Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 02 02 - Credit creation AFN
Afghanistan 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AFN
Afghanistan 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No estimate/amount: (i) The authorities increased the frequency of Financial Stability Committee meetings, enhanced the monitoring of early signs of liquidity stress, and reviewed banks’ business continuity plans; (ii) DAB has suspended administrative penalties and fees, postponed the IFRS-9 implementation to June 2021, and froze loan classifications at the pre-pandemic cutoff of end-February.

Afghanistan 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AFN
Afghanistan 08 08 - International Assistance Received AFN 144,150,877,943 1,831,842,181
Afghanistan 08A 08A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 08B 08B - International loans/grants AFN 144,150,877,943 1,831,842,181
Afghanistan 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AFN 3,427,025,974 43,550,000 ADB Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations, Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (all accessed 30 September 2020)

(i) USD3 million - Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases; (ii) May 11, USD40 million Emergency Assistance for COVID-19 Pandemic Response grant to support the construction of 15 hospitals and medical facilities; (iii) June 3, Developing a Disaster Risk Transfer Facility in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.07million; (iv) July 13, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.38 million; (v) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.10 million [update].

Afghanistan 08B2 08B2 - Other AFN 140,723,851,969 1,788,292,181 IMF. https://bit.ly/2Vk0uFb (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/29/pr20193-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-the-covid-19; World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-support-for-afghanistan (both accessed 1 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/07/world-bank-approves-400-million-to-sustain-afghanistans-reform-momentum-mitigate-covid-19-crisis (accessed 14 May 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/09/world-bank-200-million-for-afghanistan-to-protect-people-support-businesses-amid-covid-19 (accessed 24 July 2020). Worl Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/08/04/afghanistan-new-grants-to-cushion-impact-of-covid-19-on-poor-households-and-protect-food-security (accessed 7 August 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/08/14/pr20282-islamic-republic-of-afghanistan-imf-eaches-a-staff-level-agreement-on-an-ecf-arrangement (accessed 21 August 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/09/28/world-bank-100-million-to-stabilize-afghanistans-financial-sector-and-spur-economic-recovery (accessed 2 October 2020)

(i) April 14-Oct 13: IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.4 million (SDR0.729/USD); (ii) April 2, The World Bank approved a USD100.4 million grant for the Afghanistan COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Afghanistan take effective action to respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and strengthen its public health preparedness; (iii) The IMF approved Afghanistan’s request for emergency assistance in the amount of SDR161.9 million (approximately USD220 million) under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) With the support of the World Bank, other development partners, and humanitarian agencies, the authorities are developing a social relief package-through cash transfers and, if impractical, in kind-to support food security among socially vulnerable households. On April 29, the government started providing free bread to about 2.5 million needy and poor people in Kabul [update]; (v) May 7, USD400 million grant from the World Bank to support the country in managing risks and uncertainties compounded by the COVID-19 crisis; (vi) As of May 26, USD20.6 million from USAID, broken down into: (a) USD7.1 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance, (b) USD3.1 million in MRA humanitarian assistance for Afghan returnees, (c) USD10 million from redirecting existing resources to support Afghanistan's health response, (d) USD500,000 to procure COVID-19 prevention and control supplies for correctional facilities; (vii) July 9, USD200 million to help Afghanistan mitigate COVID-19 impacts and provide relief to vulnerable people and businesses. USD100 million comes from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group's fund for the poorest countries, and the balance from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors; (viii) August 4, USD280 million for the COVID-19 Relief Effort for Afghan Communities and Households (REACH) Project, with USD155 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (ix) August 4, USD100 million for the Emergency Agriculture and Food Supply Project (EATS), with USD55 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (x) August 14, IMF staff and the Afghanistan authorities have reached a staff-level agreement on an economic reform program to be supported by a new three-and-half year USD364 million Extended Credit Facility (ECF); (xi) September 28, USD100 million from the World Bank to stabilize the financial sector and spur economic recovery. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 02 02 - Credit creation EGP 108,000,000,000 6,872,426,816
Arab Republic of Egypt 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending EGP Egypt Independent. https://www.egyptindependent.com/egypt-cuts-interest-rates-by-50-bps-as-inflation-subsides/ (accessed 1 October 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 20, The central bank has reduced the policy rate by 300 bps to 9.25%; (ii) March 24, preferential interest rate on loans to tourism has been reduced from 10% to 5%, for SMEs. As of June 24, this measure has already been reversed; (iii) March 24, preferential interest rate on loans to industry and housing for low-income and middle-class families has been reduced from 10% to 8%. As of June 24, the new rate now applies to tourism, industry, agriculture and construction sectors as well. (iv) regulations issued last year requiring banks to obtain detailed information of borrowers have been relaxed; (v) suspension of credit score blacklists for irregular clients and waiver of court cases for defaulted customers have been announced; (vi) September 25, The Egyptian Central Bank's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) reduced its rates by 50bps each, with the lending rate down to 9.75% and the deposit rate down to 8.75%. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 02C 02C - Loan guarantees EGP 108,000,000,000 6,872,426,816 Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/_layouts/download.aspx?SourceUrl=%2FHighlights%2520Documents%2FCircular%2520dated%252016%2520June%25202020%2520regarding%2520tourism%2520sector%2520initiative%2520financing%2520payroll%2520guaranteed%2520by%2520the%2520Ministry%2520of%2520Finance.pdf (accessed 19 June 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 19 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

