|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Australia||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AUD|
|Australia||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AUD||Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.
|Australia||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AUD||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: May, To assist with the smooth functioning of Australian capital markets, the RBA has broadened the range of eligible collateral for open market operations to include securities issued by non-bank corporations with an investment grade.
|Australia||01C||01C - Forex operations||AUD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.
|Australia||05||05 - Health and income support||AUD||273,682,500,000||170,175,778,383|
|Australia||05A||05A - Health support||AUD||135,620,700,000||84,328,951,202||Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020).||
(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding; (iii) March 29, A safety net package of AUD1.1billion has been announced by the Prime Minister to expand mental health and tele-health services, increase domestic violence services and provide more emergency food relief; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21 [update].
|Australia||05B||05B - Income support||AUD||138,061,800,000||85,846,827,181||Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/media-release/jobkeeper-update (accessed on 3 June 2020); Department of Education, Skills, and Employment (DESE). https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/early-childhood-education-and-care-relief-package (accessed 3 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/response-child-care-review (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-06/Fact_sheet_HomeBuilder.pdf (accessed 5 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/return-child-care-subsidy (accessed 10 June 2020).||
Three economic stimulus packages, i.e. (i) Support for individuals and households including (a) income support for individuals (AUD14,133 million), (b) payment to support households (AUD8,830 million), (c) temporary early release of superannuation (AUD1,150 million), (d) No amount/estimate, temporarily reduce superannuation minimum drawdown rates, (e) lower the social security deeming rates (AUD876 million); (ii) Support for business including (a) JobKeeper payment (AUD70,000 million), (b) boosting cash flow for employers (AUD31,900 million), (c) No amount/estimate, temporary relief for financially distressed businesses, (d) increasing the instant asset write-off (AUD700 million), (e) backing business investment (AUD3,200 million), (f) supporting apprentices and trainees (AUD1,265 million), (g) support for Coronavirus affected regions and communities (AUD1,000 million), (h) support for Australian airlines and airports (AUD715 million); (iii) April 2, The Commonwealth government has committed to provide free childcare to around one million families and announced targeted support to the education system. The sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the coming three months from taxpayer subsidies. On May 20, the Ministry of Education announced an additional AUD12.8 million in funding, i.e. (a) AUD12 million provided for child care services that have more than 30% of full-time equivalent staff ineligible for JobKeeper Payments, and (b) AUD800,000 to increase the level of funding for in-home care providers; (iv) June 4, The government announced a HomeBuilder program offering AUD25,000 grants to new home builders and renovators from June 4 to December 31, 2020. HomeBuilder will be implemented via a National Partnership Agreement, signed by the Commonwealth and State and Territory governments and is expected to cost AUD680 million [update]; (v) June 8, The government announced that it will resume the Child Care Subsidy (CCS) to support families to access affordable child care starting July 13 and will pay approximately AUD2 billion this quarter to eligible families [update].
|Austria||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|Austria||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR|
|Austria||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has declared readiness to supply sufficient cash to banks, ATM operators, and the economy in response to increased withdrawals. Working hours were extended to meet the increased demand.
|Austria||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|Austria||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||39,629,000,000||43,837,389,380|
|Austria||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||339,000,000||375,000,000||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.
|Austria||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||39,290,000,000||43,462,389,380||BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kulturpaket.html (accessed 29 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/haertefallfonds.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/gemeindepaket.html (accessed 26 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/fixkostenzuschuss.html, https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kurzarbeit-mittel-erhoeht.html (both accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 20 May 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 10 June 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 21 May 2020).||
(i) EUR15 billion emergency funds for hard-hit industries to provide direct liquidity provisions and subsidies for running costs. On April 27, expanded Phase 2 of the hardship fund, through which SMEs may request up to 6000 Euros from the government; (ii) EUR10 billion for payment deferrals of personal income and corporate income taxes; (iii) No amount/estimate: rent payment deferrals; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 13, proposed a more simple calculation method to determine monetary subsidies by companies to their employees from their own accounts and from the government's funding. Under the new system, no employee should have any losses; (v) May 20, Increased to EUR12 billion (from EUR10 billion on April 13 and EUR5 billion originally) funds for short-time working, self-employed and funds to finance increased costs of caretaking, etc.; (vi) May 21, EUR1.2 billion is being rolled out by authorities as new fiscal measures including tax relief measures for the hospitality sector of EUR500 million and support to non-profit organizations of EUR700 million; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 21, Applications for the fixed subsidy have already started, with the first payments being disbursed by end of May. The Ministry of Finance will reimburse up to 75% of a company's fixed costs for up to 3 months; (vii) May 25, EUR1 billion in grants from the federal government to municipalities, geared towards support for infrastructure investment (e.g. schools, public transportation, energy production); (viii) May 27, increase in the minimum payment amount of the hardship fund to EUR500, and added another EUR500 comeback bonus, dedicated to entrepreneurs having hardships during the pandemic; (ix) May 28, Allocated EUR90 million to support freelance artists up to EUR1000 a month; (x) To jump-start the economy, a new tax incentive was introduced for companies that recruit apprentices, with EUR2,000 per position created between March 16 and October 31 of this year. [update]
|Belgium||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|Belgium||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR|
|Belgium||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|Belgium||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||10,200,000,000||11,283,185,840||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 May 2020).||
(i) EUR6.4 billion in total measures as part of the fiscal package outlined in the Stability Program to adress the crises. Key fiscal support measures include: boosting health expenditure and increasing support for those in temporary unemployment and self-employed; (ii) EUR3.8 billion (increased from EUR1.7 billion) regional governments' support to affected firms and sectors, and transfers to affected households.
