Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Cook Islands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) NZD
Cook Islands 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

16 April 2020, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open

Cook Islands 12C 12C - Others NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

30 October 2020, decided to lift the requirement for incoming travellers to spend 14 days in supervised quarantine on arrival.

Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(ii) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; (i) November 30, relaxed outward travel restrictions, allowing residents to travel abroad.

Federated States of Micronesia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Federated States of Micronesia 12C 12C - Others USD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD
Fiji 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) Nationwide curfew and lockdowns have also been put into place.

Fiji 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) Closing of certain types of businesses were implemented at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Fiji 12C 12C - Others FJD TravelPulse. https://www.travelpulse.com/news/destinations/fiji-announces-post-pandemic-care-fiji-commitment-program.html (accessed 14 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The Government reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; (ii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iii) 4 June 2020, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (iv) 21 June 2020, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions; (v) The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) 16 July 2020, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities; (vii) 13 January 2021, Tourism Fiji announced that it has created the “Care Fiji Commitment,” a program featuring enhanced safety, health and hygiene protocols for a post-pandemic world as it prepares to reopen borders to travelers sometime in the future.

Kiribati 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD
Kiribati 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January 2020, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) 21 March 2020, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports).

Kiribati 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AUD
Kiribati 12C 12C - Others AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) 17 March 2020, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (ii) 28 March 2020, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Marshall Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD
Marshall Islands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 24 June 2020).

(i) 24 January 2020, Travel restrictions from affected countries have been imposed; (ii) 8 March 2020, Entry of all international travelers by commercial flight has been suspended; (iii) April 2020, To ensure food and other supplies, container vessels and fuel tankers have been exempted from entry restrictions, but with strict safety requirements including prohibition of human contacts and a minimum of 14 days between departure from ten restricted countries and arrival in Marshall Islands; (iv) May 2020, To ensure continuity of transshipment services, a limited number of carrier vessels and purse seiners can enter Marshall Islands for transshipment, after spending 14 days at sea and only after clearance by corresponding agencies; and (v) Container vessels and fuel tankers that have a history of entering Majuro and Ebeye ports with same crew and corresponding health records can enter ports (no disembarkation) without a 14-day quarantine.

Marshall Islands 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace USD
Marshall Islands 12C 12C - Others USD RMI National Disaster Management Office (NDMO). https://ndmo.gov.mh/resource-library/#resource-browser (accessed 3 February 2021).

As of 29 January 2021, the National Disaster Committee (NDC) will submit a recommendation to the Cabinet for the extension of State of Emergency (SOE), including an updated RMI National Pandemic Response Plan and Budget, and Travel Advisory, as it expires on 7 February 2021 [update].

Nauru 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD
Nauru 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#N (accessed 6 January 2021).

April 2020: (i) The government has imposed a number of containment measures including a near-total ban on entry by air into Nauru effective March 16; (ii) Screening and quarantine measures have also been in effect since March 16 and apply to all passengers on arrival, including a mandatory 14-day stay in approved transition accommodation and further measures for symptomatic cases; (iii) Cargo flights are operating at normal frequency at this time, but subject to strict handling on arrival, including on contact with crew.

Nauru 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020).

April 2020: (i) Social distancing measures have been encouraged including limiting or cancelling public gatherings and recommending working arrangements from home where possible; (ii) The Government of Nauru extended the emergency measures to be in force until they announce an easing [date unspecified]; (iii) As of 14 August 2020, the authorities have implemented a testing regime for COVID-19 and reduced the mandated time in quarantine, alleviating some of the budgetary implications of containment.

Nauru 12C 12C - Others AUD
Niue 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Niue 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) NZD
Niue 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace NZD
Niue 12C 12C - Others NZD
Palau 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD
Palau 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 21 January 2020).

