Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 09B 09B - International loans/grants EGP
Argentina 09B 09B - International loans/grants ARS
Armenia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AMD
Australia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD 586,200,000 364,499,160 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020); DFAT. https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/pacific/australia-stepping-up-to-address-covid-19-in-the-pacific (accessed 8 December 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/bilateral-loan-indonesia (accessed 19 November 2020).

(i) 29 May 2020, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia; (ii) 6 October 2020, The government is establishing a new, temporary AUD304.7 million COVID-19 Response Package over two years, as part of the Pacific Step-up, to help address the economic and social costs of the pandemic in the Pacific and Timor-Leste. The package will include budget support measures to enable Pacific partner governments to maintain essential services, including for the most vulnerable, as well as assistance for Pacific aviation to help maintain air connectivity ; (iii) 12 November 2020, The Australian Government will provide an AUD1.5 billion loan to Indonesia, repayable over 15 years. This loan supports the Asian Development Bank-led COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program.

Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Azerbaijan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000 World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 2020, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.

Bangladesh 09B 09B - International loans/grants BDT
Belgium 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Bhutan 09B 09B - International loans/grants BTN/INR
Brazil 09B 09B - International loans/grants BRL
Brunei Darussalam 09B 09B - International loans/grants BND
Cambodia 09B 09B - International loans/grants KHR
Canada 09B 09B - International loans/grants CAD
Cook Islands 09B 09B - International loans/grants NZD
Denmark 09B 09B - International loans/grants DKK 5,167,146,059 764,990,036 UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/juli/milliarder-til-ny-coronafond-skal-skabe-vaekst-og-nye-job/ (accessed 2 July 2020). The Star. https://www.the-star.co.ke/business/kenya/2021-02-03-denmark-commits-175m-to-support-trade-in-kenya-eac/ (accessed 4 February 2021)

(i) As of 20 May 2020, contributed USD7,245,782 to the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund; (ii) 1 July 2020, contributed DKK5 billion to the European Guarantee Fund to help especially small and medium-sized businesses affected by the crisis; (iii) 3 February 2021, USD17.5 million in aid to Kenya to promote East Africa regional trade and combat COVID-19. [update]

European Central Bank 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
European Union 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 528,248,500,000 584,345,685,841 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-164-coronavirus-global-response-eib-and-commission-pledge-additional-eur4-9-billion (accessed 14 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1344 (accessed 18 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1374 (accessed 23 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1343 (accessed 23 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1403 (accessed 27 July 2020); https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/georgia/83731/team-europe-eib-lends-eur-10-million-credo-bank-under-its-georgia-outreach-initiative-support_en (accessed 5 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1457 (accessed 15 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-218-eib-and-afreximbank-direct-eur-300m-of-support-to-african-covid-response (accessed 19 August 2020); European Parliament. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2019/637893/EPRS_BRI(2019)637893_EN.pdf (accessed 5 September 2020). EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-233-eib-supports-poland-in-the-fight-against-covid-19 (accessed 18 September 2020); Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/09/04/eib-nbe-sign-e-800m-financing-agreement-to-ensure-resilient-post-covid-19-recovery-for-smes/ (accessed 21 September 2020); EEAS. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/77470/%E2%80%9Cteam-europe%E2%80%9D-global-eu-response-covid-19-supporting-partner-countries-and-fragile-populations_en (accessed 24 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1694 (accessed 24 September 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-241-la-banque-europeenne-d-investissement-et-le-credit-agricole-du-maroc-signent-un-accord-de-financement-de-200-millions-d-euros-pour-soutenir-les-ecosystemes-agricoles (accessed 24 September 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-244-irish-finance-minister-welcomes-expected-eur-1-billion-eib-support-for-new-investment-in-2020-and-accelerated-support-for-covid-19-business-financing (accessed 24 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1718 (accessed 26 September 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/25/covid-19-council-approves-87-4-billion-in-financial-support-for-member-states-under-sure/ (accessed 3 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-251-eib-and-fund-flag-agree-eur25-million-loan-for-cities-across-bulgaria (accessed 8 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-274-eib-approves-eur-5-1-billion-for-covid-19-resilience-clean-energy-rail-transport-and-urban-development (accessed 17 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-270-czech-republic-eib-signs-a-czk-1-3-billion-loan-with-central-bohemia-region-to-improve-healthcare-and-other-key-infrastructures-at-euregionsweek (accessed 17 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1777 (accessed 24 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2005 (accessed 31 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1990 (accessed 5 November 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2027 (accessed 21 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2051 (accessed 21 January 2021); EEAS. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/76341/coronavirus-news-eu-action-team-europe-support-disinformation-repatriation-and-solidarity_en (accessed 15 November 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-314-eib-and-hbor-unlock-eur-142-5-million-credit-line-for-croatian-smes (accessed November 2020); KFW. https://www.kfw.de/KfW-Group/Newsroom/Latest-News/Pressemitteilungen-Details_616896.html (accessed 26 November 2020). EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2241 (accessed 11 December 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_309 (accessed 3 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2320 (accessed 21 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2495 (accessed 21 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2524 (accessed 21 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2539 (accessed 21 January 2021); EEAS. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/91512/european-union-funded-new-project-launches-ulaanbaatar-uvurkhangai-and-bayan-ulgii-provinces_en#:~:text=In%20partnership%20with%20the%20World,and%20people%20under%20medical%20observation (accessed 19 January 2021).

