|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Belgium||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|Belgium||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|Belgium||02||02 - Credit creation||EUR||53,000,000,000||58,628,318,584|
|Belgium||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||EUR|
|Belgium||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||EUR||1,000,000,000||1,106,194,690||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
The National Bank of Belgium announced the decision to reduce the counter-cyclical buffer to zero, releasing approximately EUR1 billion worth of capital available to Belgian banks to expand lending.
|Belgium||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||EUR||52,000,000,000||57,522,123,894||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).||
(i) EUR50 billion (over 11% of GDP) of guarantees for new bank loans to companies and self-employed; (ii) Regional governments announced further bank-loan guarantees (around EUR2 billion, or 0.4% of GDP); (iii) No amount/estimate: A Reinsurance scheme for short-term trade credit insurance and other socio-economic measures further support these efforts.
|Belgium||03||03 - Direct long-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||03A||03A - Long-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||03B||03B - Forbearance||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: Postponement of debt repayment due to banks and insurers by affected households and companies to September 30, 2020. As of July 24, this has been extended to end-December, 2020.
|Belgium||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|Belgium||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||10,550,000,000||11,670,353,982||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 May 2020).||
(i) EUR6.4 billion in total measures as part of the fiscal package outlined in the Stability Program to adress the crises. Key fiscal support measures include: boosting health expenditure and increasing support for those in temporary unemployment and self-employed; (ii) EUR3.8 billion (increased from EUR1.7 billion) regional governments' support to affected firms and sectors, and transfers to affected households.
|Belgium||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||1,200,000,000||1,327,433,628||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.
|Belgium||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||9,350,000,000||10,342,920,354||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020). Belgium Government. https://news.belgium.be/fr/prise-en-compte-du-conge-parental-corona-dans-la-pension-des-membres-du-personnel-de-la-fonction (accessed 12 August 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/covid-19-indemnite-de-crise-supplementaire-pour-certains-independants-et-conjoints-aidants-reconnus (accessed 25 July 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/financement-de-skeyes-suite-la-pandemie-due-au-covid-19 (accessed 18 July 2020). Federale Overheidsdienst Financien. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/update-covid-19-verlenging-van-de-termijn-van-vrijstelling-van-rechten-en-btw-bij-invoer-op (accessed 30 July 2020). https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/vrijgestelde-reserve-ter-versterking-van-de-solvabiliteit-en-het-eigen-vermogen-ten-gevolge (accessed 2 July 2020). Service Public Federal Finances. https://finances.belgium.be/fr/douanes_accises/entreprises/corona-informations-et-mesures/mesures-de-soutien-relatives-aux-d%c3%a9lais (accessed 26 June 2020), https://finances.belgium.be/fr/Actualites/diminution-temporaire-taux-tva-secteur-horeca (accessed 14 June 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
(i) On the other hand, non-health initiatives total EUR9 billion, with EUR5.3 billion for federal and EUR3.7 billion for regional; (ii) April 3, exemptions from VAT and import duties for goods needed to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 were granted. As of July 23, this measure has been extended until October 31, 2020; (iii) In addition, reduced the VAT rate applicable to some restaurant and catering services to 6% until the end of 2020; (iv) June 9, Support measures relating to payment periods have been approved, and extension of the payment periods for VAT and Excessive Duties extend to December 31; (v) June 26, Temporary exemption from corporate tax based on losses incurred during the next tax period; (vi) July 10, EUR45 million in grants to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) to ensure the operational and financial sustainability of the public enterprise in 2020; (vii) July 10, An advanced payment of EUR15 million was made to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) for terminal fees for the latter half of the year; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 17, Additional crisis allowance for certain self-employed persons and assisting spouses recognized as incapacitated for work due to the containment measures; (ix) July 24, Considered coronavirus parental leaves in computing for the pension of the civil service; (x) August 21, European Commission approved the EUR290 million Belgian support to Brussels Airlines in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. [update]
|Belgium||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Belgium||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Belgium||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Belgium||08||08 - International Assistance Received||EUR|