(i) EGP3 billion of loan guarantees by the government has been announced for the tourism industry soft loans; (ii) EGP100 billion of loan guarantees from the Central Bank to cover lending at preferential rates to the manufacturing, agriculture and contracting industries; (iii) June 16, EGP3 billion in loan guarantees to the Tourism sector; (iv) As of July 30, an EGP2 billion guarantee fund has been formed to guarantee mortgages and consumer loans.

Arab Republic of Egypt 08 08 - International Assistance Received EGP 210,938,837,220 13,422,793,717
Arab Republic of Egypt 08A 08A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B 08B - International loans/grants EGP 210,938,837,220 13,422,793,717
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B2 08B2 - Other EGP 210,938,837,220 13,422,793,717 Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/09/04/eib-nbe-sign-e-800m-financing-agreement-to-ensure-resilient-post-covid-19-recovery-for-smes/ (accessed 17 September 2020). United Nations Development Programme. https://www.eg.undp.org/content/egypt/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2020/government-of-japan-and-undp-commit-to-addressing-socio-economic.html (accessed 27 August 2020). Arab Monetary Fund. https://www.amf.org.ae/en/content/arab-monetary-fund-extends-arab-republic-egypt-new-loan-within-framework-structural (accessed 30 July 2020). African Development Bank Group. https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-225-million-euros-budget-support-loan-electricity-sector-bolster-economic-resilience-and-sustainability-amid-covid-19-36237 (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-emergency-relief-aid-tackle-food-insecurity-vulnerable-workers-whose-livelihoods-are-impacted-covid-19-35832 (accessed 28 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/17/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-50-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-emergency-response-under-new-fast-track-facility (accessed 21 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/16/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-400-million-in-support-of-universal-health-insurance-system#:~:text=WASHINGTON%20DC%2C%20June%2016%2C%202020,health%20outcomes%20of%20its%20citizens. (accessed 18 June 2020) https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/egypt-world-bank-provides-us79-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-covid-19-emergency-response (accessed 7 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/05/pr20236-egypt-imf-reaches-staff-level-agreement-on-12-month-us-billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 11 June 2020), https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/26/pr20248-egypt-imf-executive-board-approves-12-month-us-5-2billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 09 July 2020).

(i) April 2, USD7.9 million funds from the World Bank through activating the Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) under the “Transforming Egypt’s Healthcare System Project”, designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak in Egypt. This measure is reflected in 5A; (ii) May 11, USD2.772 billion in emergency support from the International Monetary Fund to address the COVID-19 Pandemic; (iii) May 17, USD50 million in World Bank aid for Egypt as an emergency response under the new Fast Track COVID-19 Facility; (iv) May 27, USD0.5 million emergency assistance grant from the African Development Bank Group to Egypt to provide food relief, and to contribute to restoring the livelihood of vulnerable populations severely affected by the pandemic; (v) June 5, USD5.2 billion Stand-By Arrangement were agreed upon by Egyptian Authorities and the International Monetary Fund, aiming to alleviate the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, helping maintain macroeconomic stability, strengthen the social safety net, and support reforms to spur private-sector-led growth and job creation. On June 26, this was approved by IMF's Executive Board; (vi) June 16, USD400 million provided by the World Bank as support for the Universal Health Insurance System, to protect the most vulnerable from high health expenses due to the pandemic; (vii) June 17, the African Development Bank Group approved a EUR225 million loan to finance Egypt’s Electricity and Green Growth Support Program (EGGSP). The funding will help meet the Government of Egypt’s financing requirements in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and support a sound electricity infrastructure base; (viii) July 29, the Arab Monetary Fund extended a USD639 million credit facility to help the country reform its public finance sector amid the COVID-19 pandemic; (ix) August 25, USD2.73 million grant from the Government of Japan and UNDP to address the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Egypt through human security approach; (x) September 3, the Finance Ministry announced that Egype signed a USD2 billion conventional and islamic loan with several international and regional banks. This is meant to close the gap in its 2020/2021 budget wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic. ; (xi) Egypt’s National Bank of Egypt (NBE) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) have signed an agreement worth EUR1.9 billion, where EUR1.1 billion will be provided for the transport sector and EUR800 million for SMEs.

