Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Brunei Darussalam 02 02 - Credit creation BND
Brunei Darussalam 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding BND
Brunei Darussalam 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending BND
Brunei Darussalam 02C 02C - Loan guarantees BND
Brunei Darussalam 04 04 - Equity support BND
Cambodia 02 02 - Credit creation KHR
Cambodia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding KHR
Cambodia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, The NBC has implemented measures, such as (i) delaying additional increases in the capital conservation buffer, (ii) cutting the interest rate in its Liquidity Providing Collateralized Operations (LPCOs) that decreases banks’ funding costs in domestic currency, (iii) cutting the interest rate on negotiable certificates of deposit (the collateral for LPCOs) to encourage banks to disburse loans.

Cambodia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees KHR RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).

May 26, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will establish a “credit guarantee fund” of USD200 million. This fund may guarantee loans through banks and financial institutions using the market policy to assuage the pressure of cash flow and working capital of businesses in all sectors.

Cambodia 04 04 - Equity support KHR
Indonesia 02 02 - Credit creation IDR 150,000,000,000,000 9,871,945,201
Indonesia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding IDR
Indonesia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending IDR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_224620.aspx (accessed 18 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) BI reduced the policy rate by 75 bps cumulatively in February, March, and June 2020, to 4.25%; (ii) Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) has relaxed loan classification and loan restructuring procedures for banks to encourage loan restructuring and extended the deadline, by 2 months, for publicly listed companies to release their annual financial reports and hold annual shareholders meetings.

Indonesia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees IDR 150,000,000,000,000 9,871,945,201 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pemerintah-jamin-kredit-modal-kerja-yang-diberikan-perbankan-untuk-umkm/ (accessed 22 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/lpei-bersinergi-dengan-bank-mandiri-untuk-penjaminan-kredit-pembiayaan-ekspor/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/penjaminan-kredit-modal-kerja-umkm-resmi-diluncurkan/ (accessed 9 July 2020).

(i) The third stimulus package (see Measure 5) includes IDR150 trillion (0.9% of GDP) additional financing for a national economic program, including to support credit guarantees for the private sector. As of June 26, the Indonesian Exports Financing Agency (LPEI) announced it will provide credit guarantees for PT Bank Mandiri Tbk to increase export financing to support the National Economic Recovery program. On July 7, IRD123.46 trillion UMKM credit guarantee program for working capital loans under the National Economic Recovery plan. [update] (ii) May 19, Guarantees for working capital loans provided by banks for debtors, especially MSMEs.

Indonesia 04 04 - Equity support IDR
Lao PDR 02 02 - Credit creation LAK
Lao PDR 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding LAK
Lao PDR 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending LAK Bank of the Lao P.D.R. https://www.bol.gov.la/en/fileupload/31-03-2020_1585627932.pdf (accessed 12 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020); Bank of the Lao P.D.R. https://www.bol.gov.la/en/interestRate (accessed 12 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 26, BOL issued a new credit policy for those impacted, asking banks and financial institutions to restructure loans and provide new loans to businesses affected by the outbreak. Under this policy, banks and financial institutions that implement debt restructuring and new loan provisions will benefit from regulatory forbearance on loan classification and provisioning; and (ii) March 30, BOL cut its policy rate from 4% to 3% for 1-week loans; from 5% to 4% for 1–2 week loans; and from 10% to 9% for 2-week to 1-year loans.

Lao PDR 02C 02C - Loan guarantees LAK
Lao PDR 04 04 - Equity support LAK
Malaysia 02 02 - Credit creation MYR 50,000,000,000 11,639,275,571
Malaysia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding MYR
Malaysia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending MYR Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5022&lang=en (accessed 19 April 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5007&lang=en (accessed 19 April 2020); Bank Negara Malaysia . https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5018 (accessed 19 April 2020); Securities Commission Malaysia (SC). https://www.sc.com.my/resources/media-releases-and-announcements/sc-announces-further-relief-measures-for-capital-market-licensed-entities (accessed 19 April 2020). International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020); SC. https://www.sc.com.my/resources/media-releases-and-announcements/sc-announces-series-of-capital-market-measures-to-support-businesses (accessed 16 April 2020).; BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5045&lang=en (17 May 2020); BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5078&lang=en (9 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 3, BNM lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 25 basis points to 2.5%. May 5, OPR dropped by 50 basis points to 2%. The ceiling and floor rates of the corridor of the OPR are correspondingly reduced to 2.25% and 1.75%, respectively. July 7, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of Bank Negara Malaysia decided to reduce the OPR by 25 basis points to 1.75%. The ceiling and floor rates of the corridor of the OPR are correspondingly reduced to 2.00% and 1.50%, respectively [update]; (ii) March 24, The Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) waived annual licensing fees for capital market licensed entities; (iii) March 25, BNM announced measures temporarily easing regulatory and supervisory compliance on banks to enable them to support loan deferment and restructuring; (iv) March 27, in PRIHATIN, Special Relief Facility (SRF) interest rate is reduced from 3.75% to 3.5%; (v) April 10, The Companies Commission of Malaysia announced measures to enhance protection of distressed companies against liquidation; (vi) April 16, SC announced regulatory relief measures for public listed companies.

