Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000
Australia 09A 09A - Swaps AUD
Australia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020).

May 29, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia.

Australia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures AUD
Austria 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Austria 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to May 18 on April 16; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 18: Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day. (iii) June 16, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year.

Belgium 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Belgium 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Belgium 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Belgium 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Federale Overheidsdienst Financiën. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/akkoord-onderling-overleg-tussen-de-autoriteiten-van-duitsland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van (accessed 02 June 2020). Financial Services and Market Authority. https://www.fsma.be/nl/news/de-fsma-kondigt-de-opschorting-van-het-verbod-op-het-innemen-verhogen-van-nettoshortposities (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October; (ii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022; (iii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion; (iv) Ban on short-selling stocks until May 17; (v) May 12, the Financial Services and Markets Authority agreed to not take action against companies that will not be able to comply with mandatory data provision on code of conduct risk models by June 30, 2020; (vi) May 18: Suspended the ban on short selling; (vii) June 2: Extended the agreement on taxation of cross-border workers with Germany and Netherlands until June 30, 2020.

Canada 09 09 - International Assistance Provided CAD
Canada 09A 09A - Swaps CAD
Canada 09B 09B - International loans/grants CAD
Canada 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CAD
Denmark 09 09 - International Assistance Provided DKK 5,048,941,832 747,490,036
Denmark 09A 09A - Swaps DKK
Denmark 09B 09B - International loans/grants DKK 5,048,941,832 747,490,036 UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/juli/milliarder-til-ny-coronafond-skal-skabe-vaekst-og-nye-job/ (accessed 2 July 2020)

(i) As of May 20, contributed USD7,245,782 to the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund; (ii) July 1, contributed DKK5 billion to the European Guarantee Fund to help especially small and medium-sized businesses affected by the crisis.

Denmark 11 11 - Other Economic Measures DKK Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/regeringen-og-erhvervslivet-vil-hjaelpe-dansk-eksport-i-coronakrisen/ (accessed 13 August 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/ivaerksaettere-faar-hjaelpende-haand-ny-politisk-aftale-letter-omregistrering/ (accessed 27 July 2020)

(i) August 11, set up a Forum for restarting Danish exports, and eight Restart Teams from various industries to contribute their input; (ii) August 21, Gave entrepreneurs a better opportunity to re-register entrepreneurial companies as private limited companies. Also extended the deadline for re-registration to 15 October 2021.

Finland 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR 5,500,000 6,084,071
Finland 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Finland 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 5,500,000 6,084,071 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (1 May 2020).

The Finnish Government agreed to increase funding for the World Health Organization (WHO) to EUR5.5 million .

Finland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Finnish Government. https://valtioneuvosto.fi/en/-/1271139/amendments-to-pharmaceutical-legislation-aim-to-ensure-availability-and-sufficiency-of-medicines- (accessed 18 July 2020).

Amendments to pharmaceutical legislation to allow Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has the right to temporarily restrict or authorise the prescription and dispensing of medicines intended for treating infectious diseases .

France 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
France 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
France 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
France 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR AMF. https://www.amf-france.org/fr/actualites-publications/communiques/communiques-de-lamf/lamf-suspend-linterdiction-de-creer-ou-daugmenter-des-positions-courtes-nettes (accessed 1 June 2020).

18 May, Suspended the ban on creating or increasing net short positions.

Germany 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Germany 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Germany 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Germany 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 18 May 2020).

April 1, Missed rent payments due to COVID-related reasons cannot lead to evictions and rent payments for these tenants will be postponed (in force from April 1 to June 30). Consumers that cannot finance running consumption costs for their housing units (such as electricity, gas, telecommunication and water) can postpone them without being charged late payment fees or forced to judicial debt collection.

Ireland 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Ireland 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Ireland 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Ireland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR 1,000,000 1,106,195 IE. https://www.gov.ie/en/press-release/e0aa1-minister-for-public-expenditure-and-reform-michael-mcgrath-td-announces-projects-to-be-funded-under-1-million-public-service-innovation-fund/ (accessed 13 August 2020).

July 28, The Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, announced the 34 diverse projects that have successfully secured funding from this year’s call under the Public Service Innovation Fund (EUR1 million), an initiative of the Our Public Service 2020 reform strategy for development and innovation in the Public Service .

Italy 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Italy 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Italy 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Italy 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 1 May 2020); Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze. http://www.mef.gov.it/ufficio-stampa/comunicati/2020/Arriva-il-nuovo-BTP-Futura-il-primo-titolo-di-Stato-interamente-dedicato-al-retail/ (accessed 16 June 2020); IVAAS. https://www.ivass.it/media/avviso/covid-dividend-2/?com.dotmarketing.htmlpage.language=3 (accessed 6 August 2020);

(i) No amount/estimate: Apri l 24, announced a special debt instrument called "BTP ITALIA," which will finance costs arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The next issue will be May 18-21, 2020. The instruments have maturities of 4 to 8 years, with coupons paid every six months, and capital always guaranteed at maturity; (ii) IVASS (Insurance supervisory authority) followed the EIOPA recommendations and called insurance companies to be prudent about dividends and bonus payments to protect their capital position; insurance companies are asked to provide updated Solvency II ratios on a weekly basis; (iii) CONSOB called a three-month ban on shorting of all shares and lowered a minimum threshold beyond which it is required to communicate the participation in a listed company. These measures are aimed to contain the volatility of the financial markets and to strengthen the transparency of the holdings in the Italian companies listed on the Stock Exchange; (iv) 18 May : Suspended the temporary ban on taking new net short position and the increase in existing net short positions. The Italian Companies and Exchange Commission (CONSOB) first introduced the ban on March 17, 2020. The ban will end on May 18, 2020; (v) 8 June, Announced a new government bond exclusively dedicated to the retail market. This government bond is called the “BTP Futura”, and will solely finance expenses made by the Italian government to deal with the COVID-19 emergency, as well as to support the recovery of the Italian economy. The first issue will be Monday, July 6, 2020, to Friday, July 10, 2020.

Japan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided JPY 2,892,895,512,639 26,962,610,463
Japan 09A 09A - Swaps JPY 2,763,864,000,000 25,760,000,000 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-07042020.aspx (accessed 11 April 2020). BNM. https://www.bnm.gov.my/index.php?ch=en_press&pg=en_press&ac=5115&lang=en (accessed 24 September 2020).

(i) April 7, USD22.76 billion bilateral currency swap arrrangement with Bank Indonesia. (ii) September 18, The BOJ signed a bilateral swap arrangement with Bank Negara Malaysia which eanbles them to swap their local currencies for up to USD3 billion for both countries. [update]