Argentina 02 02 - Credit creation ARS 31,000,000,000 494,023,904
Argentina 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding ARS 0
Argentina 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending ARS 0 BCRA. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/Coronavirus-BCRA-creditos-mipymes.asp (Accesed 27 April 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Provided new incentives for financial entitites to increase their loans to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MiPyMEs) for the payment of salaries, as long as those entities are payment agents of the company that requests it; (ii) the Central Bank also temporarily added 60 days to each category of debtor in arrears; (iii) Developed the Conformed Invoice as a credit instrument to discount in financial entities or the capital market.

Argentina 02C 02C - Loan guarantees ARS 31,000,000,000 494,023,904 BCRA. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/coronavirus/medidas-gobierno (Accessed 27 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) See (i) in Actions that increase liabilities in Measure 1; (ii) Created a Special Affectation Fund, which will transfer ARS30 billion to the Argentine Guarantee Fund. The guarantees have the objective of facilitiating the repayment of loans for working capital. Eligible parties include companies listed in the small and medium-sized enterprise registry (MiPyMES Registry); (iii) No amount/estimate: FOGAR provides a guarantee that covers 100% of the credit in (iv) of Measure 1A.

Argentina 08 08 - International Assistance Received ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000
Argentina 08A 08A - Swaps ARS Central Bank of the Republic of Argentina. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/nuevo-acuerdo-swap-banco-republica-popular-china.asp (accessed 14 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: August 6, Signed a currency swap agreements with the Bank of the People's Republic of CHINA (PBC). The new agreements will be valid for 3 years.

Argentina 08B 08B - International loans/grants ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/argentina-moves-closer-to-sovereign-debt-default-amid-coronavirus-crisis-11590160035 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) May 3, instead of defaulting to its creditors, the government proposed a three-year grace period on sovereign debt, a 5.5% reduction in bond principal, and a 62% reduction in interest payments; (ii) May 22, Argentina went into technical default when the 30-day grace period expired on $500 million interest due on $65 billion owed to private creditors.

Argentina 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank ARS
Argentina 08B2 08B2 - Other ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/03/25/banco-mundial-fortalece-apoyo-a-las-familias-mas-vulnerables-de-argentina (Accesed 27 April 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) World Bank Group approved a USD300 million operation to support Argentina’s efforts to strengthen its social protection system and minimize the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable families through the "Children and Youth Protection Project”; (ii) USD300 million from USAID in new MRA humanitarian assistance will support COVID-19 response efforts for refugees and host communities.

Armenia 02 02 - Credit creation AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841
Armenia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841 JAM News. https://jam-news.net/armenian-govt-offers-stimulus-package-to-help-mitigate-corona-crisis/(accessed 16 April 2020).

Allocate a total of AMD25 billion (over USD50 million) to co-finance loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials. This amount includes subsidy for the interests of these of loans.

Armenia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 September 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The Central Bank of Armenia (CBA) reduced the policy rate by another 25 bps to 5% on April 28. The interbank market has been active, and the central bank has easily met liquidity needs so far; (ii) June 17, The CBA further reduced the policy rate by 50 bps to 4.5%. As of September 15, this rate was further reduced to 4.25%. [update]

Armenia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AMD
Armenia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AMD 161,856,968,550 330,990,000
Armenia 08A 08A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AMD 161,856,968,550 330,990,000
Armenia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AMD 22,020,058,895 45,030,000 ADB Table A1.3: Nonsovereign Operations, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (both accessed 30 September 2020).

(i) March 22, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD0.5 million); (ii) Nonsovereign Operations: Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - guarantee (USD13.91 million OCR, USD26.51 million co-financed); (iii) Nonsovereign Operations: Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - loan (USD7.58 million, with USD2.94 million co-financed) [update]; (iv) May 28, USD45 million from the COVID-19 Working Capital Support Project (USD20 million OCR, USD25 million co-financed); (v) July 1, Promoting Digital Finance Solutions for Inclusive Finance among Partner Financial Institutions - USD0.05 million; (vii) July 13, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.13 million; (viii) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.11 million [update]; (ix) August 3, COVID-19 Emergency Response - USD2 million; (x) August 6, Distance Education for Resilience Project in Armenia - USD0.75 million.

