Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures AUD
Austria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to May 18 on April 16; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 18: Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day. (iii) June 16, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year.

Belgium 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Federale Overheidsdienst Financiën. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/akkoord-onderling-overleg-tussen-de-autoriteiten-van-duitsland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van (accessed 02 June 2020). Financial Services and Market Authority. https://www.fsma.be/nl/news/de-fsma-kondigt-de-opschorting-van-het-verbod-op-het-innemen-verhogen-van-nettoshortposities (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October; (ii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022; (iii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion; (iv) Ban on short-selling stocks until May 17; (v) May 12, the Financial Services and Markets Authority agreed to not take action against companies that will not be able to comply with mandatory data provision on code of conduct risk models by June 30, 2020; (vi) May 18: Suspended the ban on short selling; (vii) June 2: Extended the agreement on taxation of cross-border workers with Germany and Netherlands until June 30, 2020.

Brunei Darussalam 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BND
Cambodia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) April, The government has ordered the suspension of white rice exports, to secure domestic supplies; (ii) May 20, suspension of white rice exports has been lifted; (iii) June, The Royal Government will introduce Phase 1 of the IT business registration platform in early June 2020 to facilitate and promote business registration, especially to make it easy for those companies wishing to be registered to obtain loans from the Royal Government’s special financing program.

Canada 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CAD
Denmark 11 11 - Other Economic Measures DKK Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/regeringen-og-erhvervslivet-vil-hjaelpe-dansk-eksport-i-coronakrisen/ (accessed 13 August 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/ivaerksaettere-faar-hjaelpende-haand-ny-politisk-aftale-letter-omregistrering/ (accessed 27 July 2020)

(i) August 11, set up a Forum for restarting Danish exports, and eight Restart Teams from various industries to contribute their input; (ii) August 21, Gave entrepreneurs a better opportunity to re-register entrepreneurial companies as private limited companies. Also extended the deadline for re-registration to 15 October 2021. [update]

Finland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Finnish Government. https://valtioneuvosto.fi/en/-/1271139/amendments-to-pharmaceutical-legislation-aim-to-ensure-availability-and-sufficiency-of-medicines- (accessed 18 July 2020).

Amendments to pharmaceutical legislation to allow Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has the right to temporarily restrict or authorise the prescription and dispensing of medicines intended for treating infectious diseases .

France 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR AMF. https://www.amf-france.org/fr/actualites-publications/communiques/communiques-de-lamf/lamf-suspend-linterdiction-de-creer-ou-daugmenter-des-positions-courtes-nettes (accessed 1 June 2020).

18 May, Suspended the ban on creating or increasing net short positions.

Germany 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 18 May 2020).

April 1, Missed rent payments due to COVID-related reasons cannot lead to evictions and rent payments for these tenants will be postponed (in force from April 1 to June 30). Consumers that cannot finance running consumption costs for their housing units (such as electricity, gas, telecommunication and water) can postpone them without being charged late payment fees or forced to judicial debt collection.

Indonesia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures IDR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 28 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/05/22/indonesia-may-lose-market-confidence-due-to-mounting-debts-world-bank.html (accessed 2 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-tax-digital/indonesia-imposes-10-vat-on-amazon-google-netflix-and-spotify-idUSKBN2481A5?il=0 (accessed 7 July 2020).

(i) Effective 18 March 2020 to 31 May 2020, Temporary elimination of import certification requirements on imports of onions and garlic; (ii) Effective 18 March 2020 to 30 June 2020, Temporary export ban on antiseptic, raw materials to fabricate masks, personal protective equipment (PPE), ethyl alcohol and masks; (iii) Effective 23 March 2020 to 30 June 2020, Temporary elimination of import certification requirements on imports of certain products, e.g. masks and personal protective equipment; (iv) To ease stock market volatility, the regulator OJK has introduced a new share buyback policy (allowing listed companies to repurchase their shares without a prior shareholders’ meeting) and introduced limits on stock price declines. (iv) May 22, The government announced it willl start start charging 10 percent value-added tax (VAT) on imported digital goods and services, including video and music streaming subscriptions, starting July 1 in an attempt to boost state revenue. On July 7, authorities confirmed that it is imposing 10% value-added tax on sales by non-resident foreign firms which sell digital products and services in Indonesia worth at least IDR600 million rupiah (USD41,667) a year or which generate yearly traffic from at least 12,000 users.

Ireland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR 1,000,000 1,106,195 IE. https://www.gov.ie/en/press-release/e0aa1-minister-for-public-expenditure-and-reform-michael-mcgrath-td-announces-projects-to-be-funded-under-1-million-public-service-innovation-fund/ (accessed 13 August 2020).

July 28, The Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, announced the 34 diverse projects that have successfully secured funding from this year’s call under the Public Service Innovation Fund (EUR1 million), an initiative of the Our Public Service 2020 reform strategy for development and innovation in the Public Service .

