|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Afghanistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 14 April 2020)||
The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EGP||World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) March 20, The limit for electronic payments via mobile phones has been raised to EGP30,000/day and EGP100,000/month for individuals, and to EGP40,000/day and EGP200,000/per week for corporations; (ii) March 29, The central bank set a daily limit on all ATM disbursement per card to be EGP5,000, and limits to cash withdrawal and deposits at a bank branch to be EGP10,000 per individual, and EGP50,000 per corporate; (iii) The cost of transactions in the EGX will be reduced from 0.15% to 0.125% and from 0.15% to 0.05% for non-residents and Egyptian residents, respectively, and all spot transactions on EGX will be exempt from stamp duty; (iv) The National Bank of Egypt and Bank Misr announced a one-year deposit program with a 15% interest rate.
|Argentina||07||07 - Central bank financing government||ARS|
|Argentina||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||ARS|
|Argentina||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||ARS|
|Argentina||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||ARS||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 9 May 2020, 26 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).||
(i) Capital Flow Management Measures (CFMs) that were already in place since August 2019 have largely protected Argentina so far from the impact of capital outflows; (ii) Adopted anti-price gouging policies, including price controls for food and medical supplies and ringfencing of essential supplies, including certain export restrictions on medical supplies and equipment and centralization of the sale of essential medical supplies.; (iii) April 28, Ordered that the Common Investment Funds (FCI) in pesos must invest at least 75% of their assets in financial instruments and negotiable securities issued in the Argentine Republic; (iv) Extended deadline of filing financial statements for small and medium-sized corporations; (v) May 16, extended validity of Maximum Prices until June 20; (vi) May 18, suspended price increases mobile and fixed telephony, Internet and pay TV services until August 31; June 18, extended until end of the year [update]; (v) May 19, set the domestic price of a barrel of oil at USD45 with the objective of reactivating the national hydrocarbon industry, guaranteeing the continuity of jobs and promoting self-sufficiency; (vi) June 18, extended the suspension of the closure and disabling of bank accounts until December 31, 2020, inclusive. [update]
|Armenia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AMD|
|Armenia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Armenia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AMD||KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/armenia-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 14 May 2020)||
May 14, Temporary restrictions on the export of medical masks, gloves and goggles, biohazard suits, medical robes, antiviral medicines, gauze and other medical products.
|Australia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AUD||50,000,000,000||31,089,999,979|
|Australia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AUD|
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||50,000,000,000||31,089,999,979||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020).||
April, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On May 5, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. May 5 and June 2, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting.
|Australia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AUD|
|Austria||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Austria||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Austria||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EUR||BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).||
(i) On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to May 18 on April 16; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 18: Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day. (iii) June 16, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year. [update]
|Azerbaijan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AZN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020); The Coronavirus Response Fund. http://covid19fund.gov.az/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Eurasianet. https://eurasianet.org/to-fight-coronavirus-azerbaijan-passes-the-hat (accessed 19 April 2020).||
(i) March, Establishment of the Coronavirus Response Fund under the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of March 19, 2020. The government itself is asking for donations from citizens, organizations, and businesses to help it deal with the disease in Azerbaijan. According to President Ilham Aliyev, the basic goal of the fund is for the people of Azerbaijan to within the limits of their capability, demonstrate their civil solidarity and generosity which are foundations of their society. The fund has raised AZN112 million as of April 19; (ii) April, The CBA and commercial banks have shifted to a seven-day work week, including to allow individuals and businesses to convert their manat holdings into foreign currency; (iii) April 23, The CBA also announced that it will extend its guarantees on insurance premiums.
|Bangladesh||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BDT||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.
|Bangladesh||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BDT|
|Bangladesh||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||BDT||Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/brpd/jun102020brpd12.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).||
BB instructed banks to waive customers interest for the period from 1 April to 31 May based unclassified loan outstanding balance as at 30 March 2020. According to the instruction, loan balance upto BDT 0.1m, waiver the whole amount of interest; loan balance more than BDT 0.1m to BDT 1m interest, interest waiver @2% annually; loan balance more than BDT 1m; interest waiver @1%. Customer wise maximum amount of waiver is BDT 1.2m.
|Belgium||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Belgium||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Belgium||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EUR||Federale Overheidsdienst Financiën. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/akkoord-onderling-overleg-tussen-de-autoriteiten-van-duitsland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van (accessed 02 June 2020). Financial Services and Market Authority. https://www.fsma.be/nl/news/de-fsma-kondigt-de-opschorting-van-het-verbod-op-het-innemen-verhogen-van-nettoshortposities (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).||
(i) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October; (ii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022; (iii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion; (iv) Ban on short-selling stocks until May 17; (v) May 12, the Financial Services and Markets Authority agreed to not take action against companies that will not be able to comply with mandatory data provision on code of conduct risk models by June 30, 2020; (vi) May 18: Suspended the ban on short selling; (vii) June 2: Extended the agreement on taxation of cross-border workers with Germany and Netherlands until June 30, 2020.
|Bhutan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||BTN/INR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).||
(i) Office of Consumer Protection has published market price information of essential commodities as of March 11, to monitor and keep track of price movement in the market and provide information to consumers for informed purchase decision; (ii) March 24, A ban on select food product (e.g., betel leaf, betel nut) import from India has been imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19.
|Brazil||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BRL||SPGlobal. https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/latest-news-headlines/brazil-s-quantitative-easing-program-gets-approval-58531681 (accessed 30 May 2020).||
May 7, Brazil's Congress approved a constitutional amendment to enable BCB to implement quantitative easing program.
|Brazil||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||BRL|