Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Afghanistan 10 10 - No breakdown AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 22, The government has already allocated AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year (See Measure 5 under health).

Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 10 10 - No breakdown EGP
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Argentina 10 10 - No breakdown ARS 133,720,000,000 2,130,996,016 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) June 12, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) June 16, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program. [update]

Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Armenia 10 10 - No breakdown AMD 245,000,000,000 501,013,646 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020)

Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion (over USD300 million) to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (i) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (ii) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final.

Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 50,000,000,000 31,089,999,979 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020).

April, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On May 5, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. May 5 and June 2, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting.

Australia 10 10 - No breakdown AUD
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Austria 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Azerbaijan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AZN
Azerbaijan 10 10 - No breakdown AZN 1,000,000,000 588,235,294 Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

March, AZN1 billion is part of the announced support amounting to AZN2.5 billion (3% of GDP) to reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the national economy, the entrepreneurship and banking sectors, as well as for strengthening the social protection of the people.

Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bangladesh 10 10 - No breakdown BDT Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-president-bangladesh-finance-minister-discuss-support-covid-19-response (accessed 21 April 2020). The Financial Express. https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/economy/covid-19-govt-so-far-announces-1190b-stimulus-packages-1590759538 (accessed 26 June 2020).
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Belgium 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Bhutan 10 10 - No breakdown BTN/INR
Brazil 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BRL
Brazil 10 10 - No breakdown BRL
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Brunei Darussalam 10 10 - No breakdown BND
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
Cambodia 10 10 - No breakdown KHR 8,111,545,454,540 2,000,000,000 CNBC interview with the National Bank of Cambodia. https://www.msn.com/en-us/video/t/cambodian-lenders-have-ample-liquidity-to-last-until-end-2020-says-central-bank/vp-BB12xZ7R (accessed 14 April 2020); RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) April, The government has put together a USD2 billion stimulus package for eventual loss of jobs of the factory workers. This measure is an attempt to revive the economy (See Measures 1, 5, and 6); (ii) May 26, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will prepare additional financing of USD300 million to support and act as a catalyst for promoting growth in key sectors during and after the crisis .

Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 184,263,000,000 132,064,504,569 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway. As of June 24 ,T-bill holdings have increased by CAD99.41 billion, while goverrnment bond holdings have increased by CAD83.573 billion [update]; June 3, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of June 24, the purchased amount is CAD1.28 billion. [update]

Canada 10 10 - No breakdown CAD
Cook Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Cook Islands 10 10 - No breakdown NZD
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Denmark 10 10 - No breakdown DKK
European Central Bank 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).

Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.

European Central Bank 10 10 - No breakdown EUR ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/accounts/2020/html/ecb.mg200522~f0355619ae.en.html (24 May 2020).

May 22, The account of the monetary policy meeting of the Governing Council of the ECB on 29-30 April was released. According to it, the ECB was fully prepared to adjust all of its measures, as appropriate, to ensure that inflation moved towards its aim in a sustained manner, in particular signalling that it was fully prepared to increase the size of the PEPP and adjust its composition as much as necessary and for as long as needed .

European Union 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
European Union 10 10 - No breakdown EUR Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/kurz-cautious-on-commissions-750b-recovery-blueprint-coronavirus-covid19-mff-budget/ (accessed 28 May 2020).

EU Commission put forth a proposal to create a EUR750 billion fund — called Next Generation EU. About EUR500 billion would be disbursed as grants to those member countries most in need as a result of the crisis, while the remaining EUR250 billion would be available as credits .

Federated States of Micronesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Federated States of Micronesia 10 10 - No breakdown USD
Fiji 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities FJD
Fiji 10 10 - No breakdown FJD
Finland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Finland 10 10 - No breakdown EUR