For EU Member States: (i) 9 April 2020, EU finance ministers decided to establish Pandemic Crisis Support credit lines within the framework of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Access granted will be 2% of the respective country's GDP as of end-2019, as a benchmark (about EUR240 billion in total). The credit line will be available until the COVID-19 crisis is over. The only requirement to access the credit line is that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to finance direct and indirect healthcare, cure and prevention related costs due to the COVID-19 crisis. On 15 May 2020, the Board of Governors of the ESM approved the establishment of Pandemic Crisis Support; (ii) 2 April 2020, EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commission to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On 20 May 2020, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline). On 24 August 2020, the European Commission has presented proposals to the Council for decisions to grant financial support of EUR81.4 billion to 15 Member States under the SURE instrument. Once the Council approves these proposals, the financial support will be provided in the form of loans granted on favorable terms from the EU to Member States. These loans will assist Member States in addressing sudden increases in public expenditure to preserve employment. Specifically, they will help Member States to cover the costs directly related to the financing of national short-time work schemes, and other similar measures they have put in place as a response to the coronavirus pandemic, in particular for the self-employed. 25 September 2020, EU Council approves the EUR87.4 billion in financial support for member states under SURE. 27 October 2020, The EC (European Commission) has disbursed a total of EUR17 billion to Italy, Spain and Poland in the first instalment of financial support to Member States under the SURE instrument. As part of today's operations, Italy has received EUR10 billion, Spain EUR6 billion, and Poland EUR1 billion. Once all SURE disbursements have been completed, Italy will receive a total of EUR27.4 billion, Spain EUR21.3 billion and Poland EUR11.2 billion. 1 December 2020, The EU has disbursed EUR8.5 billion in the third instalment of financial support to five Member States under the SURE instrument. Belgium has received EUR2 billion, Hungary EUR200 million, Portugal EUR3 billion, Romania EUR3 billion and Slovakia EUR300 million. As of this disbursement, 15 Member States have received around EUR40 billion under the EU SURE instrument between the end of October and the end of November. Once all SURE disbursements have been completed, Belgium will have received EUR7.8 billion, Hungary EUR504 million, Portugal EUR5.9 billion, Romania EUR4.1 billion and Slovakia EUR631 million; 2 February 2021, The EC has disbursed EUR14 billion to nine Member States in the fourth installment of financial support to Member States under the SURE instrument. This is the first disbursement in 2021. The breakdown is as follows: Belgium EUR2 billion, Cyprus EUR229 million, Hungary EUR304 million, Latvia EUR72 million, Poland EUR4.28 billion, Slovenia EUR913 million, Spain EUR1.03 billion, Greece EUR728 million and Italy EUR4.45 billion [update]; (iii) March 2020, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April 2020, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps. 11 September 2020, the Council agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis. Draft amending budget No 8 includes increasing payments by EUR5.1 billion for the Corona Response Investment Initiative (CRII) and the Corona Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+). The money will be used to cover the additional needs for cohesion funding forecast until the end of the year. The CRII redirects unspent money from the EU budget to tackling the COVID-19 crisis, whilst the CRII+ relaxes the cohesion spending rules to increase flexibility. 23 September 2020, the EC has approved the modification of nine more Cohesion policy operational programs in Spain, worth a total of EUR1.2 billion from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) to alleviate the impact of the coronavirus outbreak. This comprehensive recovery approach will reallocate funds to strengthen the response capacity of the Spanish health system with supplementary hospital beds, the purchase of pharmaceutical and laboratory material, medical and protective equipment. Moreover, support to SMEs will contribute to boost the economic sector. Finally, EU funds will be redirected to develop the ITC of the education and training sectors. 