Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000
Australia 08A 08A - Swaps AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); New York FED. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 9 July 2020).

March 20, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.

Australia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AUD
Australia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AUD
Australia 08B2 08B2 - Other AUD
Australia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 05 May 2020); Government of Australia COVID19 official website. https://www.australia.gov.au/coronavirus-updates (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/state-quarantine-requirements-for-interstate-travel (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/should-i-wear-a-face-mask-in-public-0 (accessed 30 July 2020).

March: (i) Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (iv) Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family, and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (v) Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them; (vi) April 26, The COVIDSafe app is available for voluntary download to speed up contacting people exposed to coronavirus; (vii) May 8, The National Cabinet will consider the first phase of easing COVID-19 restrictions. Some states and territories have begun easing selected regional restrictions; (viii) July 14, State and territory governments have imposed a range of interstate travel restrictions, including the closure of certain state borders and 14-day quarantine period upon arrival of travellers; (ix) July 30, the government published guidance on wearing face masks.

Austria 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Austria 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Austria 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Austria 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
Austria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, the measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts. By March 16, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions. For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines. (ii) April 13, gradual re-opening of the economy has started, from small shops, construction and garden centers, while other stores and hairdressers were allowed to open at the beginning of May. By mid-May when religious services, outdoor sports, museums, libraries, and archives reopened, and the Bundesliga was allowed to restart. Open air markets and business premises are exempted from the mandate on mouth and nose protective masks since June 1. The re-opening process is expected to last through June though some steps were accelerated recently due to low infection rates, such as the reopening of the borders with Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary from June 5; (iii) June 15, the standing obligation for all persons to wear a face mask was limited to public transportation, pharmacies and services when a 1-meter distance cannot be maintained, or no other protective measures are available; (iv) 16 June, travelling restrictions were lifted for most European countries; (v) A pickup in the infection rate in some areas has prompted the authorities to tighten previously relaxed containment measures such as mandatory mask wearing in some areas.

Belgium 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Belgium 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Belgium 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Belgium 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Belgium 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 7 September 2020).

August 24, The European Commission proposed a EUR7.8 billion loan to be granted on favourable terms from the EU to Belgium. This is pending final approval by the Council. [update]

Belgium 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 03 September 2020).

(i) The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including school and retail shop closures, a ban on all gatherings, limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad; (ii) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes. On this basis, manufacturing and business services sectors were reopened on May 4, to be followed by shops (May 11 and May 18). Schools will also start to gradually reopen from May 18. The reopening of other sectors and overseas travel will be assessed by June 8, while sporting events remain banned until July 31; (iii) June 11, Hospitality, cultural, and non-contact sports activities (without audience) as well as religious services were allowed to resume as of June 8. Domestic travel restrictions have been lifted; (iv) June 18, travel restrictions within the Schengen area have also been lifted; (v) July 23, Due to the recent rise in the number of new cases, the government decided to put the 5th phase of reopening on hold, imposed new preventive measures and further decentralized decision making regarding mask wearing to local authorities; (vi) August 20, the government decided to ease some restrictions, while keeping social distancing rules in place until at least end-September. For instance, shopping and events are now permitted. [update]

Brunei Darussalam 08 08 - International Assistance Received BND
Brunei Darussalam 08A 08A - Swaps BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B 08B - International loans/grants BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank BND
Brunei Darussalam 08B2 08B2 - Other BND
Brunei Darussalam 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BND IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020, 14 May 2020).

(i) The government is actively responding to the risks of the pandemic from spreading further by implementing a range of measures, including strict inbound and outbound travel restrictions and banning all mass gatherings, including weddings and sporting events; and (ii) The Ministry of Health (MOH) is also stepping up efforts to track close contacts of positive cases; (vi) MOH actively rolling out a contact tracing app (“BruHealth”) for residents to download before they are given the green light to visit public places.

Cambodia 08 08 - International Assistance Received KHR 1,468,595,304,544 362,100,000
Cambodia 08A 08A - Swaps KHR
Cambodia 08B 08B - International loans/grants KHR 1,468,595,304,544 362,100,000
Cambodia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank KHR 1,027,732,809,090 253,400,000 ADB

(i) February 7, Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (USD0.27 million); (ii) February 7, Strengthening Regional Health Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion-Additional Financing (USD0.34 million); (iii) April 24, Policy Advice for COVID-19 Economic Recovery in Southeast Asia (USD0.75 million); (iv) April, TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD1.78 million); (v) July 10, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program (USD250 million); (vi) July 24, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks (Subproject 3) (USD0.21 million); (vii) August 10, Sustaining the Gains of the Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Additional Financing) (USD0.05 million) [update].

Cambodia 08B2 08B2 - Other KHR 440,862,495,454 108,700,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-approves-20-million-for-cambodias-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 13 April 2020); USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/may-29-2020-update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MFIC). https://www.mfaic.gov.kh/site/detail/43233 (accessed 5 June 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/29/world-bank-approves-15-million-for-cambodias-pre-service-education-system-for-health-professionals (accessed 11 June 2020); Delegation of the European Union to Cambodia. https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/cambodia/80721/teameurope-supports-cambodia-coronavirus-crisis_en (accessed 12 June 2020); MFIC. https://www.mfaic.gov.kh/site/detail/43533 (accessed 19 June 2020).

