Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Denmark 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20200517/denmark-begins-next-stage-of-reopening-after-lockdown (accessed 21 May 2020)

(i) People returning from abroad are strongly encouraged to self-quarantine for two weeks. Borders have been closed and entry are only allowed for citizens and others with a critical reason to enter (e.g. work or visit sick family member). EU border restrictions apply as well. Borders remain fully open to transport of goods and capital flows. Air traffic is de facto shut down. All schools, childcare and education facilities were closed, but have gradually begun reopening as of May 20. Teaching continues through online distance learning platforms. The government has banned gatherings of more than 10 people (inside as well as outside), except in work places. Only food stores, pharmacies and stores allowing sufficient physical distance are allowed to remain open. All restaurants, bars and cultural premises as well personal services not allowing sufficient physical distance (e.g. hairdressers) are required to close; (ii) The authorities announced careful and gradual lift of some containment measures such as the opening of daycares, kindergartens and schools (up to 5th grade) by April 15 while others remain in place till May (e.g. no events with more than 10 people, closure of borders) and August (e.g. large gatherings). The gradual opening of the economy was extended to include additional health care sectors and liberal professions . The authorities adjusted the criteria for COVID-19 testing to enable a comprehensive testing of the population as part of the reopening strategy.

Japan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020). NHK. https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20200514_33/ (accessed 15 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan/japan-to-lift-emergency-state-for-osaka-kyoto-hyogo-economy-minister-idUSKBN22X07J (accessed 21 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-stimulus/japan-to-end-tokyos-state-of-emergency-eyes-fresh-930-billion-stimulus-idUSKBN2300SW (accessed 25 May). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-tokyo/city-of-tokyo-issues-stay-home-alert-after-jump-in-new-virus-infections-idUSKBN2391VK?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). Nikkei Asian Review. https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Coronavirus/Tokyo-set-to-drop-all-coronavirus-business-restrictions-on-June-19?utm_campaign=RN%20Free%20newsletter&utm_medium=daily%20newsletter%20free&utm_source=NAR%20Newsletter&utm_content=article%20link&del_type=1&pub_date=20200611190000&seq_num=2&si=%%user_id%% (accessed 11 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-travel/japan-to-ease-entry-for-vietnam-thailand-australia-new-zealand-report-idUSKBN23P1BQ?il=0 (accessed 18 June 2020). euters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-tourism/japan-lifts-coronavirus-travel-curbs-to-help-economy-bounce-back-idUSKBN23Q0BM?il=0 (accessed 19 June 2020). Nikkei Asian Review. https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Japan-immigration/Japan-finally-lifts-COVID-based-reentry-ban-for-foreign-residents (accessed 1 September 2020).

April 7: (i) Prime Minister Abe declared a state of emergency f'or seven key prefectures in Japan (including Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, and Fukuoka) effective from April 8 to May 6 (which, as of May 4, has since been extended until May 31); the declaration will enable prefectural governors in the designated areas to request people to stay at home, order closures of schools and public facilities, build temporary medical facilities, and adopt actions to support medical and food supplies. (ii) The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games have been postponed to July 23–August 8, 2021. May 13: (iii) The Prime Minister has lifted the state of emergency ahead of schedule in 39 prefectures and kept it in place for 8 others including Tokyo (the lifting of which will be decided on May 21). May 21: (iv) The government lifted the state of emergency in Osaka, Kyoto, and Hyogo while keeping it in place for Tokyo and four other prefectures. (v) The government announced the lifting of the state of emergency for Tokyo and four remaining prefectures by June 1. May 25. (vi) June 2, Tokyo issued a stay-home alert after a jump in new virus infections. On June 11, the alert was lifted and authorities announced a lifting of all business restrictions on June 19. On June 19, all restrictions on domestic travel were also lifted and gatherings of up to 1,000 people in indoor/outdoor events were allowed; domestic travel was also encouraged to support the economy. (vii) June 18, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced that the country would ease travel restrictions for people coming from Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and Vietnam. On September 1, The government lifted the reentry ban for all foreign residents who left the country after travel bans were imposed. [update]

