Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Denmark 07 07 - Central bank financing government DKK
Denmark 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown DKK
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Japan 07 07 - Central bank financing government JPY
Japan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown JPY
Japan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); BOJ. https://www.boj.or.jp/en/announcements/release_2020/k200427a.pdf (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The BOJ will purchase a necessary amount of JGBs without setting an upper limit so that 10-year JGB yields will remain at around 0%.

Sweden 07 07 - Central bank financing government SEK 45,500,000,000 4,626,169,887
Sweden 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown SEK
Sweden 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SEK 45,500,000,000 4,626,169,887 Riksbank. https://bit.ly/3hEVzYq (accessed 13 April 2020); Riksbank. https://bit.ly/3dpwPAk (accessed 2 May 2020); Riksbank. https://bit.ly/30VEZOa (accessed 21 May 2020); Riksbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/press-and-published/notices-and-press-releases/press-releases/2020/further-measures-to-alleviate-the-economic-consequences-of-the-pandemic/ (accessed 2 July 2020); Riskbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/monetary-policy/monetary-policy-instruments/purchases-of-government-bonds/ (5 September 2020).

(i) March 16, SEK300 billion Riksbank increase of purchases of securities in 2020 (including government and municipal bonds, covered bonds and securities issued by non-financial corporations). July 1, The framework for the asset purchases is being extended from SEK300 billion to SEK500 billion up to the end of June 2021; (ii) Apri 27, Riksbank will, between 1 May and 30 September 2020, purchase nominal Swedish government bonds for a nominal amount totalling SEK18 billion in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds during the period July 2019–December 2020; (iii) Until 30 September 2020, the Riksbank is offering to purchase government bonds for SEK25.5 billion, in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds. (iv) July 1, The Riksbank is offering to purchase government bonds for SEK45.5 billion, in addition to the previously decided purchases of government bonds until 31 December 2020. As of August 28, total purchases of government bonds within the program of asset purchases was SEK17.5 billion [update].

Denmark 07 07 - Central bank financing government DKK
Denmark 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown DKK
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Japan 07 07 - Central bank financing government JPY
Japan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown JPY
Japan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: Increase in the size and frequency of Japanese government bond purchases.

Sweden 07 07 - Central bank financing government SEK 4,500,000,000 457,533,286
Sweden 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown SEK
Sweden 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SEK 4,500,000,000 457,533,286 Riksbank. https://www.riksbank.se/globalassets/media/nyheter--pressmeddelanden/pressmeddelanden/2020/bilagor/200316/appendix-b-bond-purchases-for-monetary-policy-purposes.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020); Riksbank. https://www.riksbank.se/en-gb/press-and-published/updates-on-the-riksbank-and-the-coronavirus-pandemic/the-riksbanks-measures-in-connection-with-the-corona-pandemic/ (accessed 2 July 2020).

March 16, SEK300 billion Riksbank increase of purchases of securities in 2020 (including government and municipal bonds, covered bonds and securities issued by non-financial corporations). As of April 17, total purchses of government bonds amounted to SEK4.5 billion.