Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Austria 01 01 - Liquidity Support EUR
Austria 01A 01A - Short-term lending EUR
Austria 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has declared readiness to supply sufficient cash to banks, ATM operators, and the economy in response to increased withdrawals. Working hours were extended to meet the increased demand.

Austria 01C 01C - Forex operations EUR
Austria 02 02 - Credit creation EUR 9,000,000,000 9,955,752,212
Austria 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EUR
Austria 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending EUR
Austria 02C 02C - Loan guarantees EUR 9,000,000,000 9,955,752,212 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

EUR9 billion in credit guarantees.

Austria 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 150,000,000 165,929,204
Austria 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 150,000,000 165,929,204 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1275 (accessed 8 July 2020).

July 6, EUR150 million subordinated loan from the Austrian government to support Austrian Airlines for damages suffered due to coronavirus outbreak. This loan is convertible into a grant depending on the full-year results of Austrian Airlines.

Austria 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR Bundesministerium Finanzen. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/kreditmoratorium-verlaengert.html (accessed 04 June 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Austrians are allowed to defer interest payments on bank loans. June 2, Extended the loan deferrals available for private and micro-enterprises by four months, which allows beneficiaries to defer repayment obligations for principal or interest payments without suffering legally.

Austria 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Austria 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 68,659,400,000 75,950,663,717
Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Austria 05B 05B - Income support EUR 68,320,400,000 75,575,663,717 EU Reporter. https://www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2020/09/22/commission-approves-modified-austrian-liquidity-assistance-scheme-to-support-companies-affected-by-the-coronavirus-outbreak/ (accessed 24 September 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2093 (accessed 27 November 2020), https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_2181, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_928 (both accessed 26 November 2020), https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1456 (accessed 15 August 2020). BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/august/fixkostenzuschuss-verlaengerung.html (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juli/brutto-netto-rechner.html (accessed 31 July 2020). https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA-16-Juli-2020.html (accessed 23 July 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/en/press/press-releases/2020/June/16-June-2020-government-consultation--%E2%82%AC50-billion-for-rescue,-relief-and-investments-.html (accessed 20 June 2020), https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA_17_Juni_2020.html (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/mwst-senkung.html (accessed 17 June 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kulturpaket.html (accessed 29 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/haertefallfonds.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/gemeindepaket.html (accessed 26 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/fixkostenzuschuss.html, https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kurzarbeit-mittel-erhoeht.html (both accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 20 May 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 24 June 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) EUR15 billion emergency funds for hard-hit industries to provide direct liquidity provisions and subsidies for running costs. On April 27, expanded Phase 2 of the hardship fund, through which SMEs may request up to 6000 Euros from the government. As of September 22, the total budget for this measure has been increased to EUR19 billion; (ii) EUR10 billion for payment deferrals of personal income and corporate income taxes; (iii) No amount/estimate: rent payment deferrals; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 13, proposed a more simple calculation method to determine monetary subsidies by companies to their employees from their own accounts and from the government's funding. Under the new system, no employee should have any losses; (v) May 20, Increased to EUR12 billion (from EUR10 billion on April 13 and EUR5 billion originally) funds for short-time working, self-employed and funds to finance increased costs of caretaking, etc.; (vi) May 21, EUR1.2 billion is being rolled out by authorities as new fiscal measures including tax relief measures for the hospitality sector of EUR500 million and support to non-profit organizations of EUR700 million; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 21, Applications for the fixed subsidy have already started, with the first payments being disbursed by end of May. The Ministry of Finance will reimburse up to 75% of a company's fixed costs for up to 3 months; (vii) May 25, EUR1 billion in grants from the federal government to municipalities, geared towards support for infrastructure investment (e.g. schools, public transportation, energy production); (viii) May 27, increase in the minimum payment amount of the hardship fund to EUR500, and added another EUR500 comeback bonus, dedicated to entrepreneurs having hardships during the pandemic; (ix) May 