|Belgium||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||1,200,000,000||1,327,433,628||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.
|Belgium||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||9,000,000,000||9,955,752,212||SPF Finances. https://finances.belgium.be/fr/Actualites/diminution-temporaire-taux-tva-secteur-horeca (accessed 14 June 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
(i) On the other hand, non-health initiatives total EUR9 billion, with EUR5.3 billion for federal and EUR3.7 for regional; (ii) In addition, reduced the VAT rate applicable to some restaurant and catering services to 6% until the end of 2020. [update]
|Canada||01||01 - Liquidity Support||CAD||260,506,000,000||186,709,191,901|
|Canada||01A||01A - Short-term lending||CAD||260,506,000,000||186,709,191,901||Canada Mortgage ad Housing Corporation. https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/finance-and-investing/mortgage-loan-insurance/the-resource/covid19-understanding-mortgage-payment-deferral; Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/2020/06/bank-canada-announces-changes-term-repo-operations-bankers-acceptance-purchase-facility (all accessed 10 June 2020).||
All amounts are peak value since March 4; BoC has not announce limits for any facility. (i) CAD38.766 billion (April 8 peak)- Bankers' Acceptance Purchase Facility (BAPF); (ii) CAD6.934 billion (June 10 peak): The Provincial Money Market Purchase (PMMP) program is an asset purchase facility that will acquire provincially-issued money market securities through the primary issuance market. This program will support a liquid and well-functioning market for short-term provincial borrowing. Under the PMMP, the Bank will purchase up to 40% of each offering of directly-issued provincial money market securities with terms to maturity of 12 months or less. This includes treasury bills and short-term promissory notes of all Canadian provinces. The 40% limit may be adjusted if market conditions warrant. The Bank will make its first purchases under the PMMP on Wednesday, March 25. This facility, combined with the Bank’s other recent actions, will provide a material amount of support to provincial funding markets; (iii) CAD2.993 (April 29 peak) billion: The Commercial Paper Purchase Program (“CPPP” or “the program”) will be structured as a direct purchase program into a separate account held by the Bank of Canada (“BoC” or “the Bank”). The program will purchase CP new issuance in the primary market via dealers and after issuance from eligible counterparties in the secondary market. The program will purchase from eligible issuers up to three-month CAD-denominated CP, including asset-backed CP (“ABCP”). Draws can be rolled during the operation of the program; (iv) CAD211.227 billion (June 10 peak)- (CTRF)Term Repo Facility and other term repos. Up to 1 month repos; Standing Liquidity Facility and Standing Term Liquidity Facility; (v) Advances = CAD9.904B (April 15 peak); (vi) No amount/estimate; the Canada Emergency Business Account (CEBA) will provide interest-free loans of up to CAD40,000 to small businesses and not-for-profits; (vii) Farm Credit Canada will provide an additional CAD5 billion in lending to producers, agribusiness, and food processors; (vii) Canadian Dairy Commission's borrowing limit increased by CAD200 million; (viii) June 3, Effective June 6, the BoC will reduce the frequency of BAPF operations to bi-weekly; (ix) June 3, Effective June 15 the BoC will reduce the frequency of its Term Repo operations from twice to once per week, and the number of maturity points will be reduced from 4 to 2; (ix) Farm Credit Canada was authorized by the government to provide an additional CAD 5 billion in lending to producers, agribusiness, and food processors.