(i) The authorities have adopted early prevention and containment measures. These include temporary bans on international air and sea travel, health screening at ports of entry, and some other measures reflected in 12C; (ii) 31 July 2020, the government announced the re-establishment of essential air services, allowing a minimum number of flights for emergencies, repatriation, medical referral, and worker recruitment. Regular commercial air travel remains temporary suspended; (iii) January 2021, All travelers (even essential workers and residents) have to quarantine and are required to test 72 hours prior to arrival in Palau. Passengers from low risk areas such as Taipei,China are required to observe a 7-day mandatory quarantine in a designated government facility, and are tested on days 1, 7, and 14. Passengers from high risk areas are placed under mandatory quarantine for 14 days and are tested on days 1, 7, 14, and 21.

Palau 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace USD
Palau 12C 12C - Others USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 October 2020).

(i) School closures, and restrictions on public events were also in effect due to the early prevention and containment measures; (ii) Schools will reopen on 3 August 2020 with safety measures.

Papua New Guinea 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PGK
Papua New Guinea 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) PGK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020).

(i) The government had started imposing containment measures since early February, including (a) a ban on travelers from Asian countries, (b) reduced international flights, (c) mandatory health declaration forms for incoming travelers and enhanced screening at designated ports of entries; (ii) April 2, the PNG parliament voted to shutdown the country and extended the state of emergency which started on March 24 for further two months.

Papua New Guinea 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace PGK
Papua New Guinea 12C 12C - Others PGK
Samoa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures WST
Samoa 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) WST Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/state-of-emergency-order-24/ (both accessed 7 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/amended-state-of-emergency-orders-for-coronavirus-covid-19-25th-april-2020/ (accessed 28 August 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/12/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-35-emergency-order-35/ (accessed 5 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Special-Travel-Advisory-30-December-2020.pdf (accessed 6 January 2021); Governmentof Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-37-emergency-order-37/ (accessed 7 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Special-Travel-Advice-for-Travelers-Entering-Samoa-11.01.21.pdf (accessed 22 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/soe-extension-and-order-38-poloaiga-o-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-38/ (accessed 15 January 2021).

(i) 24 January 2020, Samoa implemented travel restrictions to protect citizens of the country, among the first countries in the world to do so and has gradually tightened the rules; (ii) 20 March 2020, The government declared a State of Emergency and instructed the public to avoid unnecessary travel; (iii) 6 August 2020, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes travel regulations to Samoa from New Zealand and Fiji; (iv) 25 August 2020, All international travel to and from Samoa by plane are temporarily suspended except as provided in exceptional circumstances approved by Cabinet; (v) Repatriation flights from New Zealand and Australia arrived on 18 September, 6 and 30 October 2020 to bring home citizens, workers under the seasonal employment programs, and scholarship students in the region. Additional repatriation flights from Europe and the US are scheduled throughout November 27 to December 11; (vi) 21 December 2020, Emergency Order #35 was issued still suspending all international travel to and from Samoa by plane except as provided in exceptional circumstances approved by Cabinet, domestic flights between Opolu and Savaii may operate on Sundays for emergency medical services only; (vii) 30 December 2020, due to the emergence and rapid transmission of the Covid-19 variant detected in the UK and South Africa, all travelers originating or transiting from these countries are denied entry to Samoa until further review; (viii) 6 January 2021, Emergency Order #37 was issued with the same provisions as #35 and in effect until 17 January 2021; (ix) 11 January 2021, entry of passengers from select countries will be assessed on a case-to-case basis and required negative RT-PCR tests (for details, see: https://bit.ly/2Y2Ttcj); (x) 14 January 2021, Emergency Order #38 was issued extending previously issued orders until 14 February 2021.

Samoa 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/06/state-of-emergency-order-19/ (accessed 24 July 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/state-of-emergency-order-24/ (accessed 7 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/12/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-35-emergency-order-35/ (accessed 5 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-37-emergency-order-37/ (accessed 7 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/soe-extension-and-order-38-poloaiga-o-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-38/ (accessed 15 January 2021).

(i) April 2020: Currently most businesses are under normal operations; (ii) 20 June 2020, The government issued the latest Emergency Order, #19, which includes a revised supermarket operating hours; (iii) 6 August 2020, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes limited operating hours for hotels, restaurants, and small shops; (iv) 21 December 2020, Emergency Order #35 allowing longer operating hours for markets, small shops, supermarkets and businesses; (v) 6 January 2021, Emergency Order #37 was issued with the same provisions as #35 and in effect until 17 January 2021; (vi) 14 January 2021, Emergency Order #38 was issued extending previously issued orders until 14 February 2021.

