Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) April 28, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship, (d) temporarily halting all air travel, (e) encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, (f) closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic deman; (iv) Starting May 4, 2020, hotels have been allowed to operate at 25% capacity until June 2020 and at 50% capacity thereafter; (v) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country. [update]

Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. The state of emergency will be in place until June 14 and encompass movement restrictions. Effective May 4, the movement restrictions are removed and almost all business activities are allowed to operate. This decision is considered a test and stricter restrictions may be implemented again depending on the spread of the virus. Effective June 4, the government declared wearing a face mask in all open public spaces mandatory. [update]

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until June 15) [update]. It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4.

Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia); (ii) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (iii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iv) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures; (v) Schools are not closed nationwide, but several states and municipalities have closed educational institutions. For example, in São Paulo, schools have been closed since 23/3.

European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Georgia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures GEL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The government has declared a national state of emergency (lifted since May 22) and adopted containment measures, including social distancing, lock down of high-risk districts, closure of border crossing, travel ban for foreign visitors, quarantine for nationals returning to Georgia, closure of shops (other than groceries and gas stations) and schools. Domestic tourism will open on June 15th; international tourism will re-open on July 1st and international flights will resume accordingly [update]; (ii) Unauthorized private vehicle movement was prohibited Intercity until April 27, while intracity public transport movement is still prohibited; (iii) A mandatory curfew is now in place, requiring the population to remain indoors from 21:00 to 06:00; (iv) All individuals must carry an identity document when outside of their dwelling (on foot or otherwise). Stricter restrictions on movement are in place for individuals aged 70 and above; (v) Other forms of economic activity, including tourism, has come to a standstill. As of May 5, construction, production of construction materials, carwash, computer and equipment repair shops, and parks will open; (vi) Effective 3 April 2020 to 10 May 2020, Temporary export ban on diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, etc.

Islamic Republic of Iran 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Stopped flights from China, closed schools and malls, key religious sites, banned cultural and religious gatherings, released a high number of prisoners; (ii) March 25, partial lockdown announced, closing of businesses and government offices for two weeks; (iii) Staggered reopening of businesses that are low or average risk in terms spreading the virus; (iv) April 27, reopened all international borders (except Turkmenistan) to revive regional trade.

Kazakhstan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 May 2020)

(i) April 21, Kazakhstan bans livestock export for 6 months; April 27: (ii) The quarantine regime is extended until 11 May. The government is preparing a plan to ease the measures in cities and regions where the situation with the virus is under control; (iii) Flights between Nur-Sultan and Almaty will start operating starting from May 1; (iv) The schooling has been moved online, and will last after May 11, however technical difficulties have been reported; (v) The State Commission On Ensuring the State of Emergency is preparing a list of businesses that will resume their activities, which includes industrial enterprises, construction and road construction companies, transport companies, banks and public service centres; (vi) April 30, The city of Almaty announced that Almaty residents are authorised to move to their countryside houses (datcha) and to go to city's playgrounds and parks under certain time and people restrictions; (vii) The state of emergency has been lifted as of May 11. Quarantine is maintained but measures will be gradually relaxed; (viii) Internal flights have resumed, but borders remain closed to non-citizens, as well as international flights from Covid-19 affected countries; (ix) The visa exemption for 56 countries (including EU and France) has been suspended until 1 November; (x) As of May 20, WHO has approved a Kazakh COVID-19 vaccine for preclinical trials; (xi) Cash withdrawals limits will be temporarily imposed on legal entities starting early June. A pilot biometric information center has been launched to help banks identify customers in order to provide remote banking services.

Kyrgyz Republic 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KGS World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020, 17 May 2020, 26 May 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020, 11 June 2020).

(i) Effective March 22 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, (c) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (d) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (e) a curfew; (iii) May 10, The state of emergency ended and the curfew was lifted while the quarantine regime will work until the stabilization of the epidemiological situation; (iv) May 21, Large shopping centers will open; (v) May 25, Public transport will open; (vi) May 25, Cafes and restaurants fitting no more than 50 people will be allowed to resume operation in Bishkek; (vii) From June 5, domestic flights and public transport between the regions of Kyrgyzstan re-started [update]; (viii) From June 8, restriction on visits to religious institutions is lifted [update].

