Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN
Afghanistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) Between March and April 2020, Border closures and suspension of international and domestic flights; As of November, both domestic and international travel has resumed. However, passengers will still need to carry a COVID-19 negative certificate.

Afghanistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown that had been in place since late March/early April for 3 more months. All public places are to remain closed, while public transportation facilities carrying more than 4 passengers are not allowed to travel. Restaurants and coffee shops are only allowed to carry out deliveries and take-outs. As of November 2020, this 6-month lockdown has been lifted.

Afghanistan 12C 12C - Others AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) March 26, The government released over 10,000 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (ii) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (28 March 2020) and Ghazni (1 April 2020) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essential; (iii) Lockdowns in over 20 provinces, including Kabul and other cities, were extended for 3 weeks on 17 April; (iv) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown for 3 more months, as well as mandating additional health precautions. As of November, the lockdown has been lifted. Public gatherings are now allowed, and educational institutions have reopened.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 December 2020).

(i) Temporarily halting all air travel; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – air travel will resume and public transportation will operate between 4 am and midnight; (iii) As of December 2020, International flights have resumed, and tourists are arriving in small numbers.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) Encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, and closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – restaurants and cafes will open with 25 percent capacity, stores will close at 9 pm while restaurants and cafes will close at 10 pm, public parks and beaches will remain closed until further notice, places of worship will be open for daily prayers but main prayers like Friday prayers and masses will not be allowed, cinemas, theaters, and entertainment venues will operate with 25 percent capacity.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12C 12C - Others EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) 28 April 2020, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic demand; (iv) All parks and specialized gardens around Cairo will open to the public starting on 26 August 2020, with a maximum capacity of 50%. Starting 21 September 2020, funeral prayers and wedding ceremonies held in open-air venues have been allowed, for a maximum limit of 300 people; (v) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country.

Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS
Argentina 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on 20 March 2020 and lasting until at least 26 April 2020, including closed borders.

Argentina 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace ARS Republic World. https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/south-america/argentina-malls-back-in-business-as-lockdown-eases.html (accessed 16 October 2020).

(i) 11 October 2020, schools and other education activities can be resumed, if certain epidemiological criteria are fulfilled. (ii) 15 October 2020, almost 8 months after lockdown, reopening of large shopping centers and the return of regular internal flights and public transport.

Argentina 12C 12C - Others ARS Buenos Aires Times. https://batimes.com.ar/news/argentina/schools-in-argentina-finally-re-open-doors-for-students.phtml (accessed 19 Febraury 2021). Xinhua. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2021-03/01/c_139774011.htm (accessed 05 March 2021).

(i) 17 February 2021, schoolchildren from five of Argentina's 24 regional districts returned to classrooms after almost a year; (ii) 22 February 2021, authorized use of China's Sinopharm COVID-19 Vaccine; [update] (iii) 1 March 2021, Social, Preventive and Mandatory Distancing measures are extended until March 12. [update]

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD
Armenia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020). Tass News Agency. https://tass.com/economy/1244483 (accessed 14 January 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. During the state of emergency, travel bans were imposed on citizens from high-risk countries. Public transportation and other domestic travel was reopened earlier, on 18 May; (ii) 13 January 2021, Entry restrictions for foreigners in Armenia are withdrawn; all foreigners now can enter both by air and via ground checkpoints, as long as they have a negative PCR test result made within last 72 hours.

Armenia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

16 March 2020, As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented closures of public spaces. Retail businesses and restaurants were allowed to reopen earlier, on 18 May.

Armenia 12C 12C - Others AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020); Public Radio of Armenia. https://en.armradio.am/2021/02/18/armenia-approves-three-covid-vaccines/ (accessed 18 February 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented lockdowns as well as social distancing protocols and other health precautions; (ii) Quarantine is still in effect until 11 January 2021, which bans large gatherings and requires 14-day self-isolation and testing for people entering the country; (iii) 18 February 2021, The government has approved 3 vaccines (AstraZeneca, Pfizer, and Sputnik V). Rollout is expected to start in March 2021 on a voluntary basis and possibly free of charge.