28, Allocated EUR90 million to support freelance artists up to EUR1000 a month; (x) To jump-start the economy, a new tax incentive was introduced for companies that recruit apprentices, with EUR2,000 per position created between March 16 and October 31 of this year; (xi) June 12, Reduced VAT to 5% to support the catering trade, the cultural sector and the publishing sector; (xii) June 12, Deferred taxes to January 15, 2021. (xiii) June 16, reduced the lowest income tax bracket tax level from 25% to 20%. As of July 30, this was announced to be retroactively applied from January 1, 2020. There will also be a loss carryback, with business losses being offset against profits in 2019 and 2018, so that some of the deferred taxes may not have to be paid back at all. (xiv) June 16, extended Austria's fixed cost subsidy; (xv) June 16, fiscal package was increased by EUR12 billion to include stimulus measures, including investment in climate protection, affordable housing, health, and digitalisation and a one-off support for unemployed and families. Several specific tax relief measures are aimed at the agricultural and forestry sectors, culture and publishing; (xvi) June 17, Reserved EUR30 million for childcare in the summer from the municipal package; No amount/estimate: (xvi) June 26, Allocated another EUR30 million to Family Crisis Fund to support low income families, with the amounts to be transffered on July 13. As of July 16, this amount has been increased to EUR60 million. (xviii) June 30, Increased the top tax rate of 55% for incomes from EUR1 million until 2025; (ix) July 30, an additional bonus of EUR360 per child will be given on September 30 for each family eligible for family allowance; (x) July 30, In order to relieve employees who do not receive taxable income (up to EUR11,000), the traffic tax credit has been increased from a maximum of EUR 300 to a maximum of EUR 400. This covers commuting expenses from work to home; (xi) July 30, The SV reimbursement (for social securtiy contributions) will also be increased from EUR 300 to EUR 400. This applies from the assessment for the calendar year 2020; (xii) August 6, EUR665 million Austrian scheme to support non-profit organisations (NPOs) and their related entities in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. This has been approved by the European Commission; (xiii) August 24, Extended the fixed cost subsidy for businesses, doubled the length of time it can be received and reduced application requirements. As of September 3, the rate has also been increased to 100% (versus 75% in the initial version); (xiv) November 25, The European Commission approved an Austrian government scheme providing EUR150.7 million in direct grants to the rail freight sector as support in light of difficulties caused by the coronavirus pandemic. Further, an additional EUR124.7 million was approved to relieve operators (EUR115.7 million) and passengers (EUR9 million) of costs related to the operation and use of the railway network [update]; (xv) November 26, EUR12 billion in total across two schemes approved by the European Commission (Fixkostenzuschuss Phase I and II), to compensate companies for damages and fixed costs due to the coronavirus. [update]

Austria 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Austria 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Austria 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Austria 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Austria 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
Austria 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Austria 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Austria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to May 18 on April 16; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 18: Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day. (iii) June 16, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year.

Austria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, the measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts. By March 16, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions. For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines. (ii) April 13, gradual re-opening of the economy has started, from small shops, construction and garden centers, while other stores and hairdressers were allowed to open at the beginning of May. By mid-May when religious services, outdoor sports, museums, libraries, and archives reopened, and the Bundesliga was allowed to restart. Open air markets and business premises are exempted from the mandate on mouth and nose protective masks since June 1. The re-opening process is expected to last through June though some steps were accelerated recently due to low infection rates, such as the reopening of the borders with Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary from June 5; (iii) June 15, the standing obligation for all persons to wear a face mask was limited to public transportation, pharmacies and services when a 1-meter distance cannot be maintained, or no other protective measures are available; (iv) June 16, travelling restrictions were lifted for most European countries; (v) July 24, pickup in the infection rate in some areas has prompted the authorities to tighten previously relaxed containment measures such as mandatory mask wearing in some areas. In September, this tightening extended to indoors and public institutions; (vi) The authorities eventually announced a 4-week partial lockdown effective on November 3. Compared to the first lockdown, the second lockdown is relatively more lenient. While restaurants and bar are ordered to be closed, non-essential shops, hairdressers, and schools remain open.