Samoa 12C 12C - Others WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/07/amended-state-of-emergency-orders-for-coronavirus-covid-19-27th-july-2020/; Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/state-of-emergency-extended-to-27th-september-2020/ (accessed 28 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/10/s-o-e-covid-19-extended/ (accessed 30 October 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/12/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-35-emergency-order-35/ (accessed 5 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/poloaiga-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-37-emergency-order-37/ (accessed 7 January 2021); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2021/01/soe-extension-and-order-38-poloaiga-o-faalavelave-faafuasei-numera-38/ (accessed 15 January 2021).

(i) 20 March 2020, The government declared a State of Emergency and instructed the public to avoid mass gatherings (of five or more people); (ii) 26 March 2020, The amended State of Emergency Orders was signed into law, which gives police officers the legal authority to enforce the Emergency Orders to the full extent of the law; April 2020: (iii) The government is taking full precautions and preventive measures to control the transmission of COVID-19, including preparation of the health system to treat and care for patients; (iv) The government issued the amendments of the Emergency Orders on May 13 and May 20, to gradually lift lockdown restrictions. Social distancing measures still apply for dining at restaurants, and public and village gatherings are permitted only on limited occasions. Social gatherings in public places remain closed until further notice; (v) 28 July 2020, The government extended the State of Emergency Orders until August 30; On 28 August 2020, it was extended up to 27 September 2020; On 25 September 2020, the State of Emergency was further extended until 26 October 2020; On 27 October 2020, it was extended until 22 November 2020; (vi) 6 August 2020, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes additional guidelines on public gatherings such as church services, weddings, and funerals; (vii) 21 December 2020, Emergency Order #35 was issued permitting public gatherings in most places, except in airports and wharves, swimming in beaches and rivers has also been permitted; (viii) 6 January 2021, Emergency Order #37 was issued with the same provisions as #35 and in effect until 17 January 2021; (ix) 14 January 2021, Emergency Order #38 was issued extending previously issued orders until 14 February 2021.

Solomon Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SBD
Solomon Islands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) SBD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020); Solomon Islands Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade. http://www.mfaet.gov.sb/media-center/press-releases/foreign-affairs-news/191-repatriation-advisory-notice.html (accessed 28 August 2020); Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/cabinet-issues-immediate-response-measures-no-instant-lockdown/ (accessed 16 October 2020); Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/govt-confirms-december-repartriation-flight/ (accessed 26 November 2020).

April 2020: (i) The government has implemented measures to prevent the entry of COVID-19 including suspension of all international flights (except for those carrying essential COVID-19 related cargo), no entry of noncitizens, and strict mandatory quarantine for all returning passengers; (ii) In addition, the government has restricted travel of its citizens to the capital, Honiara; (iii) The Prime Minister has ordered the restriction of small craft vessels to and from the common border between Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea; (iv) 11 May 2020, The national carrier, Solomon Airlines announced the suspension of all international flights until 15 July 2020. On 11 June 2020, it announced the suspension of all international flights until 31 August 2020; On 29 July 2020, it extended the suspension of all international flights until 24 October 2020, but it will continue to operate government approved cargo and charter flights as needed; On 2 October 2020, the suspension of international flights was extended until 10 January 2021; (v) 26 May 2020, after confirming its in-country COVID-19 testing capability, the government repatriated its stranded nationals from Australia, New Zealand, Vanuatu, and Fiji. More repatriation flights from these countries were scheduled on June (19 and 31) 2020 and July (1) 2020; On 13 July 2020, the government announced two more repatriation flights scheduled on 21 and 23 July 2020; On 3 October 2020, all scheduled repatriation flights have been put on hold with the confirmation of the first positive COVID-19 case; 24 November 2020, The next repatriation flight of nationals in New Zealand is scheduled on 6 December 2020; (vi) 5 November 2020, The government has extended the international border closures until 31 January 2021.