Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 01 01 - Liquidity Support AFN
Afghanistan 01A 01A - Short-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020).

No estimate/amount: The Financial Stability Committee is meeting regularly to assess evolving risks to the financial and monetary stability. Da Afghanistan Bank or DAB (central bank) has intensified its monitoring of banks and indicated its readiness to provide liquidity as needed.

Afghanistan 01C 01C - Forex operations AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) DAB is in discussions with money-service providers, who play a systemic role in financial transactions, to ensure uninterrupted services, including transactions in foreign currency, and to encourage enhancement of their remote services given closures; (ii) DAB remains focused on price stability and is committed to exchange rate flexibility, limiting its foreign interventions to preventing excessive volatility.

Afghanistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03B 03B - Forbearance AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 01 01 - Liquidity Support EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 01A 01A - Short-term lending EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 4 January 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Short-term loans of up to a year were made available to allow small projects harmed by COVID-19 (especially in industrial and labor-intensive sectors) to pay for their operational expenses until the crisis is over; (ii) As of end December 2020, this initiative was extended, and with a focus on a tourism lending initiative as well as a retail loan initiative for workers in the tourism sector until end of 2021.

Arab Republic of Egypt 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 01C 01C - Forex operations EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EGP 112,000,000,000 7,126,961,142
Arab Republic of Egypt 03A 03A - Long-term lending EGP 112,000,000,000 7,126,961,142 Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1787126/business-economy (accessed 7 January 2020); Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-18-June-2020-regarding-including-medium-start-ups-and-small-companies-related-to-large-groups-in-the-8-initi.aspx (accessed 19 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Loans with a two-year grace period will be made available to aviation sector firms; (ii) No amount/estimate: Central Bank introduced credit lines that can be paid over a maximum of two years with a six-month grace period, specifically for tourism enterprises to facilitate paying of salaries and financial dues for suppliers; (iii) 18 June 2020, EGP100 billion in funding accessible to all SMEs in the industrial, agricultural, and contracting sectors; (iv) 23 July 2020, A new consumer spending initiative has been announced by the government, as part of which, two-year low-interest installments will be made available to encourage spending. This is meant to complement the initiative on the same date in Measure 5B. As of 30 July 2020, this was announced to equal EGP10 billion; (v) 30 July 2020, A housing initiative has been announced to provide low cost financing for housing units. Further, a new lending initiative with soft loans at zero-to-low interest rates from banks is aimed at replacing old cars with natural gas-powered vehicles; (vi) 4 January 2020, Egypt has granted EgyptAir Holding Co. a loan of EGP2 billion to help the national flag carrier ride the devastating financial impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on the sector. The interest subsidy provided by the government is reflected in Measure 5B4.

Arab Republic of Egypt 03B 03B - Forbearance EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) 24 March 2020, The government also introduced a six-month extension for credit repayments targeting all individuals and businesses, as well as the waiving of late fines for such repayments; (ii) 27 March 2020, Mortgage financing companies, factoring and leasing companies mandated to give a six-month grace period to any client who asks; (iii) New debt relief initiative for individuals at risk of default has also been announced, that will waive marginal interest on debt under EGP1 million if customers make a 50% payment; (iv) Microlenders have been instructed to also consider delays on a case-by-case basis, of up to 50% of the value of monthly installments for struggling clients.

Argentina 01 01 - Liquidity Support ARS 343,000,000,000 5,466,135,458
Argentina 01A 01A - Short-term lending ARS 343,000,000,000 5,466,135,458 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed15 May 2020). Government of Argentina. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-nacional-lanza-linea-de-credito-tasa-cero-para-el-sector-de-las-industrias (accessed 21 August 2020).

(i) ARS1 billion working capital lines for SME through Bank of Investment and Foreign Trade (BICE) with a guarantee from the Reciprocal Guarantee Societies (SGR), and a term of up to 12 months; (ii) Mandatory credit lines through the Central Bank (ARS320 billion); (iii) Established a credit line for MSMEs, PyME Plus line, that do not have bank credit at a subsidized rate of 24%. The Central Bank authorized a special line for ARS22 billion with minimum requirements so that they can take their first credit and for the MSMEs that obtain the FOGAR guarantee, the banks cannot deny it; (iv) 2 June 2020, No amount/estimate: launched a special line of credit for work cooperatives at a subsidized rate of 18%; (v) 11 June 2020, No amount/estimate: created the PyMEs Plus program to support microbusinesses and SMEs by providing new lines of credit to eligible applicants; (vi) 13 August 2020, launched a zero-rate credit line for the cultural industries sector.

Argentina 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending ARS BCRA. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/Coronavirus-BCRa-medidas-directorio.asp (Accessed 27 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Reduced reserve requirements for financial entities that offered special lines of credit to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises at maximum 24% interest; (ii) the combined divestiture of LELIQ holdings and release of reserve requirements could generate credit volumes more than 50% of current bank financing.

