Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 02 02 - Credit creation AFN
Afghanistan 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AFN
Afghanistan 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No estimate/amount: (i) The authorities increased the frequency of Financial Stability Committee meetings, enhanced the monitoring of early signs of liquidity stress, and reviewed banks’ business continuity plans; (ii) DAB has suspended administrative penalties and fees, postponed the IFRS-9 implementation to June 2021, and froze loan classifications at the pre-pandemic cutoff of end-February.

Afghanistan 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AFN
Afghanistan 04 04 - Equity support AFN
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492
Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies; (ii) As of April 22, the government has already allocated a total of AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year, with about one-third directed to health;

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines by 2 months, until May 20 for individual and business taxpayers.

Armenia 02 02 - Credit creation AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841
Armenia 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AMD 25,000,000,000 51,123,841 JAM News. https://jam-news.net/armenian-govt-offers-stimulus-package-to-help-mitigate-corona-crisis/(accessed 16 April 2020).

Allocate a total of AMD25 billion (over USD50 million) to co-finance loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials. This amount includes subsidy for the interests of these of loans.

Armenia 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Central Bank of Armenia (CBA) reduced the policy rate by another 25 bps to 5% on April 28 [update]. The interbank market has been active, and the central bank has easily met liquidity needs so far.

Armenia 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AMD
Armenia 04 04 - Equity support AMD
Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Azerbaijan 02 02 - Credit creation AZN 500,000,000 294,117,647
Azerbaijan 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding AZN
Azerbaijan 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: March 19: (i) The CBA left the refinancing rate unchanged at 7.25%, but raised the floor of the interest rate corridor (within a de facto floor system) by 125 basis points (bps) to 6.75%. May 1, the CBA lowered the ceiling of the interest rate corridor by 100 bps to 8% ; (ii) The authorities have announced their intention to extend the blanket deposit guarantee until December 4, 2020. The guarantee covers all AZN (foreign currency) deposits within a 10 (2.5)% interest rate cap; (iii) A relation of capital requirements (systemwide and the countercyclical capital buffer) and risk weights on mortgage loans; (iv) April 23, Suspension of inspections of credit institutions.

Azerbaijan 02C 02C - Loan guarantees AZN 500,000,000 294,117,647 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/azerbaijan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed on 6 May 2020).

April 6, Entrepreneurs get state guarantee for 60% of their new bank loans and the government subsidizes half of the interest on guaranteed loans from the state budget; overall state support at AZN500 million (USD294 million); (ii) No amount/estimate: May, The CBA also announced that it will extend its guarantees on insurance premiums.

Azerbaijan 04 04 - Equity support AZN
Azerbaijan 05 05 - Health and income support AZN 1,093,500,000 643,235,294
Azerbaijan 05A 05A - Health support AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000 World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) March, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.

Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,085,000,000 638,235,294 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary for making such stuff; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties.

Bangladesh 02 02 - Credit creation BDT 500,000,000,000 5,885,815,185
Bangladesh 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding BDT 500,000,000,000 5,885,815,185 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

The Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments on up to BDT500 billion in working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses.

Bangladesh 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The repo rate has been lowered from 6 percent to 5.75% (effective March 24th) and will be further reduced to 5.25% effective April 12th; and (ii) The Bangladesh Bank (BB) has also raised the advance-deposit ratio (ADR) and investment-deposit ratio (IDR) by 2% to facilitate credit to the private sector and improve liquidity in the banking system; (iii) BB took measures to delay non-performing loan classification.

