Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN
Afghanistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) Between March and April 2020, Border closures and suspension of international and domestic flights; As of November, both domestic and international travel has resumed. However, passengers will still need to carry a COVID-19 negative certificate.

Afghanistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown that had been in place since late March/early April for 3 more months. All public places are to remain closed, while public transportation facilities carrying more than 4 passengers are not allowed to travel. Restaurants and coffee shops are only allowed to carry out deliveries and take-outs. As of November 2020, this 6-month lockdown has been lifted.

Afghanistan 12C 12C - Others AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) March 26, The government released over 10,000 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (ii) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (28 March 2020) and Ghazni (1 April 2020) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essential; (iii) Lockdowns in over 20 provinces, including Kabul and other cities, were extended for 3 weeks on 17 April; (iv) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown for 3 more months, as well as mandating additional health precautions. As of November, the lockdown has been lifted. Public gatherings are now allowed, and educational institutions have reopened.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD
Armenia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020). Tass News Agency. https://tass.com/economy/1244483 (accessed 14 January 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. During the state of emergency, travel bans were imposed on citizens from high-risk countries. Public transportation and other domestic travel was reopened earlier, on 18 May; (ii) 13 January 2021, Entry restrictions for foreigners in Armenia are withdrawn; all foreigners now can enter both by air and via ground checkpoints, as long as they have a negative PCR test result made within last 72 hours.

Armenia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

16 March 2020, As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented closures of public spaces. Retail businesses and restaurants were allowed to reopen earlier, on 18 May.

Armenia 12C 12C - Others AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented lockdowns as well as social distancing protocols and other health precautions; (ii) Quarantine is still in effect until 11 January 2021, which bans large gatherings and requires 14-day self-isolation and testing for people entering the country.

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN
Azerbaijan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/868/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/900/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1017/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1130/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) 24 March 2020, The government imposed travel restriction measures, including border closures, restriction of domestic movements, closure of airports and transportation hubs; (ii) 4 May 2020, The authorities began a staged relaxation of restrictions, including reestablishing freedom of private vehicular travel between cities and districts; (iii) 29 May 2020, The majority of the States have temporarily closed the borders and extended the postponement of international flights until 15 June 2020 (except cargo transportation and charter flights); (iv) 19 June 2020, Announced closure of borders until August 1 because COVID-19 cases rose during the first half of June 2020 when Azerbaijan announced to reopen; (v) 07 September 2020, Restrictions on travel to and from Baku, Sumgayit cities and Absheron district are being lifted (except for intercity and inter-district passenger transportation); (vi) 16 October 2020, Passenger transportation services of the Baku Metro are to be suspended starting from 00:00, 19 October 2020 until 06:00, 2 November 2020; (vii) 8 December 2020, The government announced stricter mobility measures starting 14 December 2020 to 18 January 2021, i.e. entry and exit into the various cities around the country.

Azerbaijan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AZN
Azerbaijan 12C 12C - Others AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/az/article/680/ (accessed 20 May 2020). US Embassy in Azerbaijan. https://az.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-for-azerbaijan/ (accessed 15 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until 15 June 2020). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting 4 May 2020; (iii) July 2020, Because of the increasing cases of infections, the government announced the decision to prolong a strict quarantine regime until 20 July 2020 and special quarantine regime until 1 August 2020. (iv) 8 December 2020, The special quarantine regime in the country is extended until 06:00 of 31 January 2021. During this period, all commercial facilities, public services institutions, including restaurants, cafes and tea houses are authorized to serve customers on delivery services and online sale only.