Malaysia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees MYR 50,000,000,000 11,639,275,571 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020).

March 27 in PRIHATIN, The Government will also provide a MYR50 billion guarantee scheme up to 80% of the loan amount for financing working capital requirements. The minimum guaranteed loan size is MYR20 million per company.

Malaysia 04 04 - Equity support MYR 1,200,000,000 279,342,614 Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA, An investment fund, amounting to MYR1.2 billion, will be established, which will match institutional private capital investment with selected venture capital and early stage tech fund managers.

Myanmar 02 02 - Credit creation MMK
Myanmar 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding MMK
Myanmar 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending MMK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/myanmar-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed on 28 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The CBM (i) cut the policy interest rate by 0.5 percentage points on March 12 and by 1 percentage point on March 24, and has announced a further 1.5 percentage points reduction to be effective May 1; and (ii) April 23, Announced the extension of the deadline for compliance to certain prudential regulations (enacted in July 2017) by three years from end-August 2020 to end-August 2023 to enable banks to support the economy cope with the impact of COVID-19; (iii) May, Deposit rates will be subject to a lower minimum rate of 6.5%, secured lending rates will be subject to a lower maximum of 11.5%, and unsecured lending will have a lower maximum rate of 14.5%.

Myanmar 02C 02C - Loan guarantees MMK
Myanmar 04 04 - Equity support MMK
Philippines 02 02 - Credit creation PHP 120,000,000,000 2,357,397,119
Philippines 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding PHP
Philippines 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending PHP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5358 (accessed 20 April 2020); https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xns3zUB9SrOahfDMURUkZacZjNhaCazm/view; http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5369; https://drive.google.com/file/d/16Revt89oruyF4RPRjTcUX6SxmpG-7Jwi/view; http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5376 (accessed 7 May 2020); http://www.bsp.gov.ph/downloads/regulations/attachments/2020/c1086.pdf (accessed 11 May 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/ic-outlines-regulatory-relief-for-insurers/ (accessed 18 May 2020). IC. https://www.insurance.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/CL2020_60.pdf (accessed 18 May 2020). BSP http://www.bsp.gov.ph/downloads/regulations/attachments/2020/m048.pdf (accessed 8 June 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/downloads/regulations/attachments/2020/m049.pdf (accessed 10 June 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/downloads/regulations/attachments/2020/m050.pdf (accessed 18 June 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5425 (accessed 25 June 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/downloads/regulations/attachments/2020/m054.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has reduced its policy rate four times since February by a cumulative 175 bps to a record low 2.25% (impact along with reducing required reserves is recorded Non-lending actions of Measure 1); (ii) Regulatory relief measures for the banking sector: (a) temporary relaxation of requirements on compliance reporting, penalties on required reserves, and single borrower limits; and (b) a temporary relaxation of provisioning requirements (subject to the BSP approval); (c) relaxation of prudential regulations regarding marking-to-market of debt securities. These relief measures are intended to encourage banks, in turn, to provide financial relief to their borrowers (e.g., temporary grace period for loan payments). (iii) April 16, The BSP also approved a package of measures to further reduce the financial burden on loans to MSMEs including: (a) the counting of loans granted to MSMEs under banks' compliance with the reserve requirement, and on May 5: (b) deferred the implementation of the revised risk-based capital framework applicable under Basel III for stand-alone thrift banks, rural banks and cooperative banks, and (c) approved the assignment of a zero risk weight for MSME loans guaranteed by the Philippine Guarantee Corp., Agricultural Guarantee Fund Pool and the Agricultural Credit Policy Council; (iv) April 21, Waiver of fees on fund transfer transactions under PhilPass. On June 5, this was extended to the end of the year. (v) April 24, Temporary relaxation in the credit risk weights for loans to MSMEs; (vi) April 28, suspension of charges for filing, processing, and licensing/registration fees relative to application to provide electronic payment and financial services (EPFS) as an additional relief to BSFIs affected by the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) situation, effective for a period of six (6) months from 8 March 2020; (vii) May 4, The BSP temporarily allowed banks to use their capital buffers to absorb losses and support financing requirements, and to let their LCR go below 100% to meet liquidity demand; (viii) May 6, The BSP further eased standards on asset cover on foreign currency liabilities by subjecting lenders to a rolling two-week compliance period and give more flexibility in managing their foreign currency exposure (see also [ii] in Measure 1C). (ix) May 15, The Insurance Commision provided regulatory relief measures by (a) exempting those insurance companies from the quarterly PHP900 million net worth requirement (applicable only to those already compliant with the requirement as of end-December while those that have failed to comply before the enhanced community quarantine was declared last March 17 can only avail of the relief once they “put up additional funds to cover the net worth deficiency”); (b) relaxing the levels of regulator intervention based on the company’s level of compliance with the minimum risk-based capital ratio; and (c) extending the provisional period by which agents can sell insurance products online until the end of the year. (x) June 9, Suspension of the submission of required reports and other documents by BSP-supervised financial institutions except for the Financial Reporting Package for Banks (FRP), the Consolidated Foreign Exchange (FX) Position Report, event-driven report requirements and reserve requirement-related reports. (xi) June 15, Temporary relaxation in the borrowing limit of pawnshops from 50% to 70% until end-December 2021. (xii) June 26, Postponement of the adoption of the Supervisory Assessment Framework from July 1, 2020 to January 1, 2021.