Italy 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 1 May 2020); Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze. http://www.mef.gov.it/ufficio-stampa/comunicati/2020/Arriva-il-nuovo-BTP-Futura-il-primo-titolo-di-Stato-interamente-dedicato-al-retail/ (accessed 16 June 2020); IVAAS. https://www.ivass.it/media/avviso/covid-dividend-2/?com.dotmarketing.htmlpage.language=3 (accessed 6 August 2020);

(i) No amount/estimate: Apri l 24, announced a special debt instrument called "BTP ITALIA," which will finance costs arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The next issue will be May 18-21, 2020. The instruments have maturities of 4 to 8 years, with coupons paid every six months, and capital always guaranteed at maturity; (ii) IVASS (Insurance supervisory authority) followed the EIOPA recommendations and called insurance companies to be prudent about dividends and bonus payments to protect their capital position; insurance companies are asked to provide updated Solvency II ratios on a weekly basis; (iii) CONSOB called a three-month ban on shorting of all shares and lowered a minimum threshold beyond which it is required to communicate the participation in a listed company. These measures are aimed to contain the volatility of the financial markets and to strengthen the transparency of the holdings in the Italian companies listed on the Stock Exchange; (iv) 18 May : Suspended the temporary ban on taking new net short position and the increase in existing net short positions. The Italian Companies and Exchange Commission (CONSOB) first introduced the ban on March 17, 2020. The ban will end on May 18, 2020; (v) 8 June, Announced a new government bond exclusively dedicated to the retail market. This government bond is called the “BTP Futura”, and will solely finance expenses made by the Italian government to deal with the COVID-19 emergency, as well as to support the recovery of the Italian economy. The first issue will be Monday, July 6, 2020, to Friday, July 10, 2020.

Japan 11 11 - Other Economic Measures JPY OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 6 May 2020).

May 27, The Cabinet approved a new stimulus package worth JPY117 trillion, mostly comprising financial aid for companies along with JPY33 trillion in direct spending, to be funded by a second supplementary budget; this brings the total amount of stimulus from all economic packages to JPY234 trillion (over 40% of GDP).

Lao PDR 11 11 - Other Economic Measures LAK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 11 June 2020); 9 July 2020, 3 September 2020).

(i) As of August, Cuts in administrative expenses by at least 30% of the annual budget for ministries and central organizations and 10% for local authorities have been approved and intentions to cut unnecessary spending in proportion to revenue shortfall have been signaled [update]; (ii) The Taskforce Committee has launched a fundraising campaign from the public (as of June 1, about LAK17.5 billion in cash and LAK85.5 billion in kind have been raised.

Luxembourg 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm#faq (accessed 28 May 2020); RTL. https://today.rtl.lu/news/luxembourg/a/1505902.html (accessed 9 May 2020)

(i) Temporary suspension of refunds for cancelled package holidays in support of travel agents; (ii) Commitment by Luxembourg banks to offer a 6-month moratorium on loans for SMEs, self-employed and liberal professionals; (iii) The Luxembourg authorities issued guidance on COVID19-related financial crime and AML/CT issues; (iv) To finance measures, the government issued a EUR2.5 billion bond (3.9% of 2019 GDP) at a negative interest rate. One quarter of the lenders come from the insurance sector. The other investors are based in the eurozone, Great Britain, and Switzerland; (v) Bilateral agreements with France and Belgium regarding the taxation of cross-border workers resorting to telework in the context of the current crisis.

Malaysia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MYR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 3 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 23, The SC and Bursa Malaysia suspended short-selling until April 30. April 28, the suspension was extended through June 30; (ii) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: COVID-19 Temporary Measures Act is proposed to minimize disruption to social and economic well-being activities caused by contractual breaches and enforcement of insolvency actions on groups affected by COVID-19 and Movement Control Order (MCO). This is designed to provide sufficient runway for businesses to recover their operations and relief from certain contractual obligations and financial distress for the revival of the economy.

Myanmar 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MMK
Netherlands 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Financien Belgium. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/overeenkomst-tussen-de-bevoegde-autoriteiten-van-nederland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van-de (accessed 5 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/19/bij-steun-overheid-moeten-bedrijven-onwenselijke-belastingconstructies-afbouwen (accessed 24 June 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/23/eerste-kamer-stemt-in-met-wijziging-wet-gemeentelijke-schuldhulpverlening (accessed 24 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: June 2, Extended the agreement on tax treatment of cross-border workers until June 30, 2020; (ii) Approved an amendment to the Municipal Debt Assistance Act, allowing municipalities to exchange data from citizens with payment arrears at an early stage with housing corporations, energy, and drinking water companies and health insurers to identify people with debts in time and to offer debt counseling. The amendment will take effect on January 1, 2021; (iii) Imposed new conditions on companies that seek support (including corona-related support) from the Dutch government: (a) the company cannot be located in a country that already has a low tax rate, and (b) the Dutch branches of the company cannot have paid interest or royalties to branches of the group in countries with too low tax rates.

