Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 01 - Liquidity Support
Afghanistan 01A - Short-term lending
Afghanistan 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).

No estimate/amount: The Financial Stability Committee is meeting regularly to assess evolving risks to the financial and monetary stability. Da Afghanistan Bank or DAB (central bank) has intensified its monitoring of banks and indicated its readiness to provide liquidity as needed.

Afghanistan 01C - Forex operations IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: DAB is in discussions with money-service providers, who play a systemic role in financial transactions, to ensure uninterrupted services, including transactions in foreign currency, and to encourage enhancement of their remote services given closures.

Armenia 01 - Liquidity Support
Armenia 01A - Short-term lending
Armenia 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency.

Armenia 01C - Forex operations IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency. The CBA has undertaken some foreign exchange sales to limit excessive dram volatility since; (ii) the exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly and has depreciated around 3% against the USD since the end of February. No balance of payment or capital control measures have been adopted.

Australia 01 - Liquidity Support
Australia 01A - Short-term lending International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020); Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 11 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.

Australia 01B - Support policies for short-term lending
Australia 01C - Forex operations IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.

Austria 01 - Liquidity Support
Austria 01A - Short-term lending
Austria 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has declared readiness to supply sufficient cash to banks, ATM operators, and the economy in response to increased withdrawals. Working hours were extended to meet the increased demand.

Austria 01C - Forex operations
Azerbaijan 01 - Liquidity Support
Azerbaijan 01A - Short-term lending
Azerbaijan 01B - Support policies for short-term lending
Azerbaijan 01C - Forex operations International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

April, The Central Bank of Azerbaijan (CBA), with the participation of the State Oil Fund, conducted scheduled and extraordinary foreign exchange auctions, and satisfied all demands for foreign currency at the announced 1.7AZN/USD rate.

Bangladesh 01 - Liquidity Support 50,000,000,000 588,581,519
Bangladesh 01A - Short-term lending 50,000,000,000 588,581,519 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

On March 31, the Ministry of Finance announced a BDT50 billion (about USD588 million) stimulus package for exporting industries to be channeled through a refinance scheme operated by Bangladesh Bank. Loan proceeds will be used to pay worker salaries, primarily through mobile financial services, and the scheme is expected to benefit in close to 4 million workers for a three-month period.

Bangladesh 01B - Support policies for short-term lending IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The CRR has been reduced from 5% to 4.5% (daily-basis) and from 5.5% to 5% (bi-weekly basis). They will be reduced to 3.5% and 4% from April 15th, respectively.

Bangladesh 01C - Forex operations IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: Foreign exchange rules were eased by Bangladesh Bank to provide foreign currency to the Bangladeshi nationals who are visiting abroad and facing problem in returning home due to travel disruptions. It also resumed sales of the US dollar to offset extra pressure on the market caused by lower remittance inflows following the COVID-19 outbreak.

Belgium 01 - Liquidity Support
Belgium 01A - Short-term lending
Belgium 01B - Support policies for short-term lending
Belgium 01C - Forex operations
Bhutan 01 - Liquidity Support
Bhutan 01A - Short-term lending