Argentina 01C 01C - Forex operations ARS

See (i) in Measure 11.

Argentina 03 03 - Direct long-term lending ARS 40,620,000,000 647,330,677
Argentina 03A 03A - Long-term lending ARS 40,620,000,000 647,330,677 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020). Government of Argentina. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-anuncio-una-linea-de-creditos-para-pymes-turisticas-con-un-ano-de-gracia-y-tasa (accessed 30 October 2020).

(i) Offered ARS2.25 billion loans at a fixed rate of 12% and non-refundable contributions to companies, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), cooperatives, and research and development instituions that contribute to the COVID-19 health emergency; (ii) Allocated ARS25 billion from the state-owned bank BNA for producers of food, personal hygiene and cleaning, and producers of medical supplie; (iii) Allocated ARS5 billion to support teleworking and ARS2.8 billion to develop infrastructure in industrial parks; (iv) granted a total of ARS70 million Non-Refundable Contributions (ANRs) for a maximum amount for high impact or associative projects; (v) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sector; (vi) No amount/estimate: 11 May 2020, launched the the Recuperar program, a sector-specific helpline with non-bank financing at an interest rate of 3% per year, for machines, tools or capital goods; (vii) 10 September 2020, ARS2.5 billion expansion of the National Program for the Development of Suppliers to to assist companies that provide industrial goods and services in strategic value chains; (vii) 13 October 2020, Announced a ARS3 billion credit line for tourism SMEs with a one-year grace period and zero rate in the first 12 installments and a 100% guarantee from FOGAR.

Argentina 03B 03B - Forbearance ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Extended maturities for debt issued under the Debt Regulatization Regime of Law No. 27,541 to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and micro-SMEs until June 30, 2020; (ii) Required financial institutions to automatically refinance unpaid credit card balances with a one-year term with 3 months grace, 9 equal and consecutive monthly installments and an annual nominal rate of 43%; (iii) Suspended punitive interest charges on unpaid balances of credits granted by financial entities, whose installments were due between April 1, 2020 and June 30, 2020.

Armenia 01 01 - Liquidity Support AMD
Armenia 01A 01A - Short-term lending AMD
Armenia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency.

Armenia 01C 01C - Forex operations AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 05 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Provided a few foreign exchange swap operations to assure sufficient liquidity in AMD and in foreign currency. The CBA has undertaken some foreign exchange sales to limit excessive dram volatility since; (ii) The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly and has depreciated around 3% against the USD since the end of February. No balance of payment or capital control measures have been adopted.

Armenia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03A 03A - Long-term lending AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

No amount/estimate: 27 March 2020, Preferential loans to SMEs in sectors including manufacturing, transportation and storage economy, tourism, other service sectors, and healthcare. The loans will be interest-free for the first 2 years and 12% for the third year.

Armenia 03B 03B - Forbearance AMD
Australia 01 01 - Liquidity Support AUD
Australia 01A 01A - Short-term lending AUD Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-03-19.html (accessed 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 2020, To support liquidity, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will conduct one-month and three-month repo operations daily until further notice.

Australia 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending AUD RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 6 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 03 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: May 2020, To assist with the smooth functioning of Australian capital markets, the RBA has broadened the range of eligible collateral for open market operations to include securities issued by non-bank corporations with an investment grade.

Australia 01C 01C - Forex operations AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 September 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 2020, The exchange rate has been allowed to adjust flexibly to absorb economic shocks.

Australia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AUD
Australia 03A 03A - Long-term lending AUD Government of Australia. https://www.smartraveller.gov.au/COVID-19/covid-19-overseas-financial-assistance (accessed 3 September 2020).

No amount/estimate: 2 September 2020, Government announced interest-free loans to Australians who are stranded overseas and in financial distress.

Australia 03B 03B - Forbearance AUD
Austria 01 01 - Liquidity Support EUR
Austria 01A 01A - Short-term lending EUR
Austria 01B 01B - Support policies for short-term lending EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has declared readiness to supply sufficient cash to banks, ATM operators, and the economy in response to increased withdrawals. Working hours were extended to meet the increased demand.

Austria 01C 01C - Forex operations EUR
Austria 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 150,000,000 165,929,204
Austria 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 150,000,000 165,929,204 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1275 (accessed 8 July 2020).

6 July 2020, EUR150 million subordinated loan from the Austrian government to support Austrian Airlines for damages suffered due to coronavirus outbreak. This loan is convertible into a grant depending on the full-year results of Austrian Airlines.

Austria 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR Bundesministerium Finanzen. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/kreditmoratorium-verlaengert.html (accessed 04 June 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Austrians are allowed to defer interest payments on bank loans. 2 June 2020, Extended the loan deferrals available for private and micro-enterprises by four months, which allows beneficiaries to defer repayment obligations for principal or interest payments without suffering legally.