Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020)

The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia. 

Armenia 11 - Other Economic Measures
Australia 11 - Other Economic Measures
Austria 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses.

Azerbaijan 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); The Coronavirus Response Fund. http://covid19fund.gov.az/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Eurasianet. https://eurasianet.org/to-fight-coronavirus-azerbaijan-passes-the-hat (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) March, Establishment of the Coronavirus Response Fund under the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of March 19, 2020. The government itself is asking for donations from citizens, organizations, and businesses to help it deal with the disease in Azerbaijan. According to President Ilham Aliyev, the basic goal of the fund is for the people of Azerbaijan to within the limits of their capability, demonstrate their civil solidarity and generosity which are foundations of their society. The fund has raised AZN112 million as of April 19; (ii) April, The CBA and commercial banks have shifted to a seven-day work week, including to allow individuals and businesses to convert their manat holdings into foreign currency.

Bangladesh 11 - Other Economic Measures
Belgium 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Ban on short-selling stocks until April 16.

Bhutan 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) March 11, Office of Consumer Protection has published market price information of essential commodities to monitor and keep track of price movement in the market and provide information to consumers for informed purchase decision; (ii) March 24, A ban on select food product (e.g., betel leaf, betel nut) import from India has been imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19.

Brunei Darussalam 11 - Other Economic Measures
Canada 11 - Other Economic Measures
Cook Islands 11 - Other Economic Measures
European Central Bank 11 - Other Economic Measures
European Union 11 - Other Economic Measures Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU.

Finland 11 - Other Economic Measures
France 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

Ban on short-selling stocks 

Georgia 11 - Other Economic Measures
Germany 11 - Other Economic Measures OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 April 2020).

April 1, Missed rent payments due to COVID-related reasons cannot lead to evictions and rent payments for these tenants will be postponed (in force from April 1 to June 30). Rents need to be paid in full afterwards (by 30 June 2022) to ensure no losses for landlords. Consumers that cannot finance running consumption costs for their housing units (such as electricity, gas, telecommunication and water) can postpone them without being charged late payment fees or forced to judicial debt collection.

Indonesia 11 - Other Economic Measures WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 28 April 2020).

(i) Effective 18 March 2020 to 31 May 2020, Temporary elimination of import certification requirements on imports of onions and garlic, (ii) Effective 18 March 2020 to 30 June 2020, Temporary export ban on antiseptic, raw materials to fabricate masks, personal protective equipment (PPE), ethyl alcohol and masks.

Ireland 11 - Other Economic Measures
Japan 11 - Other Economic Measures
Kazakhstan 11 - Other Economic Measures
Kyrgyz Republic 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: February, The NBKR raised the policy interest rate by 75 basis points to 5% amid global uncertainty and the increase in inflation; and (ii) Banks and NBFIs should create a loan loss reserve equal to 100% for the amount of overdue accrued interest payments on loans that have been given the status of non-accrual of interest income when overdue arrears are 270 days or more (from the now 90 days).

Kiribati 11 - Other Economic Measures
Republic of Korea 11 - Other Economic Measures WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020).

April 14, Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters.

Lao PDR 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

April, Cuts in administrative expenses by at least 10% of annual budget have been approved and intentions to cut unnecessary spending in proportion to revenue shortfall has been signaled.

Luxembourg 11 - Other Economic Measures OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm#faq (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Temporary suspension of refunds for cancelled package holidays in support of travel agents; (ii) Commitment by Luxembourg banks to offer a 6-month moratorium on loans for SMEs, self-employed and liberal professionals; (iii) The Luxembourg authorities issued guidance on COVID19-related financial crime and AML/CT issues.

Malaysia 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

March 23, The SC and Bursa Malaysia suspended short-selling until April 30.

Maldives 11 - Other Economic Measures IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

April, Reduce recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion (1.1% of GDP).

Mongolia 11 - Other Economic Measures
Myanmar 11 - Other Economic Measures