New Zealand 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NZD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

March 28, The government announced the temporary removal of tariffs on all medical and hygiene imports needed for the COVID-19 response.

Norway 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NOK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/economic-measures-in-norway-in-response-to-covid-192/id2695355/ (accessed 12 Apr2020); Ministry of Finance.https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/mandate-established-for-management-of-government-bond-fund/id2695345/ (accessed 12April 2020).

(i) The Government Bond Fund bond fund was created with a starting capital of NOK50 billion. The fund will be managed by Folketrygdfondet, a state-owned asset manager; (ii) Urging from the Ministry of Finance to banks and insurance companies to not distribute profits; (iii) Automatic stabilizers: NOK37 billion reduced tax revenues; NOK18  billion,increased expenditure on unemployment benefits; NOK4 billion, increased sickness allowance; (iv) May, The government has announced that oil production will be reduced until the end of the year.

Philippines 11 11 - Other Economic Measures PHP Department of Finance. https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/downloads/2020/05may/20200502-EO-113-RRD.pdf (accessed 5 May 2020). Philippine Daily Inquirer. https://business.inquirer.net/297882/bsp-proposed-fist-law-to-buttress-ph-banks-even-if-bad-loans-double (accessed 22 May 2020). BusinesswWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/pagcor-remits-p5b-in-fresh-dividends-to-treasury/ (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) (ii) PHP2.9 billion assistance from Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) and Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO) is intended for the purchase of medical equipment and supplies (See (i) in Measure 5A). On June 5, PAGCOR remitted an additional PHP5 billion in dividends (bringing the total to PHP17 billion); (iii) Banks are also expected to suspend all fees and charges imposed on online banking platforms during the period of regulatory relief. (iv) May 2, The government imposed a temporary additional 10% levy on imported crude and refined petroleum products to augment resources for COVID-19. (v) May 22, The BSP is pushing for the enactment of the proposed Financial Institutions Strategic Transfer (FIST) law, an enhancement of the Special Purpose Vehicle Act that would allow financial institutions to clear up non-performing assets and have additional funds to lend to their clients.

Portugal 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
Singapore 11 11 - Other Economic Measures SGD WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020). SingaporeBudget.gov. https://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/budget_2020/budget-measures/budget-summary (accessed 30 May 2020). MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/news/media-releases/2020/enhancing-job-opportunities-for-singaporeans-and-staying-open-to-global-talent (accessed 28 August 2020).

(i) April 24, Temporary relaxation of import licensing requirements for hand sanitizers, masks, thermometers, and protective gear. (ii) May 26, SGD33 billion under supplementary "Fortitude" budget which includes SGD13 billion for contingencies to allow the government to respond quickly to any unforeseaable developments arising from COVID-19. (iii) August 27, The MAS increased the minimum qualifying salary for employment pass holders (i.e. foreign workers) in the financial services sector to SGD5,000 to support local hiring. [update]

Spain 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Gabinete de Comunicacion. https://bit.ly/2YRE92n (accessed 21 March 2020); Reuters. https://reut.rs/2V1YdxM (accessed 1 April 2020);

(i) March 17, Economic dismissals related to COVID-19 are not allowed. Moreover, if a company reduces activity for reasons related to the COVID crisis, the maximum duration of the affected fixed-term contracts can be prolonged for the same number of months of the crisis; (ii) March 31, Prohibit evictions due to missed payments for all households until state of emergency lifted. Thereafter, evictions due to missed payments will be prohibited for a maximum of 6 months.

Sweden 11 11 - Other Economic Measures SEK Reuters. https://reut.rs/3dqbdnr (accessed 15 June 2020).

June 12, Sweden's parliament appointed two academics to review the unprecedented period of negative interest rates and massive asset purchases conducted by the central bank between 2015 and 2020.

Switzerland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CHF/CHE/CHW OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 13 April 2020). Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/de/start/dokumentation/medienmitteilungen.msg-id-78872.html (accessed 28 May 2020).

(i) On April 3rd the Federal Council announced the coordination of the supply of important medical products; (ii) The Federal Council mentioned the possibility of restricting exports of important medical products and the possibility to impose the production of some of these medical goods; (iii) May 20, the Federal Council dealt with the gradual phase-out of some COVID measures.

Thailand 11 11 - Other Economic Measures THB
Timor-Leste 11 11 - Other Economic Measures USD
Turkey 11 11 - Other Economic Measures TRY Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020; 5 June 2020).

