Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Saudi Arabia 01 01 - Liquidity Support SAR 3,700,000,000 986,666,667
Saudi Arabia 01A 01A - Short-term lending SAR 3,700,000,000 986,666,667 KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/hungary-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 5 June 2020). The National. https://www.thenational.ae/business/saudi-arabia-unveils-3-7bn-riyals-stimulus-package-to-support-industries-1.1034849 (accessed 26 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: Extending working capital finance to corporates in affected sectors to address short term liquidity requirements; (ii) 16 June 2020, SAR3.7 billion from The Saudi Industrial Development Fund (SIDF) to support private sector industrial enterprises. The scheme will support small and medium enterprises within the industrial sector by deferring or restructuring their loans and by offering a line of credit to finance up to three months of operating expenses.

Saudi Arabia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending SAR
Saudi Arabia 01C 01C - Forex operations SAR
Saudi Arabia 02 02 - Credit creation SAR 69,200,000,000 18,453,333,333
Saudi Arabia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding SAR 63,200,000,000 16,853,333,333 KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/hungary-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html. Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority. http://www.sama.gov.sa/ar-sa/News/Pages/news-574.aspx (accessed 5 June 2020)

(i) SAR13.2 billion in loans to SMEs provided through banks; (ii) 1 June 2020, SAR50 billion injection by the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency to enhance liquidity in the banking sector and enable it to continue its role in providing credit facilities to all its clients from the private sector, including the role of banks in supporting and financing the sector.

Saudi Arabia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending SAR
Saudi Arabia 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments SAR OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/

No amount/estimate: 16 March 2020, Reduction of the repo rate by 75bps from 1.75% to 1% and the reverse repo rate by 75bps from 1.25% to 0.5%.

Saudi Arabia 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending SAR
Saudi Arabia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees SAR 6,000,000,000 1,600,000,000 KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/hungary-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html.

SAR6 billion loan guarantee program.

Saudi Arabia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending SAR 30,670,000,000 8,178,666,667
Saudi Arabia 03A 03A - Long-term lending SAR Saudi Press Agency. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=2181284 (accessed 21 January 2021)

No amount/estimate: 17 January 2021, Program providing long term loans to companies that are listed on the Saudi Stock Exchange for the purpose of enhancing the ceiling of financing limits for listed companies for projects of the targeted sectors of the Projects Support Fund initiative, specifically health, education, and real estate development.

Saudi Arabia 03B 03B - Forbearance SAR 30,670,000,000 8,178,666,667 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 17 September 2020). Saudi Arabian government. https://www.uqn.gov.sa/images/uqn/4863.pdf (accessed 7 January 2021)

(i) 29 March 2020, Encouraging banks to restructure loans without any charges; (ii) SAR30 billion for banks and financing companies to delay the payment of the dues of the financial sector (banks and finance companies) from SMEs for a period of six months as of its date; (iii) No amount/estimate: 14 May 2020, Banks have been instructed to delay payments of loans extended to all Saudi employees by three months without extra fees, to provide financing needed by customers who lose their jobs and to exempt customers from various banking fees; (iv) 15 July 2020, SAR670 million to help businesses defer loan installments due this year amid economic uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. On September 1, this program was extended until December 14; (v) No amount/estimate: 19 December 2020, More comprehensive regulations on third party debt collection activities. Those who breach the rules are to get a warning or a suspension from collection activities for up to three years.

Saudi Arabia 04 04 - Equity support SAR 162,900,000,000 43,440,000,000 Saudi Arabian government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=2158327 (accessed 19 November 2020)

16 November 2020, SAR162.9 billion in government liabilities of the state-owned Saudi Electric Company were converted into a "subordinate perpetual financial instrument", essentially equity.

Saudi Arabia 05 05 - Health and income support SAR 57,165,000,000 15,244,000,000
Saudi Arabia 05A 05A - Health support SAR 47,265,000,000 12,604,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020). Saudi Arabia government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=2182075 (accessed 29 January 2021)

(i) Total of SAR47 billion in resource support to the health sector; (ii) April 26, The government signed a SAR265 million contract to import 9 million tests needed for COVID-19 diagnosis; (ii) No amount/estimate: 19 January 2021, KSA will continue to pay the overtime allowance for the occupants of health jobs not covered by the health jobs list in hospitals, health centers and laboratories. [update]

Saudi Arabia 05B 05B - Income support SAR 9,900,000,000 2,640,000,000
Saudi Arabia 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020). Saudi government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2149505 (accessed 5 October 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: Payment deferral for VAT, excise tax, income tax, government service fees and municipal fees.

Saudi Arabia 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction SAR Saudi Arabia government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=2182709 (accessed 29 January 2021)

No amount/estimate: 21 January 2021, the extension of the initiative to cancel fines and exemption from financial penalties for taxpayers for an additional period of six months ending on 30 June. The percentage exemption (ranging from 50-100%) is dependent on when the taxpayer pays the principal tax debt related to the declaration from which the fine or fines arose. [update]

Saudi Arabia 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020). Saudi government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2149505 (accessed 5 October 2020). Saudi government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=2183178 (accessed 29 January 2021)

(i) No amount/estimate: Expat fees cancelled for three months; (ii) No amount/estimate: 14 May 2020, 30% discount on electricity bills while offering the possibility of payment deferral; (iii) No amount/estimate: 29 October 2020, Cabinet approved allocating SAR500,000 for the families of health practitioners who lost their life due to COVID-19 in government or private sectors, whether civil or military and Saudi or not Saudi; (iv) No amount/estimate: 24 December 2020, Directive to localize accounting professions in the private sector that employ 5 workers or more of accountancy professions at a rate of 30%. Minimum salaries for these workers are to be SAR6,000 for bachelor's holders and SAR4,500 for diploma holders; (v) No amount/estimate: 24 January 2021, The Human Resources Development Fund has announced its contribution to bear the costs of recruiting and training job seekers in accounting professions. The fund has approved the costs of 5,000 training opportunities in a number of professional accounting specialties, and it also bears a percentage of the employee's monthly wage ranging between 30% and 50% for a period of two years. [update]

Saudi Arabia 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses SAR 9,900,000,000 2,640,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020). Saudi government. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2149505 (accessed 5 October 2020). HRSD. https://hrsd.gov.sa/ar/node/790773 (accessed 7 January 2021)

(i) 3 April 2020, SAR9 billion to to cover 60% of the salaries of Saudi staff in companies under stress for the next three months. As of 29 September, this initiative has been extended until January 2021; (ii) SAR0.9 billion in temporary electricity subsidies to commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors.

Saudi Arabia 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support SAR
Saudi Arabia 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) SAR
Saudi Arabia 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) SAR
Saudi Arabia 06 06 - Budget reallocation SAR 50,000,000,000 13,333,333,333 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

SAR50 billion worth of government spending to be reallocated from non-priority areas of the 2020 budget.

Saudi Arabia 07 07 - Central bank financing government SAR
Saudi Arabia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown SAR
Saudi Arabia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SAR
Saudi Arabia 08 08 - International Assistance Received SAR
Saudi Arabia 08A 08A - Swaps SAR
Saudi Arabia 08B 08B - International loans/grants SAR
Saudi Arabia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank SAR
Saudi Arabia 08B2 08B2 - Other SAR
Saudi Arabia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided SAR
Saudi Arabia 09A 09A - Swaps SAR
Saudi Arabia 09B 09B - International loans/grants SAR
Saudi Arabia 10 10 - No breakdown SAR 70,000,000,000 18,666,666,667 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) March 20, SAR70 billion private sector support package, including the suspension of government tax payments, fees, and other dues to provide liquidity to the private sector and an increase in available financing through the National Development Fund.

Saudi Arabia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures SAR Saudi Arabian government. http://sama.gov.sa/en-US/News/Pages/news-534 (accessed 6 May 2020). https://www.mof.gov.sa/mediacenter/news/Pages/News_11052020.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020). https://www.mof.gov.sa/mediacenter/news/Pages/News_11052020.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020). http://www.sama.gov.sa/ar-sa/News/Pages/news-571.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 9 July 2020). Saudi Arabian government. https://www.mof.gov.sa/mediacenter/news/Pages/news191120201.aspx (accessed 27 November 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: 25 April 2020, Increase of the monthly ceiling limit for e-wallets up to SAR20,000, with the goal of boosting digital payment transactions; 11 May 2020: (ii) Decided to stop the cost of living allowance starting from June 2020; (iii) No amount/estimate: Exemptions from various fees for electronic transactions, balances below the minimum, and refinancing operations and termination of existing agreements; (iv) Raised the value-added tax rate from 5% to 15% starting 1 July 2020; (v) 13 May 2020, Announced the extension of the program of support for fees of sales points and e-commerce for all stores and private sector establishments for an additional three months ending on 14 September 2020; (vi) No amount/estimate: 1 July 2020, the Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture announced it will offer 94 agricultural investment opportunities to the private sector in the near term; (vii) 27 October 2020, Increased the percentage of employees in the activity of "maintenance and operation contracting" that must be Saudi by 3% under the "Nitaqat" program; (viii) 19 November 2020, The Ministry of Finance has launched additional electronic payment channels that allow customers to use bank cards to pay for government services.

Saudi Arabia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SAR
Saudi Arabia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 August 2020). Al-Jazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2020/11/4/saudi-arabia-plans-to-remove-key-restrictions-on-foreign-workers (accessed 6 November 2020). Al Jazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/1/3/saudi-arabia-reopens-borders-resumes-international-flights (accessed 7 January 2021). Saudi Press Agency. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2186563#2186563 (accessed 5 February 2021)

(ii) Restrictions on international and domestic travel; (ii) The Ministry of Hajj called on countries to delay their bookings for the 2020 Hajj season. On 22 June 2020, the Saudi authorities announced that only a “very limited” number of people who are living in the kingdom are allowed to take part in the 2020 Hajj pilgrimage in July; (iii) 23 July 2020, the authorities announced the opening of land borders with Kuwait, Bahrain and the UAE so that Saudi citizens could enter without a prior authorization; (iv) 21 December 2020, Saudi Arabia has announced a two-week suspension of international flights aimed at containing the spread of the new COVID-19 strain. As of 3 January 2021, this measure has been lifted; (v) 3 February 2021, Suspension of incoming air travel from 20 countries identified as COVID-19 hotspots. [update]

Saudi Arabia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 August 2020). Al-Jazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2020/11/4/saudi-arabia-plans-to-remove-key-restrictions-on-foreign-workers (accessed 6 November 2020)

(i) Suspending employee attendance at government and private workplaces.

Saudi Arabia 12C 12C - Others SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 August 2020). Al-Jazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2020/11/4/saudi-arabia-plans-to-remove-key-restrictions-on-foreign-workers (accessed 6 November 2020)

(i) Closing mosques, schools, universities, and shopping malls; (ii) Implementing a national mass-testing program; (iii) 6 April 2020, Nighttime curfew in various cities including Mecca and Medina. On 26 April 2020, Partial lifting of the curfew in all regions, except in Mecca and previously isolated neighborhoods. As of 28 May 2020, the curfew will be eased to be from 3pm to 6am and will be entirely lifted on 26 June except for Mecca where it will be over 3pm-6am only from 21 June. The all clear phase will start on 21 June 2020, when all curfew restrictions will be completely lifted and the situation will be allowed to return to normal throughout the country (as it was before the curfew procedures), except in the city of Makkah. As of 6 June 2020, The curfew in Jeddah is reinstated for 15 days; (iv) 22 April 2020, Launch of a repatriation program for expatriates; (v) 5 July 2020, a Royal decree extended the validity of visit visas and expired residency, and exit and entry visas for expats for an additional period of 3 months; (vi) 4 November 2020, the Ministry of Human Resource and Social Development approved reforms easing labor restrictions on foreign workers, specifically allowing foreign workers the right to (a) change jobs by transferring their sponsorship from one employer to another; (b) leave and re-enter the country; and (c) secure final exit visas without the consent of their employer. These reforms will take effect on March 2021.