Philippines 02C 02C - Loan guarantees PHP 120,000,000,000 2,357,397,119 Department of Finance. PDI. https://business.inquirer.net/301668/govt-guarantees-p37-5b-in-bank-loans-to-smes (accessed 4 July 2020).

PHP120 billion credit guarantee for affected small businesses. As of end-June 2020, PHP37.5 billion in guarantees have been approved. [update]

Philippines 04 04 - Equity support PHP
Singapore 02 02 - Credit creation SGD
Singapore 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding SGD MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/monetary-policy/liquidity-facilities/mas-sgd-facility-for-esg-loans (accessed 29 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 21, the MAS and Enterprise Singapore launched the MAS SGD Facility for ESG Loans to lend Singapore dollars at an interest rate of 0.1% per annum to eligible financial institutions to support lending to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Singapore 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending SGD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020). MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/news/media-releases/2020/mas-takes-regulatory-and-supervisory-measures-to-help-fis-focus-on-supporting-customers (accessed 22 May).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 30, The MAS adopted a 0% per annum rate of appreciation of the policy band and reduced the midpoint to the prevailing level of the SGDNEER, with no change to the width of the band; (ii) April 7, The MAS announced various transitory regulatory forbearance measures including deferral of the implementation of Basel III regulations, utilization of capital and liquidity buffers to support lending, among others; (iii) April 16, Authorities raised the leverage limit for S-REITS from 45% to 50% to provide greater flexibility to manage their capital structure and enhance funding access.

Singapore 02C 02C - Loan guarantees SGD
Singapore 04 04 - Equity support SGD 5,300,000,000 3,741,616,661 Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-singapore-air-tema/singapore-airlines-obtains-13-billion-rescue-package-amid-coronavirus-shock-idUSKBN21D3AE (accessed 9 June 2020).

March 27, SGD19 billion rescue package for SIA consisting of SGD5.3 billion in equity, up to SGD9.7 billion convertible note portions of SIA's fundraising underwritten by state-investor Temasek Holdings, and a SGD4 billion bridge loan facility from DBS (amounts for the latter two lending measures have been reflected in Measures 3A and 1A, respectively).

Thailand 02 02 - Credit creation THB 850,000,000,000 26,473,340,497
Thailand 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding THB 500,000,000,000 15,572,553,233 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Soft loans by the BOT to financial institutions amounting to THB500 billion to be on-lent at 2% interest to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with outstanding (non-nonperforming) loans.