|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||10 - No breakdown||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April 22, The government has already allocated AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year (See Measure 5 under health).
|Argentina||10 - No breakdown||135,620,000,000||2,161,274,900||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).||
(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) June 12, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) June 16, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.
|Armenia||10 - No breakdown||245,000,000,000||501,013,646||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020)||
Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion (over USD300 million) to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (i) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (ii) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final.
|Australia||10 - No breakdown|
|Austria||10 - No breakdown|
|Azerbaijan||10 - No breakdown||1,000,000,000||588,235,294||Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020).||
March, AZN1 billion is part of the announced support amounting to AZN2.5 billion (3% of GDP) to reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the national economy, the entrepreneurship and banking sectors, as well as for strengthening the social protection of the people.
|Bangladesh||10 - No breakdown||0||Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-president-bangladesh-finance-minister-discuss-support-covid-19-response (accessed 21 April 2020). The Financial Express. https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/economy/covid-19-govt-so-far-announces-1190b-stimulus-packages-1590759538 (accessed 26 June 2020).|
|Belgium||10 - No breakdown|
|Bhutan||10 - No breakdown|
|Brazil||10 - No breakdown|
|Brunei Darussalam||10 - No breakdown|
|Cambodia||10 - No breakdown||8,111,545,454,540||2,000,000,000||CNBC interview with the National Bank of Cambodia. https://www.msn.com/en-us/video/t/cambodian-lenders-have-ample-liquidity-to-last-until-end-2020-says-central-bank/vp-BB12xZ7R (accessed 14 April 2020); RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).||
(i) April, The government has put together a USD2 billion stimulus package for eventual loss of jobs of the factory workers. This measure is an attempt to revive the economy (See Measures 1, 5, and 6); (ii) May 26, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will prepare additional financing of USD300 million to support and act as a catalyst for promoting growth in key sectors during and after the crisis.
|Canada||10 - No breakdown|
|Cook Islands||10 - No breakdown|
|Denmark||10 - No breakdown|
|European Central Bank||10 - No breakdown||ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/accounts/2020/html/ecb.mg200522~f0355619ae.en.html (24 May 2020).||
May 22, The account of the monetary policy meeting of the Governing Council of the ECB on 29-30 April was released. According to it, the ECB was fully prepared to adjust all of its measures, as appropriate, to ensure that inflation moved towards its aim in a sustained manner, in particular signalling that it was fully prepared to increase the size of the PEPP and adjust its composition as much as necessary and for as long as needed .
|Arab Republic of Egypt||10 - No breakdown|
|European Union||10 - No breakdown||EC. https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response/recovery-plan-europe_en; EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/45109/210720-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf; EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/eu-recovery-plan/; EC. https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response/recovery-plan-europe_en (accessed 27 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1658 (accessed 19 September 2020).||
July 21, Approval of the Next Generation EU recovery fund which will provide the Union with the necessary means to address the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the agreement the European Commission will be able to borrow up to EUR750 billion on the markets. Capital raised on the financial markets will be repaid by 2058. The funds will go to areas where they can make the greatest difference, complementing and amplifying the essential work under way in the Member States. The investments will be channeled via a variety of instruments under three pillars, such as: (a) Supporting member states to recover, repair and emerge stronger from the crisis; (b) Kick-starting the economy and helping private investment; and (c) Learning the lessons of the crisis and addressing Europe’s strategic challenges. The plan ensures the money goes to the countries and sectors most affected by the crisis: 70% under the grants of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) will be committed in 2021 and 2022 and 30% will be committed in 2023. Allocations from the RRF in 2021-2022 will be established according to the Commission’s allocation criteria taking into account member states' respective living standards, size and unemployment levels. Details of the specific instruments under this fund can be found in these links: https://bit.ly/3faBQgG, https://bit.ly/3gbqRVB, and https://bit.ly/39FzbL8. The distribution of funds between the different elements is found in this link: https://bit.ly/2ZQxtTm. September 17, The European Commission has set out strategic guidance for the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility in its 2021 Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy (ASGS). The Facility is the key recovery instrument at the heart of NextGenerationEU which will help the EU emerge stronger and more resilient from the current crisis. The Facility will provide an unprecedented €672.5 billion of loans and grants in frontloaded financial support for the crucial first years of the recovery. Details on this can be found in these links: https://bit.ly/3hOlls6 and https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/qanda_20_1659 [update].
