Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 10 10 - No breakdown AUD
Austria 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Belgium 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Canada 10 10 - No breakdown CAD
Denmark 10 10 - No breakdown DKK
Finland 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
France 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 29,368,000,000 32,486,725,664 Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/3-projet-loi-finances-rectificative-plfr-iii-2020# (accessed 30 June 2020). Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/bruno-le-maire-presente-mesures-urgence-economiques# (accessed 7 November 2020).

(i) 6 June 2020, The government announced a strengthened support system for the sectors affected by the COVID-19 crisis including: EUR5.168 billion to support the aeronautic sector; EUR4.5 billion support for the resumption of activities of local authorities; EUR8 billion to support the automotive sector; construction companies subject to corporation tax will be able to request, from 2020, the immediate reimbursement of their stock of receivables to carry back their deficits, as well as receivables that would come to be recognized in 2020 due to the losses linked to this health crisis; EUR6.7 billion to support the tourism industry; (ii) October 30, EUR5 billion for government guaranteed loans and direct government loans.

Germany 10 10 - No breakdown EUR Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/2YimTnV (accessedd 22 May 2020).

EUR67 billion, Proposed a Solidarity Pact for cities and municipalities suffering from significant reduced income due to the coronavirus. The solidarity pact has two elements: old debt relief and emergency aid to compensate for trade tax losses. The old debt relief would involve a one-off haircut worth a total of EUR45 billion. The emergency aid would entail the federal government and the states each assuming half the tax burden of the municipalities, and losses are currently estimated at EUR12 billion. The amount will be added to the package once approved.

Ireland 10 10 - No breakdown EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 9 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: A three month commercial rates waiver for impacted businesses.

Italy 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 50,000,000,000 55,309,734,513 MEF. https://www.mef.gov.it/inevidenza/PNR-riforme-e-investimenti-per-il-rilancio-e-la-sostenibilita/ (accessed 16 July 2020); MEF. https://www.mef.gov.it/focus/Decreto-rilancio-le-misure-per-rimettere-in-moto-il-Paese/ (accessed 21 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) 9 July 2020, The government announced the third phase of the Italian recovery plan, known as the "National Reform Program" (PNR). It outlines the Italian government's approach to stimulating economic growth, innovation, and environmental and social sustainability post-COVID-19. The PNR covers the years 2021-2023; (ii) 15 May 2020, EUR50 billion worth of measures (with no details) which is part of the Relaunch Decree. At the heart of the decree are the measures to support families and businesses, which not only reinforce and extend many of the Cura Italia measures, starting with the strong commitment to the health system, but also introduce new and important measures to get Italy back on its feet, keeping together economic recovery, social cohesion and security.

Japan 10 10 - No breakdown JPY
Luxembourg 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Netherlands 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 13,000,000,000 14,380,530,973 Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/05/20/coronavirus-verlenging-en-uitbreiding-noodpakket-banen-en-economie (accessed 22 May 2020)

20 May 2020, EUR13 billion for a new emergency package, which has five major components: (a) Companies will receive a tax-free allowance from the Ministry of Economic Affairs so that they can pay for their fixed costs, (b) Adjusted labor compensation ("NOW") program that does not reduce compensation for commercial dismissals, (c) Bridging ("TOZO") program that now applies to entrepreneurs and self-employed persons, (d) Prolonged tax relief, and (e) Lending and guarantees ("BMKB", "GO", "KKC", "COL") for entrepreneurs.

New Zealand 10 10 - No breakdown NZD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/05/term-lending-facility-details-outlined-to-promote-business-lending (accessed on 12 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/covid-19 (accessed 08 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/05/large-scale-asset-purchases-expanded (accessed 14 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/08/further-easing-in-monetary-policy-delivered (accessed 13 August 2020).

April 2020, The RBNZ has been implementing a Large-Scale Asset Program (LSAP) to purchase government bonds in the secondary market up to NZD30 billion across a range of maturities. 7 April 2020, The RBNZ announced that it has added NZD3 billion (equivalent to 30% on issue) of Local Government Funding Agency (LGFA) debt to the LSAP, taking the total size of the LSAP to NZD33 billion over 12 months. 13 May 2020, The Monetary Policy Committee has agreed to significantly expand the LSAP programme to NZD60 billion, up from the previous NZD33 billion limit. 12 August 2020, LSAP programme was expanded to NZD100 billion (See Measures 2A and 7B).