21 October 2020, EUR1 billion of EU Cohesion policy to support Portugal's recovery redirected to COVID programs; (iv) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competencies for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilize between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (v) 9 September 2020, EIB made available EUR650 million to the Polish Ministry of Finance to support the country’s efforts in combating the pandemic; (vi) 21 September 2020, EIB expects to provide more than EUR1 billion to support new COVID-19 and Brexit business financing programs, climate action and education investment in Ireland in 2020 and work closely with Irish authorities to implement the National Recovery Plan; (vii) 30 September 2020, EIB and Fund FLAG have signed a EUR25 million loan to promote urban regeneration and rehabilitation in cities across Bulgaria. Fund FLAG will match the loan amount with EUR25 million of its own resources and channel the total EUR50 million to municipalities, municipal enterprises and other institutions responsible for providing public services; (viii) 20 November 2020, EIB and Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR) create a new EUR142.5 million credit line to support faster recovery of Croatian SMEs from COVID-19. For Non-EU Member States: (i) July 2020, The EU will secure financial support to partner countries amounting to more than EUR15.9 billion (increased from EUR15.6) from existing external action resources; (ii) 11 April 2020, A EUR20 billion Team Europe package to support partner countries to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its consequences. The Team Europe package has the aim of supporting the most vulnerable countries and people most at risk, in the EU’s neighborhood, with special emphasis on Africa, and also in the Pacific, in Latin America and the Caribbean. November 2020, The overall figure of the “Team Europe” package reaches almost EUR36 billion (details: https://bit.ly/32LGnD4); (iii) 31 March 2020, Added a new package of almost EUR240 million to the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis; (iv) June 2020, EUR1 billion for the European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD) which is one of the EU financial instruments that promote a pro-active development aid policy. It is part of the complex European external investment plan to support investments primarily in the EU neighborhood and Africa; (v) 16 July 2020, EUR15 million humanitarian funding for Haiti; (vi) 20 July 2020, The European Commission (EC) is providing EUR64.7 million in humanitarian aid for countries in the southern Africa region to help support people in need dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, extreme weather conditions such as persistent drought in the region and other crises; (vii) 3 August 2020, the EIB will lend EUR10 million in synthetic local currency to Credo Bank, the leading actor on microfinance market in Georgia predominantly servicing enterprises in rural areas and agricultural sector. This is the second loan under the EIB's Georgia Outreach Initiative launched to improve access to finance for the country's MSMEs. Loans will be available under flexible terms to help maintain liquidity of MSMEs to continue operating and preserve jobs. The loan comes as a part of the immediate response to Covid-19 pandemic launched by the EU and its Team Europe and is facilitated by an EU grant; (viii) 11 August 2020, EUR3 billion macro-financial assistance (MFA) programs for ten enlargement and neighborhood partners (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Jordan, Kosovo, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Tunisia and Ukraine), aimed to help them limit the economic fallout of the coronavirus pandemic. The MFA funds will be made available for 12 months in the form of loans on highly favorable terms to help these countries cover their immediate, urgent financing needs; (ix) 31 August 2020, EU provides Solomon