Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.

Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 233,910,000,000 167,647,375,022 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on 28 October 2020, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of 6 January 2021, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen to CAD230.394 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure [update]; (ii) 3 June 2020, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of 6 January 2021, the purchased amount is CAD3.516 billion, which is also the peak value (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds). [update]

Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Finland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
France 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Germany 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Ireland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Italy 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Japan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); BOJ. https://www.boj.or.jp/en/announcements/release_2020/k200427a.pdf (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The BOJ will purchase a necessary amount of JGBs without setting an upper limit so that 10-year JGB yields will remain at around 0%.

Luxembourg 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Netherlands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
New Zealand 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/05/term-lending-facility-details-outlined-to-promote-business-lending (accessed on 12 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/covid-19 (accessed 08 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/05/large-scale-asset-purchases-expanded (accessed 14 May 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/08/further-easing-in-monetary-policy-delivered (accessed 13 August 2020); RBNZ. https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/news/2020/09/prolonged-monetary-support-necessary (accessed 24 September 2020).

April 2020, The RBNZ has been implementing LSAP to purchase government bonds in the secondary market up to NZD30 billion across a range of maturities. 13 May 2020, The Monetary Policy Committee has agreed to significantly expand the LSAP programme to NZD60 billion. 12 August 2020, LSAP programme was expanded to NZD100 billion. 23 September 2020, RBNZ announced that the expanded LSAP program will continue until further notice (See amount in Measure 10 notes: No breakdown).

Norway 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NOK
Portugal 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Spain 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Sweden 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SEK 59,000,000,000 5,998,769,744 Riksbank. https://bit.ly/3hEVzYq (accessed 13 April 2020); Riksbank. https://bit.ly/3dpwPAk (accessed 2 May 2020); Riksbank. https://bit.ly/30VEZOa (accessed 21 May 2020); Riksbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/press-and-published/notices-and-press-releases/press-releases/2020/further-measures-to-alleviate-the-economic-consequences-of-the-pandemic/ (accessed 2 July 2020); Riskbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/monetary-policy/monetary-policy-instruments/purchases-of-government-bonds/ (4 January 2021); Riksbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/press-and-published/notices-and-press-releases/press-releases/2020/zero-policy-rate-and-extended-asset-purchases/ (accessed 28 November 2020).

16 March 2020, SEK300 billion Riksbank increase of purchases of securities in 2020 (including government and municipal bonds, covered bonds and securities issued by non-financial corporations). 1 July 2020, The framework for the asset purchases is being extended from SEK300 billion to SEK500 billion up to the end of June 2021. 27 April 2020, Riksbank will, between 1 May and 30 September 2020, purchase nominal Swedish government bonds for a nominal amount totalling SEK18 billion in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds during the period July 2019–December 2020. Until 30 September 2020, the Riksbank is offering to purchase government bonds for SEK25.5 billion, in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds. 1 July 2020, The Riksbank is offering to purchase government bonds for SEK45.5 billion, in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds until 31 December 2020. 26 November 2020, To improve the conditions for a recovery, the Executive Board has decided to expand the envelope for the asset purchases by SEK200 billion, to a total nominal amount of up to SEK700 billion, and to extend the asset purchase programme to 31 December 2021. Until 31 March 2021, the Riksbank is offering to purchase government bonds for SEK59 billion, in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds. Peak total purchases of government bonds within the program of asset purchases was SEK45.5 billion (18 December 2020).

Switzerland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CHF/CHE/CHW
Turkey 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities TRY
United Kingdom 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities GBP 450,000,000,000 557,146,022,727 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Bank of England. https://bit.ly/3emqNkY (accessed 12 June 2020); Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/market-notices/2020/asset-purchase-facility-gilt-purchases-june-2020 (accessed 22 June 2020); Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data (9 January 2021); Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/letter/2020/apf-letters-november-2020 (accessed 6 November 2020); Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/letter/2020/governor-apf-letter-november-2020.pdf?la=en&hash=10989652DADE602FC4C438AA99F71FD770A6D2C4 (accessed 6 November 2020).

(i) 19 March 2020, Increase Bank of England's holdings of UKG government and corporate bonds by GBP200 billion to a total of GBP645 billion, financed by central bank reserves; (ii) 18 June 2020, The Bank of England announced an increase in the stock of purchases of UK government bonds, financed by central bank reserves, by an additional GBP100 billion, to take the total stock of asset purchases to GBP745 billion; (iii) 5 November 2020, Bank of England will expand its target stock of UK government bond purchases by an additional GBP150 billion, to reach GBP895 billion. As of 6 January 2021, current gilt purchases stood at GBP727.897 billion [update].

United States 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD 2,225,361,000,000 2,225,361,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020). Federal Reserve. https://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h41/current/ (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 15 March 2020, The Federal Reserve restarted quantitative easing with the purchase of Treasuries; (ii) 6 January 2021, the Federal Reserve currently owns USD4,699.421 billion in US Treasuries, which is an increase of USD2,225.361 billion over the USD2,474.06 billion it owned at the end of February; the total increased is composed of an additional USD45.5 billion in T-bills, an additional USD1,978.363 billion in T-notes and T-bonds, and an additional USD201.495 billion in inflation indexed securities; these are all peak values [update]