|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AFN|
|Afghanistan||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AFN|
|Afghanistan||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).||
No estimate/amount: The Financial Stability Committee is meeting regularly to assess evolving risks to the financial and monetary stability. Da Afghanistan Bank or DAB (central bank) has intensified its monitoring of banks and indicated its readiness to provide liquidity as needed.
|Afghanistan||01C||01C - Forex operations||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) DAB is in discussions with money-service providers, who play a systemic role in financial transactions, to ensure uninterrupted services, including transactions in foreign currency, and to encourage enhancement of their remote services given closures; (ii) DAB remains focused on price stability and is committed to exchange rate flexibility, limiting its foreign interventions to preventing excessive volatility.
|Afghanistan||10||10 - No breakdown||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April 22, The government has already allocated AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year (See Measure 5 under health).
|Arab Republic of Egypt||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EGP||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Short-term loans of up to a year were made available to allow small projects harmed by COVID-19 (especially in industrial and labor-intensive sectors) to pay for their operational expenses until the crisis is over.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||01C||01C - Forex operations||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||10||10 - No breakdown||EGP|
|Argentina||01||01 - Liquidity Support||ARS||343,000,000,000||5,466,135,458|
|Argentina||01A||01A - Short-term lending||ARS||343,000,000,000||5,466,135,458||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed15 May 2020). Government of Argentina. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-nacional-lanza-linea-de-credito-tasa-cero-para-el-sector-de-las-industrias (accessed 21 August 2020).||
(i) ARS1 billion working capital lines for SME through Bank of Investment and Foreign Trade (BICE) with a guarantee from the Reciprocal Guarantee Societies (SGR), and a term of up to 12 months; (ii) Mandatory credit lines through the Central Bank (ARS320 billion); (iii) Established a credit line for MSMEs, PyME Plus line, that do not have bank credit at a subsidized rate of 24%. The Central Bank authorized a special line for ARS22 billion with minimum requirements so that they can take their first credit and for the MSMEs that obtain the FOGAR guarantee, the banks cannot deny it; (iv) June 2, No amount/estimate: launched a special line of credit for work cooperatives at a subsidized rate of 18%; (v) June 11, No amount/estimate: created the PyMEs Plus program to support microbusinesses and SMEs by providing new lines of credit to eligible applicants; (vi) August 13, launched a zero-rate credit line for the cultural industries sector.
|Argentina||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||ARS||BCRA. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/Coronavirus-BCRa-medidas-directorio.asp (Accessed 27 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) Reduced reserve requirements for financial entities that offered special lines of credit to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises at maximum 24% interest; (ii) the combined divestiture of LELIQ holdings and release of reserve requirements could generate credit volumes more than 50% of current bank financing.
|Argentina||01C||01C - Forex operations||ARS||
See (i) in Measure 11.
|Argentina||10||10 - No breakdown||ARS||135,620,000,000||2,161,274,900||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).||
(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) June 12, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) June 16, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.
|Armenia||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AMD|
|Armenia||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AMD|
|Armenia||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency.
|Armenia||01C||01C - Forex operations||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency. The CBA has undertaken some foreign exchange sales to limit excessive dram volatility since; (ii) the exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly and has depreciated around 3% against the USD since the end of February. No balance of payment or capital control measures have been adopted.
|Armenia||10||10 - No breakdown||AMD||245,000,000,000||501,013,646||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020)||
Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion (over USD300 million) to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (i) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (ii) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final.
|Australia||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AUD|
|Australia||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AUD||Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.
|Australia||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AUD||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: May, To assist with the smooth functioning of Australian capital markets, the RBA has broadened the range of eligible collateral for open market operations to include securities issued by non-bank corporations with an investment grade.
|Australia||01C||01C - Forex operations||AUD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.
|Australia||10||10 - No breakdown||AUD|
|Austria||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|Austria||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR|
|Austria||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has declared readiness to supply sufficient cash to banks, ATM operators, and the economy in response to increased withdrawals. Working hours were extended to meet the increased demand.
|Austria||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|Austria||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|