Bangladesh 02C 02C - Loan guarantees BDT
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 05 05 - Health and income support BDT 37,400,000,000 440,258,976 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: At end-March, the Ministry of Finance issued a revised budget for FY20 that includes additional resources to fund the Ministry of Health COVID-19 Preparedness and Response Plan, and to expand existing transfer programs that benefit the poor. Increased allocation has been made to the Open Market Sale (OMS) program to facilitate the purchase of rice at one-third of the market price, and the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief has distributed more than 24,000 tons of food at the district level; and (ii) April 15, The Prime Minister announced the allocation of BDT21.3 billion under a housing scheme for the homeless, BDT7.6 for poor people having lost their jobs as a result of the pandemic, BDT7.5 billion to provide health insurance for government employees most at risk, and a BDT1 billion bonus payment for government doctors and health workers treating COVID-19 patients.

Bangladesh 05A 05A - Health support BDT
Bangladesh 05B 05B - Income support BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

The Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments as mentioned in Measure 2 on working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses.

Bhutan 02 02 - Credit creation BTN/INR
Bhutan 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding BTN/INR
Bhutan 02B 02B - Support policies for long-term lending BTN/INR
Bhutan 02C 02C - Loan guarantees BTN/INR
Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 05 05 - Health and income support BTN/INR 32,000,000,000 430,592,553
Bhutan 05A 05A - Health support BTN/INR 2,000,000,000 26,912,035 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April, An additional resource of BTN2 billion will be provided to the Ministry of Health to meet health-related spending.

Bhutan 05B 05B - Income support BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518 Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan. https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); Official statement from the PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April, The National Resilience Fund has been approved and established. With a fund size amounting to about BTN30 billion, the resources will support the implementation of the following activities: No amount/estimate: (i) Grant of the Druk Gyalpo’s Relief Kidu to people who have been laid off or placed on reduced salaries to provide them immediate financial support. April 30, The Druk Gyalpo's Relief Kidu has granted BTN150 million as the first disbursement of the Relief Kidu to 13,006 people; (iii) Interest waiver (50% of cost) - effective May 1, the Royal Monetary Authority announced that the interest waiver would also be extended to non-performing loan accounts for a period of three months (April–June). The government will finance 50% of the total interest payment and the financial institutions offered to support the other 50%; (iv) Fast-track the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan and wherever possible frontload the investments; (v) Business income tax (BIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) filing and tax payment for the income year 2019 will be deferred until June 30; (vi) Deferred payment of sales tax and customs duty on essential items (March–June); (vii) Waiver of payment of rent and other charges (April–June) by tourism-related business entities leasing government properties; (viii) May 25, The government will be refunding the 5% sales tax collected on telecom services collected on or after January 16, 2020 [update].

European Central Bank 02 02 - Credit creation EUR 4,470,000,000,000 4,944,690,265,487
European Central Bank 02A 02A - Financial sector lending/funding EUR 1,470,000,000,000 1,626,106,194,690 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 29 April 2020); ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/accounts/2020/html/ecb.mg200522~f0355619ae.en.html (accessed 22 May 2020); ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/pr/date/2020/html/ecb.mp200604~a307d3429c.en.html ( accessed 9 June 2020).

(i) March 12, Adding a temporary envelope of additional net asset purchases of EUR120 billion until the end of the year; (ii) March 18, launched a new temporary asset purchase programme of private and public sector securities (Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme, PEPP) with an overall envelope of EUR 750 billion until the end of 2020. Some self-imposed purchase limits will not apply to the PEPP. A waiver of the eligibility requirements for securities issued by the Greek government will be granted for purchases under PEPP. Based on The European Central Bank is “fully prepared” to provide even more stimulus as soon as June to support an economy that may shrink by a tenth this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the accounts of the bank’s April meeting showed on Friday; (iii) expanding the range of eligible assets under the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP) to non-financial commercial paper; (iv) June 4, The PEPP envelope will be increased by EUR600 billion to a total of EUR1,350 billion. The purchases will continue to be conducted in a flexible manner over time, across asset classes and among jurisdictions. This allows the Governing Council to effectively stave off risks to the smooth transmission of monetary policy. The horizon for net purchases under the PEPP will be extended to at least the end of June 2021. In any case, the Governing Council will conduct net asset purchases under the PEPP until it judges that the coronavirus crisis phase is over [update].