Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-01.html (accessed 3 February 2021); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-03.html (accessed 3 March 2021); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-04.html (accessed 7 April 2021).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%. On 2 February, 2 March, and 6 April 2021 [update], the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting at 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories when the current bond purchase program is completed in mid April 2021.

Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Azerbaijan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AZN
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Brazil 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BRL
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 293,675,000,000 210,481,992,474 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on 28 October 2020, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of 21 April 2021, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen to CAD289.424 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure; (ii) 3 June 2020, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of 21 April 2021, the purchased amount is CAD4.076 billion; the peak figure of CAD4.251 billion occurred on 17 February 2021 (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds); (iii) 21 April 2021, the BoC announced that the GBPP will be reduced to CAD3 billion per week. [update]

Cook Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
European Central Bank 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).

Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.

European Union 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Federated States of Micronesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Fiji 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).

As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.

Finland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
France 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Georgia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities GEL
Germany 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Hong Kong, China 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities HKD
India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50252 (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50012, https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712 (both accessed as of 2 July 2020).

(i) 27 April 2020, INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO); (ii) 29 June 2020, another INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO). These two operations, totalling INR200 billion, have long-term maturities ranging from 6 years to 10 years and are meant to replace the concurrent sale of short-term government securities maturing within the next year; (iii) 26 August 2020, Decided to again conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operation (OMO) for an aggregate amount of INR200 billion in two tranches of INR100 billion each. The auctions would be conducted on 27 August 2020 and 3 September 2020.

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

From January to April 2020, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Ireland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Islamic Republic of Iran 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IRR
Italy 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Japan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities JPY 48,012,000,000,000 447,485,520,272 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); BOJ. https://www.boj.or.jp/en/announcements/release_2020/k200427a.pdf (accessed 1 May 2020); BOJ. https://www.boj.or.jp/en/statistics/boj/other/acmai/release/index.htm/ (accessed 12 March 2021).

The BOJ will purchase a necessary amount of JGBs without setting an upper limit so that 10-year JGB yields will remain at around 0%. The peak change in BOJ purchases of Japanese government securities less bank notes since 20 February 2020 amounted to JPY48.012 trillion, posted in 20 December 2020.

Kazakhstan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KZT
Kiribati 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Kyrgyz Republic 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KGS
Lao PDR 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LAK
Luxembourg 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 9,458,099,071 2,201,708,429 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/-/bnm-statement-of-assets-liabilities-29-january-2021 (accessed 23 April 2021).

15 April 2021, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR11.44 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR9.46 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion) [update].

Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Marshall Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Mexico 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MXN 200,000,000,000 9,103,737,084 Bank of Mexico.https://www.banxico.org.mx/publications-and-press/other-announcements/%7BE626A744-436D-2495-0969-3582C9571361%7D.pdf (accessed 30 March) https://www.banxico.org.mx/publications-and-press/other-announcements/%7B6F7FECBA-44CB-6AA5-4E4B-269DDBD9B5A8%7D.pdf (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) 20 March 2020, Banco de Mexico announced collaboration with the Ministry of Finance to strengthen the Government Debt Market Makers Program; Banco de Mexico will provide swaps of government securities and amend the purchase option of government securities for market makers to allow exercise of the option on the 2nd banking day following the auction rather than the 1 day; (ii) MXN100 billion - Swaps of government securities in which it will receive long-term securities (10 years and longer) and will deliver other with maturities of up to 3 years; (iii) MXN100 billion - Government securities term repurchase window in which Banco de México facilitates an orderly intermediation of government securities (Cetes, Bonos M, Udibonos, Bondes D and BPAs), which will benefit financial institutions with liquidity needs.

Mongolia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MNT
Myanmar 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MMK