|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Australia||02||02 - Credit creation||AUD||255,000,000,000||158,558,999,891|
|Australia||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||AUD||215,000,000,000||133,686,999,908||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/mkt-operations/term-funding-facility/ (accessed 16 April 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/government-invest-15b-support-sme-lending (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).||
(i) April, The government is allocating up to AUD15 billion to invest in residential mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities to help funding for small banks and non-bank financial institutions; (ii) April, To allow banks to lend more to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) during the period of disruption caused by COVID-19, RBA has established a Term Funding Facility (TFF) of at least AUD90 billion for SMEs lending (TFF will offer three-year funding to authorized deposit-taking institutions [ADIs]). On September 1, RBA announced an expansion to the TFF. ADIs will have access to additional funding, equivalent to 2% of their outstanding credit, at a fixed rate of 25 basis points for three years. ADIs will be able to draw on this extra funding up until the end of June 2021. As of September 1, ADIs have drawn AUD52 billion under the TFF. The current expansion brings the total amount available under this facility to around AUD200 billion [update].
|Australia||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||AUD||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 11 April 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 5 May 2020); Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA). https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-announces-deferral-of-capital-reform-implementation (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-dg-2020-06-30.html#fn2 (accessed 01 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-releases-letter-and-data-on-temporary-loan-repayment-deferrals-due-to (accessed 10 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-updates-regulatory-approach-to-loans-subject-to-repayment-deferral (accessed 10 July 2020); APRA. https://www.apra.gov.au/news-and-publications/apra-updates-guidance-on-capital-management-for-banks-and-insurers (accessed 30 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-18.html (accessed 06 August 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) March 3 and 19, The policy rate was cut by 25 basis points twice to 0.25% and on May 5, June 2, July 7, August 4, and September 1 [update] the RBA announced that it will maintain the current rates. June 30, While the cash rate target has remained at 25 basis points, the actual cash rate traded in the market has declined to around 13–14 basis points; (ii) April, The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has provided temporary relief from its capital requirement, allowing banks to utilize some of their current large buffers to facilitate ongoing lending to the economy as long as minimum capital requirements are met. On July 9, APRA has issued a letter to ADIs, advising that this measure will be extended to cover a maximum period of 10 months from the start of a repayment deferral, or until 31 March 2021, whichever comes first. On July 29, APRA has updated its capital management guidance for ADIs, i.e. (a) retain at least 50% of earnings when making decisions on capital distributions and raise more capital through dividend reinvestment plans; (b) conduct regular stress testing to inform decision-making and demonstrate ongoing lending capacity; and (c) make use of capital buffers to absorb the impacts of stress, and continue to lend to support households and businesses; (iii) March 30, APRA announced that it is deferring its scheduled implementation of the Basel III reforms in Australia by one year to January 2023.
|Australia||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||AUD||40,000,000,000||24,871,999,983||Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/coronavirus/sme-guarantee-scheme (accessed 16 April 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/supporting-small-business-adapt-grow-and-create-jobs (accessed 22 July 2020).||
April, Under a new Coronavirus SME Guarantee Scheme, the Government will guarantee 50% of new loans issued by eligible lenders to SMEs with total lending capacity of AUD40 billion. On July 20, The government announced that it plans to expand the SME Guarantee Scheme to help small businesses to adapt, grow and create jobs. The changes include widening the range of investments that can be funded, increasing maximum loan size, and increasing the maximum long term to five years, among others. The second phase of the Scheme will start on October 2020 and will be available until June 2021.
|Australia||08||08 - International Assistance Received||AUD||96,494,049,600||60,000,000,000|
|Australia||08A||08A - Swaps||AUD||96,494,049,600||60,000,000,000||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); New York FED. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 9 July 2020).||
March 20, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.
|Australia||08B||08B - International loans/grants||AUD|
|Australia||08B1||08B1 - Asian Development Bank||AUD|
|Australia||08B2||08B2 - Other||AUD|
|Austria||02||02 - Credit creation||EUR||9,000,000,000||9,955,752,212|
|Austria||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||EUR|
|Austria||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||EUR|
|Austria||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||EUR||9,000,000,000||9,955,752,212||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
EUR9 billion in credit guarantees.
|Austria||08||08 - International Assistance Received||EUR|
|Austria||08A||08A - Swaps||EUR|
|Austria||08B||08B - International loans/grants||EUR|
|Austria||08B1||08B1 - Asian Development Bank||EUR|
|Austria||08B2||08B2 - Other||EUR|
|Belgium||02||02 - Credit creation||EUR||53,000,000,000||58,628,318,584|
|Belgium||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||EUR|
|Belgium||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||EUR||1,000,000,000||1,106,194,690||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
The National Bank of Belgium announced the decision to reduce the counter-cyclical buffer to zero, releasing approximately EUR1 billion worth of capital available to Belgian banks to expand lending.
|Belgium||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||EUR||52,000,000,000||57,522,123,894||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).||
(i) EUR50 billion (over 11% of GDP) of guarantees for new bank loans to companies and self-employed; (ii) Regional governments announced further bank-loan guarantees (around EUR2 billion, or 0.4% of GDP); (iii) No amount/estimate: A Reinsurance scheme for short-term trade credit insurance and other socio-economic measures further support these efforts.
|Belgium||08||08 - International Assistance Received||EUR|
|Belgium||08A||08A - Swaps||EUR|
|Belgium||08B||08B - International loans/grants||EUR|
|Belgium||08B1||08B1 - Asian Development Bank||EUR|
|Belgium||08B2||08B2 - Other||EUR||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 7 September 2020).||
August 24, The European Commission proposed a EUR7.8 billion loan to be granted on favourable terms from the EU to Belgium. This is pending final approval by the Council. [update]
|Brunei Darussalam||02||02 - Credit creation||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||08||08 - International Assistance Received||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||08A||08A - Swaps||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||08B||08B - International loans/grants||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||08B1||08B1 - Asian Development Bank||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||08B2||08B2 - Other||BND|
|Cambodia||02||02 - Credit creation||KHR|
|Cambodia||02A||02A - Financial sector lending/funding||KHR|
|Cambodia||02B||02B - Support policies for long-term lending||KHR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, The NBC has implemented measures, such as (i) delaying additional increases in the capital conservation buffer, (ii) cutting the interest rate in its Liquidity Providing Collateralized Operations (LPCOs) that decreases banks’ funding costs in domestic currency, (iii) cutting the interest rate on negotiable certificates of deposit (the collateral for LPCOs) to encourage banks to disburse loans.
|Cambodia||02C||02C - Loan guarantees||KHR||RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).||
May 26, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will establish a “credit guarantee fund” of USD200 million. This fund may guarantee loans through banks and financial institutions using the market policy to assuage the pressure of cash flow and working capital of businesses in all sectors.
|Cambodia||08||08 - International Assistance Received||KHR||1,468,595,304,544||362,100,000|
|Cambodia||08A||08A - Swaps||KHR|