|Canada||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||CAD||Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/2020/04/assets-eligible-collateral-standing-liquidity-facility-090420/; Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/2020/06/bank-canada-announces-changes-term-repo-operations-bankers-acceptance-purchase-facility/ (all accessed 10 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate. (i) Most recent collateral policies, assets aligible as Collateral under the Bank of Canada’s Standing Liquidity Facility(SLF), provides access to liquidity to those institutions that participate directly in the Large Value Transfer System (LVTS).(ii) On April 9, the Bank widened the eligibility requirements of term asset-backed securities accepted as collateral; (iii) on April 24, the Bank included term repurchase agreements up to 90 days in its Standing Term Liquidity Facility (STLF); (iii) June 3, eligible securities for collateral in Term Repo operations will be reduced to exclude all large value transaction settlement (LVTS) members' bankers' acceptances or bearer deposit notes (including own name).
|Canada||01C||01C - Forex operations||CAD|
|Canada||05||05 - Health and income support||CAD||47,819,100,000||34,272,782,655|
|Canada||05A||05A - Health support||CAD||77,500,000||55,545,601||Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) CAD77.5 million- Personal protective equipment (PPE).
|Canada||05B||05B - Income support||CAD||47,741,600,000||34,217,237,054||Department of Finance Canada.. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html?topic=ex-col-faq (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) Emergency care benefit- CAD10 billion; (ii) Emergency Support Benefit- CAD5 billion; (iii) GST Credit- CAD5.5 billion; (iv) Enhanced Canada Child Benefit- CAD1.9 billion; (v) Temporary Business Wage Subsidy- CAD3.8 billion. (vi)Canada Student Loan Payments- CAD190 million; (vii) Support for Indigenous Communities- CAD305 million; (viii) Support for people experiencing homelessness (through Reaching Home)- CAD157.5 million; (ix) Support for women’s shelters and sexual assault centres including on reserve- CAD50 million; (x) Lower Registered Retirement Income Fund Minimum Withdrawal Amounts-CAD495 million; (xi) CAD 10.5 billion as o f June 8; Canda Emergency Wage subsidy (CEWS) calculator,the CEWS applies at a rate of 75% of the first CAD58,700 normally earned by employees—representing a benefit of up to CAD847 per week, per employee. The program is in place for a 12-week period, from March 15 to June 6, 2020; (xii) CAD20.1 million in support for Futurpreneur Canada to continue supporting young entrepreneurs across Canada who are facing challenges due to COVID-19; (xiii) CAD15 million in non-repayable support for businesses in the territories to help address the impacts of COVID-19; (xiv) CAD675 million to give financing support to small and medium-sized businesses that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports, through Canada's Regional Development Agencies; (xv)CAD274 million Creating new jobs and opportunities for youth; (xvi) No amount/estimate; Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) provides a taxable benefit of CAD2,000 every 4 weeks for up to 16 weeks to eligible workers who have lost their income due to COVID-19; (xvii) CAD2.47 billion- clean energy; (xviii) CAD350 million-to support vulnerable Canadians through charities and non-profit organizations; (xviii) No amount/estimate- Waiving ground lease rents through December 2020 for airport authorities that pay rent to the federal government; (xix) CAD500 million-COVID-19 Emergency Support Fund for cultural, heritage, and sport organization to address financial needs of affected organizations so they can continue to support artists and athletes; (xx) CAD5.365 billion for agriculture and fisheries; (xxi) No amount/estimate- Increased payments of 50% to 75% to AgriStability to support farmers that face significant revenue declines; (xxiii) No amount/estimate Flexibility for individual and corporate taxpayers (tax payment deferral until September); (xxiv) AgriRecovery initiative of up to CAD 125 million to help producers faced with additional costs incurred such as set-asides for cattle and hog management programs to manage livestock backed-up on famrs, due to temporary closure of food processing plants; (xxv) Surplus Food Purchase Program of CAD 50 million to help redistribute existing and unsold food inventories.
|Denmark||01||01 - Liquidity Support||DKK||2,211,659,372||327,433,628|
|Denmark||01A||01A - Short-term lending||DKK||2,211,659,372||327,433,628||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_810 (accessed 14 May 2020)||
May 5, EUR296 million in investment or working capital loans to startups to be provided only until the end of the year.
|Denmark||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||DKK||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) March 20, The (Danmarks Nationalbank) DN announced the launch of an ‘extraordinary lending facility’ which will make full-allotment, 1-week, collateralized loans available to banks at -0.5 % interest rate. Starting March 27, this facility will also include 3-month variable rate loans; (ii) March 24, The DN announced the auction of USD liquidity; (iii) the Danish Financial Stability Authority (DFSA) also announced a case by case relaxation of regulation on the LCR requirement.
|Denmark||01C||01C - Forex operations||DKK||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 May 2020).||
Denmark’s krone is pegged to the Euro. The fixed exchange rate policy has served Denmark well. The DN has stated its objective of preserving the peg.
|Denmark||05||05 - Health and income support||DKK||265,907,000,000||39,367,225,769|
|Denmark||05A||05A - Health support||DKK||950,000,000||140,646,408||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020)||
(i) March 30, DKK150 million in aubsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide. [update]
|Denmark||05B||05B - Income support||DKK||264,957,000,000||39,226,579,361||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). Denmark Government. https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/05/regeringen-freder-elever-laerlinge-og-praktikanters-ferie-og-fridage-under-loenkompensation/ (accessed 14 May 2020). Ministry of Culture. https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/kulturpulje-til-udsatte-saarbare-og-aeldre-er-aaben/1/1/ (accessed 24 May 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/juni/regeringen-og-arbejdsmarkedets-parter-udfaser-gradvist-loenkompensationsordningen/ (accessed 10 June 2020)||
(i) March 10, DK35 billion liquidity effect of deferral of monthly VAT payments for large firms; (ii) March 12, No amount/estimate: Short-time Work Scheme made more flexible; (iii) DKK10 million for upskilling of dismissed employees; (iv) DKK1.7 billion sickness benefit reimbursement available from 27 February to 1 January 2021; (v) March 26, DKK1.1 billion liquidity effect of deferral of property taxes; (vi) DKK2.5 billion frontloading of investments in e.g. energy renovation and similar initiatives in municipalities; (vii) March 26, DKK6.5 billion frontloading of payment by local governments to firms; (viii) March, DKK90 billion liquidity effect of deferral of income tax payment and labor market contributions; (ix) April 1, DKK300 million compensation scheme to event organizer companies extended; (x) April 7, DKK1.2 billion for a range of minor support schemes established to support agents and businesses with cultural activities, sports and private education; (xi) April 18, DKK6 billion for the Job Retention Scheme available from 9 March to 8 July 2020. Take-up rate around 5% of the labour force (150,000 employees) on 19 April; (xii) April 18, DKK277 million for increased access to unemployment and sickness benefits. As of June 5, the wage compensation has been extended to August 29 [update]; (xiii) April 18, DKK65.3 billion compensation scheme for companies’ fixed costs available for the period 9 March to 8 July; (xiv) April 18, DKK14.3 billion compensation scheme for self-employed; (xv) April 18, DKK350 million for Innovation Subsidy Scheme to support new projects; (xvi) April, DKK35.4 billion VAT payments already made for second half and last quarter of 2019 are made available as interest free loans; (xvii) April, DKK5 billion liquidity impact of deferral of provisional taxes for self-employed; (xviii) May 14, No amount/estimate: Increased holiday and time-off benefits for students, apprentices, and trainees; (xix) May 20, Established a pool of DKK20 million to sponsor collegiate, cultural, and sporting activities for vulnerable and elderly citizens during the coronavirus crisis. The pool is managed by the Ministry of Culture's Palace and Culture Board; (xx) May 26, No amount/estimate: Relaxed requirements to receive pension and unemployment benefits; (xxi) May 26, No amount/estimate: Frozen holiday funds must be paid out by employers by September 1, 2020.
|European Central Bank||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 29 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: 12 March, Conducting additional longer-term refinancing operations (LTROs) temporarily (with an interest rate equal to the average rate on the deposit facility, -0.50% currently).
|European Central Bank||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 29 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) The ECB also announced a broad package of collateral easing measures for Eurosytem credit operations in early April. These include a permanent collateral haircut reduction of 20 percent for non-marketable assets, and temporary measures for the duration of the PEPP (with a view to re-assess their effectiveness before the end of 2020) such as a reduction of collateral haircuts by 20 percent and expansion of collateral eligibility to include Greek sovereign bonds as well as an expansion of the scope of so-called additional credit claims framework so that it may also include public sector-guaranteed loans to SMEs, self-employed individuals, and households. In a move to mitigate the impact of possible rating downgrades on collateral availability , on April 22, the ECB also announced that it would grandfather until September 2021 the eligibility of marketable assets used as collateral in Eurosystem credit operations falling below current minimum credit quality requirements of “BBB-“ (“A-“ for asset-backed securities) as long as their rating remains at or above “BB” and “BB+”, respectively. Assets that fall below these minimum credit quality requirements will be subject to haircuts based on their actual ratings; (ii) Allow major banks (directly supervised by the ECB) to operate temporarily below the level of capital defined by the Pillar 2 Guidance (P2G), the capital conservation buffer (CCB) and the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR).
|European Central Bank||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05A||05A - Health support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05B||05B - Income support||EUR|