Australia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD
Australia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AUD Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 05 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/state-quarantine-requirements-for-interstate-travel (accessed 22 July 2020); Prime Minister's Office. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/more-flights-helping-australians-return (accessed 19 October 2020); Prime Minister's Office. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/statement-national-cabinet (accessed 12 January 2021); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/further-pause-on-new-zealand-green-zone-flights (accessed 18 February 2021).

(i) March 2020, Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii) 14 July 2020, State and territory governments have imposed a range of interstate travel restrictions, including the closure of certain state borders and 14-day quarantine period upon arrival of travellers; (iii) 16 October 2020, The Australian Government is facilitating additional commercial flights from the United Kingdom, India, and South Africa to help more Australians return amid the unprecedented travel disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This arrangement will create the capacity for more than 5,000 Australians to return over the next six months; (iv) 8 January 2021, Returning Australians and other travellers to Australia must have a negative COVID-19 test prior to departure; (v) 8 January 2021, All passengers and air crew are required to wear masks on flights and in airports; (vi) 8 January 2021, International passenger caps in New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia will be temporarily halved from no later than 15 January 2021 to manage the flow of returning Australians and other travellers who have been potentially exposed to the new variants; (vii) 17 February 2021, All passengers on flights originating in New Zealand up until 12.01am (AEDT) on Sunday, 21 February, will need to go into 14 days of supervised hotel quarantine on arrival in Australia and adhere to the requirements of the State and Territory in which they enter.

Australia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AUD
Australia 12C 12C - Others AUD Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 05 May 2020); Government of Australia COVID19 official website. https://www.australia.gov.au/coronavirus-updates (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/should-i-wear-a-face-mask-in-public-0 (accessed 30 July 2020); Government of Australia. https://www.australia.gov.au/framework-national-reopening (accessed 27 October 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/tasmania-help-more-australians-return-home (accessed on 09 November 2020); Australian Government. https://www.australia.gov.au/content/dam/australia/news-and-updates/framework-national-reopening-nov2020.pdf (accessed 16 November 2020); Australian Government. https://www.covid-19.sa.gov.au/emergency-declarations/public-activities (accessed 24 November 2020).

(i) March 2020, Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (ii) March 2020, Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family, and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (iii) March 2020, Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them; (iv) 26 April 2020, The COVIDSafe app is available for voluntary download to speed up contacting people exposed to coronavirus; (v) 8 May 2020, The National Cabinet will consider the first phase of easing COVID-19 restrictions. Some states and territories have begun easing selected regional restrictions; (vi) 30 July 2020, The government published guidance on wearing face masks; (vii) 23 October 2020, National Cabinet agreed in-principle to the Framework for National Reopening, designed to reopen Australia to a state of ‘COVID Normal’, wherever it is safe to do so, by December 2020 while managing the health impacts and severity of COVID-19; (viii) 7 November 2020, The Australian and Tasmanian Governments have agreed to provide an additional 450 spaces in quarantine facilities to help more Australians return home from abroad; (ix) 13 November 2020, The Commonwealth, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory agreed to a new ‘Framework for National Reopening Australia by Christmas’ subject to local health advice; (x) 22 November 2020, The Emergency Management (Stay at Home No.3) Direction 2020 has been released by the government to update rules on public activities and management of places where these activities occur.

Austria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
Austria 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR The Local, Austria. https://www.thelocal.at/20210112/here-is-the-form-you-need-to-register-to-come-to-austria(accessed 14 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, lockdowns became stricter and stricter and covering more countries as the situation developed; (ii) By 16 March 2020, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions; (iii) The re-opening process is expected to last through June though some steps were accelerated recently due to low infection rates, such as the reopening of the borders with Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary from 5 June 2020; (iv) 16 June 2020, travelling restrictions were lifted for most European countries; (v) 12 January 2021, To facilitate contract tracing, authorities at the border entering Austria will require online registration for everyone, including for Austrian citizens and residents, before crossing.

