Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.

Bangladesh 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BDT
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bhutan 07 07 - Central bank financing government BTN/INR
Bhutan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BTN/INR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Brunei Darussalam 07 07 - Central bank financing government BND
Brunei Darussalam 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BND
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Cambodia 07 07 - Central bank financing government KHR
Cambodia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown KHR
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
India 07 07 - Central bank financing government INR 100,000,000,000 1,345,601,727
India 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

April 20, The RBI increased the limit for ways and means advances for the Central Government (a short-term liquidity facility) for the remaining part of the first half of the FY 2020/21 from INR 1.2 trillion to INR2.0 trillion. The WMA is a temporary liquidity facility offered by the RBI to the government that acts as a credit line that the government may call upon to help them reconcile short-term mismatches in cash flows of their receipts and expenditures.

India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 100,000,000,000 1,345,601,727 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712

April 27: INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO).

Indonesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government IDR 192,280,000,000,000 12,654,517,488
Indonesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown IDR 26,070,000,000,000 1,715,744,076 The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/23/bank-indonesia-buys-108m-of-government-bonds-at-auction-first-time-since-rule-change.html (accessed 27 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-28-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 2 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) April 21, BI directly purchased IDR1.7 trillion (USD108 million) worth of sharia sovereign bonds during an auction held by the government for the first time. As of May 28, BI has purchased IDR23.98 trillion in the primary market. In the first week of June, BI made an additional IDR2.09 trillion worth of purchases in the primary market. (ii) No amount/estimate: In line with BI's expanded financial stability mandate as mentioned in (v) of Measure 1A, BI is authorized to finance the deposit insurance agency (LPS) for bank solvency problems.

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) From January to April, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Lao PDR 07 07 - Central bank financing government LAK
Lao PDR 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LAK
Lao PDR 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LAK
Malaysia 07 07 - Central bank financing government MYR 8,495,392,020 1,977,604,176
Malaysia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MYR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 8,495,392,020 1,977,604,176 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/web/guest/bnmstatement/-/tag/bnmstats-2020 (accessed 26 June 2020).

15 June 2020, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR10.47 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR8.50 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion) [update].

Maldives 07 07 - Central bank financing government MVR
Maldives 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MVR
Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Myanmar 07 07 - Central bank financing government MMK
Myanmar 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MMK
Myanmar 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MMK
Nepal 07 07 - Central bank financing government NPR
Nepal 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NPR
Nepal 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NPR
Philippines 07 07 - Central bank financing government PHP 382,000,000,000 7,504,380,830
Philippines 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown PHP 320,000,000,000 6,286,392,318 BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5329 (accessed 7 April 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5336 (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) March 23, To further support the Filipino people during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Monetary Board authorized the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) to purchase government securities from the Bureau of Treasury under a repurchase agreement in the amount of PHP300 billion with a maximum repayment period of 6 months. (ii) March 26, The BSP remitted PHP20 billion pesos in dividends to the national government despite no longer being required to do so under its newly amended charter.

Philippines 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities PHP 62,000,000,000 1,217,988,512 BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5352 (accessed 1 May 2020). BIS. https://www.bis.org/review/r200427a.htm (accessed 28 April 2020).

(i) March 24, BSP opened a daily one-hour window to purchase selected highly traded and liquid government securities from banks at market prices; (ii) From 8 April, all peso-denominated government securities issuances could be purchased by the BSP. Window will remain open between April and June 2020, or until market conditions return to normal; (iii) As of April 22, PHP62 billion in government securities (GS) have been purchased by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) as part of expanded GS purchases that began on March 24.

Singapore 07 07 - Central bank financing government SGD 52,000,000,000 36,710,201,200
Singapore 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown SGD 52,000,000,000 36,710,201,200 SingaporeBudget.gov. https://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/budget_2020/fortitude-budget/fortitude-budget-statement (accessed 30 May 2020).

As of May 26, the President has given in-principle support to draw up to SGD52 billion from past reserves to fund COVID-19 measures.

Singapore 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SGD
Sri Lanka 07 07 - Central bank financing government LKR
Sri Lanka 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LKR
Sri Lanka 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LKR