Armenia 08B2 08B2 - Other AMD 139,836,909,655 285,960,000 WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/03/world-bank-supports-armenia-to-combat-the-human-impact-of-the-covid19-pandemic (accessed 5 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/05/18/pr20219-armenia-imf-execboard-concludes-2ndrev-under-sba-augments-access-address-impact-covid19 (accessed 21 May 2020). Public Radio of Armenia. https://en.armradio.am/2020/08/27/canada-to-provide-260000-in-covid-19-relief-to-armenia/ (accessed 28 July 2020)

(i) April 3, The World Bank allocated USD3 million to address the country’s urgent needs for equipment and supplies needed for the intensive care of people with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis; (ii) May 18, USD280 million in total aid immediately available after an augmentation of its Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF; (iii) As of May 26, USD2.7 million to prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, support technical experts for response and preparedness, bolster risk-communications, and more; (iv) August 27, USD260,000 in COVID-19 relief from Canada.

Australia 02 02 - Credit creation AUD 255,000,000,000 158,558,999,891
Australia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AUD 215,000,000,000 133,686,999,908 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/mkt-operations/term-funding-facility/ (accessed 16 April 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/government-invest-15b-support-sme-lending (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).

(i) April, The government is allocating up to AUD15 billion to invest in residential mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities to help funding for small banks and non-bank financial institutions; (ii) April, To allow banks to lend more to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) during the period of disruption caused by COVID-19, RBA has established a Term Funding Facility (TFF) of at least AUD90 billion for SMEs lending (TFF will offer three-year funding to authorized deposit-taking institutions [ADIs]). On September 1, RBA announced an expansion to the TFF. ADIs will have access to additional funding, equivalent to 2% of their outstanding credit, at a fixed rate of 25 basis points for three years. ADIs will be able to draw on this extra funding up until the end of June 2021. As of September 1, ADIs have drawn AUD52 billion under the TFF. The current expansion brings the total amount available under this facility to around AUD200 billion.

Australia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AUD RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 11 April 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 5 May 2020); Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA). https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-announces-deferral-of-capital-reform-implementation (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-dg-2020-06-30.html#fn2 (accessed 01 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-releases-letter-and-data-on-temporary-loan-repayment-deferrals-due-to (accessed 10 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-updates-regulatory-approach-to-loans-subject-to-repayment-deferral (accessed 10 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-updates-guidance-on-capital-management-for-banks-and-insurers (accessed 30 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-18.html (accessed 06 August 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 3 and 19, The policy rate was cut by 25 basis points twice to 0.25% and on May 5, June 2, July 7, August 4, and September 1 the RBA announced that it will maintain the current rates. June 30, While the cash rate target has remained at 25 basis points, the actual cash rate traded in the market has declined to around 13–14 basis points; (ii) April, The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has provided temporary relief from its capital requirement, allowing banks to utilize some of their current large buffers to facilitate ongoing lending to the economy as long as minimum capital requirements are met. On July 9, APRA has issued a letter to ADIs, advising that this measure will be extended to cover a maximum period of 10 months from the start of a repayment deferral, or until 31 March 2021, whichever comes first. On July 29, APRA has updated its capital management guidance for ADIs, i.e. (a) retain at least 50% of earnings when making decisions on capital distributions and raise more capital through dividend reinvestment plans; (b) conduct regular stress testing to inform decision-making and demonstrate ongoing lending capacity; and (c) make use of capital buffers to absorb the impacts of stress, and continue to lend to support households and businesses; (iii) March 30, APRA announced that it is deferring its scheduled implementation of the Basel III reforms in Australia by one year to January 2023.

Australia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AUD 40,000,000,000 24,871,999,983 Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/coronavirus/sme-guarantee-scheme (accessed 16 April 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/supporting-small-business-adapt-grow-and-create-jobs (accessed 22 July 2020).

April, Under a new Coronavirus SME Guarantee Scheme, the Government will guarantee 50% of new loans issued by eligible lenders to SMEs with total lending capacity of AUD40 billion. On July 20, The government announced that it plans to expand the SME Guarantee Scheme to help small businesses to adapt, grow and create jobs. The changes include widening the range of investments that can be funded, increasing maximum loan size, and increasing the maximum long term to five years, among others. The second phase of the Scheme will start on October 2020 and will be available until June 2021.

Australia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000
Australia 08A 08A - Swaps AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); New York FED. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 9 July 2020).

March 20, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.