Austria 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines; (ii) 13 April 2020, gradual re-opening of the economy has started, from small shops, construction and garden centers, while other stores and hairdressers were allowed to open at the beginning of May; (iii) Open air markets and business premises are exempted from the mandate on mouth and nose protective masks since 1 June 2020; (iv) The authorities eventually announced a 4-week partial lockdown effective on 3 November 2020. Compared to the first lockdown, the second lockdown is relatively more lenient. While restaurants and bar are ordered to be closed, non-essential shops, hairdressers, and schools remain open.

Austria 12C 12C - Others EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 December 2020); The Local Austria. https://www.thelocal.at/20210117/austria-extends-coronavirus-lockdown-until-february-7th (accessed 21 January 2021).

(i) Anti-COVID19 measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts; (ii) By mid-May when religious services, outdoor sports, museums, libraries, and archives reopened, the Bundesliga was allowed to restart; (iii) 15 June 2020, the standing obligation for all persons to wear a face mask was limited to public transportation, pharmacies and services when a 1-meter distance cannot be maintained, or no other protective measures are available; (iv) 24 July 2020, pickup in the infection rate in some areas has prompted the authorities to tighten previously relaxed containment measures such as mandatory mask wearing in some areas; (v) In September 2020, this tightening extended to indoors and public institutions; (vi) The authorities eventually announced a partial second lockdown between 3 November and 6 December 2020. Industry and manufacturing continue to open while restaurants, bars, non-essential shops, hairdressers, and schools are closed. This lockdown was subsequently tightened from 17 November 2020; (vii) 17 January 2021, Austria extended the coronavirus lockdown until 7 February 2021 and tightened existing measures.

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN
Azerbaijan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/868/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/900/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1017/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1130/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) 24 March 2020, The government imposed travel restriction measures, including border closures, restriction of domestic movements, closure of airports and transportation hubs; (ii) 4 May 2020, The authorities began a staged relaxation of restrictions, including reestablishing freedom of private vehicular travel between cities and districts; (iii) 29 May 2020, The majority of the States have temporarily closed the borders and extended the postponement of international flights until 15 June 2020 (except cargo transportation and charter flights); (iv) 19 June 2020, Announced closure of borders until August 1 because COVID-19 cases rose during the first half of June 2020 when Azerbaijan announced to reopen; (v) 07 September 2020, Restrictions on travel to and from Baku, Sumgayit cities and Absheron district are being lifted (except for intercity and inter-district passenger transportation); (vi) 16 October 2020, Passenger transportation services of the Baku Metro are to be suspended starting from 00:00, 19 October 2020 until 06:00, 2 November 2020; (vii) 8 December 2020, The government announced stricter mobility measures starting 14 December 2020 to 18 January 2021, i.e. entry and exit into the various cities around the country.

Azerbaijan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AZN
Azerbaijan 12C 12C - Others AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/az/article/680/ (accessed 20 May 2020). US Embassy in Azerbaijan. https://az.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-for-azerbaijan/ (accessed 15 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until 15 June 2020). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting 4 May 2020; (iii) July 2020, Because of the increasing cases of infections, the government announced the decision to prolong a strict quarantine regime until 20 July 2020 and special quarantine regime until 1 August 2020. (iv) 8 December 2020, The special quarantine regime in the country is extended until 06:00 of 31 January 2021. During this period, all commercial facilities, public services institutions, including restaurants, cafes and tea houses are authorized to serve customers on delivery services and online sale only.

Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT
Bangladesh 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020). Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020).

