Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Brunei Darussalam 08 08 - International Assistance Received BND
Brunei Darussalam 08A 08A - Swaps BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B 08B - International loans/grants BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B2 08B2 - Other BND
Cambodia 08 08 - International Assistance Received KHR 1,468,595,304,544 362,100,000
Cambodia 08A 08A - Swaps KHR
Cambodia 08B 08B - International loans/grants KHR 1,468,595,304,544 362,100,000
Cambodia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank KHR 1,027,732,809,090 253,400,000 ADB

(i) February 7, Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (USD0.27 million); (ii) February 7, Strengthening Regional Health Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion-Additional Financing (USD0.34 million); (iii) April 24, Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia (USD0.75 million); (iv) April, TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD1.78 million); (v) July 10, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program (USD250 million); (vi) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3) (USD0.21 million); (vii) August 10, Sustaining the Gains of the Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Additional Financing) (USD0.05 million) [update].

Cambodia 08B2 08B2 - Other KHR 440,862,495,454 108,700,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-approves-20-million-for-cambodias-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 13 April 2020); USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/may-29-2020-update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MFIC). https://www.mfaic.gov.kh/site/detail/43233 (accessed 5 June 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/29/world-bank-approves-15-million-for-cambodias-pre-service-education-system-for-health-professionals (accessed 11 June 2020); Delegation of the European Union to Cambodia. https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/cambodia/80721/teameurope-supports-cambodia-coronavirus-crisis_en (accessed 12 June 2020); MFIC. https://www.mfaic.gov.kh/site/detail/43533 (accessed 19 June 2020).

(i) World Bank: (a) USD20 million credit for the Cambodia COVID-19 Emergency Response Project, as part of the first tranche of emergency support operations through a dedicated fast-track COVID-19 facility (loan); (b) USD14 million of the H-EQIP project funds was allocated through a Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) to purchase ambulances and medical equipment and to quickly develop national laboratory capacity to rapidly respond to the COVID-19 pandemic (loan); (ii) May, USAID provided more than USD11 million in total assistance for the response to COVID-19, which includes (a) USD5 million in ESF for relief and job-skills training for vulnerable people, such as returning migrants, and expanded efforts to counter trafficking and protect children; and (b) more than USD6 million in health assistance to help the Cambodian Government prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, communicate risk, support technical experts for response and preparedness, and more (grant); (iii) May 29, The World Bank approved a USD15 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA) for the Cambodia Strengthening Pre-Service Education System for Health Professionals Project to strengthen Cambodia’s pre-service education system for health professionals to improve the quality of care for better health outcomes ; (iv) June 5, The Government of Japan will provide a grant aid totaling JPY4.5 billion (approximately USD41.4 million) to implement three development projects in Cambodia, of which (a) JPY348 million (USD3.2 million) will be used for Human Resource Development Scholarship; (b) JPY2.15 billion (USD19.8 million) for the Improvement of Referral Hospitals in Siem Reap province; and (c) JPY2 billion (USD18.4 million) for the Economic and Social Development Programme through providing medical supplies to protect against and respond to the spread of COVID-19 in Cambodia; (v) June, UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund, a UN inter-agency fund mechanism established by the UN Secretary-General to help support low and middle-income program countries to respond to the pandemic and its impacts including an unprecedented socioeconomic shock, has allocated USD1 million to Cambodia (grant); (vi) June 11, Team Europe (EU and its Member States, including Switzerland).announced that it has mobilized EUR443 million (roughly USD483 million and KHR1,990 billion) in grants and loans to support Cambodia’s efforts in dealing with the economic and social fallout of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This EUR443 million support combining new allocations, funds already programmed and redirected funds, is channelled through the Royal Government institutions and partner organisations, including civil society organisations; (vii) June 12, The Government of Japan extends an emergency assistance of USD6.3 million comprising of medical supplies and technical assistance to the RGC through the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

Denmark 08 08 - International Assistance Received DKK 349,630,351,082 51,762,371,681
Denmark 08A 08A - Swaps DKK 349,182,041,750 51,696,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); The Fed. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 14 May 2020).

