Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Brunei Darussalam 07 07 - Central bank financing government BND
Brunei Darussalam 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BND
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND
Cambodia 07 07 - Central bank financing government KHR
Cambodia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown KHR
Cambodia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities KHR
European Central Bank 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
European Central Bank 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
European Central Bank 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).

Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.

European Union 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
European Union 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
European Union 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Indonesia 07 07 - Central bank financing government IDR 766,880,000,000,000 50,470,648,905
Indonesia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown IDR 600,670,000,000,000 39,531,875,493 The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/23/bank-indonesia-buys-108m-of-government-bonds-at-auction-first-time-since-rule-change.html (accessed 27 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-28-Mei-2020.aspx (accessed 2 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy/indonesia-unveils-40-billion-bond-scheme-to-fund-recovery-from-pandemic-idUSKBN2471AZ?il=0 (accessed 6 July 2020).

(i) April 21, BI directly purchased IDR1.7 trillion (USD108 million) worth of sharia sovereign bonds during an auction held by the government for the first time. As of May 28, BI has purchased IDR23.98 trillion in the primary market. In the first week of June, BI made an additional IDR2.09 trillion worth of purchases in the primary market. (ii) No amount/estimate: In line with BI's expanded financial stability mandate as mentioned in (v) of Measure 1A, BI is authorized to finance the deposit insurance agency (LPS) for bank solvency problems. (vi) July 6, BI agreed to directly purchase IDR397.6 trillion worth of government bonds at 0% interest and be a standby buyer for IDR177 trillion in auctions at 1 percentage point below the benchmark rate to help finance the central government's pandemic response efforts. [update]

Indonesia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities IDR 166,210,000,000,000 10,938,773,412 Bank Indonesia. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/siaran-pers/Pages/sp_223020.aspx; https://www.bi.go.id/id/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/BI-Terbitkan-Ketentuan-Pelaksanaan-Lelang-SUN-dan-atau-SBSN-Jangka-Panjang-di-Pasar-Perdana.aspx (accessed 27 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) From January to April, IDR166.21 trillion purchases of government securities (SBN) in the secondary market by BI.

Lao PDR 07 07 - Central bank financing government LAK
Lao PDR 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LAK
Lao PDR 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LAK
Malaysia 07 07 - Central bank financing government MYR 8,493,426,721 1,977,146,683
Malaysia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MYR
Malaysia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MYR 8,493,426,721 1,977,146,683 Bank Negara Malaysia. https://www.bnm.gov.my/web/guest/bnmstatement/-/tag/bnmstats-2020 (accessed 10 July 2020).

30 June 2020, The Malaysian Government Papers purchased by the Bank Negara Malaysia amounted to MYR10.47 billion. This is equal to an increase of MYR8.49 billion from 31 December 2019 (total of MYR1.98 billion) [update].

Myanmar 07 07 - Central bank financing government MMK
Myanmar 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MMK
Myanmar 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MMK
Philippines 07 07 - Central bank financing government PHP 382,000,000,000 7,504,380,830
Philippines 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown PHP 320,000,000,000 6,286,392,318 BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5329 (accessed 7 April 2020). BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5336 (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) March 23, To further support the Filipino people during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Monetary Board authorized the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) to purchase government securities from the Bureau of Treasury under a repurchase agreement in the amount of PHP300 billion with a maximum repayment period of 6 months. (ii) March 26, The BSP remitted PHP20 billion pesos in dividends to the national government despite no longer being required to do so under its newly amended charter.

Philippines 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities PHP 62,000,000,000 1,217,988,512 BSP. http://www.bsp.gov.ph/publications/media.asp?id=5352 (accessed 1 May 2020). BIS. https://www.bis.org/review/r200427a.htm (accessed 28 April 2020).

(i) March 24, BSP opened a daily one-hour window to purchase selected highly traded and liquid government securities from banks at market prices; (ii) From 8 April, all peso-denominated government securities issuances could be purchased by the BSP. Window will remain open between April and June 2020, or until market conditions return to normal; (iii) As of April 22, PHP62 billion in government securities (GS) have been purchased by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) as part of expanded GS purchases that began on March 24.

Singapore 07 07 - Central bank financing government SGD 52,000,000,000 36,710,201,200
Singapore 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown SGD 52,000,000,000 36,710,201,200 SingaporeBudget.gov. https://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/budget_2020/fortitude-budget/fortitude-budget-statement (accessed 30 May 2020).

As of May 26, the President has given in-principle support to draw up to SGD52 billion from past reserves to fund COVID-19 measures.

Singapore 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities SGD
Thailand 07 07 - Central bank financing government THB 100,000,000,000 3,114,510,647
Thailand 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown THB
Thailand 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities THB 100,000,000,000 3,114,510,647 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

The BOT purchased government bonds in excess of THB100 billion in March to ensure the normal functioning of the government bond market.

Timor-Leste 07 07 - Central bank financing government USD
Timor-Leste 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown USD
Timor-Leste 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities USD
Viet Nam 07 07 - Central bank financing government VND
Viet Nam 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown VND
Viet Nam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities VND
Brunei Darussalam 07 07 - Central bank financing government BND
Brunei Darussalam 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BND
Brunei Darussalam 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BND