(i) April 15, Customs tariffs for certain steel products were increased by 5 percentage points for 3 months, to protect output and employment in the domestic industry; (ii) From April 18, a customs surcharge of 50% is applied to imports of game consoles. From October this surcharge will be reduced to 20%; (iii) April 27, measures tightening the processing of imported goods in customs under 'red line' rules involving individual examination were implemented; (iv) May 2, export restrictions on health products and equipment implemented since March are waived. Exports of protective masks and suits remain restricted; (v) May 12, To support domestic industries affected by the COVID-19 crisis, customs tarffs were augmented by between 1.9-30% for 750 product groups (including textile products, various consumer durables, construction materials etc.); (vi) May 20, Customs tariff increases were introduced for around 800 additional product lines (including construction equipment, agricultural machinery and food processing and packaging equipment). These surcharges do not apply to imports from EU Customs Union partner countries.

United Kingdom 11 11 - Other Economic Measures GBP OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020; 15 May 2020; 22 May 2020); Reuters. https://reut.rs/3hFCdTb (accessed 5 June 2020); GOV.UK. https://bit.ly/37PxJoj (accessed 18 June 2020); GOV.UK. https://bit.ly/2YkJrV4 (accessed 18 June 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-has-changed-the-law-so-most-renters-have-a-6-month-notice-period (accessed 31 August 2020).

(i) June 6, The government extended ban on evicting tenants from social or private accomodation in England and Wales by two months to August 23 due to the COVID outbreak; (ii) June 5, The Corporate Insolvency and Governance Bill has been proposed to introduce new corporate restructuring tools to the insolvency and restructuring regime, temporarily suspend parts of the insolvency law, and to amend Company Law and other legislation; (iii) June 9, People on paternity and maternity leave who return to work in the coming months will be eligible for the government's furlough scheme, the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS), after the June 10, 2020 cut-off date; (iv) August 28, Legislation has been introduced that requires landlords to give tenants 6 months’ notice before they can evict, until March 2021 [update].

United States 11 11 - Other Economic Measures USD WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm#faq (accessed 11 April 2020); The White House. https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-prioritizing-allocating-health-medical-resources-respond-spread-covid-19/ (accessed 18 April 2020). NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/29/847468328/tip-of-the-iceberg-economy-likely-shrank-but-worst-to-come (accessed 29 April 2020). FT. https://www.ft.com/content/ff49e13e-5f04-4443-9248-caaa3cd38443 (accessed 7 May 2020). FT https://www.ft.com/content/2a297508-c8d0-4736-8c2f-9f4d16822f57 (accessed 8 May 2020).FT https://www.ft.com/content/0b582c93-2bec-46db-a6e3-e5026b3faeb0 (accessed 14 May 2020). CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/15/economy/retail-sales-record-drop-april/index.html (accessed 15 May 2020).

US President Donald J. Trump has already declared himself a “war-time” president and invoked war production powers to combat the COVID-19 crisis. (i) Temporary exclusion of certain products from the additional duty of 25% on a list of products (imposed on September 1, 2019). Published on March 20, but effective retroactively from September 1 2019; (ii) Presidential Memoranda allocating to domestic use certain personal protective equipment (e.g., N-95 filtering facepiece respirators; other filtering facepiece respirators; elastomeric, air-purifying respirators and appropriate particulate filters/cartridges; PPE surgical masks; and PPE gloves or surgical glove), due to the COVID-19 pandemic; (iii) No amount/estimate: July 1, 5 federal financial regulatory agencies announced an extension of the swap margin rule compliance dates, allowing an additional year for swap dealers, major swap participants, security-based swap dealers, and major security-based swap participants to implement the initial margin requirements for certain smaller counterparties.

Viet Nam 11 11 - Other Economic Measures VND IMF,MOF, SBV. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) On March 31, the State Bank of Vietnam instructed Credit Institutions (CIs) to actively reduce bonus and salary, cut other operating costs, timely adjust business plan (including not pay dividend in cash), and use the saved resources to reduce interests; (ii) The Government cut at least 30% of conference funding, domestic travel expenses and 50% of overseas working missions; (iii) Several fees for securities services have been also reduced or made exempt between March 19 and August 31 to support the stock market; (iv) Additional measures have been implemented to accelerate public investment disbursement, including permitting direct procurement, transforming PPP projects into public investment projects, etc. and (v) April to May, Temporary measures on (a) export licensing requirements on face masks; and (b) export quotas on rice for national food security.

Australia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures AUD
Austria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses.

Belgium 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) Ban on short-selling stocks until April 16; (ii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion [update]; (iii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October [update]; (iv) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022 [update].

Brunei Darussalam 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BND
Cambodia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, The government has ordered the suspension of white rice exports, to secure domestic supplies.

Canada 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CAD
Denmark 11 11 - Other Economic Measures DKK
Finland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
France 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

Ban on short-selling stocks now extended until May 18.