Georgia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures GEL
Georgia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 13 December 2020). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) From 21 March 2020 to 22 May 2020, The country was under a state of emergency closing domestic and international borders. Domestic tourism reopened on 15 June 2020, while international tourists were accepted starting September; (ii) 22 January 2021, Public transport will remain closed in the capital city of Tbilisi, as well as in two large cities of Rustavi and Kutaisi until 1 March. In the port cities of Batumi and Poti, as well as in Zugdidi, Gori and Telavi, municipal transport (albeit available only on workdays) will resume as planned starting 1 February. [update]

Georgia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 8 December 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 January 2021). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) From 21 March 2020 to 22 May 2020, The country was under a state of emergency mandating social distancing, mask wearing, as well as the closure of schools and shops (other than groceries and gas stations). (ii) June 8, Restaurants with indoor seating, selected hotels, and currency exchange offices were allowed to reopen; (iii) 13 July 2020, Outdoor cultural events and indoor rehearsals are allowed; (iii) As of 15 October 2020, Restaurants and entertainment facilities are banned from operating past 10pm; (iv) From 16-30 January 2021, shops and businesses will reopen, but only during the weekdays. The curfew between 9 a.m. and 5 a.m. will be maintained until end-January; (v) 22 January 2021, All kinds of shops and shopping malls will reopen in the cities, while open and closed marketplaces will also be back to work starting 15 February. Finally, the ban on gyms, swimming pools, as well as the restrictions in place in Georgia’s ski resorts – originally set to open on 1 February – have been kept in effect until further notice. [update]

Georgia 12C 12C - Others GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 13 December 2020). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) Under the state of emergency from March-May 2020, citizens were also subject to a 9pm-6am curfew. When going outside, they were also expected to carry identity documents at all times; (iii) As of 9 November 2020, curfew will be re-imposed from 10pm-5am due to a recent resurgence in cases. The curfew between will be maintained until end-January 2021. Development of the pandemic curve will guide the government’s further decisions; (ii) On 15 June 2020, The government released an expanded list of high-risk groups who would be able to avail mandatory, free-of-charge COVID-19 testing; (iii) During 3-15 January 2021, there will be an official public holiday, which means that none of the public or private organizations will work, except for banks and strategic state services. All the containment measures effective during November 28 and December 24 will be reinstituted; (iv) 22 January 2021, Schools will remain closed in the capital city of Tbilisi, as well as in two large cities of Rustavi and Kutaisi until 1 March. In the port cities of Batumi and Poti, as well as in Zugdidi, Gori and Telavi, physical attendance at schools will resume as planned starting 1 February.

Kazakhstan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KZT
Kazakhstan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) KZT UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Kazakhstan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government imposed stringent border controls and testing requirements at the borders; (ii) Internal flights have resumed, but borders remain closed to non-citizens, as well as international flights from COVID-19 affected countries; (iii) The visa exemption for 56 countries (including EU and France) has been suspended until 1 November.

Kazakhstan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace KZT UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Kazakhstan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) During the state of emergency, non-essential businesses had to remain closed; (ii) The State Commission On Ensuring the State of Emergency is preparing a list of businesses that will resume their activities, which includes industrial enterprises, construction and road construction companies, transport companies, banks and public service centres.

Kazakhstan 12C 12C - Others KZT Anadolu Agency. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/kazakhstan-to-kick-off-covid-19-vaccination-next-month/2114814 (accessed 21 January 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a state of emergency, extended to and eventually lifted on May 11. Large cities were put under lockdown with entry/exit bans, while social distancing measures were required. Schooling was moved online, and will last after May 11. Lockdowns were reinstated from 5 July to 2 August; (ii) 19 January 2021, the government announced that mass vaccination will start on 1 February.

Kyrgyz Republic 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) KGS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 26 May 2020, 24 June 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020, 11 June 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/turkey-uae-resume-flights-with-kyrgyzstan/ (accessed 8 August 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyzstan-to-resume-air-service-with-central-asian-countries/ (accessed 11 September 2020). Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyzstan-to-resume-regular-flights-with-russia/ (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) 25 May 2020, Public transport has opened; (ii) April 2020, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, and (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan; (iii) From 5 June 2020, domestic flights and public transport between the regions of Kyrgyz Republic restarted; (iv) From 8 June 2020, restriction on visits to religious institutions is lifted; (v) 15 June 2020, International flights resumed; (vi) 7 August 2020, The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Turkey and United Arab Emirates; (vii) 10 September 2020, The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Kuwait; (viii) The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Kazakhstan on 20 September 2020 and with Russian Federation on 21 September 2020.

Kyrgyz Republic 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace KGS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 26 May 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020).