Mexico 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

Travel restrictions, social distancing, closure of schools and shutdown of non-essential activities. Reopening of the economy. On May 14, the government announced plans to begin the normalization of economic activities, including a green-yellow-orange-red color system for states to represent the extent of activities allowed (e.g. states with most active cases are red and would remain in a forced quarantine), the resumption of school and labor activities in municipalities free of infection, and the addition of construction, mining, and transport equipment manufacturing as essential activities.

Nigeria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) Closure of airports, schools, universities, and other public places; (ii) March 30, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (iii) Flexible work arrangements encouraged in several states; (iv) Increased daily testing capacity to 2,500; (v) Release of inmates in correctional facilities to decongest prisons; (vi) May 4, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including nighttime curfew, ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel, partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services, and mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public; (vii) NCDC launched a WhatsApp APL, a free-to-use service to provide a central source of accurate, verified and current information on COVID-19 in Nigeria.

Pakistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020; 15 May 2020); Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-pakistan-lockdown/coronavirus-not-a-pandemic-in-pakistan-says-top-court-ordering-curbs-lifted-idUSKBN22U2NV (accessed 26 May 2020); Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2231109/1-pakistan-resumes-international-flight-operations-may-30/ (accessed 1 June 2020); The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2233418/1-pm-imran-bats-unlocking-economy-eases-coronavirus-lockdown/ (accessed 2 June 2020).

(i) Quarantines in localized areas; (ii) Closed borders with neighboring countries; (iii) International travel restrictions; (iv) School and university closures; (v) Cancellation and banning of public events; (vi) Social distancing measures; (vii) Varying levels of lockdown in cities and provinces across the country; (viii) The federal government in coordination with provinces had partially eased the lockdown since April 15, by allowing ‘low-risk industries’ to restart operation with newly developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). This partial lockdown will be further eased on May 9, to allow the opening of several industrial units and small retail shops in phases and using proper SOPs. Educational institutes are expected to reopen starting July 15; (ix) May 19, The Supreme Court ordered the government to lift some remaining restrictions imposed on business, in particular shopping malls be reopened and curbs to be lifted on business opening on the weekends; (x) May 29, The country resumes international flight operations; (xi) June 2, the government announced that all the businesses would be open except the ones that are considered in the negative list [update].

Russian Federation 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures RUB IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Russia has taken several measures to combat the pandemic, including: (i) progressively closing the border with the People's Republic of China and some European countries; (ii) mandating self-quarantine for people arriving from other countries and people at risk; (iii) closing schools, theaters, and sports facilities, and encouraged remote work; (iv) March 30, the authorities announced an open-ended quarantine in Moscow requiring non-essential businesses to close and people to remain indoors; (v) the central government has asked regional authorities to implement containment policies commensurate with the extent of infection in their regions; (vi) June 1, Moscow will move to the second stage of reopening, with opening some non-essential shops and service sector businesses with tightened safety requirements. [update]; (vii) Russian capital Moscow ends the city's lockdown from today, the digital pass system for residents will not be longer required. About 80% of Moscow’s economy is now back to business. Essential travel is expected to be allowed soon. [update]

Saudi Arabia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020).

(i) April 6, Nighttime curfew in various cities including Mecca and Madina; (ii) Restrictions on international and domestic travel; (iii) Closing mosques, schools, universities, and shopping malls; (iv) Suspending employee attendance at government and private workplaces; (v) Increasing mass testing; (vi) The Ministry of Hajj called on countries to delay their bookings for the 2020 Hajj season; (vii) April 22, Launch of a repatriation program for expatriates; (viii) April 26, partial lifting of the curfew in all regions, except in Mecca and previously isolated neighborhoods; (ix) 28 May, the curfew will be eased to be from 3pm to 6am and will be entirely lifted on 26 June except for Mecca where it will be over 3pm-6am only from 21 June; (x) The all clear phase will start on June 21, when all curfew restrictions will be completely lifted and the situation will be allowed to return to normal throughout the country (as it was before the curfew procedures), except in the city of Makkah. [update]

South Africa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ZAR Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 15, national state of disaster declared; (ii) nationwide lockdown; (iii) travel ban of foreign nationals from high-risk countries; (iv) screening at ports of entry; (v) school closures; (vi) screening visits to homes; (vii) introduction of mobile technology to track and trace contacts of those infected; (viii) banning of large gatherings. (ix) Effective June 1, further relaxation of the lockdown was announced.

Tajikistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 May 2020).

April: (i) The authorities have instituted a high-level task force and taken a range of measures to contain the spread of the virus, including border closures, travel restrictions, and suspending prayers at mosques; (ii) The task force is preparing for potential outbreak by arranging testing labs, medical equipment, supplies, and personnel across the country; (iii) May, All schools will remain closed until May 10.

Turkmenistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 May 2020).

(i) The authorities have adopted a wide range of measures to prevent a COVID-19 outbreak in the country, including closure of borders, flight cancellations and rerouting, and mandatory COVID-19 testing for arriving travelers; (ii) Starting March 24, all sports events have been cancelled. Gyms and sports clubs have been shut down in Ashgabat; (iii) The authorities have imposed restrictions on internal movement, closed roads between some provinces, and stopped rail transportation; (iv) Starting from March 24, only Turkmen freight carriers are allowed to transport cargo in Turkmenistan; (v) The authorities have stepped up efforts to digitalize government services, expand e-commerce, and facilitate online and phone payments by SMEs and SOEs through banks; (vi) A commission has been set up for the purchase of essential supplies, medicines, construction equipment, etc.

Uzbekistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures UZS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 8 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Restricting travel (including international flights, domestic public transportation, and movement by car); (ii) Closing borders (except for trade), closing schools and universities and all stores except grocery stores and pharmacies; (iii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iv) Cancelling public events and religious gatherings.

Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries [update].

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) April 28, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship, (d) temporarily halting all air travel, (e) encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, (f) closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic demand.

Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. The state of emergency will be in place until April 14 and encompass movement restrictions. Effective May 4, the movement restrictions are removed and almost all business activities are allowed to operate. This decision is considered a test and stricter restrictions may be implemented again depending on the spread of the virus. [update]

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until April 20). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4 [update].

Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia); (ii) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (iii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iv) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures.

European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

Georgia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures GEL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) The government has declared a national state of emergency (effective until May 22) and adopted containment measures, including social distancing, lock down of high-risk districts, closure of border crossing, travel ban for foreign visitors, quarantine for nationals returning to Georgia, closure of shops (other than groceries and gas stations) and schools; (ii) Unauthorized private vehicle movement was prohibited Intercity until April 27, while intracity public transport movement is still prohibited; (iii) A mandatory curfew is now in place, requiring the population to remain indoors from 21:00 to 06:00; (iv) All individuals must carry an identity document when outside of their dwelling (on foot or otherwise). Stricter restrictions on movement are in place for individuals aged 70 and above; (v) Other forms of economic activity, including tourism, has come to a standstill. As of May 5, construction, production of construction materials, carwash, computer and equipment repair shops, and parks will open [update]; (vi) Effective 3 April 2020 to 10 May 2020, Temporary export ban on diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, etc.

Islamic Republic of Iran 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Stopped flights from China, closed schools and malls, key religious sites, banned cultural and religious gatherings, released a high number of prisoners; (ii) March 25, partial lockdown announced, closing of businesses and government offices for two weeks; (iii) Staggered reopening of businesses that are low or average risk in terms spreading the virus; (iv) April 27, reopened all international borders (except Turkmenistan) to revive regional trade.

Kazakhstan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) April 21, Kazakhstan bans livestock export for 6 months; April 27: (ii) The quarantine regime is extended until 11 May. The government is preparing a plan to ease the measures in cities and regions where the situation with the virus is under control; (iii) Flights between Nur-Sultan and Almaty will start operating starting from May 1; (iv) The schooling has been moved online, and will last after May 11, however technical difficulties have been reported; (v) The State Commission On Ensuring the State of Emergency is preparing a list of businesses that will resume their activities, which includes industrial enterprises, construction and road construction companies, transport companies, banks and public service centres; (vi) April 30, The city of Almaty announced that Almaty residents are authorised to move to their countryside houses (datcha) and to go to city's playgrounds and parks under certain time and people restrictions.

Kyrgyz Republic 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KGS World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020, 17 May 2020).

(i) Effective March 22 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, (c) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (d) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (e) a curfew; (iii) May 10, The state of emergency ended and the curfew was lifted while the quarantine regime will work until the stabilization of the epidemiological situation [update].

