|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Afghanistan||10||10 - No breakdown||AFN|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||10||10 - No breakdown||EGP|
|Argentina||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||ARS|
|Argentina||10||10 - No breakdown||ARS||135,620,000,000||2,161,274,900||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).||
(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) 12 June 2020, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) 16 June 2020, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Armenia||10||10 - No breakdown||AMD||245,000,000,000||501,013,646||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)||
(i) Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (a) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (b) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final; (ii) 27 March 2020, For Armenia-registered economic entities or individual entrepreneurs with competitive business ideas, 75% of financial resources are provided as interest-free loans with a maturity of eight years and the other 25% are provided as grants.
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).||
(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.
|Australia||10||10 - No breakdown||AUD|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Austria||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||10||10 - No breakdown||AZN||1,000,000,000||588,235,294||Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020).||
March 2020, AZN1 billion is part of the announced support amounting to AZN2.5 billion to reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the national economy, the entrepreneurship and banking sectors, as well as for strengthening the social protection of the people.
|Bangladesh||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BDT|
|Bangladesh||10||10 - No breakdown||BDT|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Belgium||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Bhutan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||10||10 - No breakdown||BTN/INR|
|Brazil||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BRL|
|Brazil||10||10 - No breakdown||BRL|
|Brunei Darussalam||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||10||10 - No breakdown||BND|
|Cambodia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||KHR|
|Cambodia||10||10 - No breakdown||KHR||8,111,545,454,540||2,000,000,000||CNBC interview with the National Bank of Cambodia. https://www.msn.com/en-us/video/t/cambodian-lenders-have-ample-liquidity-to-last-until-end-2020-says-central-bank/vp-BB12xZ7R (accessed 14 April 2020); RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).||
(i) April 2020, The government has put together a USD2 billion stimulus package for eventual loss of jobs of the factory workers. This measure is an attempt to revive the economy (See Measures 1, 5, and 6); (ii) 26 May 2020, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will prepare additional financing of USD300 million to support and act as a catalyst for promoting growth in key sectors during and after the crisis.
|Canada||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||CAD||233,910,000,000||167,647,375,022||Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on 28 October 2020, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of 6 January 2021, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen to CAD230.394 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure [update]; (ii) 3 June 2020, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of 6 January 2021, the purchased amount is CAD3.516 billion, which is also the peak value (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds). [update]
|Canada||10||10 - No breakdown||CAD|
|Cook Islands||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||NZD|
|Cook Islands||10||10 - No breakdown||NZD|
|Denmark||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||DKK|
|Denmark||10||10 - No breakdown||DKK|
|European Central Bank||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).||
Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.
|European Central Bank||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR||ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/accounts/2020/html/ecb.mg200522~f0355619ae.en.html (24 May 2020).||
22 May 2020, The account of the monetary policy meeting of the Governing Council of the ECB on 29-30 April was released. According to it, the ECB was fully prepared to adjust all of its measures, as appropriate, to ensure that inflation moved towards its aim in a sustained manner, in particular signalling that it was fully prepared to increase the size of the PEPP and adjust its composition as much as necessary and for as long as needed .
|European Union||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|European Union||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Federated States of Micronesia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||USD|
|Federated States of Micronesia||10||10 - No breakdown||USD|
|Fiji||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||FJD||280,000,000||127,064,803||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).||
As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.
|Fiji||10||10 - No breakdown||FJD|
|Finland||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Finland||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|