% of capital for domestic banks (previously 40%) and 250% for foreign-owned banks (was 200%), (ii) temporarily suspending the 0.1% tax on short-term nondeposit foreign exchange liabilities of financial institutions, and (iii) see (iii) in Measure 1B.

Republic of Korea 02 02 - Credit creation KRW 3,800,000,000,000 3,114,533,621
Republic of Korea 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding KRW IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020). BOK. https://www.bok.or.kr/eng/bbs/B0000308/view.do?nttId=10058185&menuNo=400380&pageIndex=1 (accessed 27 May 2020).
Republic of Korea 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending KRW
Republic of Korea 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments KRW OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 12 May 2020). FSC. BOK. https://www.bok.or.kr/eng/bbs/E0000634/view.do?nttId=10058434&menuNo=400069 (accessed 28 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: 17 March 2020, The BOK lowered the interest rate on the Bank Intermediated Lending Support Facility to 0.25% (from 0.5%-0.75%) and lowered the Base Rate by 50 basis points (bps), from 1.25% to 0.75%. On 28 May 2020, the Base Rate was further reduced by 25 bps to a record low 0.5%, where it has since remained unchanged.

Republic of Korea 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending KRW FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/downManager?bbsid=BBS0048&no=152204 (accessed 12 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 14 August 2020). FSC. https://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/pr010101/75254?srchCtgry=&curPage=&srchKey=&srchText=&srchBeginDt=&srchEndDt= (accessed 5 February 2021)

No amount/estimate: (i) 6 May 2020, The Korea Financial Services Commission (FSC) postponed the implementation of margin requirements for non-centrally cleared OTC derivative transactions to help ease compliance burdens on financial institutions amid the COVID 19 crisis. (ii) 5 August 2020, The FSC lifted administrative sanctions and granted a 30-day extension on the reporting deadline to companies that applied for sanctions exemptions due to pandemic-related disruptions; (iii) 28 January 2021, the FSC recommends banks to temporarily limit dividends within 20% of their net profits until June 2021 to maintain banks’ loss absorbing capacity in response to the pandemic. [update]

Republic of Korea 02C 02C - Loan guarantees KRW 3,800,000,000,000 3,114,533,621 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020). FSC. https://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/pr010101/75276?srchCtgry=&curPage=&srchKey=&srchText=&srchBeginDt=&srchEndDt= (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) 17 March 2020: The National Assembly approved loans and guarantees for small businesses (Note that the amount is included in (ii.a) of Non-health under Measure 5). (ii) 19 June 2020, KRW300 billion in guarantees by the Korea Credit Guaranteee Fund as part of a financial aid package for the auto industry; (iii) 2 February 2021, KRW3.5 trillion in guarantees. Each business is eligible for up to KRW300 million each. [update]

Republic of Korea 03 03 - Direct long-term lending KRW 138,900,000,000,000 113,844,399,987
Republic of Korea 03A 03A - Long-term lending KRW 138,900,000,000,000 113,844,399,987 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 25 June 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 25 June 2020). PDI. https://business.inquirer.net/308504/seoul-offers-zero-interest-loans-to-businesses-impacted-by-covid-19 (accessed 30 September 2020). FSC. https://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/pr010101/75276?srchCtgry=&curPage=&srchKey=&srchText=&srchBeginDt=&srchEndDt= (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) 24 March 2020, The government announced an additional financial support package of KRW100 trillion (USD80 billion) to boost local business and ease the financial burden on households and businesses: (a) expansion of financial loans and guarantees for SMEs and affected households and businesses (KRW58 trillion), (b) creation of a bond market stabilisation fund to purchase corporate bonds and commercial paper (KRW20 trillion). (ii) 22 April 2020, Further augmentation of KRW35 trillion mainly through creation of a special purpose vehicle (SPV) to purchase corporate bonds and commercial paper (KRW 20 trillion) and additional funds for SME lending (KRW 10 trillion). (iii) KRW5 trillion working capital support program for SME subcontractors in key industries to be financed by injecting equity into an SPV which will create a pool of underlying assets by purchasing loans and will issue primary collateralized loan obligations while management of loans will be carried out by creditor banks. (iv) 30 September 2020, KRW300 billion in concessional loans offered by the Seoul city government to small businesses restricted by social distancing rules; (v) 1 February 2021, KRW9.3 trillion to small merchants and SMEs. [update]

Republic of Korea 03B 03B - Forbearance KRW
Republic of Korea 04 04 - Equity support KRW 11,500,000,000,000 9,425,562,274 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 May 2020). Nikkei Asia. https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Business-deals/Korean-Air-to-take-over-Asiana-in-1.62bn-deal-backed-by-Seoul (accessed 16 December 2020).