Sweden 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SEK OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April, 25 June 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/3fHoE3B (accessed 21 May 2020); Reuters. https://reut.rs/3dfA1yl (accessed 19 June 2020); Ministry of Justice. https://www.government.se/press-releases/2020/07/extension-of-temporary-entry-ban-to-sweden-until-31-august-2020-and-easing-of-restrictions-for-more-travellers/ (accessed 9 July 2020); The Local SE. https://www.thelocal.se/20200729/sweden-scraps-advice-against-travel-to-four-countries (accessed 30 July 2020); Regeringskansliet. https://www.regeringen.se/uds-reseinformation/ud-avrader/a--andringar-av-avradan-fran-icke-nodvandiga-resor-till-alla-lander/ (accessed 13 August 2020).

(i) March 14, The Ministry of Foreign Affairs advised against non-essential travel to all countries; (ii) Many secondary schools and universities have switched to distance learning; (iii) Relatives should avoid "unnecessary visits" to hospitals and from April 1, and a ban on visiting elderly care institutions is imposed; (iv) Events with more than 50 persons are banned since March 27; (v) May 14, The temporary entry ban began to apply on March 19 and initially applied for 30 days. It was subsequently extended until May 15 in accordance with the recommendation of the Commission. The Government has now decided on a further extension of the entry ban until 15 June; (vi) June 13, public transport where a place cannot be booked should be avoided; (vii) June 17, The Foreign Ministry announced that it will lift its advice against non-essential travel to 10 European countries (Greece, Croatia, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, France, Iceland, Belgium, Switzerland and Luxembourg) from June 30. For other European countries, the advice against non-essential travel will remain; (viii) July 2, Extension of temporary entry ban to Sweden until 31 August 2020 and easing of restrictions for more travellers; (ix) July 30, Sweden has lifted its advice against non-essential travel to four more countries: the Czech Republic, Denmark and Norway, and Switzerland. The ministry's recommendations against non-essential travel to other countries in the EU, EEA and Schengen area, as well as the UK, were extended until August 12; (x) August 13, the advice against unnecessary travel to Liechtenstein and Austria is lifted. Advice against non-essential travel to other countries within the EU, the EEA (European Economic Area) and the Schengen area as well as the United Kingdom is extended until August 26.

Denmark 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) People returning from abroad are strongly encouraged to self-quarantine for two weeks. Borders have been closed and entry are only allowed for citizens and others with a critical reason to enter (e.g. work or visit sick family member). EU border restrictions apply as well. Borders remain fully open to transport of goods and capital flows. Air traffic is de facto shut down; (ii) All schools, childcare and education facilities are closed until 13 April. Teaching continues through online distance learning platforms. The government has banned gatherings of more than 10 people (inside as well as outside), except in work places. Only food stores, pharmacies and stores allowing sufficient physical distance are allowed to remain open. All restaurants, bars and cultural premises as well personal services not allowing sufficient physical distance (e.g. hairdressers) are required to close.

Japan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 11 April 2020).

On April 7, Prime Minister Abe declared a state of emergency for seven key prefectures in Japan (including Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, and Fukuoka) effective from April 8 to May 6. The declaration will enable prefectural governors in the designated areas to request people to stay at home, order closures of schools and public facilities, build temporary medical facilities, and adopt actions to support medical and food supplies. The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games have been postponed to July 23–August 8, 2021.

Sweden 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SEK OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) On 14 March, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs advised against non-essential travel to all countries; (ii) Many secondary schools and universities have switched to distance learning; (iii) Relatives should avoid "unnecessary visits" to hospitals and from 1 April, a ban on visiting elderly care institutions is imposed; (iv) Events with more than 50 persons are banned since 27 March.