Islands EUR8 million to heighten service delivery of Provincial Governments; (x) 6 September 2020, EIB and Egypt’s National Bank of Egypt have signed an agreement, worth EUR800 million, to meet the financial needs of small- and medium-sized enterprises and build their resilience to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The agreement between the two banks comes as part of a larger agreement approved by the EIB worth EUR1.9 billion, where EUR1.1 billion will be provided for the transport sector and EUR800 million for SMEs; (xi) 16 September 2020, EIB and Morocco’s Crédit Agricole du Maroc sign a EUR200 million financing agreement to support agricultural ecosystems; (xii) 13 October 2020, EIB approved EUR1.3 billion loans to transform access to clean energy and water in Europe and Africa; EUR381 million to improve sustainable transport in Poland and Ukraine; and EUR764 million for education, health, social housing and urban Development; (xiii) 30 October 2020, EU's EUR8.1 million in humanitarian aid for the Philippines, Nepal, and countries in the South-East Asian region to support those affected by the coronavirus pandemic, natural disasters, and the consequences of man-made conflicts. Funding from this aid package will go for humanitarian and disaster preparedness projects in the Philippines (EUR2.51 million), Nepal (EUR2 million), and regional South-East Asia (EUR3.5 million); (xiv) 6 November 2020, The EU has approved an additional EUR17.2 million through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) to support coronavirus preparedness in Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan [update]; (xv) 10 November 2020, The EC welcomed the commitment by the Western Balkan leaders to further strengthen regional cooperation as a way to advance on their European path. The initiatives will be supported by the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans adopted by the EC on 6 October 2020 which aims to mobilize up to EUR9 billion of EU grants to speed up the region's socio-economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and to accelerate its economic convergence with the EU [update]; (xvi) 11 November 2020, EU program amounting to EUR93 million designed to mitigate the drastic economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on employees in the textile sector, an important industry in Bangladesh. Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), KfW contributed EUR20 million to this program; (xvii) 7 December 2020, The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) launched a four-year project ‘EU for health security in Africa: ECDC for Africa CDC' to strengthen the capacity of Africa CDC to prepare for and respond to public health threats in Africa. Funded under the European Development Fund, the project includes a contribution agreement with ECDC of EUR9 million and a complementary grant to Africa CDC of EUR1 million to cover staffing costs. This agreement will come into effect on 1 January 2021 [update]; (xviii) 18 December 2020, Following a request for assistance from Serbia, the EU sent 500,000 FFP2 and FFP3 protective facemasks, 540,000 medical gloves, 49,200 protective overalls, 49,200 cover shoes for overalls, and 5,500 goggles from the rescEU medical equipment reserve hosted in Greece. The European Commission finances 100% of the assets, including storage and transport [update]; (xix) 23 December 2020, the European Union has disbursed EUR169 million of the COVID-19 support package for Morocco to help the authorities beef up the medical response to the coronavirus pandemic and put in place measures to mitigate its socio-economic impact [update]; (xx) 28 December 2020, The EC adopted a package of EUR70 million under the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA II) to help fund the access of Western Balkans partners to COVID-19 vaccines procured by EU Member States [update]; (xxi) 18 January 2021, The EU and World Vision launched the project "Working Together" worth EUR1 million to contribute to limiting the spread of COVID-19 and reduce its negative impact on the vulnerable population in Mongolia (i.e. Sukhbaatar, Bayanzurkh and Songinokhairkhan districts, and Uvurkhangai, Bayan-Ulgii provinces), particularly mothers, children, and people under medical observation [update].