(i) 24 March 2020, The government announced the creation of a stock market stabilisation fund (KRW10.7 trillion). (ii) 16 November 2020, State-owned Korea Development Bank announced an investment of KRW800 billion into the parent company of Korean Air Lines to help fund its KRW1.5 trillion takeover of Asiana Airlines.

Republic of Korea 05 05 - Health and income support KRW 82,900,000,000,000 67,946,009,783
Republic of Korea 05A 05A - Health support KRW 2,100,000,000,000 1,721,189,633 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) 17 March 2020, The National Assembly approved the budget of KRW2.1 trillion for disease control, i.e., epidemic prevention and treatment, support for medical institution and quarantined people; (ii) 14 April 2020, No amount/estimate: Temporary elimination of import tariffs on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters until 30 June 2020.

Republic of Korea 05B 05B - Income support KRW 37,900,000,000,000 31,063,374,798
Republic of Korea 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes KRW
Republic of Korea 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction KRW Pulse News. https://pulsenews.co.kr/view.php?year=2020&no=217288 (accessed 29 June 2020). Pulse News. https://pulsenews.co.kr/view.php?year=2019&no=387490 (accessed 29 June 2020). Ministry of SMEs and Startups. https://www.mss.go.kr/site/smba/ex/bbs/View.do?cbIdx=86&bcIdx=1019337&parentSeq=1019337 (accessed 25 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: 2 March 2020, Reduced taxes on new car purchases for 3 months. On 5 June 2020, the measure was extended by another 6 months until end-December 2020.

Republic of Korea 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households KRW 9,100,000,000,000 7,458,488,408 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020).

31 March 2020, The government announced an emergency relief payment plan of KRW9.1 trillion (USD7.4 billion) to address the virus outbreak. The government plans to pay relief checks to households in the bottom 70% income bracket (around 14 million households), of up to KRW1 million (USD820) per household. For this, a second supplementary budget was submitted to the National Assembly and passed on 30 April 2020.

Republic of Korea 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses KRW
Republic of Korea 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support KRW
Republic of Korea 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) KRW 28,800,000,000,000 23,604,886,390 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020). Ministry of SMEs and Startups. https://www.mss.go.kr/site/smba/ex/bbs/View.do?cbIdx=86&bcIdx=1019337&parentSeq=1019337 (accessed 25 June 2020).

(i) February 2020, The government announced emergency support of KRW20 trillion for households and damaged industries, such as tourism and export industries. (ii) In 17 March 2020: The National Assembly approved (a) loans and guarantees for small businesses, indirect support of wage and rent for small merchants (KRW4.1 trillion), (b) consumption coupons for the poor, emergency family care and employment retention support (KRW3.5 trillion), and (c) support for issuing local gift certificate, local government grants for infection prevention (KRW1.2 trillion). (iii) see Measure 5B3. (iv) No amount/estimate: Some local governments have announced cash support for people (a) Gyeonggi province announced KRW100,000 (USD82) to all residents, and (b) Seoul and Daejeon have a similar plan without specific criteria.

Republic of Korea 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) KRW 42,900,000,000,000 35,161,445,352 AHK. https://korea.ahk.de/fileadmin/AHK_Korea/Navigation_menu/News/COVID19/Update_COVID-19_07_07.pdf (accessed 9 July 2020). Nikkei Asian Review. https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/South-Korea-budgets-6.6bn-for-fourth-round-of-coronavirus-aid#:~:text=SEOUL%20%2D%2D%20South%20Korea%20on,recent%20resurgence%20in%20coronavirus%20cases. (accessed 11 September 2020).