|Fiji||10 - No breakdown|
|Finland||10 - No breakdown|
|France||10 - No breakdown||24,368,000,000||26,955,752,212||Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/3-projet-loi-finances-rectificative-plfr-iii-2020# (accessed 30 June 2020).||
June 6, government announced a strengthened support system for the sectors affected by the COVID-19 crisis including: EUR5.168 billion to support the aeronautic sector; EUR4.5 billion support for the resumption of activities of local authorities; EUR8 billion to support the automotive sector; construction companies subject to corporation tax will be able to request, from 2020, the immediate reimbursement of their stock of receivables to carry back their deficits, as well as receivables that would come to be recognized in 2020 due to the losses linked to this health crisis; EUR6.7 billion to support the tourism industry.
|Federated States of Micronesia||10 - No breakdown|
|Georgia||10 - No breakdown||500,000,000||164,434,076||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
May 7, GEL500 million will be provided to support businesses, including through the credit guarantee scheme. Financing for working capital will increase. This belongs in Measures 1A and 2C.
|Germany||10 - No breakdown||Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/2YimTnV (accessedd 22 May 2020).||
EUR67 billion, Proposed a Solidarity Pact for cities and municipalities suffering from significant reduced income due to the coronavirus. The solidarity pact has two elements: old debt relief and emergency aid to compensate for trade tax losses. The old debt relief would involve a one-off haircut worth a total of EUR45 billion. The emergency aid would entail the federal government and the states each assuming half the tax burden of the municipalities, and losses are currently estimated at EUR12 billion. The amount will be added to the package once approved.
|Hong Kong, China||10 - No breakdown||114,000,000,000||14,681,073,006||HKMA. https://www.hkma.gov.hk/eng/key-functions/banking/banking-regulatory-and-supervisory-regime/riding-out-the-covid-19-challenge/ (accessed 12 May 2020).||
The HKMA provided: (i) HKD93 billion worth of payment extensions to corporate customers through (a) repayment period extension for the transportation sector; (b) trade financing lines converted into temporary overdraft facilities; (c) accounts receivables loans offered to retail sector; (d) pre-approved principal payment holiday scheme covering 80% of corporate borrowers; and (e) special 100% loan guarantee fund; and (ii) HKD 21 billion worth of relief measures for individual customers through (a) principal repayment holidays for residential mortgages; (b) relief loans offered to employees of affected sectors; (c) extension of loan tenor for personal lending; and (d) reduction of credit card charges.
|India||10 - No breakdown|
|Indonesia||10 - No breakdown|
|Ireland||10 - No breakdown||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 9 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: A three month commercial rates waiver for impacted businesses.
|Islamic Republic of Iran||10 - No breakdown||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: Central Bank allocated funds to import medicine.
|Italy||10 - No breakdown||50,000,000,000||55,309,734,513||MEF. https://www.mef.gov.it/inevidenza/PNR-riforme-e-investimenti-per-il-rilancio-e-la-sostenibilita/ (accessed 16 July 2020); MEF. https://www.mef.gov.it/focus/Decreto-rilancio-le-misure-per-rimettere-in-moto-il-Paese/ (accessed 21 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: July 9, The government announced the third phase of the Italian recovery plan, known as the "National Reform Program" (PNR). It outlines the Italian government's approach to stimulating economic growth, innovation, and environmental and social sustainability post-COVID-19. The PNR covers the years 2021-2023 ; May 15, EUR50 billion worth of measures (with no details) which is part of the Relaunch Decree. At the heart of the decree are the measures to support families and businesses, which not only reinforce and extend many of the Cura Italia measures, starting with the strong commitment to the health system, but also introduce new and important measures to get Italy back on its feet, keeping together economic recovery, social cohesion and security.