The standing swap line with ECB was activated and its size was doubled to EUR24 billion. It will remain in place as long as needed, no information available on usage. In addition, the DN reached an agreement with the Federal Reserve to establish a USD30 billion swap line that will stand for at least 6 months. Amounts outstanding under the Federal Reserve swap line: USD300 million as of August 6. Peak amount oustanding: USD5.29 billion as of April 30.

Denmark 08B 08B - International loans/grants DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681
Denmark 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank DKK
Denmark 08B2 08B2 - Other DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681 Nordic Investment Bank. https://www.nib.int/who_we_are/news_and_media/news_press_releases/3536/nib_finances_environmental_projects_and_smes_in_denmark (accessed 8 July 2020)

EUR60 million over a 10-year loan agreement between the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB) and the Danish Ringkjøbing Landbobank (RLB) for onlending to environmental projects and to SMEs in Denmark. This initiative is part of NIB's special support for sustainable business during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Indonesia 08 08 - International Assistance Received IDR 2,128,181,657,249,200 140,061,951,321
Indonesia 08A 08A - Swaps IDR 2,075,251,967,166,700 136,578,491,321 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-07042020.aspx (accessed 11 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 April 2020). US Fed. https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200729b.htm (accessed 31 July 2020).

April 7, (i) Repurchase agreement line facilities with several institutions: USD60 billion repo line facility for Foreign and International Monetary Authorities (FIMA) with the United States Federal Reserve (On July 29, The Federal Reserve announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to March 31, 2021) ); USD2.5 billion with the Bank of International Settlements; USD3 billion with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS); and USD0.5-1 billion with other central banks in the region. (ii) Bilateral currency swap arrangements with several central banks: CNY200 billion (equivalent to USD30 billion) with the People's Bank of China; USD22.76 billion with the Bank of Japan; USD10 billion with the MAS; and KRW10.7 trillion (equivalent to INR115 trillion) with the Bank of Korea.

Indonesia 08B 08B - International loans/grants IDR 52,929,690,082,524 3,483,460,000
Indonesia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank IDR 23,102,741,694,429 1,520,460,000 ADB. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-approves-3-million-grant-support-indonesias-fight-against-covid-19 (accessed 24 April 2020); ADB. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-approves-1-5-billion-indonesias-covid-19-response (accessed 24 April 2020).

(i) March 30, The ADB approved a USD3 million grant under COVID-19 Emergency Response to finance procurement of testing kits, other goods and services for front line health workers and general population; (ii) April 23, The ADB approved a USD1.5 billion loan to support the Government of Indonesia’s efforts to alleviate the impact COVID-19 on public health, livelihoods, and the economy; (iii) April 24, USD750,000 grant under TA: Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia; and (iv) USD1.5 million under TA: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19. (v) June 23, USD40,000 grant under the TA on Enhancing Public-Private Partnerships Projects through Support for Law and Policy Development and Transaction Advisory Services. (vi) June 30, USD100,000 grant under the TA on Quality of Jobs and the Future of Work. (vii) July 2, USD15 million loan for the Dairy Farmer Support and Food Security Project. July 24, USD70,000 grant under the TA on Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3).

Indonesia 08B2 08B2 - Other IDR 29,826,948,388,095 1,963,000,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/15/world-bank-approves-financing-to-support-indonesias-social-assistance-system-and-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 21 May 2020). UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/project/00121443 (accessed 22 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/29/the-world-bank-approves-financing-for-indonesias-covid-19-coronavirus-emergency-response (accessed 28 May 2020). AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/projects/details/2020/approved/Indonesia-COVID-19-Active-Response-and-Expenditure-Support-Program.html (accessed 24 June 2020). AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/projects/details/2020/approved/Indonesia-Emergency-Response-to-COVID-19-Program.html (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) May 11, USD2 million grant from the UN COVID-19 Response & Recovery Fund supporting the Government of Indonesia and key stakeholders to scale-up inclusive social protection programs. (ii) May 15, USD700 million loan from World Bank to support Indonesia's Social Assistance Sytem and COVID-19 response. (iii) USD11 million worth of grants from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for health and humanitarian assistance. (iv) May 22, USD250 million World Bank loan for Indonesia's Emergency Response to COVID-19 Program. (v) May, USD750 million loan from the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as co-financing for the ADB loan in (ii) under Measure 8B1. (vi) June 22, USD250 million loan from the AIIB co-financed with the World Bank under a COVID-19 Crisis Recovery Facility for Indonesia.

