Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Brunei Darussalam 07 07 - Central bank financing government BND
Brunei Darussalam 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BND
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Cambodia 07 07 - Central bank financing government KHR
Cambodia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown KHR
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
Cook Islands 07 07 - Central bank financing government NZD
Cook Islands 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NZD
Cook Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Federated States of Micronesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Federated States of Micronesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Federated States of Micronesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Fiji 07 07 - Central bank financing government FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803
Fiji 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown FJD
Fiji 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities FJD 280,000,000 127,064,803 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).

As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.

Indonesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government IDR 788,840,000,000,000 51,915,901,682
Indonesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown IDR 622,630,000,000,000 40,977,128,270 The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/23/bank-indonesia-buys-108m-of-government-bonds-at-auction-first-time-since-rule-change.html (accessed 27 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-28-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 2 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy/indonesia-unveils-40-billion-bond-scheme-to-fund-recovery-from-pandemic-idUSKBN2471AZ?il=0 (accessed 6 July 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_225220.aspx (accessed 16 July 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_226420.aspx (accessed 19 August 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_227120.aspx (accessed 2 October 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_227520.aspx (accessed 5 November 2020).

(i) 21 April 2020, BI directly purchased IDR1.7 trillion (USD108 million) worth of sharia sovereign bonds during an auction held by the government for the first time. As of 8 October 2020, BI has purchased IDR60.18 trillion in the primary market through auction schemes, greenshoe options and private placements under the April 16 Joint Decree with the Ministry of Finance; (ii) No amount/estimate: In line with BI's expanded financial stability mandate as mentioned in (v) of Measure 1A, BI is authorized to finance the deposit insurance agency (LPS) for bank solvency problems. (vi) 6 July 2020, BI agreed to directly purchase IDR397.6 trillion worth of government bonds at 0% interest and be a standby buyer for IDR177 trillion in auctions at 1 percentage point below the benchmark rate to help finance the central government's pandemic response efforts under the July 7 Joint Decree with the Ministry of Finance. As of 8 October 2020, BI has made IDR229.68 trillion in primary market purchases through private placements under this agreement.

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

From January to April 2020, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Kiribati 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD
Kiribati 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Kiribati 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Lao PDR 07 07 - Central bank financing government LAK
Lao PDR 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LAK
Lao PDR 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LAK
Malaysia 07 07 - Central bank financing government MYR 9,160,698,421 2,132,477,867
Malaysia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MYR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 9,160,698,421 2,132,477,867 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/-/bnm-statement-of-assets-liabilities-29-january-2021 (accessed 19 February 2021).

15 February 2021, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR11.14 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR9.16 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion).

Marshall Islands 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Marshall Islands 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Marshall Islands 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Myanmar 07 07 - Central bank financing government MMK
Myanmar 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MMK
Myanmar 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MMK
Nauru 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD
Nauru 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Nauru 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD
Niue 07 07 - Central bank financing government NZD
Niue 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NZD
Niue 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NZD
Palau 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Palau 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Palau 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD