Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).

(i) April, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On May 5, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. May 5, June 2, July 7, September 1, and October 6, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. November 3, The RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) November 3, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.

Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Azerbaijan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AZN
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Brazil 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BRL
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 210,406,000,000 150,801,648,450 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on October 28, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of November 25, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen CAD207.715 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure; (ii) June 3, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of November 25, the purchased amount is CAD2.687 billion; the peak value since the end of February was CAD2.691 billion on October 29 (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds) [update]

Cook Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
European Central Bank 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).

Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.

European Union 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Federated States of Micronesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Fiji 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).

As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.

Finland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
France 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Georgia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities GEL
Germany 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Hong Kong, China 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities HKD
India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50252 (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50012, https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712 (both accessed as of 2 July 2020).

(i) April 27, INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO); (ii) June 29, another INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO). These two operations, totalling INR200 billion, have long-term maturities ranging from 6 years to 10 years and are meant to replace the concurrent sale of short-term government securities maturing within the next year; (iii) August 26, Decided to again conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operation (OMO) for an aggregate amount of INR200 billion in two tranches of INR100 billion each. The auctions would be conducted on August 27, 2020 and September 03, 2020.

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) From January to April, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Ireland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Islamic Republic of Iran 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IRR
Italy 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Japan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); BOJ. https://www.boj.or.jp/en/announcements/release_2020/k200427a.pdf (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The BOJ will purchase a necessary amount of JGBs without setting an upper limit so that 10-year JGB yields will remain at around 0%.

Kazakhstan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KZT
Kiribati 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Kyrgyz Republic 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KGS
Lao PDR 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LAK
Luxembourg 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 9,005,605,333 2,096,374,443 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/-/bnm-statement-of-asset-liabilities-13-november-2020 (accessed 27 November 2020).

13 November 2020, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR11.0 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR9.01 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion) [update].

Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Marshall Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Mexico 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MXN 200,000,000,000 9,103,737,084 Bank of Mexico.https://www.banxico.org.mx/publications-and-press/other-announcements/%7BE626A744-436D-2495-0969-3582C9571361%7D.pdf (accessed 30 March) https://www.banxico.org.mx/publications-and-press/other-announcements/%7B6F7FECBA-44CB-6AA5-4E4B-269DDBD9B5A8%7D.pdf (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) March 20; Banco de Mexico announced collaboration with the Ministry of Finance to strengthen the Government Debt Market Makers Program; Banco de Mexico will provide swaps of government securities and amend the purchase option of government securities for market makers to allow exercise of the option on the 2nd banking day following the auction rather than the 1 day; (ii) MXN100 billion- Swaps of government securities in which it will receive long-term securities (10 years and longer) and will deliver other with maturities of up to 3 years; (ii) MXN100 billion- Government securities term repurchase window in which Banco de México facilitates an orderly intermediation of government securities (Cetes, Bonos M, Udibonos, Bondes D and BPAs), which will benefit financial institutions with liquidity needs.

Mongolia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MNT
Myanmar 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MMK