Mexico 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020)

Travel restrictions, social distancing, closure of schools and shutdown of non-essential activities. Reopening of the economy. On May 14, the government announced plans to begin the normalization of economic activities, including a green-yellow-orange-red color system for states to represent the extent of activities allowed (e.g. states with most active cases are red and would remain in a forced quarantine), the resumption of school and labor activities in municipalities free of infection, and the addition of construction, mining, and transport equipment manufacturing as essential activities.

Nigeria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) Closure of airports, schools, universities, and other public places; (ii) March 30, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (iii) Flexible work arrangements encouraged in several states; (iv) Increased daily testing capacity to 2,500; (v) Release of inmates in correctional facilities to decongest prisons; (vi) May 4, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including nighttime curfew, ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel, partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services, and mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public; (vii) NCDC launched a WhatsApp APL, a free-to-use service to provide a central source of accurate, verified and current information on COVID-19 in Nigeria.

Pakistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020; 15 May 2020).

(i) Quarantines in localized areas; (ii) Closed borders with neighboring countries; (iii) International travel restrictions; (iv) School and university closures; (v) Cancellation and banning of public events; (vi) Social distancing measures; (vii) Varying levels of lockdown in cities and provinces across the country; (viii) The federal government in coordination with provinces had partially eased the lockdown since April 15, by allowing ‘low-risk industries’ to restart operation with newly developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). This partial lockdown will be further eased on May 9, to allow the opening of several industrial units and small retail shops in phases and using proper SOPs. Educational institutes are expected to reopen starting July 15.

Russian Federation 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures RUB IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Russia has taken several measures to combat the pandemic, including: (i) progressively closing the border with the People's Republic of China and some European countries; (ii) mandating self-quarantine for people arriving from other countries and people at risk; (iii) closing schools, theaters, and sports facilities, and encouraged remote work; (iv) March 30, the authorities announced an open-ended quarantine in Moscow requiring non-essential businesses to close and people to remain indoors; (v) the central government has asked regional authorities to implement containment policies commensurate with the extent of infection in their regions.

Saudi Arabia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) April 6, Nighttime curfew in various cities including Mecca and Madina; (ii) Restrictions on international and domestic travel; (iii) Closing mosques, schools, universities, and shopping malls; (iv) Suspending employee attendance at government and private workplaces; (v) Increasing mass testing; (vi) The Ministry of Hajj called on countries to delay their bookings for the 2020 Hajj season; (vii) April 22, Launch of a repatriation program for expatriates; (viii) April 26, partial lifting of the curfew in all regions, except in Mecca and previously isolated neighborhoods.

South Africa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ZAR Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 15, national state of disaster declared; (ii) nationwide lockdown; (iii) travel ban of foreign nationals from high-risk countries; (iv) screening at ports of entry; (v) school closures; (vi) screening visits to homes; (vii) introduction of mobile technology to track and trace contacts of those infected; (viii) banning of large gatherings.

Tajikistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

April: (i) The authorities have instituted a high-level task force and taken a range of measures to contain the spread of the virus, including border closures, travel restrictions, and suspending prayers at mosques; (ii) The task force is preparing for potential outbreak by arranging testing labs, medical equipment, supplies, and personnel across the country; (iii) May, All schools will remain closed until May 10, 2020 [update].

Turkmenistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) The authorities have adopted a wide range of measures to prevent a COVID-19 outbreak in the country, including closure of borders, flight cancellations and rerouting, and mandatory COVID-19 testing for arriving travelers; (ii) Starting March 24, all sports events have been cancelled. Gyms and sports clubs have been shut down in Ashgabat; (iii) The authorities have imposed restrictions on internal movement, closed roads between some provinces, and stopped rail transportation; (iv) Starting from March 24, only Turkmen freight carriers are allowed to transport cargo in Turkmenistan; (v) The authorities have stepped up efforts to digitalize government services, expand e-commerce, and facilitate online and phone payments by SMEs and SOEs through banks [update].

Uzbekistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures UZS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 8 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Restricting travel (including international flights, domestic public transportation, and movement by car); (ii) Closing borders (except for trade), closing schools and universities and all stores except grocery stores and pharmacies; (iii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iv) Cancelling public events and religious gatherings.