Lao PDR 08 08 - International Assistance Received LAK 587,928,881,584 66,092,666
Lao PDR 08A 08A - Swaps LAK
Lao PDR 08B 08B - International loans/grants LAK 587,928,881,584 66,092,666
Lao PDR 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank LAK 203,974,360,952 22,930,000 ADB

(i) January 27, USD0.60 million under the Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project. As of June 8, the amount increased to USD0.86 million; (ii) February 7, USD0.34 million under the Strengthening Regional Health Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion-Additional Financing; (iii) April 24, USD0.75 million under the Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia project; (iv) May 17, USD1.03 million is the estimated support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases. As of July 13, the estimated support amounted to USD0.93 million; (v) May 22, USD20 million under the Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (Additional Financing); (vi) August 10, USD0.05 million under the Sustaining the Gains of the Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Additional Financing) Project.

Lao PDR 08B2 08B2 - Other LAK 383,954,520,632 43,162,666 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/08/lao-pdr-emergency-financing-for-covid-19-response-project (accessed 16 April 2020); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020); US Agency for International Development (USAID). https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (26 May 2020); US Embassy in Laos. https://la.usembassy.gov/united-states-announces-3-million-of-cdc-support-for%e2%80%a8covid-19-response-in-lao-pdr/ (accessed 22 July 2020). US Embassy in Laos. https://la.usembassy.gov/united-states-provides-additional-2-5-million-to-support-covid-19-response-in-lao-pdr/ (accessed 22 July 2020). Vientiane Times. http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/freeContent/FreeConten_Japan_108.php (accessed 9 June 2020). Vientiane Times. http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/freeContent/FreeConten_EU161.php (accessed 23 August 2020).

(i) April 7, The World Bank’s Regional Vice-Presidency of the East Asia and Pacific Region approved USD18 million for the Lao PDR to help the country respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lao PDR COVID-19 Response Project supports preparedness and emergency response activities, including infection prevention and control, case detection and contact tracing, case management and risk communication. It also supports the upgrade of surveillance capacity and the skills of health-care workers; (ii) May, USD1 million under the United Nations (UN) COVID-19 Response and Recovery Multi-Partner Trust Fund (COVID-19 MPTF); (iii) May 20, The United States through the US Agency for International Development will provide health assistance amounting to USD4.4 million; (iv) May 22, The United States has committed an additional USD3.17 million in new funding support, provided through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USCDC), for prevention, preparedness, and response activities in response to COVID-19 in Lao PDR; (v) June 5, The Japanese government has provided grant aid worth over LAK123 billion (JPY1.5 billion) for the purchase of medical equipment to support Lao PDRs’ efforts to cope with a further outbreak of COVID-19. An Exchange of Notes for the grant aid project entitled “Economic and Social Development Progamme” was signed at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Vientiane; (vi) August 20, The European Union has provided EUR2.5 million for Lao PDR under the Civil Society Action to Prevent and Mitigate COVID-19 project.

Malaysia 08 08 - International Assistance Received MYR 46,050,976 10,720,000
Malaysia 08A 08A - Swaps MYR
Malaysia 08B 08B - International loans/grants MYR 46,050,976 10,720,000
Malaysia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank MYR 40,896,016 9,520,000 ADB

April, USD2.73 million as a guarantee under the Supply Chain Finance Program (Additional Financing). Another USD2.73 million is co-financed. As of August 14, the amount of the guarantee increased to USD9.52 million. The amount of co-financing also increased to USD9.52 million.

Malaysia 08B2 08B2 - Other MYR 5,154,960 1,200,000 US Agency for International Development (USAID). https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (26 May 2020).

May 20, The United States through the US Agency for International Development will provide (a) health assistance in response to COVID-19 amounting to USD1 million, and (b) Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA) humanitarian assistance to support COVID-19 response efforts for refugees and asylum seekers in Malaysia amounting to USD0.2 million.