Federated States of Micronesia 09B 09B - International loans/grants USD
Fiji 09B 09B - International loans/grants FJD
Finland 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 5,500,000 6,084,071 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (1 May 2020).

The Finnish Government agreed to increase funding for the World Health Organization (WHO) to EUR5.5 million .

France 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Georgia 09B 09B - International loans/grants GEL
Germany 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 70,000,000 77,433,628 KFW. https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/International-financing/KfW-Development-Bank/About-us/News/News-Details_615360.html (accessed 26 November 2020); KFW. https://www.kfw.de/KfW-Group/Newsroom/Latest-News/Pressemitteilungen-Details_616896.html (accessed 26 November 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2021/02/02/germany-contributes-10-million-to-wb-trust-fund-for-disease-preparedness-in-developing-countries (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) 2 November 2020, To support small farmers in Africa and Latin America during the corona crisis, KfW is providing additional funds amounting to EUR40 million. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), loans are being extended to agricultural cooperatives and enterprises, which are facing liquidity problems as a result of the pandemic; (ii) 13 November 2020, On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), KfW is providing the EU with EUR20 million in wage replacement payments for employees in the Bangladeshi textile industry, who have been particularly affected by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic; (iii) 2 February 2021, EUR10 million euros to the Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Trust Fund (HEPR) Program, established last year to help developing countries respond to the health consequences of COVID-19 and increase investments in health preparedness and emergency response. [update]

Hong Kong, China 09B 09B - International loans/grants HKD
India 09B 09B - International loans/grants INR
Indonesia 09B 09B - International loans/grants IDR
Ireland 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Islamic Republic of Iran 09B 09B - International loans/grants IRR
Italy 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Japan 09B 09B - International loans/grants JPY 130,031,512,639 1,211,930,748 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020). ADB https://www.adb.org/news/japan-support-adb-developing-member-countries-response-covid-19-challenges (accessed 19 May 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/16489; https://edition.mv/news/16827 (accessed 23 May 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/phl-obtains-p23-5-b-loan-from-japan-for-pandemic-response/ (accessed 1 July 2020). Department of Finance (Philippines). https://www.dof.gov.ph/phl-japan-sign-50-b-yen-post-disaster-standby-loan-accord/ (accessed 17 September 2020). Embassy of Japan in Egypt. https://www.eg.emb-japan.go.jp/itpr_en/11_000001_00081.html (accessed 5 November 2020)

Japan as donor: (i) Additional USD100 million contribution to the International Montary Fund’s Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust as immediately available resources supports the Fund’s capacity to provide grant-based debt service relief for the poorest and most vulnerable countries to combat COVID-19; (ii) 16 April 2020, Japan announced that it is aiming at doubling its contribution to the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) SDR 7.1 billion of which SDR 1.8 billion will be made available immediatrly while the additional SDR 1.8 billion will follow once other member countries make their contributions; (iii) 18 May 2020, USD150 million to the ADB to strengthen developing member countries' capacity to contain COVID-19 through the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) and the Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF); (iv) Assistance to Maldives: (a) 2 May 2020, USD541,400 emergency grant for COVID-19 response thru the United Nations Children's Fund and Maldives Red Crescent; and (b) 21 May 2020, USD1.4 million grant through the United Nations Development Programme to support Maldives' economic recovery; (v) 1 July 2020, JPY50 billion loan under the COVID-19 crisis response emergency support of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and JPY2 billion grant aid for medical equipment and laboratories for the Philippines; (vi) 15 September 2020, JICA provided another JPY50 billion loan to the Philippines under the second phase of the Post-Disaster Standby Loan. (vii) 21 October 2020, The Government of Japan has provided a JPY1 billion grant for the procurement of medical equipment by the Government of Egypt.

Kazakhstan 09B 09B - International loans/grants KZT 1,236,750,000 3,000,000 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Kazakhstan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

18 April 2020, Kazakhstan sent USD3 million worth of flour as humanitarian assistance to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Kiribati 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD
Kyrgyz Republic 09B 09B - International loans/grants KGS
Lao PDR 09B 09B - International loans/grants LAK
Luxembourg 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Malaysia 09B 09B - International loans/grants MYR
Maldives 09B 09B - International loans/grants MVR
Marshall Islands 09B 09B - International loans/grants USD
Mexico 09B 09B - International loans/grants MXN
Mongolia 09B 09B - International loans/grants MNT
Myanmar 09B 09B - International loans/grants MMK