Denmark 01 01 - Liquidity Support DKK 2,211,659,372 327,433,628
Denmark 01A 01A - Short-term lending DKK 2,211,659,372 327,433,628 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_810 (accessed 14 May 2020).

May 5, EUR296 million in investment or working capital loans to startups to be provided only until the end of the year.

Denmark 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) March 20, The (Danmarks Nationalbank) DN announced the launch of an ‘extraordinary lending facility’ which will make full-allotment, 1-week, collateralized loans available to banks at -0.5 % interest rate. Starting March 27, this facility will also include 3-month variable rate loans; (ii) March 24, The DN announced the auction of USD liquidity; (iii) the Danish Financial Stability Authority (DFSA) also announced a case by case relaxation of regulation on the LCR requirement.

Denmark 01C 01C - Forex operations DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 May 2020).

Denmark’s krone is pegged to the Euro. The fixed exchange rate policy has served Denmark well. The DN has stated its objective of preserving the peg.

Denmark 02 02 - Credit creation DKK 295,400,000,000 43,733,630,525
Denmark 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding DKK
Denmark 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending DKK 200,000,000,000 29,609,770,159 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The DN increased the policy rate by 15bps to -0.6 %; (ii) March 12, DKK200 billion in additional liquidity after Danish authorities reduced the countercyclical capital buffer from 1% to 0% and cancel the planned increases meant to take effect later; (ii) March 30, A joint statement by the government and the financial sector commits banks and mortgage banks to support households with additional loans and payment holidays. Banks and insurance companies are urged by the DFSA not to pay out dividends or buy back shares; (iii) the DN also increased the interest rate on the previously announced 1-week loans to -0.35 %.

Denmark 02C 02C - Loan guarantees DKK 95,400,000,000 14,123,860,366 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) March 17, DKK1.20 billion credit guarantee for Scandinavian Airlines. Total support credit guarantee to the airlines amounting to SEK3.5 billion equally split between the Danish and Swedish governments; (ii) March 19, DKK35.7 billion loan guarantees scheme for large firms; (iii) DKK25 billion loan guarantee scheme for SMEs; (iv) DKK1.25 liquidity guarantee in new loans to SMEs with export activities; (v) DKK2.25 billion government guarantee for the Travel Guarantee Fund, to be repaid by the travel industry in the coming years; (vi) April 18, DKK30 billion government guarantee (to insurance companies) for companies' trade and export activities; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 20, For startups, loan guarantees by the Ministry of Finance on 70 % of new corporate loans that are issued to cover losses directly relating to COVID-19.

Denmark 03 03 - Direct long-term lending DKK 1,500,000,000 222,073,276
Denmark 03A 03A - Long-term lending DKK 1,500,000,000 222,073,276 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 19, DKK1.5 billion expected increase in the utilization of Danish students’ Loan Scheme that was temporarily extended.

Denmark 03B 03B - Forbearance DKK
Denmark 04 04 - Equity support DKK 18,777,889,398 2,780,044,946 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 July 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488 (accessed 22 July 2020)

(i) April 18, DKK3.5 billion in loans and equity provided to entrepreneurs and venture firms. The state investment fund (Vaekstfonden) will provide risky capital to start-ups and venture firm, facing difficulties in financing as private investors withdraw from the market. Available in 2020 only; (ii) June 15, DKK10 billion from a new government-backed fund to act as an investor of last resort with the possibility of recapitalizing large and important firms at risk of bankruptcy; (iii) Together with Sweden, planned recapitalization of SAS (a Dutch airline) through an equity injection. Last August 17, the European Commission (EC) approved this measure. Denmark is expected to provide approximately EUR583 million of the recapitalization funds; (iv) November 20, EUR1.34 billion approved by the EC as capital support to large companies affected by coronavirus outbreak. [update]