(i) 21 May 2020, Large shopping centers have opened; (ii) 25 May 2020, Cafes and restaurants fitting no more than 50 people have been allowed to resume operation in Bishkek.

Kyrgyz Republic 12C 12C - Others KGS World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020, 17 May 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/62-schools-in-kyrgyzstan-study-in-traditional-mode/ (accessed 9 September 2020)

(i) Effective 22 March 2020 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April 2020, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (b) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (c) a curfew; (iii) 10 May 2020, The state of emergency ended and the curfew was lifted while the quarantine regime will work until the stabilization of the epidemiological situation; (iv) As of 8 September 2020, the Ministry of Education said that in the first quarter of the 2020-2021 academic year in Kyrgyz Republic, only 1st grades are taught in the traditional format. The rest of them are taught remotely. At the same time, 62 schools of the Republic are allowed to teach children of all classes in the traditional mode. These are small-scale or elementary schools located in areas where no cases of coronavirus infection have been detected.

Pakistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PKR
Pakistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) PKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020; 15 May 2020); Tribune. https://bit.ly/2zMVWz1 (accessed 1 June 2020); The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2256907/strict-lockdown-to-be-imposed-in-punjab-for-10-days-from-tonight-chohan (accessed 28 July 2020).

(i) April 2020, Closed borders with neighboring countries, international travel restrictions, and varying levels of lockdown in cities and provinces across the country; (ii) 29 May 2020, The country resumes international flight operations.

Pakistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace PKR Reuters. https://reut.rs/2ATqjV8 (accessed 26 May 2020); The Express Tribune. https://bit.ly/37J1ZRV (accessed 2 June 2020); SAMAA. https://www.samaa.tv/news/pakistan/2020/08/balochistan-smart-lockdown-extended/ (accessed 4 August 2020); Samaa. https://www.samaa.tv/news/2020/11/pakistan-wedding-halls-closed/ (accessed 12 November 2020).

(i) April 2020, The federal government in coordination with provinces had partially eased the lockdown since 15 April 2020, by allowing ‘low-risk industries’ to restart operation with newly developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). This partial lockdown will be further eased on 9 May 2020, to allow the opening of several industrial units and small retail shops in phases and using proper SOPs; (ii) 19 May 2020, The Supreme Court ordered the government to lift some remaining restrictions imposed on business, in particular shopping malls be reopened and curbs to be lifted on business opening on the weekends; (iii) 2 June 2020, The government announced that all the businesses would be open except the ones that are considered in the negative list;

Pakistan 12C 12C - Others PKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 4 January 2021); The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2265164/middle-schools-will-reopen-from-tomorrow-announces-federal-education-minister (accessed 24 September 2020); The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2278609/educational-institutions-to-reopen-in-phases-from-jan-18 (accessed 8 January 2021); ; Dawn. https://www.dawn.com/news/1602228/chinese-pharma-sinopharms-covid-vaccine-becomes-2nd-to-be-approved-for-emergency-use-in-pakistan (accessed 21 January 2021); Khaleej Times. https://www.khaleejtimes.com/coronavirus-pandemic/covid-19-pakistan-approves-emergency-use-of-russias-sputnik-v-vaccine (accessed 25 January 2021).

(i) April 2020, School and university closures and cancellation and banning of public events. Quarantines in localized areas and social distancing measures. Educational institutes were expected to reopen starting 15 July 2020; (ii) 27 July 2020, Strict lockdown imposed in Punjab for 10 days; (iii) 4 August 2020, Balochistan will extend the smart lockdown until 17 August; (iv) 23 September 2020, Middle schools will reopen; (v) November 2020, The government has placed a ban on gatherings at wedding halls from 20 November 2020 in big cities, including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Hyderabad, Multan and Rawalpindi; (vi) 4 January 2021, The federal and provincial governments have agreed to reopen educational institutions across the country in a phased manner from 18 January 2021; (vii) 18 January 2021, The Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan approved for emergency use the COVID-19 vaccines of Oxford University-AstraZeneca and Sinopharm; (viii) 24 January 2021, Sputnik V is the third vaccine to be approved for the emergency use in the country.

Tajikistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TJS
Tajikistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); AviationPros. https://www.aviationpros.com/airlines/news/21203642/uzbekistan-tajikistan-consider-resuming-flights-in-spring-2021 (accessed 4 January 2020).

April 2020: (i) The authorities have instituted a high-level task force and taken a range of measures to contain the spread of the virus, including travel restrictions; (ii) On 6 June 2020, restrictions on public transport was removed and intercity travel remained open, international flights are not expected to resume until further notice; (iii) 21 December 2020, Flights between Tajikistan's Dushanbe and Uzbekistan's Tashkent will most likely resume closer to spring, a source in the Tajikistan's government said.

Tajikistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Aljazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/08/tajikistan-reopens-schools-measures-prevent-covid-19-200817193947792.html (accessed 18 August 2020).

April 2020: (i) The authorities have instituted a high-level task force and taken a range of measures to contain the spread of the virus, including border closures, and suspending prayers at mosques; (ii) May 2020, All schools will remain closed until 10 May 2020; (iii) On 6 June 2020, the government presented a reopening plan which includes resuming operations of bazaars, cafes, beauty and hairdressing salons, and barber shops along other businesses starting on 15 June 2020. All businesses must adhere strict cautionary measures, including regular disinfection of premises and observance of social distancing; (iv) 18 August 2020, Schools reopened after 4 months with measures to prevent COVID-19.

Tajikistan 12C 12C - Others TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Ministry of Health and Social Protection. http://moh.tj/?p=24325&lang=en (accessed 14 December 2020).

(i) April 2020: The task force prepared for potential outbreak by arranging testing labs, medical equipment, supplies, and personnel across the country; (ii) 19 November 2020, The Prevention Commission of Tajikistan has prohibited the holding of all celebrations, including the organization of a New Year’s tree, cultural, festive and other public events on the occasion of the New Year 2021.

Turkmenistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TMT
Turkmenistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 January 2021).

(i) The authorities have adopted a wide range of measures to prevent a COVID-19 outbreak in the country, including closure of borders, flight cancellations and rerouting, and mandatory COVID-19 testing for arriving travelers; (ii) The authorities have imposed restrictions on internal movement, closed roads between some provinces, and stopped rail transportation; (iii) Starting from 24 March 2020, only Turkmen freight carriers are allowed to transport cargo in Turkmenistan; (iv) 30 December 2020, restrictions on domestic and international travel were extended until at least 31 January 2021. Further, a requirement was introduced that all outbound travelers have a signed negative COVID-19 test result within the previous 24 hours.

Turkmenistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) Starting 24 March 2020, all sports events have been cancelled. Gyms and sports clubs have been shut down in Ashgabat.

Turkmenistan 12C 12C - Others TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The authorities have stepped up efforts to digitalize government services, expand e-commerce, and facilitate online and phone payments by SMEs and SOEs through banks; (ii) A commission has been set up for the purchase of essential supplies, medicines, construction equipment, etc.; (iii) As of the first week of November 2020, Turkmenistan has been working with UN agencies to develop a third national plan that covers the humanitarian component of the country's measures to combat COVID-19.

Uzbekistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures UZS
Uzbekistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) UZS UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Uzbekistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) 15 March 2020, Under the state of emergency, all travel was restricted, with all borders closed except for trade. Domestic tourism officially resumed on 1 June 2020. On 15 June 2020, Uzbekistan also restarts international flights to the countries with improved epidemiological situations. As of 1 October 2020, all incoming and outgoing international transportation is now allowed, although certain countries still have to provide medical documents and/or negative test results.

Uzbekistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace UZS UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Uzbekistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) 15 March 2020, As part of the state of emergency, schools, universities, and businesses were closed. Public events were prohibited; (ii) 1 July 2020, A partial reopening that had been underway was stopped, and restrictions reinstated, as the number of new cases accelerated.

Uzbekistan 12C 12C - Others UZS UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Uzbekistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) 15 March 2020, The government declared a state of emergency when the first positive case was reported; (ii) No amount/estimate: 21 June 2020, Foreign tourists who contract COVID-19 in Uzbekistan will receive USD3,000.