(i 3 July 2020, the National Assembly approved the third supplementary budget worth KRW35.1 trillion with KRW23.7 trillion in new spending and KRW11.4 trillion revenue adjustment and support tax reductions. (ii) 11 September 2020, The government drafted a fourth supplementary budget worth KRW7.8 trillion, including cash payments to small businesses and self-employed workers, which was subsequently approved by parliament.

Republic of Korea 06 06 - Budget reallocation KRW
Republic of Korea 07 07 - Central bank financing government KRW 3,000,000,000,000 2,458,842,332
Republic of Korea 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown KRW
Republic of Korea 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KRW 3,000,000,000,000 2,458,842,332 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 June 2020).

The BOK has purchased Korean Treasury Bonds (KRW3 trillion).

Republic of Korea 08 08 - International Assistance Received KRW 73,205,181,818,182 60,000,000,000
Republic of Korea 08A 08A - Swaps KRW 73,205,181,818,182 60,000,000,000 Federal Reserve Bank of New York. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 17 May 2020). US Fed. https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200729b.htm (accessed 31 July 2020). US Fed. https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20201216c.htm (accessed 17 December 2020).

The BOK opened a USD60 billion bilateral swap line with the United States Federal Reserve (US Fed) with a peak outstanding amount of USD18.787 billion on 24 June 20202. On 29 July 2020, The US Fed announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to 31 March 2021. On 16 December 2020, The US Fed announced the extension of USD swap lines for 9 central banks including the BOK to 30 September 2021.

Republic of Korea 08B 08B - International loans/grants KRW
Republic of Korea 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank KRW
Republic of Korea 08B2 08B2 - Other KRW
Republic of Korea 09 09 - International Assistance Provided KRW 16,384,539,777,273 13,429,000,000
Republic of Korea 09A 09A - Swaps KRW 15,233,998,336,364 12,486,000,000 BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-07042020.aspx (accessed 11 April 2020). BOK. https://www.bok.or.kr/viewer/skin/doc.html?fn=202010221157165231.pdf&rs=/webview/result/E0000634/202010 (accessed 26 October 2020).

(i) 7 April 2020, USD7.568 billion bilateral currency swap arrrangement with Bank Indonesia. (ii) 22 October 2020, The BOK and the People's Bank of China renewed the Korean Won-Chinese Yuan Bilateral Currency Swap Arrangement and enlarged its size from KRW64 trillion to KRW 70 trillion from 11 October 2020 to 10 October 2025.

Republic of Korea 09B 09B - International loans/grants KRW 1,150,541,440,909 943,000,000 PDI. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1265321/covid-19-pandemic-s-korea-to-offer-400m-to-emerging-nations-will-suspend-debt-payments#ixzz6LAu9V5KR (accessed 1 May 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/korea-grants-100-m-loan-for-phl-pandemic-response/ (accessed 3 November 2020). News.lk. https://www.news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/31354-speaker-extends-gratitude-to-the-government-of-south-korea-for-donating-usd-3-million-worth-of-pcr-test-kits-to-sri-lanka (accessed 15 January 2021).

(i) Finance Minister Hong Nam-ki said the government will offer more than USD400 million to emerging nations this year for health projects against the novel coronavirus through the Economic Development Cooperation Fund, along with postponing debt payments worth USD110 million for 26 countries. (ii) 29 October 2020, The South Korean government extended a USD100 million loan for the Philippines' pandemic response through the Export-Import Bank of Korea, which has allotted USD540 million in pandemic response assistance to 14 developing countries. (iii) 9 January 2021, The Government of South Korea donated USD3 million worth of COVID-19 test kits for Sri Lanka's COVID-19 response.

Republic of Korea 10 10 - No breakdown KRW 40,420,000,000,000 33,128,802,358 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 25 June 2020).