(i) World Bank: (a) USD20 million credit for the Cambodia COVID-19 Emergency Response Project, as part of the first tranche of emergency support operations through a dedicated fast-track COVID-19 facility (loan); (b) USD14 million of the H-EQIP project funds was allocated through a Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) to purchase ambulances and medical equipment and to quickly develop national laboratory capacity to rapidly respond to the COVID-19 pandemic (loan); (ii) May, USAID provided more than USD11 million in total assistance for the response to COVID-19, which includes (a) USD5 million in ESF for relief and job-skills training for vulnerable people, such as returning migrants, and expanded efforts to counter trafficking and protect children; and (b) more than USD6 million in health assistance to help the Cambodian Government prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, communicate risk, support technical experts for response and preparedness, and more (grant); (iii) May 29, The World Bank approved a USD15 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA) for the Cambodia Strengthening Pre-Service Education System for Health Professionals Project to strengthen Cambodia’s pre-service education system for health professionals to improve the quality of care for better health outcomes ; (iv) June 5, The Government of Japan will provide a grant aid totaling JPY4.5 billion (approximately USD41.4 million) to implement three development projects in Cambodia, of which (a) JPY348 million (USD3.2 million) will be used for Human Resource Development Scholarship; (b) JPY2.15 billion (USD19.8 million) for the Improvement of Referral Hospitals in Siem Reap province; and (c) JPY2 billion (USD18.4 million) for the Economic and Social Development Programme through providing medical supplies to protect against and respond to the spread of COVID-19 in Cambodia; (v) June, UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund, a UN inter-agency fund mechanism established by the UN Secretary-General to help support low and middle-income program countries to respond to the pandemic and its impacts including an unprecedented socioeconomic shock, has allocated USD1 million to Cambodia (grant); (vi) June 11, Team Europe (EU and its Member States, including Switzerland).announced that it has mobilized EUR443 million (roughly USD483 million and KHR1,990 billion) in grants and loans to support Cambodia’s efforts in dealing with the economic and social fallout of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This EUR443 million support combining new allocations, funds already programmed and redirected funds, is channelled through the Royal Government institutions and partner organisations, including civil society organisations; (vii) June 12, The Government of Japan extends an emergency assistance of USD6.3 million comprising of medical supplies and technical assistance to the RGC through the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

Cambodia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

April: (i) The government has announced foreigners wishing to travel to Cambodia the need to obtain a visa at a Cambodian diplomatic mission abroad, a health certificate before departure, and sufficient travel insurance; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) Schools and casinos are closed and the government has banned public events with more than 50 participants; (iv) The Khmer New Year break has been cancelled; (v) May 20, The authorities have lifted the entry ban on citizens from Iran, Italy, Germany, Spain, France, and the US.

Canada 08 08 - International Assistance Received CAD
Canada 08A 08A - Swaps CAD

No amount/estimate: BoC together with central banks from Japan, Euro Area, UK, US, and Switzerland, announced a coordinated central bank action to further enhance the provision of liquidity via the standing US dollar liquidity swap line arrangements; Starting with the Fed's expansion of its central bank swap lines on March 2, the BoC had not used the swap line to acquire US dollars from the Federal Reserve.

Canada 08B 08B - International loans/grants CAD
Canada 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank CAD
Canada 08B2 08B2 - Other CAD
Canada 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures CAD International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#C (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Travel restrictions; (ii) Social distancing measures; (iii) Declarations of states of emergency; (iv) Closures of non-essential businesses in some provinces; (v) Reopening the economy. On April 28, Prime Minister Trudeau released a joint statement with premiers across Canada on their shared public health approach to support restarting the economy; all provinces have begun to implement plans to reopen.

Denmark 08 08 - International Assistance Received DKK 349,630,351,082 51,762,371,681
Denmark 08A 08A - Swaps DKK 349,182,041,750 51,696,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); The Fed. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 14 May 2020).

The standing swap line with ECB was activated and its size was doubled to EUR24 billion. It will remain in place as long as needed, no information available on usage. In addition, the DN reached an agreement with the Federal Reserve to establish a USD30 billion swap line that will stand for at least 6 months. Amounts outstanding under the Federal Reserve swap line: USD300 million as of August 6. Peak amount oustanding: USD5.29 billion as of April 30.

Denmark 08B 08B - International loans/grants DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681
Denmark 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank DKK
Denmark 08B2 08B2 - Other DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681 Nordic Investment Bank. https://www.nib.int/who_we_are/news_and_media/news_press_releases/3536/nib_finances_environmental_projects_and_smes_in_denmark (accessed 8 July 2020)

EUR60 million over a 10-year loan agreement between the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB) and the Danish Ringkjøbing Landbobank (RLB) for onlending to environmental projects and to SMEs in Denmark. This initiative is part of NIB's special support for sustainable business during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Denmark 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20200517/denmark-begins-next-stage-of-reopening-after-lockdown (accessed 21 May 2020)

(i) People returning from abroad are strongly encouraged to self-quarantine for two weeks. Borders have been closed and entry are only allowed for citizens and others with a critical reason to enter (e.g. work or visit sick family member). EU border restrictions apply as well. Borders remain fully open to transport of goods and capital flows. Air traffic is de facto shut down. All schools, childcare and education facilities were closed, but have gradually begun reopening as of May 20. Teaching continues through online distance learning platforms. The government has banned gatherings of more than 10 people (inside as well as outside), except in work places. Only food stores, pharmacies and stores allowing sufficient physical distance are allowed to remain open. All restaurants, bars and cultural premises as well personal services not allowing sufficient physical distance (e.g. hairdressers) are required to close; (ii) The authorities announced careful and gradual lift of some containment measures such as the opening of daycares, kindergartens and schools (up to 5th grade) by April 15 while others remain in place till May (e.g. no events with more than 10 people, closure of borders) and August (e.g. large gatherings). The gradual opening of the economy was extended to include additional health care sectors and liberal professions . The authorities adjusted the criteria for COVID-19 testing to enable a comprehensive testing of the population as part of the reopening strategy.