|Belgium||08A||08A - Swaps||EUR|
|Belgium||08B||08B - International loans/grants||EUR|
|Belgium||08B1||08B1 - Asian Development Bank||EUR|
|Belgium||08B2||08B2 - Other||EUR||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 7 September 2020).||
August 24, The European Commission proposed a EUR7.8 billion loan to be granted on favourable terms from the EU to Belgium. This is pending final approval by the Council. [update]
|Belgium||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||EUR|
|Belgium||09A||09A - Swaps||EUR|
|Belgium||09B||09B - International loans/grants||EUR|
|Belgium||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Belgium||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EUR||Federale Overheidsdienst Financiën. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/akkoord-onderling-overleg-tussen-de-autoriteiten-van-duitsland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van (accessed 02 June 2020). Financial Services and Market Authority. https://www.fsma.be/nl/news/de-fsma-kondigt-de-opschorting-van-het-verbod-op-het-innemen-verhogen-van-nettoshortposities (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).||
(i) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October; (ii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022; (iii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion; (iv) Ban on short-selling stocks until May 17; (v) May 12, the Financial Services and Markets Authority agreed to not take action against companies that will not be able to comply with mandatory data provision on code of conduct risk models by June 30, 2020; (vi) May 18: Suspended the ban on short selling; (vii) June 2: Extended the agreement on taxation of cross-border workers with Germany and Netherlands until June 30, 2020.
|Belgium||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 03 September 2020).||
(i) The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including school and retail shop closures, a ban on all gatherings, limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad; (ii) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes. On this basis, manufacturing and business services sectors were reopened on May 4, to be followed by shops (May 11 and May 18). Schools will also start to gradually reopen from May 18. The reopening of other sectors and overseas travel will be assessed by June 8, while sporting events remain banned until July 31; (iii) June 11, Hospitality, cultural, and non-contact sports activities (without audience) as well as religious services were allowed to resume as of June 8. Domestic travel restrictions have been lifted; (iv) June 18, travel restrictions within the Schengen area have also been lifted; (v) July 23, Due to the recent rise in the number of new cases, the government decided to put the 5th phase of reopening on hold, imposed new preventive measures and further decentralized decision making regarding mask wearing to local authorities; (vi) August 20, the government decided to ease some restrictions, while keeping social distancing rules in place until at least end-September. For instance, shopping and events are now permitted. [update]
|Indonesia||01||01 - Liquidity Support||IDR||222,422,636,190,480||14,638,293,840|
|Indonesia||01A||01A - Short-term lending||IDR||56,000,000,000,000||3,685,526,208||Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 16 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).||
Bank Indonesia (BI) has injected liquidity to the money market and banking industry through various policy measures including (i) more than IDR56 trillion through a term-repo mechanism with underlying SBN transactions held by the banking industry; No amount/estimate: (ii) increasing the maximum duration for repo and reverse repo operations (up to 12 months); (iii) increasing the size of of the main weekly refinancing operations as needed; and (iv) A Presidential decree has expanded BI’s authority to maintain the stability of the financial system including by facilitating BI liquidity assistance to banks.
|Indonesia||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||IDR||117,800,000,000,000||7,752,767,631||International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020); Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 15 April 2020); https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Indikator-Stabilitas-Nilai-Rupiah-8-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020).||
BI announced increasing monetary easing through quantitative easing as follows: (i) No amount/estimate: Expand monetary operations by providing banks and the corporates a term-repo mechanism with government bonds (SUN) or sharia bonds (SBSN) underlying transactions of tenors up to 1 year; (ii) Lower the reserve requirement ratios effective April 1 to generate IDR22 trillion in additional liquidity and further reductions that took effect on May 1, 2020; (iii) As of May 8, IDR95.8 trillion from the relaxation of the additional demand deposit obligations to meet the Macroprudential Intermediation Ratio (MIR) for conventional commercial banks as well as Islamic banks/Islamic business units for a period of 1 year, effective from May 1, 2020 (Note that SBSN refers to government Islamic securities); and (iv) BI raised the the liquidity buffer ratio by 200 basis points for conventional banks and 50 basis points for islamic banks to be fulfilled only via government bonds purchased in the primary market.