Myanmar 08 08 - International Assistance Received MMK 2,303,415,900,000 1,642,950,000
Myanmar 08A 08A - Swaps MMK
Myanmar 08B 08B - International loans/grants MMK 2,303,415,900,000 1,642,950,000
Myanmar 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank MMK 364,309,700,000 259,850,000 ADB

(i) January 29 and February 17, Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (USD6.60 million); (ii) February 7, Strengthening Regional Health Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion-Additional Financing (USD0.33 million); (iii) April 24, Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia (USD0.5 million); (iv) April, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD1.89 million); (v) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3) (USD0.21 million); (vi) July 28, Transport Sector Reform and Modernization (Additional Financing) (USD0.27 million) [update]; (vii) August 10, Sustaining the Gains of the Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Additional Financing) (USD0.05 million) [update]; (viii) August 21, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program (USD250 million) [update].

Myanmar 08B2 08B2 - Other MMK 1,939,106,200,000 1,383,100,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/20/myanmar-50-million-in-fast-track-financing-for-national-covid-19-coronavirus-emergency-response (accessed on 6 May 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/29/myanmar-power-system-efficiency-project-brings-country-closer-to-universal-electricity-access (accessed 10 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/26/pr20247-myanmar-imf-executive-board-approves-a-us-356-5m-disbursement-address-covid19 (accessed 29 June 2020); US Embassy in Burma. https://mm.usembassy.gov/factsheet-u-s-government-health-and-humanitarian-assistance-to-myanmar-for-covid-19-response/ (accessed 24 July 2020); Embassy of Japan. https://www.mm.emb-japan.go.jp/profile/english/press/20200815.html (accessed 17 August 2020); Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). https://www.jica.go.jp/myanmar/english/office/topics/press200901.html (accessed 02 September 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/26/myanmar-project-to-boost-agricultural-productivity-support-farmers-in-wake-of-covid-19-coronavirus (accessed 4 September 2020).

(i) May, The World Bank has approved a USD50 million credit for the Myanmar COVID-19 Emergency Response Project, as part of global emergency support operations through a dedicated fast-track COVID-19 facility (loan); (ii) May 29, The World Bank approved a (a) USD350 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA) to increase the output and efficiency of power generation and improve the resilience of Myanmar’s electricity system to climate change and disasters; and (b) USD110 million in additional financing for the Essential Health Services Access Project, implemented nationwide since 2015; (iii) June 26, USD200 million to boost agricultural productivity and support farmers in the wake of COVID-19 [update]; (iv) June 26, The IMF has approved USD356.5 million emergency assistance for Myanmar under the Rapid Credit Facility and the Rapid Financing Instrument to support the government’s COVID-19 Economic Relief Plan that aims at minimizing the pandemic’s impact by stimulating the economy and boosting expenditures especially on health and social safety nets; (v) July 21, The US Government is providing more than USD18.5 million to support Myanmar’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, i.e. (a) approximately USD10.3 million for health and (b) USD8.2 million in disaster and humanitarian assistance, including to support vulnerable people and host communities during the pandemic; (vi) August 15, The Government of Japan provided medical equipment to Myanmar under a grant aid worth JPY2 billion (USD18.1); (vii) September 1, The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is providing JPY30 billion (approx. USD280 million) concessional loan to the Myanmar Government to support resilient economic recovery through implementation of COVID- 19 Economic Relief Plan (CERP) and related policies for investment/trade promotion and financial sector strengthening [update].

Philippines 08 08 - International Assistance Received PHP 222,071,977,323 4,362,598,663
Philippines 08A 08A - Swaps PHP
Philippines 08B 08B - International loans/grants PHP 222,071,977,323 4,362,598,663
Philippines 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank PHP 95,966,011,900 1,885,250,000 ADB; Department of Finance.

