Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essential; (v) Extended the border closures until April 9.

Armenia 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. The state of emergency will be in place until April 14 and encompass movement restrictions.

Australia 12 - Non-Economic Measures Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 11 April 2020).

March: (i) Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii) Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (iv) Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (v) Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them.

Austria 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, the measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts. By March 16, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions. For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines.

Azerbaijan 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until April 20). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures.

Bangladesh 12 - Non-Economic Measures WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 Aprul 2020).

Effective 2 March 2020 to 2 April 2020, Temporary export prohibition on surgical masks, face masks, and disinfectants (hand sanitizers).

Belgium 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including school and retail shop closures, a ban on all gatherings, limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad.

Bhutan 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers.

Brunei Darussalam 12 - Non-Economic Measures
Canada 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) Travel restrictions; (ii) Social distancing measures; (iii) Declarations of states of emergency; (iv) Closures of non-essential businesses in some provinces.

Cook Islands 12 - Non-Economic Measures
European Central Bank 12 - Non-Economic Measures
European Union 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

Finland 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 16, the government invoked the Emergency Powers Act, which was used to close borders, restrict domestic movements, and expand service obligations of essential health-, social services-, and security personnel.

France 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The government has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19, including school closures, the ban of all non-essential outings and long-distance travel, and the introduction of night-time curfews in some cities.

Georgia 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

The government has declared a national state of emergency and adopted containment measures, including social distancing, lock down of high-risk districts, closure of border crossing, travel ban for foreign visitors, quarantine for nationals returning to Georgia, closure of shops (other than groceries and gas stations) and schools.

Germany 12 - Non-Economic Measures OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 April 2020).

(i) Contact ban for meetings of more than two individuals in public, with exemption for household members, have been decided on March 22 across the country, extended until at least May 4 on April 15. The Federal States of Bavaria, Saarland, and Saxony have introduced stricter lockdowns; (ii) Reintroduction of border controls at the internal Schengen borders to France, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Denmark, Italy, Spain, and Austria, with restriction on entry since March 16 and 19. Goods and commuters are allowed to cross the border. On April 2, the government agreed to exceptionally allow seasonal agricultural workers to enter the country under strict requirements after seasonal workers have generally been denied entry from March 25 onward. Travel warning for all countries in place until the end of April. In accordance with the decision at the European level, individuals from outside the EU, with few exceptions, cannot enter the country for at least 30 days starting March 18; (iii) Most schools and day care centers are closed until mid April; (iv) Restaurants are closed. Nonessential stores, leisure, and cultural facilities have been closed since March 15 and 16. Larger events were cancelled until end-August.

Indonesia 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

The government has adopted various containment measures, including temporary bans on domestic and international air and sea travel, screening at ports of entry, school closures, and other restrictions on public events.

Ireland 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The government has implemented a wide range of health and containment measures. On March 27, the government has issued strict restrictions on business activity, social distancing and travel - everyone is to stay at home wherever possible with only few exceptions i) to travel to or from work for those providing an essential service; ii) shop for food and medicines; iii) to carry out vital services like caring; iv) brief individual exercise within 2km; v) farming.

Japan 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 11 April 2020).

On April 7, Prime Minister Abe declared a state of emergency for seven key prefectures in Japan (including Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, and Fukuoka) effective from April 8 to May 6. The declaration will enable prefectural governors in the designated areas to request people to stay at home, order closures of schools and public facilities, build temporary medical facilities, and adopt actions to support medical and food supplies. The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games have been postponed to July 23–August 8, 2021.

Kazakhstan 12 - Non-Economic Measures
Kyrgyz Republic 12 - Non-Economic Measures World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) Effective March 22 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, (c) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (d) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (e) a curfew.

Kiribati 12 - Non-Economic Measures International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) March 17, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (iii) March 21, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports); and (iv) March 28, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Republic of Korea 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 20 April 2020).

The authorities have implemented comprehensive testing and tracking, which has enabled early isolation and treatment while minimizing widespread mobility restrictions.

Lao PDR 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) April 15, A nationwide lockdown since April 1 (announced on March 29) was extended until May 3; and April: (ii) Civil servants have been asked to work from home while citizens have to stay home and are not allowed to travel to other provinces; (iii) Travel restrictions have been put in place (a) prohibiting travel to other provinces, (b) suspending domestic passenger transport services, and (c) closing all border checkpoints; (iv) Educational institutions, garment and other factories, large projects, and entertainment and sports venues are closed, and large gatherings are banned; (v) Price control of essential goods has been strengthened; (vi) Mining operations and construction of hydropower dams have been suspended; (vii) Several businesses, including hotels, have announced closures while airline companies have reduced both international and domestic flights; and (viii) The Taskforce Committee for COVID-19 Epidemic Prevention, Control and Response is monitoring latest developments and coordinates the authorities’ response. A separate Taskforce Committee has been appointed to address the economic impact of the crisis.

Luxembourg 12 - Non-Economic Measures OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) People have been encouraged to self-isolate and should only leave the house for essential activities such as food shopping, going to work (note: working-from-home if possible), going to doctors and to help vulnerable people; (ii) All public gatherings are prohibited; (iii) All cultural and recreational events (incl. sport events) are suspended; (iv) All schools, universities and kindergartens have been closed since 16 March, until at least the 4 May 2020; (v) On April 15, the government announced a multiphase lockdown exit strategy, with phases comprising activities/tentative opening dates as follows: phase 1—construction sites and selected activities—including craft, landscaping, and recycling services (April 20); phase 2—secondary education (May 11); phase 3: basic education and childcare facilities (May 25); later phases—commercial activities and the hospitality sector (dates to be determined).

Malaysia 12 - Non-Economic Measures WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, Temporary export ban on face masks; (ii) A Movement Control Order (MCO) was put in place on March 18-31 and subsequently extended until April 14: borders are closed; schools, universities and non-essential businesses are closed; all public gatherings are banned.

Maldives 12 - Non-Economic Measures World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

(i) Effective 17 March 2020, Temporary reduction of import tariffs on certain personal protective equipment like hand sanitizers, disinfectants, etc. Imports also exempted from processing fee's; and (ii) April, There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures.

Mongolia 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

The authorities declared the state of high alert on February 13 and quickly implemented a broad range of measures including a travel ban from high-risk countries, temporary suspension of coal exports to the People's Republic of China, social distancing, public events cancellations, and school and university closures.

Myanmar 12 - Non-Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 12 April 2020).

April: (i) In response, the government has announced measures to limit the spread of the virus including travel restrictions (including quarantine requirements, suspension of visa issuances and international flights), closure of several land borders, and banning mass public gatherings are in place; (ii) Yangon and Mandalay will be under lockdown during the long holidays (April 10–19); (iii) Government employees have been instructed not to travel home and will be compensated for this period; (iv) A National Central Committee on Prevention, Control and Treatment of 2019 Novel Coronavirus has been established to coordinate the authorities’ response. A second committee, the Control and Emergency Response Committee on COVID-19, was setup on March 30 to help with stricter administrative measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantine migrant workers coming from neighboring countries.