Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 02 02 - Credit creation AFN
Afghanistan 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AFN
Afghanistan 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments AFN
Afghanistan 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No estimate/amount: (i) The authorities increased the frequency of Financial Stability Committee meetings, enhanced the monitoring of early signs of liquidity stress, and reviewed banks’ business continuity plans; (ii) DAB has suspended administrative penalties and fees, postponed the IFRS-9 implementation to June 2021, and froze loan classifications at the pre-pandemic cutoff of end-February.

Afghanistan 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AFN
Afghanistan 08 08 - International Assistance Received AFN 189,094,578,743 2,402,978,258
Afghanistan 08A 08A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 08B 08B - International loans/grants AFN 189,094,578,743 2,402,978,258
Afghanistan 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AFN 11,329,252,111 143,970,000 ADB Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations, Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (all accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases - USD3.18 million [update]; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD40 million Emergency Assistance for COVID-19 Pandemic Response; (iii) 3 June 2020, Developing a Disaster Risk Transfer Facility in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.07million; (iv) 13 July 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.38 million; (v) 24 July 2020, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.10 million; (vi) 18 November 2020, Supporting Startup Ecosystem in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region to Mitigate Impact of COVID-19 and Support Economic Revival - USD 0.05 million; (vii) 26 November 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.04 million; (viii) 6 December 2020, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program - USD100 million; (ix) 22 December 2020, Support to Public Debt Management - USD0.15 million.

Afghanistan 08B2 08B2 - Other AFN 177,765,326,632 2,259,008,258 IMF. https://bit.ly/2Vk0uFb (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/29/pr20193-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-the-covid-19; World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-support-for-afghanistan (both accessed 1 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/07/world-bank-approves-400-million-to-sustain-afghanistans-reform-momentum-mitigate-covid-19-crisis (accessed 14 May 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/09/world-bank-200-million-for-afghanistan-to-protect-people-support-businesses-amid-covid-19 (accessed 24 July 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/08/04/afghanistan-new-grants-to-cushion-impact-of-covid-19-on-poor-households-and-protect-food-security (accessed 7 August 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/08/14/pr20282-islamic-republic-of-afghanistan-imf-eaches-a-staff-level-agreement-on-an-ecf-arrangement (accessed 21 August 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/09/28/world-bank-100-million-to-stabilize-afghanistans-financial-sector-and-spur-economic-recovery (accessed 2 October 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/11/06/pr20334-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-a-us-370m-ecf-arrangement-to-support (accessed 12 November 2020). Channel News Asia. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/covid-19-covax-pledged-112-million-vaccines-afghanistan-14045084 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) 14 April 2020 - 13 Oct 2020, IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.4 million (SDR0.729/USD); (ii) 2 April 2020, The World Bank approved a USD100.4 million grant for the Afghanistan COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Afghanistan take effective action to respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and strengthen its public health preparedness; (iii) The IMF approved Afghanistan’s request for emergency assistance in the amount of USD220 million under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) With the support of the World Bank, other development partners, and humanitarian agencies, the authorities are developing a social relief package-through cash transfers and, if impractical, in kind-to support food security among socially vulnerable households. On April 29, the government started providing free bread to about 2.5 million needy and poor people in Kabul. This amount is also reflected in item (ii) of Measure 5B3; (v) 7 May 2020, USD400 million grant from the World Bank to support the country in managing risks and uncertainties compounded by the COVID-19 crisis; (vi) 26 May 2020, USD20.6 million from USAID, broken down into: (a) USD7.1 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance, (b) USD3.1 million in MRA humanitarian assistance for Afghan returnees, (c) USD10 million from redirecting existing resources to support Afghanistan's health response, (d) USD500,000 to procure COVID-19 prevention and control supplies for correctional facilities; (vii) 9 July 2020, USD200 million to help Afghanistan mitigate COVID-19 impacts and provide relief to vulnerable people and businesses. USD100 million comes from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group's fund for the poorest countries, and the balance from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors; (viii) 4 August 2020, USD280 million for the COVID-19 Relief Effort for Afghan Communities and Households (REACH) Project, with USD155 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (ix) 4 August 2020, USD100 million for the Emergency Agriculture and Food Supply Project (EATS), with USD55 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (x) 14 August 2020, IMF staff and the Afghanistan authorities have reached a staff-level agreement on an economic reform program to be supported by a new three-and-half year USD364 million Extended Credit Facility (ECF); (xi) 28 September 2020, USD100 million from the World Bank to stabilize the financial sector and spur economic recovery; (xii) 2 October 2020, USD3.38 million from the 2nd tranche of the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust; (xiii) 6 November 2020, SDR259.04 million from the IMF under the Extended Credit Facility to support the country's economic reform program as it recovers from the pandemic; (xiv) 26 January 2021, USD112 million from The World Health Organization’s COVAX programme for COVID-19 vaccines to reach 20% of Afghanistan’s population. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 02 02 - Credit creation EGP 108,000,000,000 6,872,426,816
Arab Republic of Egypt 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments EGP Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/egypt-cenbank/update-2-egypts-central-bank-cuts-interest-rates-by-50-basis-points-idINL8N2HY85S (accessed 13 November 2020); Egypt Independent. https://www.egyptindependent.com/egypt-cuts-interest-rates-by-50-bps-as-inflation-subsides/ (accessed 1 October 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) 20 March 2020, The central bank has reduced the policy rate by 300 bps to 9.25%; (ii) 24 March 2020, preferential interest rate on loans to tourism has been reduced from 10% to 5%, for SMEs. As of 24 June 2020, this measure has already been reversed; (iii) 24 March 2020, preferential interest rate on loans to industry and housing for low-income and middle-class families has been reduced from 10% to 8%. As of 24 June 2020, the new rate now applies to tourism, industry, agriculture and construction sectors as well; (iv) 25 September 2020, The Egyptian Central Bank's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) reduced its overnight rates by 50bps each, with the lending rate down to 9.75% and the deposit rate down to 8.75%; (v) 12 November 2020, These rates were again reduced by 50bps each, with the overnight lending rate now down to 9.25% and the overnight deposit rate down to 8.25%.