(i) April 23, USD1.5 billion loan under the COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) Program; (ii) April 27, USD200 million loan under the Social Protection Support Project (Second Additional Financing); (iii) March 13, USD3 million grant under the COVID-19 Emergency Response; (iv) March 26, USD5 million grant under the Implementing a Rapid Emergency Supplies Provision Assistance to Design a Sustainable Solution for COVID-19 Impact Areas in the National Capital Region through a Public Private Collaboration in the Philippines; (v) April 24, USD750,000 grant under TA: Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia; and (vi) USD1.4 million grant under TA: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19; (vi) July 1, USD100,000 grant under the technical assistance on Promoting Digital Finance Solutions for Inclusive Finance among Partner Financial Institutions. (vii) August 12, USD50 million loan under the Competitive and Inclusive Agriculture Development Program, Subprogram 1. [update] (viii) August 24, USD125 million loan under the Health System Enhancement to Address and Limit (HEAL) COVID-19 Project. [update]

Philippines 08B2 08B2 - Other PHP 126,105,965,423 2,477,348,663 WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/what-we-do/brief/world-bank-group-operational-response-covid-19-coronavirus-projects-list (accessed 28 April 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 25 May 2020). AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/news/2020/AIIB-Approves-USD750-M-Loan-to-the-Philippines-for-COVID-19-Response.html; https://www.aiib.org/en/projects/details/2020/approved/_download/Philippines/PSI-Philippines-CARES-program.pdf (accessed 29 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/28/philippines-world-bank-approves-usd500-million-to-help-mitigate-impact-of-covid-19-pandemic (accessed 29 May 2020). CNN. https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/6/10/Canada-donation-PH-covid-19.html (accessed 10 June 2020). PDI. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1288890/bjmp-justice-sector-receive-p10-million-assistance-from-eu-to-support-its-covid-19-response (accessed 10 June 2020). US Embassy in the Philippines. https://ph.usembassy.gov/fact-sheet-us-covid-19-assistance-to-the-philippines/ (accessed 18 June 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/phl-obtains-p23-5-b-loan-from-japan-for-pandemic-response/ (accessed 1 July 2020). PDI. https://globalnation.inquirer.net/189630/us-donates-p14-8m-worth-of-ppes-to-pgh-covid-19-treatment-centers (accessed 20 July2 2020). UN. https://philippines.un.org/en/86267-un-humanitarian-partners-launch-largest-covid-19-response-plan-aid-54m-poorest-filipinos (accessed 4 August 2020). Philippine Daily Inqirer. https://globalnation.inquirer.net/190607/canadian-govt-donates-p30-6m-worth-of-n95-face-masks-to-doh (accessed 3 September 2020).

(i) April 9, USD500 million World Bank (WB) Third Disaster Risk Management Development Policy Loan; (ii) April 23, USD100 million World Bank loan for Philippines - COVID-19 Emergency Response Project. (iii) As of July 20, USD19.8 million in grants for health, humanitarian assistance, skills training, and technical support, among others, from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for health and humanitarian assistance. (iv) May 28, USD750 million loan from the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) for the Philippines' COVID-19 response as parallel co-financing for the CARES Program. (v) May 28, USD500 million from the World Bank for Philippines Emergency COVID-10 Response Development Policy Loan. (vi) As of September 2, PHP110.3 [update] million worth of donations and bilateral assistance from the government of Canada such as N95 masks and funding for reproductive health services during the pandemic. (vii) June 10, PHP1 million grant from the European Union's Governance in Justice program for the COVID-19 pandemic response. (viii) July 1, JPY50 billion loan under the COVID-19 crisis response emergency support of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and JPY2 billion grant aid for medical equipment and laboratories. (ix) August 4, USD122 million worth of United Nations grants for the COVID-19 Response Plan for the Philippines to assist 5.4 million poorest households in congested ubran areas.

Singapore 08 08 - International Assistance Received SGD 84,990,000,000 60,000,000,000
Singapore 08A 08A - Swaps SGD 84,990,000,000 60,000,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020). Federal Reserve Bank of New York. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 17 May 2020). US Fed. https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200729b.htm (accessed 31 July 2020).

March 19, The MAS announced the establishment of a USD60 billion swap facility with the US Federal Reserve. The MAS intends to draw on this swap facility to provide US dollar liquidity to financial institutions in Singapore. The peak outstanding balance is USD10.028 billion as of June 2. On July 29, The U.S. Federal Reserve announced the extension of its dollar liquidity swap lines and FIMA repo facility to March 31, 2021.