|Indonesia||01C||01C - Forex operations||IDR||48,622,636,190,476||3,200,000,000||Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx (accessed 16 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).||
(i) BI lowered the foreign currency reserve requirement by 4% to increase foreign currency liquidity in the banking industry by around USD3.2 billion; No amount/estimate: (ii) BI announced increasing the frequency of foreign exchange swap auctions for 1, 3, 6, and 12 month tenors from three times per week to daily auctions; and (iii) BI has intervened in the spot and domestic non-deliverable foreign exchange markets, and in the domestic government bond market to maintain orderly market conditions.
|Indonesia||02||02 - Credit creation||IDR||250,000,000,000,000||16,453,242,002|
|Indonesia||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||IDR|
|Indonesia||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||IDR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_224620.aspx (accessed 18 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_225220.aspx (accessed 16 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) BI reduced the policy rate by 100 bps cumulatively in February, March, June, and July 2020, to 4.0%; (ii) Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) has relaxed loan classification and loan restructuring procedures for banks to encourage loan restructuring and extended the deadline, by 2 months, for publicly listed companies to release their annual financial reports and hold annual shareholders meetings.
|Indonesia||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||IDR||250,000,000,000,000||16,453,242,002||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pemerintah-jamin-kredit-modal-kerja-yang-diberikan-perbankan-untuk-umkm/ (accessed 22 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/lpei-bersinergi-dengan-bank-mandiri-untuk-penjaminan-kredit-pembiayaan-ekspor/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/penjaminan-kredit-modal-kerja-umkm-resmi-diluncurkan/ (accessed 9 July 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-loans/indonesia-launches-7-billion-loan-guarantee-scheme-for-priority-companies-idUSKCN24U0EP?il=0 (accessed 29 July 2020).||
(i) The third stimulus package (see Measure 5) includes IDR150 trillion (0.9% of GDP) additional financing for a national economic program, including to support credit guarantees for the private sector. As of June 26, the Indonesian Exports Financing Agency (LPEI) announced it will provide credit guarantees for PT Bank Mandiri Tbk to increase export financing to support the National Economic Recovery program. On July 7, IRD123.46 trillion UMKM credit guarantee program for working capital loans under the National Economic Recovery plan. (ii) May 19, Guarantees for working capital loans provided by banks for debtors, especially MSMEs. (iii) July 29, INR100 trillion loan guarantee scheme for targeted businesses in priority sectors such as tourism, automotive, textile and garment, and electronics.
|Indonesia||03||03 - Direct long-term lending||IDR||695,200,000,000,000||45,753,175,358|
|Indonesia||03A||03A - Long-term lending||IDR||695,200,000,000,000||45,753,175,358||Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy/indonesia-says-to-lend-more-to-regions-to-support-economy-idUSKCN24S0EO?il=0 (accessed 27 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pinjaman-ke-daerah-salah-satu-upaya-pemerintah-dukung-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional/; https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/ini-relaksasi-pinjaman-daerah-yang-meringankan-pemerintah-daerah/ (accessed 7 August 2020).||
July 27, INR15 trillion loan scheme for the provincial governments of Jakarta and West Java and INR11.5 trillion lending for provincial governments to support economic recovery to be funded by proceeds from central bank purchases of government bonds. These are part of the new IDR695.2 trillion loan program announced by the government as part of the National Economic Recovery (PEN) program consisting of financing support to regional and local goverments, and fund placements in regional development banks.
|Indonesia||03B||03B - Forbearance||IDR|
|Indonesia||04||04 - Equity support||IDR|