Norway 10 10 - No breakdown NOK
Portugal 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 2,100,000,000 2,323,008,850 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

As of 20 April 2020, a EUR13 billion liquidity scheme, approved by European Commission, is available to provide direct grants and public guarantee loans to companies. Key measures include: (a) EUR1 billion a month financial support (see Non-health in Measure 5); (b) EUR3.7 billion of state-guaranteed credit lines (see Loan guarantees in Measure 2); (c) EUR6.2 billion of (within-year) tax and social security contribution deferrals for companies and employees. Out of EUR13 billion, allocation for EUR2.1 billion is not clear.

Spain 10 10 - No breakdown EUR 250,000,000 276,548,673 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 14 May, 25 June 2020); Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism. https://www.mincotur.gob.es/es-es/gabineteprensa/notasprensa/2019/documents/20190306plan%20estrategico%20automocion%202019-2025.docx.pdf (accessed 28 June 2020); La Moncloa. https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Documents/2020/300720-Comunicado-Gob-Airbus.pdf (accessed 1 August 2020).

(i) 17 March 2020, Support to the digitalization of small and medium companies through grants and loans to finance investment in digital equipment or solutions for remote working conditions (programme ACELERA PYME) (EUR250 million); (ii) 30 July 2020, An Aeronautical Technology Plan, linked to the Recovery Funds of the European Union, will be managed by the Spanish Innovation Agency (CDTI) endowed with the following budget allocation: 2020 - EUR25 million, 2021 - EUR40 million, 2022 - EUR80 million, 2023 - EUR40 million.

Sweden 10 10 - No breakdown SEK
Switzerland 10 10 - No breakdown CHF/CHE/CHW 1,400,000,000 1,462,210,076 Swiss Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases/media-releases-federal-council.msg-id-80518.html (accessed 1 October 2020). Federal Council. https://www.newsd.admin.ch/newsd/message/attachments/64091.pdf (accessed 27 November 2020).

(i) 25 September 2020, The Federal Council and Parliament have adopted various measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in recent weeks, resulting in a need for additional funds of CHF1.4 billion in the 2021 budget; (ii) 25 November 2020, No amount/estimate: the Federal Council adopted the ordinance governing the details of the COVID-19 Hardship Assistance Ordinance of the Confederation and cantons. The Hardship Assistance measures comprise loans, guarantees and non-repayable contributions (“à fond perdu”). The loans and guarantees have a maximum term of ten years. They amount to a maximum of 25% of a company's 2019 turnover and to a maximum of 10 million francs. Contributions “à fond perdu” (non-repayable) are limited to a maximum of 10% of the 2019 turnover and 500,000 francs per company. The Confederation participates in any eventual losses resulting from repayable aids or in the costs of non-repayable contributions up to the financial participation prescribed by law.

Turkey 10 10 - No breakdown TRY 71,000,000,000 11,734,045,772 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 5 June 2020).

20 May 2020, The government announced that the total support has exceeded TRY252 billion. Including deferred loans and interest payments, the total amount exceeds TRY350 billion.The breakdown of the remaining TRY71 billion cannot be ascertained (TRY350 billion less TRY100 billion (the earlier package), TRY98 billion (deferred loans and interest payments), TRY40 billion (the refinancing facility), TRY20 billion (loan guarantees), and TRY21 billion (equity infusions)).

United Kingdom 10 10 - No breakdown GBP 550,000,000 680,956,250 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020; 15 May 2020; 22 May 2020); GOV.UK. https://bit.ly/3fMfMdf (accessed 24 April 2020). GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/40m-boost-for-cutting-edge-start-ups (24April 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-unveils-200-million-package-to-help-innovative-businesses-bounce-back (accessed 4 July 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/more-businesses-set-to-benefit-from-government-loan-scheme (accessed 6 August 2020).

20 April 2020, GBP1.25 billion support package to protect firms driving innovation in the UK, of which: (a) Treasury will dedicate GBP750 million to grants and loan support for SMEs to perform research and development, of which GBP500 million is for high-growth firms, called the Future Fund, reported in Measure 3A. 29 June 2020, GBP200 million out of GP750 million is for the Sustainable Innovation Fund to help businesses drive forward cutting-edge new technology and recover from the impacts of coronavirus, which is a grant (amount is recorded under Measure 5B); (b) Innovate UK (national innovation agency) will administer GBP200 million of grant and loan payments through its existing list of customers on an opt-in basis; (c) The remaining GBP550 million will increase support for existing customers and firms not yet involved with Innovate UK funding. The first payments will be made by mid-May. On 20 May 2020, GBP40 million was allocated to this package to support the UK’s Fast Start Competition, for development of innovations.

United States 10 10 - No breakdown USD