(i) 22 April 2020, President Moon announced a key industry stabilization fund would be established for KRW40 trillion (2.1 percent of GDP) and operated by Korea Development Bank to support seven key industries (airlines, shipping, shipbuilding, autos, general machinery, electric power, and communications) through loans, payment guarantees, and investments. (ii) 11 June 2020, KRW420 billion "Win-Win Guarantee Program" for SMEs through the Technology Guarantee Fund including support of up to 3 billion won in working capital and up to 10 billion won in facility funds. (iii) 8 September 2020, The FSC announced the government will further develop measures under the KRW170 billion "New Deal" Initiative to be implemented in 2021-2025 and consisting of a mix of public and private sector funding, and low interest loans and special guarantees.

Republic of Korea 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KRW WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/downManager?bbsid=BBS0048&no=152660 (accessed 22 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/downManager?bbsid=BBS0048&no=152874 (accessed 22 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-southkorea/south-korea-announces-29-billion-third-stimulus-budget-to-fight-virus-misery-idUSKBN23A03Y?il=0 (accessed 3 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-southkorea-economy-housing/south-korea-finance-minister-says-will-raise-tax-rates-for-multiple-home-owners-idUSKBN24B04X?il=0 (accessed 10 July 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-southkorea-economy-tax/south-korea-scales-back-capital-gains-tax-on-stocks-hikes-income-tax-for-top-earners-idUSKCN24N0GU?il=0 (accessed 22 July 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/eng/new_press/releases.jsp?menu=01&bbsid=BBS0048 (accessed 28 August 2020).

(i) 14 April 2020, Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters. (ii) 18 May 2020, The FSC announced various measures to improve the exchange-traded fund and exchange-traded note markets to contain overheated investment demand and mitigate excessive concentration in particular investment products. (iii) 19 May 2020, the FSC announced implementation plans on measures to improve supervision of financial conglomerates: (a) introduce a group-wide risk assessment system which combines the currently distinct risk concentration and risk transfer categories into a single comprehensive framework for assessing capital adequacy requirements; (b) begin integrated group-wide disclosure in September 2020 through which the six financial conglomerates will gather required information from their subsidiaries and provide group-wide disclosure of information on 8 sections and 25 categories, including ownership & governance structure, internal risk management procedures, financial soundness, etc.; (c) introduce a group-wide internal control system in the second half of this year by having the six financial conglomerates establish and operate their own internal control council operate their own internal control councils and standards by the end of the third quarter this year. (iv) 10 July 2020, the Finance Minister announced the government will raise real estate taxes on properties valued over KRW600 million for multiple home owners and encourage renters to unload homes; capital gains tax rates will also be increased. As of 22 July 2020, The government clarified its planned revisions to the tax code pertaining to capital gains: (a) up to 25% tax on capital gains exceeding KRW50 million a year for retail stock market investors starting 2023; (b) starting October 2021, annual gains of more than KRW2.5 million from trading of cryptocurrencies will be subject to a 20% capital gains tax for local residents; and (c) a hike in income tax on earnings exceeding KRW1 billion a year from 42% to 45%. (v) 27 August 2020, The FSC announced an extended temporary ban on short-selling of stocks to 15 March 2021.

Republic of Korea 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KRW
Republic of Korea 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) KRW
Republic of Korea 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace KRW
Republic of Korea 12C 12C - Others KRW IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 8 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-southkorea-qr-code/south-korea-mandates-qr-codes-to-log-customers-after-nightclub-coronavirus-outbreak-idUSKBN23907E?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-southkorea/south-korea-orders-schools-to-shut-as-covid-19-cases-spike-idUSKBN28O09O?il=0 (accessed 14 December 2020).

(i) The authorities have implemented comprehensive testing and tracking, which has enabled early isolation and treatment while minimizing widespread mobility restrictions; (ii) 22 April 2020, The government unveiled a set of guidelines that communities and individuals to balance their daily lives and quarantine activities; (iii) 6 May 2020, The government ended the 2-month social distancing campaign and shifted to the so-called everyday life quarantine scheme; (iv) 2 June 2020, Authorities started testing a new quick response (QR) code system to log visitors at high-risk entertainment facilities, restaurants and churches in a bid to track coronavirus cases and prevent further spread of the disease. (v) On 14 December 2020, Schools were ordered closed and shift to online learning in Seoul and surrounding areas following escalating cases.