(i) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (ii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bangladesh 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace BDT Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). News on Air. http://www.newsonair.com/News?title=Bangladesh-extends-closure-of-educational-institutions-till-Nov.-14&id=403295 (accessed 30 October 2020). Aljazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/11/13/bangladesh-extends-school-shutdown-over-second-covid-19-wave (accessed 13 November 2020). Andalou Agency. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/bangladesh-extends-closure-of-education-institutions/2144272 (accessed 19 February 2021)

(i) 23 March 2020, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) 29 October 2020, extends closure of educational institutions till Nov. 14; (ii) November 13, school lockdowns extended to December 19; (iii) 14 February 2021, close all educational institutions until Feb. 28, except for Islamic seminaries.

Bangladesh 12C 12C - Others BDT
Belgium 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
Belgium 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR Brussels Times. https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/belgium-all-news/health/146417/belgium-could-extend-uk-travel-ban-by-weeks-border-closure-annelies-verlinden-eu-ambassadors-boris-johnson-matt-hancock-channel-eurotunnel-dover/ (accessed 4 January 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad; (ii) 11 June 2020, Domestic travel restrictions have been lifted; (iii) 18 June 2020, travel restrictions within the Schengen area have also been lifted; (iii) 20 December 2020, A closure of borders to and from the United Kingdom has been implemented given the new COVID-19 strain.

Belgium 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR Belgium News. https://news.belgium.be/fr/petra-de-sutter-prolonge-les-contrats-rosetta-en-raison-de-la-covid-19 (accessed 14 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes. On this basis, manufacturing and business services sectors were reopened on 4 May 2020, to be followed by shops (11 May 2020 and 18 May 2020); (ii) 23 December 2020, Extended the contracts of young federal agents so as not to put federal public services in diffuculty amidst the pandemic.

Belgium 12C 12C - Others EUR Brussels Times. https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/belgium-all-news/149326/belgium-extends-coronavirus-measures-until-1-march-ministerial-decree/ (accessed 16 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 February 2021).

(i) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes; (ii) The reopening of other sectors and overseas travel will be assessed by 8 June 2020, while sporting events remain banned until 31 July 2020; (iii) 11 June 2020, Hospitality, cultural, and non-contact sports activities (without audience) as well as religious services were allowed to resume as of 8 June 2020; (iv) 23 July 2020, Due to the recent rise in the number of new cases, the government decided to put the 5th phase of reopening on hold, imposed new preventive measures and further decentralized decision making regarding mask wearing to local authorities; (v) 20 August 2020, the government decided to ease some restrictions, while keeping social distancing rules in place until at least end-September. For instance, shopping and events are now permitted; (vi) Schools, except universities, have fully reopened in September, with in-person classes; (vii) Containment measures have been ramped up significantly since early October amidst a sharp resurgence of cases and hospitalizations culminating in a new lockdown from 2 November 2020; (viii) While non-essential shops were allowed to reopen from 1 December 2020, other restrictions and social distancing rules will remain in place until 15 January 2021. As of 15 January 2021, these restrictions, including closure of certain shops, remote work requirements, curfews, etc. have been extended until 1 March 2021.

Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR
Bhutan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-09-20-press-release-on-the-completion-of-the-unlocking-period-pmo/ (accessed 11 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-11-20-notification-for-putting-in-place-system-to-generate-typed-automated-covid-19-certificate-moh/ (accessed on 13 November 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/14-12-20-mandatory-health-declaration-for-all-incoming-passengers-to-bhutan/ (accessed 15 December 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/08-01-2021-press-release-on-protocol-for-stranded-individuals-pmo/ (accessed 12 January 2021).

(i) 6 March 2020, Restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards; (ii) 22 March 2020, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) 10 September 2020, The Government released new guidelines on the movement of individuals throughout the country; (iv) 10 November 2020, The Government of Bhutan launched a system based "fit to fly certificate" in place of handwritten certificates to all Bhutanese travelling abroad; (v) 14 December 2020, All incoming passengers to Bhutan are requested to mandatorily declare their health status through an online platform; (vi) 8 January 2021, A revised protocol for stranded individuals has been released, i.e., (a) 3 days of mandatory facility quarantine at the place of origin for emergency travels from Thimphu and Paro to other dzongkhags, (b) 7 days of mandatory facility quarantine at the place of origin for other stranded individuals who need to return to their place of residence, (c) a negative antigen test for travelers from high-risk areas.

