Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.

Bangladesh 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BDT
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bhutan 07 07 - Central bank financing government BTN/INR
Bhutan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BTN/INR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Cook Islands 07 07 - Central bank financing government NZD
Cook Islands 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NZD
Cook Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Federated States of Micronesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Federated States of Micronesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Federated States of Micronesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Fiji 07 07 - Central bank financing government FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803
Fiji 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown FJD
Fiji 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).

As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.

India 07 07 - Central bank financing government INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909
India 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 October 2020).

20 April 2020, The RBI increased the limit for ways and means advances for the Central Government (a short-term liquidity facility) for the remaining part of the first half of the FY 2020/21 from INR 1.2 trillion to INR2.0 trillion. The WMA is a temporary liquidity facility offered by the RBI to the government that acts as a credit line that the government may call upon to help them reconcile short-term mismatches in cash flows of their receipts and expenditures. As of 8 October 2020, the increase in limit has been extended until March 2021.

India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50252 (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50012, https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712 (both accessed as of 2 July 2020).

(i) 27 April 2020, INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO); (ii) 29 June 2020, another INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO). These two operations, totalling INR200 billion, have long-term maturities ranging from 6 years to 10 years and are meant to replace the concurrent sale of short-term government securities maturing within the next year; (iii) 26 August 2020, Decided to again conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operation (OMO) for an aggregate amount of INR200 billion in two tranches of INR100 billion each. The auctions would be conducted on 27 August 2020 and 3 September 2020.

Kiribati 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD
Kiribati 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Kiribati 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Maldives 07 07 - Central bank financing government MVR
Maldives 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MVR
Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Marshall Islands 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Marshall Islands 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Marshall Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Nauru 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD
Nauru 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Nauru 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Nepal 07 07 - Central bank financing government NPR
Nepal 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NPR
Nepal 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NPR
Niue 07 07 - Central bank financing government NZD
Niue 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NZD
Niue 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Palau 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Palau 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Palau 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Papua New Guinea 07 07 - Central bank financing government PGK
Papua New Guinea 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown PGK
Papua New Guinea 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities PGK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: BPNG has announced its intention to repurchase government securities in an open market quantitative easing program to provide liquidity to the holders of the instruments.