Arab Republic of Egypt 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending EGP Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/egypt-banks/update-1-egypts-central-bank-bans-banks-from-paying-dividends-to-shareholders-idUSL1N2JN0LO (accessed 14 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) Regulations issued last year requiring banks to obtain detailed information of borrowers have been relaxed; (ii) Suspension of credit score blacklists for irregular clients and waiver of court cases for defaulted customers have been announced; (iii) 12 January 2021, Egypt's central bank bans banks from paying dividends to shareholders to protect capital amid the COVID-19 crisis.

Arab Republic of Egypt 02C 02C - Loan guarantees EGP 108,000,000,000 6,872,426,816 Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/_layouts/download.aspx?SourceUrl=%2FHighlights%2520Documents%2FCircular%2520dated%252016%2520June%25202020%2520regarding%2520tourism%2520sector%2520initiative%2520financing%2520payroll%2520guaranteed%2520by%2520the%2520Ministry%2520of%2520Finance.pdf (accessed 19 June 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 19 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

(i) EGP3 billion of loan guarantees by the government has been announced for the tourism industry soft loans; (ii) EGP100 billion of loan guarantees from the Central Bank to cover lending at preferential rates to the manufacturing, agriculture and contracting industries; (iii) 16 June 2020, EGP3 billion in loan guarantees to the Tourism sector; (iv) As of 30 July 2020, an EGP2 billion guarantee fund has been formed to guarantee mortgages and consumer loans.

Arab Republic of Egypt 08 08 - International Assistance Received EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08A 08A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B 08B - International loans/grants EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B2 08B2 - Other EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562 European Investment Bank. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-409-team-europe-eib-and-banque-misr-work-together-to-support-private-businesses-and-speed-up-the-recovery-of-smes-from-covid-19-in-egypt (accessed 14 January 2021); Egypt Today. https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/95353/South-Korea-delivers-medical-supplies-worth-500K-to-support-Egypt (accessed 7 January 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/who-and-uk-commit-1m-to-support-egypt-in-against-covid-19 (accessed 7 January 2020); Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1776331/business-economy (accessed 14 December 2020); Arab Finance. https://www.arabfinance.com/en/news/details/egypt-economy/528272 (accessed 19 November 2020); Egypt Independent. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-receives-us9-5-million-grant-from-japan-to-fight-covid-19/ (accessed 22 October 2020). https://www.egyptindependent.com/egypts-sisi-issues-decree-to-approve-2-7-billion-imf-funding-agreement-for-combating-coronavirus-impact/ (accessed 8 October 2020). Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/09/04/eib-nbe-sign-e-800m-financing-agreement-to-ensure-resilient-post-covid-19-recovery-for-smes/ (accessed 17 September 2020). United Nations Development Programme. https://www.eg.undp.org/content/egypt/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2020/government-of-japan-and-undp-commit-to-addressing-socio-economic.html (accessed 27 August 2020). Arab Monetary Fund. https://www.amf.org.ae/en/content/arab-monetary-fund-extends-arab-republic-egypt-new-loan-within-framework-structural (accessed 30 July 2020). African Development Bank Group. https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-225-million-euros-budget-support-loan-electricity-sector-bolster-economic-resilience-and-sustainability-amid-covid-19-36237 (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-emergency-relief-aid-tackle-food-insecurity-vulnerable-workers-whose-livelihoods-are-impacted-covid-19-35832 (accessed 28 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/17/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-50-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-emergency-response-under-new-fast-track-facility (accessed 21 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/16/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-400-million-in-support-of-universal-health-insurance-system#:~:text=WASHINGTON%20DC%2C%20June%2016%2C%202020,health%20outcomes%20of%20its%20citizens. (accessed 18 June 2020) https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/egypt-world-bank-provides-us79-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-covid-19-emergency-response (accessed 7 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/05/pr20236-egypt-imf-reaches-staff-level-agreement-on-12-month-us-billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 11 June 2020), https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/26/pr20248-egypt-imf-executive-board-approves-12-month-us-5-2billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 09 July 2020).

(i) 2 April 2020, USD7.9 million funds from the World Bank through activating the Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) under the “Transforming Egypt’s Healthcare System Project”, designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak in Egypt. This measure is reflected in 5A; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD2.772 billion in emergency support from the International Monetary Fund to address the COVID-19 Pandemic. As of 1 October 2020, the agreement was ratified by the President of Egypt; (iii) 17 May 2020, USD50 million in World Bank aid for Egypt as an emergency response under the new Fast Track COVID-19 Facility; (iv) 27 May 2020, USD0.5 million emergency assistance grant from the African Development Bank Group to Egypt to provide food relief, and to contribute to restoring the livelihood of vulnerable populations severely affected by the pandemic; (v) 5 June 2020, USD5.2 billion Stand-By Arrangement were agreed upon by Egyptian Authorities and the International Monetary Fund, aiming to alleviate the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, helping maintain macroeconomic stability, strengthen the social safety net, and support reforms to spur private-sector-led growth and job creation. On 26 June 2020, this was approved by IMF's Executive Board; (vi) 16 June 2020, USD400 million provided by the World Bank as support for the Universal Health Insurance System, to protect the most vulnerable from high health expenses due to the pandemic; (vii) 17 June 2020, the African Development Bank Group approved a EUR225 million loan to finance Egypt’s Electricity and Green Growth Support Program (EGGSP). The funding will help meet the Government of Egypt’s financing requirements in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and support a sound electricity infrastructure base; (viii) 29 July 2020, the Arab Monetary Fund extended a USD639 million credit facility to help the country reform its public finance sector amid the COVID-19 pandemic; (ix) 25 August 2020, USD2.73 million grant from the Government of Japan and UNDP to address the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Egypt through human security approach; (x) 3 September 2020, the Finance Ministry announced that Egype signed a USD2 billion conventional and islamic loan with several international and regional banks. This is meant to close the gap in its 2020/2021 budget wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic; (xi) Egypt’s National Bank of Egypt (NBE) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) have signed an agreement worth EUR1.9 billion, where EUR1.1 billion will be provided for the transport sector and EUR800 million for SMEs; (xii) 21 October 2020, USD9.5 million grant from Japan to support the health sector against coronavirus; (xiii) 5 November 2020, USD112.5 million worth of agreements between the US and Egypt amid the pandemic, in various sectors such as health, higher education, and scientific research; (xiv) 12 December 2020, USD96 million support from the EU in two tranches to combat the coronavirus pandemic; (xv) 14 December 2020, the United Kingdom is committing USD1,238,102 through the World Health Organization to strengthen Egypt’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and allow the WHO to provide essential medical supplies and e-training to staff, among others; (xvi) 15 December 2020, South Korea delivers medical supplies worth USD0.5 million to support Egypt's anti-COVID response activities; (xvii) 31 December 2020, the European Investment Bank is providing Banque Misr with a EUR425 million credit line to support Egyptian private small and medium-sized enterprises that have been impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, and boost their ability to lead the economic recovery in the country.