Bhutan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-09-20-press-release-on-the-completion-of-the-unlocking-period-pmo/ (accessed 11 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-11-20-notification-for-putting-in-place-system-to-generate-typed-automated-covid-19-certificate-moh/ (accessed on 13 November 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/22-12-20-second-nationwide-lockdown-pmo/ (accessed 23 December 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/29-12-20-extension-of-nationwide-lockdown-pmo/ (accessed 29 December 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/04-01-20-press-release-on-easing-nationwide-lockdown-2-0-pmo/ (accessed 5 January 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-01-21notification-to-the-general-public-thimphu-thromde/ (accessed 14 January 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/15-01-21-press-release-on-the-unlocking-of-18-dzongkhags-pmo/ (accessed 1 February 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/27-01-2021-announcement-on-opening-of-shops-and-business-entities-in-the-mega-zones-of-north-and-south-in-thimphu-pmo/ and https://www.gov.bt/covid19/5726-2/ (accessed 1 February 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/29-01-21-press-release-on-unlocking-thimphu-and-beyond-starting-monday-february-1-2021-pmo/ (accessed 2 February 2021).

(i) 27 March 2020, Containment measures were imposed on business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to 21 April 2020; (ii) 19 June 2020, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in low risk businesses; (iii) 19 June 2020, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting 22 June 2020; (iv) 10 January 2021, Shops opened on 24 December 2020 in various zones within Thromde were advised to close by 12 January 2021 and allow the other shops in those zones to open, giving them the fair chance to clear their stocks before the expiry dates; (v) 27 January 2021, Shops and business entities have been allowed to reopen.

Bhutan 12C 12C - Others BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-09-20-press-release-on-the-completion-of-the-unlocking-period-pmo/ (accessed 11 September 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-11-20-notification-for-putting-in-place-system-to-generate-typed-automated-covid-19-certificate-moh/ (accessed on 13 November 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/22-12-20-second-nationwide-lockdown-pmo/ (accessed 23 December 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/29-12-20-extension-of-nationwide-lockdown-pmo/ (accessed 29 December 2020); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/04-01-20-press-release-on-easing-nationwide-lockdown-2-0-pmo/ (accessed 5 January 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-01-21notification-to-the-general-public-thimphu-thromde/ (accessed 14 January 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/15-01-21-press-release-on-the-unlocking-of-18-dzongkhags-pmo/ (accessed 1 February 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/27-01-2021-announcement-on-opening-of-shops-and-business-entities-in-the-mega-zones-of-north-and-south-in-thimphu-pmo/ and https://www.gov.bt/covid19/5726-2/ (accessed 1 February 2021); Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/29-01-21-press-release-on-unlocking-thimphu-and-beyond-starting-monday-february-1-2021-pmo/ (accessed 2 February 2021).

(i) 6 March 2020, School closure in three cities; (ii) 27 March 2020, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan). The quarantine period has been extended to 21 April 2020; (iii) May 2020, Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) 19 June 2020, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (iv) 11 August 2020, Government announces nationwide lockdown. 1 September 2020, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between 1 and 10 September 2020; (v) 23 December 2020, A nationwide lockdown has been enforced for seven days [update]; (v) 29 December 2020, The government announced an extension of the nationwide lockdown until further notice; (vi) 4 January 2021, The government has decided to roll out the measures to ease nationwide lockdown starting 6 January 2021; (vii) 15 January 2021, Government announced lifting of restrictions in 18 Dzongkhags; (viii) 1 February 2021, Lockdown has been lifted and various activities are already allowed, including inter-dzongkhag movement and re-opening of schools.

Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL
Brazil 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia).