|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AFN|
|Afghanistan||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AFN|
|Afghanistan||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).||
No estimate/amount: The Financial Stability Committee is meeting regularly to assess evolving risks to the financial and monetary stability. Da Afghanistan Bank or DAB (central bank) has intensified its monitoring of banks and indicated its readiness to provide liquidity as needed.
|Afghanistan||01C||01C - Forex operations||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) DAB is in discussions with money-service providers, who play a systemic role in financial transactions, to ensure uninterrupted services, including transactions in foreign currency, and to encourage enhancement of their remote services given closures; (ii) DAB remains focused on price stability and is committed to exchange rate flexibility, limiting its foreign interventions to preventing excessive volatility.
|Afghanistan||04||04 - Equity support||AFN|
|Afghanistan||05||05 - Health and income support||AFN||8,000,000,000||101,662,492|
|Afghanistan||05A||05A - Health support||AFN||8,000,000,000||101,662,492||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies; (ii) As of April 22, the government has already allocated a total of AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year, with about one-third directed to health;
|Afghanistan||05B||05B - Income support||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines by 2 months, until May 20 for individual and business taxpayers.
|Afghanistan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020)||
(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries.
|Armenia||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AMD|
|Armenia||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AMD|
|Armenia||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency.
|Armenia||01C||01C - Forex operations||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency. The CBA has undertaken some foreign exchange sales to limit excessive dram volatility since; (ii) the exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly and has depreciated around 3% against the USD since the end of February. No balance of payment or capital control measures have been adopted.
|Armenia||04||04 - Equity support||AMD|
|Armenia||05||05 - Health and income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610|
|Armenia||05A||05A - Health support||AMD|
|Armenia||05B||05B - Income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610||Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.
|Armenia||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. The state of emergency will be in place until June 14 and encompass movement restrictions. Effective May 4, the movement restrictions are removed and almost all business activities are allowed to operate. This decision is considered a test and stricter restrictions may be implemented again depending on the spread of the virus. Effective June 4, the government declared wearing a face mask in all open public spaces mandatory. [update]
|Azerbaijan||01||01 - Liquidity Support||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||01A||01A - Short-term lending||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||01C||01C - Forex operations||AZN||International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).||
April, The Central Bank of Azerbaijan (CBA), with the participation of the State Oil Fund, conducted scheduled and extraordinary foreign exchange auctions, and satisfied all demands for foreign currency at the announced 1.7AZN/USD rate.
|Azerbaijan||04||04 - Equity support||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||05||05 - Health and income support||AZN||1,093,500,000||643,235,294|
|Azerbaijan||05A||05A - Health support||AZN||8,500,000||5,000,000||World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).||
(i) March, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.
|Azerbaijan||05B||05B - Income support||AZN||1,085,000,000||638,235,294||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020).||
(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary for making such stuff; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties.
|Azerbaijan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AZN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).||
(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until June 15) [update]. It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4.
|European Central Bank||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 29 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: 12 March, Conducting additional longer-term refinancing operations (LTROs) temporarily (with an interest rate equal to the average rate on the deposit facility, -0.50% currently).
|European Central Bank||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 29 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) The ECB also announced a broad package of collateral easing measures for Eurosytem credit operations in early April. These include a permanent collateral haircut reduction of 20 percent for non-marketable assets, and temporary measures for the duration of the PEPP (with a view to re-assess their effectiveness before the end of 2020) such as a reduction of collateral haircuts by 20 percent and expansion of collateral eligibility to include Greek sovereign bonds as well as an expansion of the scope of so-called additional credit claims framework so that it may also include public sector-guaranteed loans to SMEs, self-employed individuals, and households. In a move to mitigate the impact of possible rating downgrades on collateral availability , on April 22, the ECB also announced that it would grandfather until September 2021 the eligibility of marketable assets used as collateral in Eurosystem credit operations falling below current minimum credit quality requirements of “BBB-“ (“A-“ for asset-backed securities) as long as their rating remains at or above “BB” and “BB+”, respectively. Assets that fall below these minimum credit quality requirements will be subject to haircuts based on their actual ratings; (ii) Allow major banks (directly supervised by the ECB) to operate temporarily below the level of capital defined by the Pillar 2 Guidance (P2G), the capital conservation buffer (CCB) and the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR).
|European Central Bank||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|European Central Bank||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05A||05A - Health support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05B||05B - Income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR|
|European Union||01||01 - Liquidity Support||EUR||10,000,000,000||11,061,946,903|
|European Union||01A||01A - Short-term lending||EUR||10,000,000,000||11,061,946,903||EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_569 (accessed 16 April 2020).||
March, The European Investment Bank (EIB) dedicated liquidity lines to banks to ensure additional working capital support for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and mid-caps of EUR10 billion.
|European Union||01B||01B - Support policies for short-term lending||EUR|
|European Union||01C||01C - Forex operations||EUR|
|European Union||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||549,000,000||607,300,885||EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).||
(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs [update].
|European Union||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||216,199,000,000||239,158,185,841|