Argentina 02 02 - Credit creation ARS 34,000,000,000 541,832,669
Argentina 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding ARS
Argentina 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending ARS
Argentina 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 November 2020).

13 November 2020, raised the benchmark Leliq rate to 38% from 36%, along with increases in repo rates and retail certificate deposits.

Argentina 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending ARS BCRA. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/Coronavirus-BCRA-creditos-mipymes.asp (Accesed 27 April 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Provided new incentives for financial entitites to increase their loans to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MiPyMEs) for the payment of salaries, as long as those entities are payment agents of the company that requests it; (ii) the Central Bank also temporarily added 60 days to each category of debtor in arrears; (iii) Developed the Conformed Invoice as a credit instrument to discount in financial entities or the capital market.

Argentina 02C 02C - Loan guarantees ARS 34,000,000,000 541,832,669 BCRA. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/coronavirus/medidas-gobierno (Accessed 27 April 2020). Government of Argentina. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-anuncio-una-linea-de-creditos-para-pymes-turisticas-con-un-ano-de-gracia-y-tasa (accessed 30 October 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) See (i) in Actions that increase liabilities in Measure 1; (ii) Created a Special Affectation Fund, which will transfer ARS30 billion to the Argentine Guarantee Fund. The guarantees have the objective of facilitiating the repayment of loans for working capital. Eligible parties include companies listed in the small and medium-sized enterprise registry (MiPyMES Registry); (iii) No amount/estimate: FOGAR provides a guarantee that covers 100% of the credit in (iv) of Measure 1A; (iv) 13 October 2020, ARS3 billion in (viii) of Measure 3A.

Argentina 08 08 - International Assistance Received ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000
Argentina 08A 08A - Swaps ARS Central Bank of the Republic of Argentina. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/nuevo-acuerdo-swap-banco-republica-popular-china.asp (accessed 14 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: 6 August 2020, Signed a currency swap agreements with the Bank of the People's Republic of CHINA (PBC). The new agreements will be valid for 3 years.

Argentina 08B 08B - International loans/grants ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/argentina-moves-closer-to-sovereign-debt-default-amid-coronavirus-crisis-11590160035 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) 3 May 2020, instead of defaulting to its creditors, the government proposed a three-year grace period on sovereign debt, a 5.5% reduction in bond principal, and a 62% reduction in interest payments; (ii) 22 May 2020, Argentina went into technical default when the 30-day grace period expired on $500 million interest due on $65 billion owed to private creditors.

Argentina 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank ARS
Argentina 08B2 08B2 - Other ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/03/25/banco-mundial-fortalece-apoyo-a-las-familias-mas-vulnerables-de-argentina (Accesed 27 April 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) World Bank Group approved a USD300 million operation to support Argentina’s efforts to strengthen its social protection system and minimize the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable families through the "Children and Youth Protection Project”; (ii) USD300 million from USAID in new MRA humanitarian assistance will support COVID-19 response efforts for refugees and host communities.

Armenia 02 02 - Credit creation AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841
Armenia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841 JAM News. https://jam-news.net/armenian-govt-offers-stimulus-package-to-help-mitigate-corona-crisis/(accessed 16 April 2020).

Allocate a total of AMD25 billion (over USD50 million) to co-finance loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials. This amount includes subsidy for the interests of these of loans.

Armenia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AMD
Armenia 02B1 02B1 - Interest rate adjustments AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 December 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 28 April 2020, The Central Bank of Armenia (CBA) reduced the policy rate by 25 bps to 5%. On 17 June 2020, this rate was further reduced by 50 bps to 4.5%. On 15 September 2020, this rate was reduced to 4.25%, where it has since remained unchanged.

Armenia 02B2 02B2 - Other policies to support long-term lending AMD
Armenia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AMD
Armenia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AMD 165,338,710,041 338,110,000
Armenia 08A 08A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AMD 165,338,710,041 338,110,000